Declaration of Purpose

Seeing that many have undertaken to compose a narrative of the things that have been fulfilled1 among us, and seeing that they have done so just as those who were eyewitnesses and servants of the word from the beginning have handed them down to us, it seemed good to me as well, having closely followed everything from the very start, to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may enjoy2 complete certainty about the matters in which you were instructed.

Good News for Zacharias

In the days of Herod, king of Judea, there was a certain priest by the name of Zacharias, who belonged to the division of Abijah; and he had a wife by the name of Elizabeth, whose descent was from the daughters of Aaron. Both of them were righteous in the sight of God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord, blamelessly. But they had no child, for Elizabeth was barren; and they both were far along in years.

Now during the time when Zacharias’ division was on duty, when he was performing his priestly service before God, it happened that in accordance with the custom of the priesthood he was chosen by lot to enter the Holy Place3 of the Lord and burn incense; 10 and during the hour of incense the entire multitude of the people were outside, praying.

11 At that time an angel of the Lord appeared to Zacharias, standing on the right side of the altar of incense; 12 and when Zacharias saw him, he was deeply distressed, and great fear fell upon him. 13 But the angel said to him, “Don’t be afraid, Zacharias, for your prayer has been heard: Your wife Elizabeth is about to bear you a son, and you will call him John. 14 He4 will be to you a source of joy and exultation; indeed, many will rejoice at his birth, 15 for he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He must never partake of wine or strong drink: Even from his mother’s womb, he will be filled with the Holy Spirit. 16 He will turn many of the sons of Israel back to the Lord their God; 17 indeed, he himself will go before the Lord in the spirit and power of Elijah, turning the hearts of the fathers back to the children,5 and the disobedient back to the wisdom of the righteous, in order to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.

18 But Zacharias said to the angel, “How shall I know this? For I am an old man, and my wife is far advanced in years.” 19 So the angel answered and said to him, “I am Gabriel, who stands close at hand in the presence of God; and I have been sent to speak with you, and to bring you this good news. 20 But see, now you will be silent, unable to speak until the day these things take place, for you did not believe my words, which will surely be fulfilled at their proper time.” 21 Now the people outside were waiting for Zacharias, wondering why he lingered so long in the Holy Place. 22 Moreover, when he finally did come out, he was unable to speak to them. Then they realized he had seen a vision in the Holy Place, for6 he kept using gestures to communicate with them, but remained unable to speak. 23 And when the days of his priestly service were completed, he departed for his own home.

24 Now after those days, Zechariah’s wife Elizabeth conceived; and for five months she kept herself in seclusion, saying, 25 “This is what the Lord has done for me during a time when He has looked on me with favor7 so as to remove my disgrace from among the people.”

The Annunciation

26 Now in the sixth month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee called Nazareth, 27 to a virgin betrothed to a man of the house of David, whose name was Joseph. The virgin’s name was Mary. 28 And when he had entered the house, the angel said to her, “Rejoice, O favored one, the Lord is with you! 29 But she was troubled by his words, and began to ponder in her heart what such a greeting might mean. 30 Then the angel said to her, “Don’t be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 See, you will conceive a child in your womb and give birth to a Son; and you will call His name Jesus. 32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David, 33 and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever; and of His kingdom8 there will be no end.”

34 Then Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, seeing that I have never had relations with9 a man?” 35 So the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; for this reason too, the holy Child, when He is born, will be called the Son of God. 36 And see, Elizabeth your blood relative—she also has conceived a son in her old age, and this is now the sixth month of pregnancy for her who was called barren. 37 For nothing shall be impossible with God.”10 38 Then Mary said, “Behold the bondservant of the Lord. May it happen to me according to your word.” And the angel departed from her.

Two Mothers Meet

39 Now in those days Mary rose up and went in haste to the hill country, to a town of Judah; 40 and she entered the house of Zacharias and greeted Elizabeth. 41 And it came to pass that when Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 42 Then, with a loud cry, she exclaimed, “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! 43 And who am I that the mother of my Lord should come to me? 44 For listen: No sooner did the sound of your greeting reach my ears than the baby leaped in my womb for joy! 45 And blessed is she who believed that11 what was spoken to her by the Lord would indeed be fulfilled.”

The Magnificat

46 And Mary said:

“My soul declares the greatness of the Lord,
47 And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior,
48 For He has looked with favor on the humble state of His bondservant,
For behold, from this time forth all generations will call me blessed,
49 For He who is mighty has done great things for me,
And holy is His name.
50 From generation to generation

His mercy is upon those who fear Him.

51 He has shown strength with His arm;
He has scattered the proud in the inmost thoughts of their hearts;
52 He has brought down the mighty from their thrones,
And lifted up the lowly.
53 He has filled the hungry with good things,
And sent away the rich empty-handed.
54 In remembrance of His mercy,

He has given help to His servant Israel,
55 Just as He spoke to our fathers—
To Abraham and to his seed forever.”

56 So Mary stayed with Elizabeth about three months, and then she returned to her home.

The Birth of John

57 Now the time for Elizabeth to give birth arrived, and she brought forth a son. 58 And when her neighbors and relatives heard how the Lord had magnified his mercy towards her, they rejoiced with her. 59 Then, on the eighth day, they came to circumcise the child; and they were about to name him Zacharias, after his father. 60 But his mother replied, saying, “No; he must be called John!” 61 They said to her, “No one among your relatives is called by that name.” 62 Then they motioned towards the child’s father, inquiring as to what he wanted his son to be called. 63 So after asking for a tablet, Zacharias wrote down: “His name is John.” And all of them were amazed. 64 Moreover, all at once his mouth was opened and his tongue set free; and he began to speak out, praising God! 65 Then fear fell upon all their neighbors; and throughout the entire hill country of Judea people were discussing all these events. 66 And everyone who heard about them kept them in their hearts, saying to themselves, “What then will this child turn out to be?” For the hand of the Lord was most certainly with him.

Zechariah Prophesies

67 As for Zacharias, he was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied, saying:

68 “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel,
For He has visited His people and worked redemption on their behalf;
69 He has raised up for us a horn of salvation

In the house of His servant David,
70 Just as He told us in ages long past

By the mouth of His holy prophets:
71 Salvation from our enemies,
Yes, from the hand of all who hate us!
72 He has done this to show mercy to our fathers,
And to remember His holy covenant—
73 The oath that He swore to our father Abraham—
74 To grant us that we, being delivered from the hand of our enemies,
Might live without fear,
75 Serving before Him in holiness and righteousness all the days of our life.

76 “And you, my child, shall be called the prophet of the Most High;
For you will go before the presence12 of the Lord to prepare His ways,
77 To give to His people the knowledge of salvation
Through13 the forgiveness of their sins,
78 All because of the tender mercy of our God,
By which the Sunrise from on high shall visit us,
79 To give light to those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death,

And to guide our feet into the way of peace.”

80 And the child continued to grow and become strong in spirit; and he was in the deserts until the day of his public presentation to Israel.


  1. Or on which there is full conviction
  2. Or experience; lit. know
  3. Or temple, sanctuary
  4. Or this, it
  5. Mal. 4:5, 6
  6. Lit. and
  7. Lit. in the days when has looked upon me
  8. Or dominion
  9. Lit. do not know
  10. Or no word shall be devoid of power
  11. Or believed, because
  12. Many mss face
  13. Lit. by


Christ Born of Mary

Now in those days it came to pass that a decree went forth from Caesar Augustus that the entire Roman empire1 should be registered for taxation. (This first registration began2 while3 Quirinius was governing Syria.) So everyone set out to be registered, each to his own home town. And Joseph too went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee into Judea, to the city of David (which is called Bethlehem), because he belonged to the house and family-line of David; an he did so in order to be registered with Mary, his betrothed wife, who was now with child. And while they were there, it came to pass that the days were completed for her to give birth. And she gave birth to her firstborn Son, wrapped Him in swaddling cloths, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them at the inn.

Glory in the Highest

Now in that same region there were shepherds living out in the fields, keeping watch over their flock by night. And suddenly an angel of the Lord stood before them, and the glory of the Lord shone all around them; and they were terribly frightened. 10 But the angel said to them, “Don’t be afraid; for look, I am bringing you good news of a great joy that is meant for all the people; 11 for this very day, in the city of David, there is born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. 12 And this is the sign appointed for you: You will find a baby wrapped in swaddling cloths and lying in a manger.” 13 And suddenly, along with the angel, there appeared a vast assembly of the army of heaven, praising God and saying, 14 “Glory to God in the highest place, and on earth, peace towards those on whom His favor rests.”4

15 Now when the angels had departed from them into heaven, the shepherds began to say among themselves, “Let us go over to Bethlehem at once, and let us see for ourselves this thing that has taken place, which the Lord has just made known to us.” 16 So they went in haste and found both Mary and Joseph, and the baby, lying in a manger. 17 And once they had seen Him, they began to spread the word about what they had been told5 concerning this little boy; 18 and everyone who heard of it marveled at the things the shepherds told them. 19 But Mary hid these matters deep within, and was continually pondering them in her heart. 20 So the shepherds returned to their flock, glorifying and praising God for everything they had heard and seen, all of which had come to pass exactly as they were told.

Jesus Presented in the Temple

21 Now when the eight days required for His circumcision were completed, the Child was given the name Jesus, the name by which the angel called Him before He was conceived in the womb. 22 And when the set time for their purification according to the Law of Moses was completed, they brought Him up to Jerusalem to present Him to the Lord 23 (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, “Every first-born male that opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord”), 24 and to offer a sacrifice according to what was said in the Law of the Lord: “A pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons.”6

Simeon Sees God’s Salvation

25 Now in Jerusalem there lived a man by the name of Simeon; and this man was both righteous and devout, looking for the Consolation of Israel.7 And the Holy Spirit was upon him; 26 moreover, it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death before he had beheld the Lord’s Christ. 27 And so, moved by the Spirit, Simeon entered the temple precincts. And when the parents brought in the Child Jesus in order to perform for Him what was customary according to the Law, 28 Simeon took Him up in his arms and blessed God, saying, 29 “Now, O Master, You are dismissing Your servant in peace, just as You promised;8 30 for my eyes have seen Your salvation, 31 which You have prepared before the face of all peoples: 32 a light of9 revelation for the Gentiles, and the glory of Your people Israel.”

33 And the Child’s father and mother marveled at the things he had spoken about Him. 34 Then Simeon blessed them; and he said to Mary, His mother, “Behold, this Child is appointed for the fall and rise of many in Israel, and to serve as a sign that will be spoken against—35 yes, and a sword will pierce your own soul as well—so that the inmost thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.”

Anna Bears Witness to the Redeemer

36 There was also a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was far advanced in age, having lived with her husband seven years from her virginity, 37 and then as a widow until she was eighty-four; and she never left the temple precincts, but served God night and day with fasting and prayers. 38 And coming up to them at that very hour, she began giving thanks to God; and she kept on speaking of the Child to all who were looking for the redemption of Jerusalem.

The Family Returns to Nazareth

39 So when Joseph and Mary had finished performing all things in accordance with the Law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to their own city of Nazareth. 40 And the Child, who was continually filled with wisdom, grew and became strong; and the grace of God was upon Him.

The Boy Jesus

41 Now Jesus’ parents would go to Jerusalem year by year for the Feast of the Passover. 42 So when He was twelve years old, they again went up to the city in accordance with the custom of the Feast. 43 But after the Feast days were over, while they were on their way home, the Child Jesus remained behind in Jerusalem; and his parents did not know it. 44 Supposing Him to be in the caravan, they travelled on for a day. Then they began to search for Him among their relatives and acquaintances; 45 and when they could not find Him, they headed back for Jerusalem, looking for Him. 46 So it was that after three days they found Him in the temple, seated in the midst of the teachers, both listening to them and asking them questions. 47 And everyone who heard Him was astonished at His insight and His answers. 48 But when His parents saw Him, they were shocked and upset. His mother said to Him, “Child, why have You treated us like this? See, Your father and I have been terribly worried, looking for you everywhere.49 But He said to them, “How is it that had to look10 for Me? Did you not realize that I must be engaged in My Father’s affairs?”11 50 But they could not understand the word that He spoke to them. 51 Then He went down with them and arrived in Nazareth; and there he continued in full submission to them both. As for His mother, she carefully guarded all these things12 in her heart. 52 And Jesus kept on increasing in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.


  1. Lit. inhabited world
  2. Or took place
  3. Or this registration first began (to occur)
  4. Or with whom he is pleased; lit. of his good pleasure
  5. Lit. made known word which was told to them
  6. Ex. 13:2, 12, 15; Lev. 12:8, 12:8
  7. I.e. the Messiah
  8. Lit. according to Your word
  9. Lit. unto, for
  10. Lit. were looking
  11. Or possibly be in My Father’s house
  12. Lit. words, matters


John the Baptist Prepares the Way

3 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, when Herod was tetrarch of Galilee, when his brother Philip was tetrarch of the region of Iturea and Trachonitis, and when Lysanias was tetrarch of Abilene, during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness. So he went troughout1 the entire region surrounding the Jordan River, preaching a baptism of repentance for the remission of sins; as it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet:

“The voice of one crying in the wilderness:
‘Prepare the way of the Lord!
Straighten out His paths!
Every valley will be filled,
And every mountain and hill brought low;
The crooked ways will be made straight,
And the rough roads made smooth;
And all flesh will see the salvation of God.’”2

John Preaches to the People

Therefore John would say to the crowds that were coming out to be baptized by him, “You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 8 Very well, bring forth fruits worthy of repentance! And do not dare to begin saying to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father;’ for I tell you that God can raise up children for Abraham from these very stones! Even now the ax is laid to the root of the trees; therefore every tree that does not bear good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire.”

10 For this reason the crowds were continually questioning John, saying, “What then should we do?” 11 In reply, he would tell them, “He who has two tunics, let him give one to the man who has none; and he who has extra food, let him do likewise.” 12 Then some of the tax collectors also came to be baptized; and they said to him, “Teacher, what should we do?” 13 So he said to them, “Collect no more than you are authorized to receive.”3 14 Some of the soldiers inquired of him as well, asking, “What about us; what should we do?” So he said to them, “Intimidate no one,4 never bring a false accusation, and be content with your wages.”

15 Now while the people were filled with growing anticipation, and while they all were weighing in their hearts whether or not John was the Christ, 16 John responded by saying to them all, “I am indeed baptizing you in water; but Someone stronger than I is soon to come; and I am not worthy to untie the strap of His sandal. He will baptize you in the Holy Spirit and fire. 17 His winnowing fork is in His hand, so as to thoroughly cleanse His threshing floor and gather the wheat into His barn; but the chaff He will consume with unquenchable fire.”

18 And so, exhorting them on many other matters as well, John continued to proclaim the good news to the people. 19 But when Herod the tetrarch was reproved by him concerning Herodias, his brother’s wife, and concerning all the other evil deeds that he had done, 20 he added this sin to5 them all: He locked up John in prison.

Jesus is Baptized

21 Now when all the people had been baptized, it came to pass that Jesus also was baptized; and as He was praying, heaven was opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit descended upon Him in bodily form, like a dove; and there came a voice out of heaven: “You are My beloved Son; in You I am well pleased.”

The Genealogy of Jesus Christ

23 Now when Jesus Himself began His ministry, He6 was about thirty years old, being (as people supposed) the son of Joseph, the son of Heli, 24 the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph, 25 the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Hesli, the son of Naggai, 26 the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Joseph, the son of Joda, 27 the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, 28 the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmadam, the son of Er, 29 the son of Joshua, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, 30 the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonan, the son of Eliakim, 31 the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattathah, the son of Nathan, the son of David, 32 the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Salmon, the son of Nahshon, 33 the son of Amminadab, the son of Ram, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, 34 the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, 35 the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Heber, the son of Shelah, 36 the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, 37 the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalalel, the son of Cainan, 38 the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.


  1. Lit. came into
  2. Is. 40:3–5
  3. Lit. than what is appointed to you
  4. Or extort nothing from anyone
  5. Or on top of, above
  6. Or possibly when Jesus began His own ministry, He


Temptation in the Wilderness

4 Then Jesus, filled with the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan River; and for forty days He was led about in the wilderness by the Spirit, where the devil kept putting Him to the test.1 During those days He ate nothing at all; and when they were completed, He suffered great hunger. So the devil said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread.” But Jesus answered him, saying, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone.”2

Then, taking Him up to a high place, the devil showed him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. And he said to Him, “I will give You this entire domain—and the glory of all these kingdoms—for it has been handed over to me, and I can give it to anyone I wish. If, then, You will kneel in worship before me, all will be Yours.” But Jesus answered and said to him, “It is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and to Him alone you shall render service.’ ”3

Then the devil led4 Him up to Jerusalem and had Him stand5 on the pinnacle of the temple; and he said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down from here. 10 For it is written: ‘He will command His angels concerning You, that they should watch over You with great care,’ 11 and, ‘With their hands they will lift you up, lest you should strike your foot against a stone.’”6 12 But in reply, Jesus said to him, “It has been spoken: ‘You shall not force a test upon the Lord your God.’ ”7

13 And when the devil had completed every temptation, he departed from Him, waiting for another favorable time.

Jesus’ Rejected in Nazareth

14 So Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit; and news of Him spread quickly throughout the entire surrounding region. 15 He also began to teach in their synagogues, and was being honored and praised by all.

16 Then He arrived in Nazareth, where He had been brought up; and as was His custom, He entered the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read. 17 Then they handed Him the scroll of the prophet Isaiah; and opening the scroll, He found the place where it was written:

18 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me,
Because He has anointed Me
To preach good news to the poor;
He has sent Me to proclaim release to the prisoners

And the recovery of sight to the blind,
To set at liberty those who are stricken and shattered,
19 And to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.”8

20 And He rolled up the scroll, handed it back to the attendant, and sat down; and the eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fixed upon Him. 21 Then He began to address them, saying, “Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.” 22 Now everyone in attendance was speaking well of Him, and marveling at the gracious words that were falling from His lips. Yet they kept on saying, “Is this not Joseph’s son?” 23 So He said to them, “No doubt you will quote this proverb to Me, ‘Physician, heal yourself! What we have heard that You did in Capernaum, do here as well in Your own home town.’” 24 But He went on to say, “I tell you the truth: No prophet is accepted in his hometown. 25 And truly I say to you: There were many widows in Israel during the days of Elijah, when the sky was shut up for three years and six months, and when a great famine covered the entire land; 26 yet Elijah was sent to none of them, except to a woman—a widow—who lived in Zarephath, in the land of Sidon. 27 Also, there were many lepers in Israel during the time of Elisha the prophet; yet none of them was cleansed except Naaman, the Syrian.” 28 Now when they heard these things, everyone in the synagogue was filled with rage; 29 and rising up, they began to drive Him out of the city; moreover, they were leading Him towards the brow of the hill on which their city was built, in order to throw Him off the cliff. 30 But passing safely through the midst of them, He went on His way.

Ministry in Capernaum

31 Then Jesus went down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee; and He began to teach them on the Sabbath Days. 32 And they were amazed at His teaching, because His word was spoken with authority. 33 Now in the synagogue there was a man who had an unclean spirit, a demon.9 And the demon cried out with a loud voice, 34 saying, “What! What business do we have with You, Jesus of Nazareth? Have You come to destroy us? I know who You are: the Holy One of God!” 35 But Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet and come out of him!” And when the demon had thrown him down in the midst of them, it came out of him, having done him no harm. 36 Then wonder and amazement fell upon them all, and they began conversing among themselves, saying, “What is this new teaching?10 For with authority and power He commands the unclean spirits, and they come out!” 37 So the news of Him spread to every place in the surrounding area.

Many are Healed

38 Now after Jesus arose and departed from the synagogue, He entered Simon’s house. But Simon’s mother-in-law was suffering from a high fever, and they began to entreat Him on her behalf. 39 So standing over her, He rebuked the fever, and it left her; and at once she got up and began to serve them.

40 And while the sun was setting, all who had friends or relatives11 sick with various diseases were bringing them to Him; and laying His hands on each one of them, He would heal them. 41 Moreover, demons were coming out of many of them, crying,12 “You are the Son of God!” But rebuking them, He would not permit them to speak, for they knew that He was the Christ.

Jesus Preaches in Galilee

42 Now when day arrived, Jesus left the city and went to an isolated place. But the crowds kept searching for Him; and when they finally came to where He was, they tried to prevent Him from leaving them. 43 But He said to them, “I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities as well, because for this very reason I have been sent forth.” 44 And He kept on preaching in the synagogues of Judea.


  1. Or was tempting
  2. Deut. 8:3
  3. Deut. 6:13
  4. Or brought
  5. Or had him stand
  6. Psalm 91:11, 12
  7. Deut. 6:16
  8. Is. 61:1-2
  9. Lit. a spirit of an unclean demon
  10. Lit. word
  11. Lit. any
  12. Lit. crying out and saying


Four Fishermen Called as Disciples

5 Now while Jesus was standing beside the Lake of Gennesaret with the crowd pressing in on Him to hear the word of God, it happened that He noticed two boats lying at the water’s edge (the fishermen had gotten out of them and were washing their nets). Stepping into one of the boats (it was Simon’s), He asked him to put out a little from the shore; then He sat down and began teaching the crowds from the boat.

When He had finished speaking, He said to Simon, “Put out into the deep water and lower your nets for a catch.” Simon replied by saying, “Master, we have toiled all night long and caught nothing; nevertheless, at Your word I will let down the nets.” And when they had done this, they enclosed so great a quantity of fish that their nets began to break! So they motioned to their partners in the other boat, signaling that they should come over and help them. So the came, and together they completely filled both of the boats so that they began to sink. Now when Simon Peter saw all this, he fell down at Jesus’ knees and said, “Depart from me, O Lord, for I am a sinful man!” For utter amazement had taken hold of him, and of all who were with him, due to the catch of fish they had just taken; 10 and the same was true for James and John, the sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon. But Jesus said to Simon, “Don’t be afraid; from now on you will be catching men!” 11 And once they had brought their boats to land, they left everything behind and began to follow Him.

A Leper is Cleansed

12 Now while Jesus was spending time in one of the towns, it happened that a man full of leprosy was present; and when he saw Him, he bowed his face to the ground and began to implore Him, saying, “Lord, if You are willing, You can make me clean.” 13 So stretching out His hand, Jesus touched him, saying, “I am willing; be cleansed.” And at once the leprosy left him! 14 Then Jesus commanded him, “Tell no one of this, but go, show yourself to the priest and present an offering for your cleansing, just as Moses instructed; this will serve as a testimony to them.” 15 Nevertheless, the news of Him continued to spread throughout that region more and more; and great crowds were gathering together to hear Him and to be healed their diseases. 16 However, Jesus Himself would regularly withdraw to isolated places and pray.

A Paralytic is Healed

17 Now on one of those days, while Jesus was teaching, it happened that certain Pharisees and teachers of the law were sitting nearby; they had come from every town of Galilee and Judea, and also from Jerusalem. And the power of the Lord was present with Him to heal. 18 Suddenly a number of men appeared,1 carrying a paralytic on a stretcher; and they were trying to bring him into the house and set him before Jesus. 19 But finding no way to do so because of the crowd, they went up on the roof and began lowering him—together with his stretcher—through the tiles, down into the midst of the room, and right in front of Jesus! 20 Now when He saw their faith, He said to him, “Friend,2 your sins are forgiven you.” 21 But the scribes and the Pharisees began reasoning within themselves, saying, “Who is this who is uttering blasphemies? Who can forgive sins but God alone?” 22 But Jesus, altogether knowing their thoughts, responded by saying to them, “Why are you raising objections3 in your hearts? 23 Which is easier: to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven you,’ or to say, ‘Rise up and walk’? 24 But in order that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins . . .”—and then He spoke to the paralytic—“I say to you, arise, pick up your stretcher, and go back to your house.” 25 And at that very instant the paralytic got up in front of them, picked up the stretcher he had been lying on, and departed for his own house, glorifying God. 26 Then utter amazement took hold of them all, and they began glorifying God; and they were filled with awe,3 saying, “We have seen extraordinary things today!”

Matthew the Tax Collector

27 After these things He went out and took careful note of a certain tax collector by the name of Levi, who was sitting at the tax booth. So He said to him, “Follow Me.” 28 And leaving everything behind, he got up and began following Him.

29 Then Levi put on a great banquet for Him at his own house; and there was large company of tax collectors and other outsiders reclining at the table with them. 30 So the Pharisees and their scribes began complaining to His disciples, saying, “Why are you men eating and drinking with tax collectors and sinners?” 31 But Jesus answered, saying to them, “Those who are well have no need of a physician, only5 those who are sick. 32 I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.”

Jesus Is Questioned About Fasting

33 Then they said to Him, “The disciples of John regularly fast and pray; so too do the disciples of the Pharisees; but Yours are constantly eating and drinking!” 34 But Jesus said to them, “Would you have the friends of the bridegroom fast while the bridegroom is still with them? 35 But days are coming in which the bridegroom shall be taken from them; then, in those days, they will fast.” 36 He also told them a parable: “No one tears a piece of fabric from a new garment and sews it onto an old; otherwise he will tear the new, and the piece taken from the new will not match the old. 37 Also, no one pours new wine into old wineskins; if he does, the new wine will burst the skins and be spilled, and the skins will be ruined. 38 Rather, new wine must be poured into new wineskins. 39 Moreover, no one who has drunk old wine desires new; for he says, ‘The old is fine.’”


  1. Lit. Behold, men
  2. Lit. Man
  3. Lit. reasoning
  4. Lit. fear
  5. Lit. but, rather


Lord of the Sabbath

6 Now on a certain Sabbath day, it happened that Jesus was walking through some grain fields; and His disciples were picking the heads of wheat, rubbing them in their hands, and eating them. So some of the Pharisees began saying to them, “Why are you doing what is not lawful on the Sabbath?” In reply, Jesus said them said, “Have you never read of this in the Scriptures, what David did when he was hungry, both he and the men who were with him: how he entered the house of God and took and ate the consecrated bread, which is not lawful for any but the priests to eat; and how he gave some of it to his companions?” And then He said to them, “The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.”

Healing on the Sabbath

On yet another Sabbath it came about that Jesus entered the synagogue and began to teach; and a man was there, whose right hand was wasted away. So the scribes and Pharisees began watching Him closely to see if would perform a healing on the Sabbath, in order that they might find grounds for bringing charges against Him. But He knew their thoughts. So He said to the man with the withered hand, “Get up and stand here in the midst of the people.” So he arose and stood there. Then Jesus said to them, “I put a question to you all: Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or evil, to save a life or destroy one?10 And when He had looked around at them all, He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And he did so; and his hand was restored to its former health. 11 But the scribes and Pharisees1 were filled with mindless rage, and began discussing among themselves what they should do with Jesus.

The Calling of the Twelve

12 Now during that time it happened that He went away into a mountain to pray; and there He spent the whole night in prayer to God. 13 When morning arrived, He called His disciples to Himself; and from among them He chose twelve men, whom He also named apostles: 14 Simon, whom He also named Peter, and Andrew his brother; James and John; Philip and Bartholomew; 15 Matthew and Thomas; James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon who was called the Zealot; 16 Judas the son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor.

Power Flowing Forth

17 When He had come down with them, He stood on a level place. And a large crowd of His disciples were gathered there, together with a great multitude of people from all parts of Judea, from Jerusalem, and from the seacoast of Tyre and Sidon. These all were coming to hear Him and to be healed of their diseases; 18 and2 those who were oppressed by unclean spirits were also being restored to health. 19 So the whole crowd was trying to touch Him, for power was flowing out of Him, and it3 was healing them all.

Beatitude and Woe

20 Now when He had lifted up His eyes towards His disciples, He began to teach them:

“Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God. 21 Blessed are you who hunger now, for you will be satisfied. Blessed are you who weep now, for you will laugh. 22 Blessed are you when men hate you, and when they exclude you, hurl insults at you, and banish your name as if it were evil on account of the Son of Man. 23 At such times be exceedingly glad, and leap for joy; for know this:4 great is your reward in heaven, for their fathers continually did the very same things to the prophets.

24 “But woe to you who are rich, for even now you are receiving your comfort in full. 25 Woe to you who are satisfied, for you will hunger. Woe to you who laugh now, for you will mourn and weep. 26 Woe to you when all men speak well of you, for their fathers continually did the same to the false prophets.

Love of Enemies

27 “But to you who are listening,5 I say: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, 28 bless those who curse you, and pray for those who abuse and mistreat you. 29 To him who strikes you on the one cheek, offer the other as well. And from him who takes away your cloak, do not withhold your tunic6 either. 30 Give to everyone who asks of you; and from him who takes your belongings, do not ask for them back. 31 Just as you would have men do to you, so also you are to do to them.

32 “Now if you love those who love you, what thanks or reward do you deserve?7 For even sinners love those who love them. 33 And if you do good to those who do good to you, what compensation is rightfully yours? For even sinners do that. 34 And if you lend to those from whom you expect to be repaid, what thanks or reward should you receive? For even sinners lend to sinners with a view to getting paid back in full. 35 But as for you: love your enemies, do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return.8 Then your reward will be great, and you will prove yourselves to be sons of the Most High; for He Himself is kind to the ungrateful and immoral. 36 You, then, must become merciful, just as your Father is merciful.

On Passing Judgment

37 “Also, do not pass judgment, and you will not be judged; do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven. 38 Give, and it will be given to you: A good measure—pressed down, shaken together, and running over—will be poured out into your bosom. For with the measure that you use, it will be measured to you in return.”

39 And He also told them this parable: “Can the blind lead the blind? Will they not both fall into a pit? 40 A disciple is not above his teacher; but once he is fully trained, a disciple will be like his teacher. 41 And why do you gaze at the speck in your brother’s eye, but fail to notice the beam in your own? 42 Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me remove the speck that’s in your eye,’ when you yourself do not perceive the beam that is in your own? Hypocrite! First remove the beam from your own eye, and then you will see clearly enough to remove the speck that is in your brother’s.

A Tree and Its Fruit

43 “For no good tree bears bad fruit; nor again does any bad tree bear good fruit—for every tree is known by its own fruit. For men do not gather figs from a briar, nor do they harvest grapes from a bramble. 45 The good man out of the good treasure stored up in his heart9 brings forth what is good; and the evil man out of the evil treasure stored up in his heart brings forth what is evil; for or out of that which fills his heart, his mouth speaks.

Hear, Do, and Build

46 “And why do you call Me ‘Lord, Lord,’ but fail to act upon the things I tell you? 47 Everyone who comes to Me, hears My words, and acts upon them,10 I will show you what11 he is like: 48 He is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid the foundation on the rock. And when a flood arose, the river broke against that house, but it could not shake it because it was well built. 49 However, he who has heard My words and not acted upon them, he is like a man who built a house upon the earth, without a foundation: When the river burst against it, it instantly fell to the ground; and great was the ruin of that house.”


  1. Lit. they
  2. Or even
  3. Or He
  4. Lit. behold
  5. Or hear (me)
  6. I.e. your undergarment
  7. Lit. what sort of grace belongs to you? (and so v. 33)
  8. Or in no way despairing
  9. Lit. of his heart
  10. Lit. does them
  11. Or whom


A Centurion’s Amazing Faith

After Jesus had fully delivered1 all His teachings in the hearing2 of the people, He went to Capernaum. Now in that city there was a certain centurion, whose bondservant was sick and nearing death; and the centurion esteemed him highly. So when he heard about Jesus, he sent some elders of the Jews to Him, requesting3 that He come and heal his servant. When they had come to Jesus, they began entreating Him earnestly, saying, “The centurion for whom you would be doing this is deserving of it, for he loves our nation; moreover, he is the one who built us our synagogue!” So Jesus headed off with them. But no sooner had He gotten close to the house, than the centurion sent out some of his friends, saying to Him, “Lord, do not trouble Yourself; for I am not worthy that You should come under my roof; 7 this is why I did not even think it proper for me to come to You in person. But simply say the word,4 and my servant5 will be healed. For I too am a man placed under authority, with soldiers underneath me; and I say to this one, ‘Go,’ and he goes; and to another, ‘Come,’ and he comes; and to my servant, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.Now when Jesus heard these words, He marveled at the centurion; and when He had turned around, He said to the crowd that was following Him, “I say to you, not even in Israel have I found so great a faith!” 10 And when the men who had been sent to Him returned to the centurion’s house, they found the servant in perfect health.

A Son Restored to Life and Family

11 Soon afterwards Jesus headed out for a city called Nain; and His disciples went along with Him, together with a large crowd. 12 Now when He had drawn near to the city gate, He suddenly noticed a dead man being carried out for burial, the only son of his mother, who was a widow; and a large crowd from the city was accompanying her. 13 When the Lord saw her, He was moved with compassion for her; so He said to her, “Do not weep.” 14 Then He came up and touched the bier; and the men who were bearing it stood still. Then Jesus said, “Young man, I say to you, arise!” 15 And the man who was dead sat up and began to speak; and Jesus gave him back to his mother. 16 Then a holy fear took hold of everyone, and they began glorifying God, saying, “A great prophet has risen up among us!” and “God has looked upon His people!” 17 And this report concerning Jesus went out into all Judea and the entire region surrounding it.

“Are You the Coming One?”

18 Now John’s disciples brought him news of all these things. 19 So calling two of his disciples to himself, John sent them to the Lord, saying, “Are You the One Who is to Come, or should we look for another?” 20 When the men had come to Jesus, they said, “John the Baptizer has sent us to ask You,6 ‘Are You the One Who is to Come, or should we look for another?’” 21 Now in that very hour Jesus healed many people of various diseases and afflictions, and of evil spirits; and on many who were blind, He graciously bestowed sight. 22 Then, in response to the messenger’s question, He said, “Go and report the things you have seen and heard to John, how the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the poor have good news proclaimed to them.7 23 And whoever he is, blessed is the man who does not stumble over Me!”

24 When the messengers from John had departed, Jesus began speaking to the multitudes about John. “What did you go out into the desert to gaze upon? A reed shaken by the wind? 25 But if not that, what did you go out to see? A man dressed in soft clothing? But look around:8 Those who are elegantly dressed and who live in luxury are found in royal courts. 26 But what then did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and someone who is more than a prophet. 27 For this is the one of whom it is written: ‘Look, I am sending My messenger before Your face; he will prepare Your way before You.’9 28 I say to you, among those born of women there is no one greater than John; nevertheless, he who is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.” 29 (Now when all the people heard this— including the tax collectors—they acknowledged God’s righteousness,10 for they all had been baptized with the baptism of John. 30 But the Pharisees and the experts in Jewish law rejected God’s purpose and plan for them, in that they refused to be baptized by John.)11

31 “With what then shall I compare the men of this generation, and what are they like? 32 They are like children sitting in the marketplace and calling out to one another, saying: ‘We played the flute for you, but you would not dance;’ ‘We mourned with lamentation, but you would not weep.’ 33 For John the Baptizer has come, eating no bread and drinking no wine, and you say, ‘He has a demon!’ 34 The Son of Man has come eating bread and drinking wine, and you say, ‘Look, a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ 35 But wisdom is vindicated by all her children.”

Forgiven Much, Loving Much

36 Then one of the Pharisees invited Jesus to dine with him; so He entered the Pharisee’s house and reclined at the table. 37 Now in that city there was a woman who had lived a sinful life; and when she learned that Jesus was reclining at the table in the Pharisee’s house, she brought in an alabaster jar filled with perfumed ointment. 38 Standing behind Him at His feet, weeping, she began to wet His feet with her tears; moreover, she kept on wiping them with the hair of her head, kissing them, and anointing them with the ointment. 39 Now when the Pharisee who had invited Him to dinner saw this, he said within himself, “If this man really were a prophet, He would know who this woman is, and what kind of woman is touching Him. He would know that12 she is a sinner.”

40 But in response, Jesus spoke to him: “Simon, I have something to say to you.” “Teacher,” he replied, “say it.” 41 “There was a certain creditor who had two debtors. One owed him five hundred denarii, and the other fifty. 42 But since they had nothing with which to make repayment, he graciously forgave them both. Tell Me then, which of them will love him the most?” 43 Simon answered, “I suppose the one to whom he forgave the greater debt.” Jesus said to him, “You have judged correctly.” 44 Then, turning to the woman, He said to Simon, “Do you see this woman? I entered your house, and you gave Me no water for My feet; but she has continually washed My feet with her tears, and wiped them with her hair. 45 You did not greet Me with a kiss; but from the time I came in, she has not stopped kissing My feet. 46 You did not anoint My head with oil; but she keeps on anointing My feet with fragrant ointment. 47 For this reason I say to you, her sins, which are many, have been forgiven—for she loved much.13 But he who has been forgiven little, loves little.” 48 Then Jesus said to her, “Your sins have been forgiven.” 49 Now those who were reclining at the table with Him began saying among themselves, “Who is this who even forgives sins?” 50 But Jesus simply said to the woman, “Your faith has saved you. Go in peace.”


  1. Lit. fulfilled, completed
  2. Lit. into the ears of
  3. Or beseeching
  4. Lit. say with a word
  5. Or child, boy
  6. Lit. saying
  7. See Is. 61:1f
  8. Lit. Behold!
  9. Mal. 3:1
  10. Lit. declared God’s righteousness
  11. Lit. not having been baptized by him
  12. Or because
  13. I.e. Her love supplies evidence of God’s forgiveness


Many Women Support the Work

8 Soon after this, Jesus began travelling from city to city and village to village, publicly proclaiming the good news of the kingdom of God. The twelve apostles were with Him, as well as certain women who had been healed of evil spirits and various infirmities: Mary (the one called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out), Joanna (the wife of Chuza, Herod’s household manager1), Susanna, and many others who were ministering to their2 needs out of their own resources.

The Parable of the Sower

Now while a large crowd was gathering, and people from town after town were making their way to Him, Jesus spoke to them by way of parable: “A3 sower went forth to sow his seed. And as he sowed, some of the seed fell beside the path and was trampled; and the wild birds4 came and completely devoured it. Other seed fell on rocky ground; but as soon as it sprang up, it withered away because it lacked moisture. Other seed fell among the thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it and crowded5 it out. But other seed fell into good ground, sprang up, and produced a crop, a hundredfold.” As He spoke these words, He would cry out: “He who has ears to hear, let him hear!”

Then His disciples began to question Him about the meaning of this parable. 10 So He said to them, “To you it has been given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God, but to the rest thee mysteries come in parables, so that ‘Seeing, they may not see, and hearing, they may not understand.’6

11 “Now this is what the parable means: The seed is the word of God. 12 Those beside the path are the ones who hear, but then the devil comes and takes the word from their hearts, in order that they might not believe and be saved. 13 Those on the rocky ground are the ones who receive the word with joy when they hear it, but develop7 no root; they believe for a season, but in the time of testing they fall away. 14 As for the seed that fell among the thorns, these are the ones who have heard the word, but as they go their way they are choked by the concerns, riches, and pleasures of this life, and therefore bring no fruit to maturity. 15 But as for the seed that landed in good ground, these are the ones who, having heard the word in an honest and good heart, hold it fast, and so bear fruit with patience and endurance.8

Hearing the Word, Displaying the Light

16 “No one, having lit a candle or an oil lamp, covers it with a pot, or puts it under a bed; instead, he sets it on a lampstand so that those who enter the room may see the light. 17 For nothing is hidden that will not be disclosed, nor anything kept in secret that will not be made known and come to light. 18 Therefore, keep watch over how you hear; for whoever has, to him more will be given; but whoever does not have, even what he thinks he has will be taken from him.”

Jesus’ Mother and Brothers

19 Then Jesus’ mother and brothers came to Him, but they were unable to get close to Him due to the crowd. 20 So someone told him, “Your mother and Your brothers are standing outside, desiring to see You.” 21 But He answered and said to them, “My mother and My brothers are these who hear the word of God and do it!”

Lord of Sea and Storm

22 On one of those days Jesus stepped into a boat with His disciples and said to them, “Let’s cross over to the other side of the lake.” So they headed out. 23 And as they were sailing along, He fell asleep. Then a fierce windstorm descended onto the lake and the boat9 began filling up with water, with the result that they were now in great danger. 24 So the disciples came over to Him, woke Him up, and said, “Master, Master, we are perishing!” Roused from His sleep, Jesus rebuked the wind and the violent surging of the waters, after which they both died down, and stillness came upon the sea. 25 Then He said to them, “Where is your faith?” But stricken with fear, they stood amazed at what had just happened, saying to one another, “Who then is this? He even commands the winds and the water, and they obey Him!”

Mercy for the Gerasene Demoniac

26 Then they sailed to the region of the Gerasenes, which is situated opposite Galilee. 27 Now when Jesus stepped out onto the land, a certain man from the city who was under the control of10 demons came forth to meet Him; for a long time this man had neither worn clothes nor lived in a house, but dwelt among the tombs. 28 When he saw Jesus, he cried out, fell down before Him, and said in a loud voice, “What do You want with me, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I beg You not to torment me!” 29 (For Jesus had begun to command the unclean spirit to come out of the man; for many times it had taken hold of him, with the result that they would tie him down with chains and shackles, and keep him under guard; however, he would break through the chains, and then be driven by the demon into desolate places.) 30 So Jesus asked him, “What is your name?” And he said, “Legion”—for many demons had entered him. 31 Then they began to beg Him that He would not order them to depart into the abyss. 32 Now in that place a large herd of pigs was feeding on the hillside; so they begged Him that He would let them enter the pigs. And He let them. 33 So the demons went forth from the man and entered into the pigs; and the whole herd rushed down the steep bank into the lake, and was drowned.

34 Now when the men who fed the pigs saw what had taken place, they fled and reported these things in the city and in the surrounding villages. 35 So the people came out to see what had happened. And when they came to Jesus, they found the man from whom the demons had gone forth sitting at His feet, clothed, and in his right mind; and they were afraid. 36 Those who had witnessed the event told them how the demon-possessed had been delivered. 37 Then the Gerasenes, and all the people living around them, begged Jesus to depart from them, for utter terror had taken hold of them. So stepping into a boat, He left them. 38 But the man from whom the demons had gone forth began to beg Jesus that he might go with Him. But Jesus sent him off, saying, 39 “Go back to your home, and tell everyone the full story of what great things God has done for you!” So he headed off, and began proclaiming throughout the entire city what great things Jesus had done for him.

Resuscitation and Healing

40 When Jesus returned, the crowd welcomed Him, for all had been eagerly waiting for Him. 41 Just then a man by the name Jairus, a leader of the synagogue, came to Him; falling down at Jesus’ feet, he began pleading with Him to come to his house, 42 for he had an only daughter, about twelve years old; and she was dying.

Now while Jesus was on His way to Jairus’ house, the crowds kept pressing in around Him. 43 Among them was woman who had been suffering for twelve years from an issue of blood, and who could not be healed by anyone. 44 Coming up to Jesus from behind, she touched the edge of His cloak; and immediately the flow of her blood ceased. 45 Then Jesus said, “Who was it that touched Me?” Now while everyone was denying that they were the one, Peter said, “Master, the crowds are thronging You and pressing in on every side!” 46 But Jesus said, “Someone was touching Me, for I experienced11 power flowing out of Me.” 47 Then the woman, realizing she was no longer hidden, came up to Him, trembling; and falling down before Him, she explained in the presence of all the people why she had touched Him, and how she had been instantly healed. 48 So He said to her, “Daughter, your faith has made you well.12 Go in peace.”

49 While He was still speaking, someone from the house of the synagogue leader arrived and told him, “Your daughter has died; do not trouble the Teacher any longer.” 50 But when Jesus heard this, He responded by saying to the ruler, “Don’t be afraid; only believe, and she will be made well.” 51 When He arrived at the house, He let no one go in with Him except Peter, John, and James, and the father and mother of the little girl. 52 Now all who were present were mourning and beating their breasts over her passing. But Jesus said, “Stop your mourning; she did not die, but is only sleeping.” 53 So they began to ridicule Him, for they knew very well that she was dead. 54 But He, taking hold of her hand, called out to her, saying, “Little girl, arise.” 55 Then her spirit returned, and immediately she arose, after which He directed that something should be given to her to eat. 56 Now her parents were utterly amazed; but He instructed them to tell no one what had happened.


      1. Or steward (i.e., a court official)

  1. Some mss His
  2. Lit. The
  3. Lit. birds of the sky (vs. domesticated birds)
  4. Lit. choked
  5. Is. 6:9
  6. Lit. have
  7. Or who, after hearing the word, hold it fast with an honest
  8. Lit. they
  9. Lit. had
  10. Lit. was knowing, aware of
  11. Lit. has saved you


The Apostles Empowered and Sent Forth

9 Now when Jesus had called the Twelve together, He gave them power and authority over all the demons, along with the ability to heal various diseases; and He sent them forth to proclaim the kingdom of God and to heal the sick. Moreover, He said to them, “Take nothing for the journey: no staff, no bag, no bread, and no money; nor are you to bring along an extra tunic.1 Whatever house you enter, stay there until you leave the area.2 And whoever will not welcome you, as you depart from that town, shake the dust from your feet as a testimony against them.” And so, heading out, they began travelling from village to village, proclaiming the good news, and healing people everywhere.

Curious Herod

Now Herod the tetrarch heard about all the things that were taking place. And he was thoroughly perplexed, for some of the people were saying that John the Baptizer had risen from the dead, others that Elijah had appeared, and still others that one of the prophets of old had risen again. But Herod said, “I myself had John beheaded; so who is this man about whom I am hearing such things?” So he kept on trying to see Jesus.

The Feeding of the Five Thousand

10 Now when the apostles returned, they gave Jesus a complete account of all they had done. Then, taking them along with Him, He withdrew from the people to be by Himself, and headed for a town called Bethsaida. 11 But when the crowds learned of this, they followed Him; and welcoming them, He began to speak with them about the Kingdom of God, and to heal those who had need of it. 12 But now the day began drawing to a close. So the twelve came and said to Him, “Send the crowd away, so they can go into the surrounding towns and countryside, find lodging, and get some food; for this is a remote, wilderness area.” 13 But He said to them, “You give them something to eat.” They replied, “We have no more than five loaves and two fish—unless we were to go off and buy food for all these people,” 14 (for about five thousand men were gathered there). So He said to His disciples, “Have them sit down in groups of about fifty each.” 15 The disciples did so, and all the people sat down. 16 Then, receiving the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up into heaven, Jesus blessed and broke them; and He kept on giving them to the disciples to set before the crowd. 17 So all the people ate and were fully satisfied; and what was left over of the fragments was taken up—twelve baskets full.

Peter’s Good Confession

18 Now on a certain occasion, while Jesus was praying alone, it happened that His disciples were with Him. And He put a question to them, asking, “Who do the crowds say that I am?” 19 In reply, they said, “John the Baptist; but others say Elijah; and still others say that one of the prophets of olden times has risen again.” 20 So He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” In reply, Peter said, “The Christ of God.” 21 But sternly admonishing them, He commanded that they speak of this to no one; 22 and He said, “The Son of Man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders, the chief priests, and the scribes; and He must be killed, and be raised up on the third day.”

The Cost of Discipleship

23 Then He began speaking to all the people:3 “If anyone desires to come after Me, he must deny himself, take up his cross daily, and follow Me. 24 For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake will save it. 25 For what does it profit a man if he gains the whole world, when he himself is destroyed or lost? 26 For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words, of him the Son of Man will be ashamed when He comes in His glory, and in the glory of the Father and the holy angels. 27 Nevertheless, I tell you most truly: Among the men who are standing here, there are some who will not taste of death until they have beheld the kingdom of God.”

The Transfiguration

28 About eight days after saying these things, Jesus took Peter, John, and James, and He went up onto the mountain to pray. 29 Now as He was praying the appearance of His face was altered, and His cloak grew white and shone like lightning. 30 Suddenly, there were two men (Moses and Elijah) talking with Him: Having appeared in glory, 31 they had begun to speak of Jesus’ departure,4 which He was about to accomplish in Jerusalem. 32 Now Peter and those who were with him had sunk into a deep sleep; but once they were fully awake, they beheld His glory; and they also saw the two men who were standing with Him. 33 Then it came about that just as the men were beginning to depart from Jesus, Peter said to Him, “Master, it is good for us to be here; let us prepare three tabernacles:5 one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah”—not realizing what he was saying. 34 But even as he was saying these things, a cloud appeared and began to overshadow the men;6 and as they entered the cloud, the disciples7 became greatly alarmed. 35 Then a voice came forth from the cloud, saying, “This is My Son, My Chosen One. Listen to Him!” 36 And when the Voice had finished speaking, they found Jesus standing there all alone. The disciples held their peace about what had just happened; in those days they disclosed to no one any of the things they had seen.

A Boy Set Free

37 On the next day, after they had come down from the mountain, a large crowd came up to meet Him. 38 Just then a man from the crowd lifted up his voice, saying, “Teacher, I beg you to look upon my son, for he is my one and only child. 39 Here is what happens to him:8 an evil spirit takes hold of him, and suddenly he lets out a scream; then it throws him into convulsions, and he starts foaming at the mouth. Also, the spirit hardly ever leaves him alone, but is constantly tearing at him. 40 So I begged Your disciples to drive it out, but they could not.” 41 In response, Jesus said, “O unbelieving and perverse generation! How much longer must I remain with you;9 how much longer must I put up with you? Bring your son here!” 42 Now even as he was coming towards Him, the demon threw the boy to the ground and convulsed him. But Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, healed the boy, and gave him back to his father. 43 And everyone in the crowd was stunned and amazed at the mighty power9 of God.

Jesus Again Predicts His Death

Now while all the people were marveling at everything He was doing, Jesus said to His disciples, 44 “Place these words deep inside your ears: The Son of Man is about to be betrayed into the hands of men.” 45 But they did not understand this saying; indeed, it’s meaning was hidden from them, so that they could not perceive it; and they were afraid to ask Him about what this saying meant.

Who Is the Greatest?

46 Then an argument arose among the disciples as to which one of them would11 be the greatest. 47 But Jesus, perceiving the inmost thought of their hearts, took hold of a little child and stood him at His side; 48 and He said to them, “Whoever receives this little child in My name receives Me; and whoever receives Me receives the One who sent Me. For he who is least among you all—that is the one who is great.”

Those Who are Your Side

49 Now in response, John said, “Master, we saw someone casting out demons in Your name, and we tried to stop him because he hasn’t been following along with us.” 50 But Jesus said to him, “Do not stop him, for he who is not against you is on your side.”

A Samaritan Village and a Jewish Savior

51 When the time had arrived for Him to be taken up, Jesus resolutely set His face to go to Jerusalem; 52 and He sent messengers on ahead of Him. Now as the messengers continued on their journey, they entered a village of the Samaritans in order to make preparations for Him. 53 But the villagers did not welcome Him, because He was intent on travelling to Jerusalem. 54 So when James and John, His disciples, saw this, they said, “Lord, do You want us to call down fire from heaven and destroy12 them.” 55 But He turned and rebuked them.13 56 And they went on their way to another village.

Who Can Follow Christ?

57 Now as they were walking along the road, someone said to Him, “Lord, I will follow You wherever You go.” 58 But Jesus said to him, “The foxes have holes and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head.” 59 And to someone else He said, “Follow Me.” But the man replied, “Lord, first let me go and bury my father.” 60 Then Jesus said to him, “Let the dead bury their own dead; but as for you, go and preach the kingdom of God.” 61 Another disciple also said, “I will follow You, Lord, but first let me go and say good-bye to the members of my household.” 62 But Jesus said to him, “No one who has laid his hand upon the plow and then looks back is fit for14 the kingdom of God.”


  1. Lit. nor have two tunics (apiece)
  2. Lit. and from there depart
  3. See Mark 8:23
  4. Or decease
  5. Or booths, shelters, (sacred) tents
  6. Lit. them
  7. Lit. they
  8. Lit. And behold
  9. Lit. Until when shall I be with you?
  10. Or mighty deeds; Lit. majesty, greatness
  11. Or might
  12. Or consume
  13. Some mss add “and said, “You do not know what kind of spirit you are of. For the Son of Man did not come to destroy men’s lives, but to save them.”
  14. Or of any use to


Jesus Commissions the Seventy-two

10 Now after these things the Lord appointed seventy-two1 others, and He sent them out two by two before His face to every town and locale where He Himself was planning to go. At that time He told them, “The harvest is indeed bountiful, but the laborers are few; therefore, beseech the Lord of the harvest that He might thrust forth laborers into His harvest. Go your ways, understanding this:2 I am sending you out as lambs in the midst of wolves. Carry neither purse, nor traveler’s bag, nor extra sandals; and greet no one along the way. Whenever you enter a house, first say, ‘Peace be to this house;’ 6 if a son of peace is there, your peace will rest upon him,3 if not, it will return to you. Remain in that same house, eating and drinking whatever they give you, for the laborer is worthy of his wages; you are not to move about from house to house. Whenever you enter a town and the people4 welcome you, eat the things they5 set before you; then heal those in the town6 who are sick, and say to the people, ‘The kingdom of God has drawn near to you.’ 10 But whenever you enter a town and they do not welcome you, go out into its streets and declare, 11 ‘Even the dust of your town that clings to our feet we wipe off as a testimony against you. Nevertheless, be sure of this: The kingdom of God has drawn near.’ 12 I tell you men, in that Day it will be more tolerable for Sodom than it will be for that city!

Two Impenitent Cities

13 “Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the works of power that were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. 14 But at the Judgment it will be more bearable for Tyre and Sidon than it will for you. 15 And as for you, Capernaum: Will you not be exalted to heaven? Therefore, you will be thrust down to Hades!  16 He who listens to you men, listens to Me; he who rejects you, rejects Me; and he who rejects Me, rejects Him who sent Me.”

The Seventy-Two Taught to Rejoice

17 And the seventy-two returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons are subject to us because of Your name.” 18 So He said to them, “I was watching as Satan fell like lightning from heaven. 19 See, I have given you authority to tread upon serpents and scorpions, and upon all the power of the enemy, so that8 nothing whatsoever will bring you harm. 20 Nevertheless, do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names have been recorded in heaven.”

Jesus Rejoices in His Father’s Plan

21 In that very hour Jesus greatly rejoiced in the Holy Spirit, saying, “I honor9 You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because You concealed these things from the wise and learned,10 and revealed them to little children. Yes, Father, for working in this way was good and pleasing in Your sight. 22 All things have been handed over to Me by My Father, and no one knows who the Son is except the Father, or who the Father is except the Son, and anyone to whom the Son is willing to reveal Him.23 Then, after turning to His disciples, Jesus spoke to them in private, saying, “Blessed are the eyes that see the things you are seeing; 24 for I say to you that many prophets and kings longed to see what you see, but did not see it, and to hear what you hear, but did not hear it.

The Good Samaritan

25 And behold, a certain expert in the Mosaic Law stood up in order to put Jesus to the test. He said, “Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?” 26 Jesus said to him, “What is written in the Law? How do you understand11 its teaching on this question?27 In reply, the lawyer said, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind;’ and, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’”12 28 Jesus said to him, “You have answered correctly; do this, and you will live.”

29 Now the lawyer, wanting to be sure that he himself was righteous,13 said to Jesus, “And who exactly is my neighbor?” 30 Taking this matter up, Jesus said: “A certain man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho. And the man fell into the hands of robbers who stripped him of his clothing, pummeled him with blows, and then went their way, leaving him half dead. 31 Now by chance a certain priest was going down from Jerusalem by the same road; and when he saw the wounded man, he passed him by on the opposite side. 32 Moreover, in just the same way, when a Levite came upon that place and saw the wounded man, he too passed him by on the opposite side. 33 But a certain Samaritan, as he was journeying along, came upon the man; and when he saw him, he was moved with compassion. 34 So he went over to him, poured oil and wine into his wounds, and dressed them with strips of cloth. Then he set him on his own animal, brought him to an inn, and cared for him there. 35 On the next day he took out two denarii, gave them to the innkeeper, and said to him, ‘Look after him; and whatever you spend above this, I will pay it back to you when I return.’ 36 Now, which of these three do you think became a neighbor to the man who fell into the hands of the robbers?” 37 The lawyer said, “The one who showed him mercy.” So Jesus said to him, “Go and do likewise.”

Mary Chooses the Good Part

38 As they continued on their journeys, Jesus entered a certain village where a woman by the name of Martha welcomed him as her guest. 39 Now Martha had a sister named Mary, who had seated herself at the Lord’s feet and was listening to His word; 40 but as for Martha, she was constantly distracted by all the duties she had to perform. Suddenly she went over to Jesus and stood before Him, saying, “Lord, don’t you care that my sister has left me to do all the serving by myself? Therefore, please tell her to help me!” 41 But in reply the Lord said to her, “Martha, Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things, 42 but only one thing is truly necessary.14 Try to understand this; for Mary has chosen the good part, and it15 will not be taken from her.”


  1. Many mss seventy (also in v. 19)
  2. Lit. behold, see!
  3. Or it
  4. Lit. they
  5. Lit. that are
  6. Lit. in it
  7. Lit. Know this
  8. Lit. and
  9. Or praise, thank, acknowledge
  10. Or intelligent, understanding
  11. Lit. read; understand, interpret
  12. Deut. 6:5, Lev. 19:18
  13. Lit. justify himself
  14. Some mss only a few things are necessary, or (rather) only one
  15. Lt. which


Lord, Teach Us to Pray

11 Now at a certain place, Jesus was spending time in prayer; and when He had finished, one of His disciples said to Him, “Lord, teach us to pray, just as John also taught his disciples to pray.” So He said to them, “When you pray, say: Father, may Your name be set apart for honor. May Your kingdom come. Give us each day our daily bread; and forgive us our sins, for we ourselves also forgive everyone indebted to us. And do not lead us into temptation.”1

On Persistence in Prayer

Then He said to them, “Suppose that one of you has a friend; and you go to him at midnight and say to him, ‘Friend, lend me three loaves of bread, for an acquaintance of mine who is on a journey has come to me, and I have nothing to set before him.’ And suppose that your friend answers you from inside the house, saying, ‘Don’t bother me; the door is already locked and my children are here with me in bed; I can’t get up and give you what you want.’ I tell you, even though this man will not get up and give him something for friendship’s sake, yet because of his friend’s persistence he will indeed get up and give him as many loaves as he needs. Therefore, I say to you, keep on asking, and it will be given to you; keep on seeking, and you will find; keep on knocking, and the door2 will be opened to you. 10 For everyone who asks, receives; he who seeks will find; and to him who knocks, the door2 will be opened. 11 Moreover, what father among you, if his son asks him for a fish, would he give him a serpent instead? 12 Or if he asks for an egg, would his father give him a scorpion? 13 If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him!”

Overcoming the Strong Man

14 Now Jesus was casting out a demon that made people mute.3 And when the demon had gone out, the mute man spoke and the crowds were amazed. 15 But some among them said, “He is driving out demons by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons!” 16 Others, putting Him to the test, began asking Him for a sign from heaven. 17 But He, knowing their thoughts, said to them: “Every kingdom divided against itself will be brought to ruin; and a house divided against a house will surely fall. 18 Therefore, if Satan too is divided against himself, how can his kingdom stand? I am saying this because you claim that I drive out demons by Beelzebul. 19 But if I am driving out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your sons drive them out? Accordingly, they themselves will be your judges. 20 On the other hand, if I drive out demons by the finger of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you. 21 When a strong man, fully armed, guards his own estate, his holdings are secure.4 22 But when someone stronger than he comes upon him and overpowers him, the stronger man takes from him the entire arsenal in which he trusted, and then goes on to divide his spoils. 23 He who is not with Me is against Me; and he who does not gather with Me scatters.

The Peril of an Empty House

24 “When an unclean spirit goes out of a man, it passes through waterless places, seeking rest. But when it finds none, it says, ‘I will return to my house from which I came;’ 25 and when it arrives, it finds the house swept and put in order. 26 Then it goes out and brings along seven other spirits more wicked than itself; and once they all have entered the house, they settle down to live there. Thus, the last condition of that man is worse than the first.”

True Blessedness

27 Now as Jesus was saying these things, a certain woman in the crowd lifted up her voice and declared to Him, “Blessed is the womb that bore You, and blessed are the breasts that nursed You!” 28 But He said, “No, but blessed are those who hear the word of God and watch over it to do it!”

An Evil Generation Given a Sign

29 Then, as the crowds were increasing, Jesus began to speak: “This generation is an evil generation. It keeps on demanding a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah. 30 For just as Jonah became a sign to the Ninevites, so too will the Son of Man be a sign to this generation. 31 At the Judgment, the queen of the South will arise together with the men of this generation; and she will condemn them, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and look: One who is greater than Solomon is here! 32 At the Judgment, the men of Nineveh will stand up together with this generation; and they too will condemn it, for they repented when they heard the preaching of Jonah; and look: One who is greater than Jonah is here!

Take Heed to the Light Within

33 “No one, after lighting a lamp, places it in a vault5 or under a basket. Instead, they put it on a lampstand, so that those who are entering the room can see the light. 34 The lamp of your body is your eye. When, therefore, your eye is healthy, your whole body is also filled with light; but when it is diseased, your body too will be filled with darkness. 35 So then, look to yourself, making sure that the light within in you is not darkness. 36 And if, as a result of this, your whole body is full of light, with no part whatsoever containing darkness, it will be as fully illumined as when the lamp in your house illumines you with its rays.”

A Litany of Woes

37 Now while Jesus was speaking, a certain Pharisee invited Him to dine at his home; so He entered his house and reclined at the table. 38 But the Pharisee, noticing this, was taken aback, for Jesus had not performed a ceremonial washing prior to the meal. 39 So the Lord said to him, “Now as for you Pharisees, you cleanse the outside of the cup and of the plate, but your inward part is full of greed and wickedness. 40 You fools! Didn’t He who made the outside make the inside as well? 41 So then, bestow as alms the things that are within, and behold, all things will be clean for you! 42 But woe to you Pharisees, for you give a tenth of your mint, rue, and every kind of garden herb, but overlook justice and the love of God; yet these are the things you ought to have done, while not neglecting the others. 43 Woe to you Pharisees, for you love the chief seat in the synagogues, and deferential greetings7 in the marketplaces! 44 Woe to you, for you are like unmarked graves, such that those who8 walk over them don’t know it!”

45 In reply, one of the lawyers said to Him, “Teacher, in saying these things You are insulting us too.” 46 But Jesus declared, “Woe to you lawyers as well, for you load men down with burdens that are hard to carry, while you yourselves will not touch them with one of your fingers! 47 Woe to you, for you build the tombs of the prophets—and it was your own fathers who killed them. 48 As a result, you are giving testimony that you approve of the deeds of your fathers, for they killed the prophets, and you are building their tombs! 49 For this reason also the wisdom of God declared, ‘I will send them prophets and apostles; some of them they will kill, and some of them they will persecute,’ 50 in order that the blood of all the prophets, shed from the very foundation of the world, might be required of this generation—51 from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah, who was killed between the altar and the sanctuary.9 I tell you the truth: All of it will be required of this generation. 52 Woe to you lawyers, for you completely removed the key to knowledge: You yourselves would not go in, and those who were going in, you tried to prevent.”10

53 Now when He had departed from that place, the scribes and the Pharisees began to oppose Him bitterly11 and to pepper Him with questions on many subjects, 54 setting traps for Him12 so as to catch Him in something He might say.


  1. Or testing
  2. Lit. it
  3. Or that was mute; many mss and it was mute
  4. Lit. in peace
  5. Or cellar
  6. Or possibly best (or front) seats
  7. Lit. the greetings
  8. Lit. and the men who
  9. Lit. house
  10. Lit. hindered, prevented
  11. Or engage Him strenuously (furiously)
  12. Or lying in wait for Him


Beware the Leaven of the Pharisees

12 As these things were happening—and when a crowd of so many thousands had gathered together that the people were stepping on each other—Jesus began to speak, first of all to His disciples: “Guard yourselves against the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. For nothing is covered that will not be revealed, nor is anything hidden that will not be made known. Therefore, whatever you have spoken in the darkness, it will be heard in the light; and whatever you have whispered in the inner rooms, it will be proclaimed from the housetops.

Fear and Fear Not

“Moreover, I say to you, My friends: Don’t be afraid of those who can kill the body, and after that there is nothing more they can do. However, I will show you whom you should indeed fear: Fear Him who, after He has killed, has the authority to throw people into Gehenna.1 Yes, I tell you, fear Him! Are not five sparrows sold for two small copper coins,2 and yet not one of them is forgotten before God? But as for you, even the hairs of your head are all numbered. So don’t be afraid: You are more valuable than many sparrows!

The Good Confession

“I also say to you that everyone who acknowledges Me before men will likewise be acknowledged by the Son of Man before the angels of God. But he who denies Me before men will be denied before the angels of God. 10 Moreover, to everyone who speaks3 a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but to him who has spoken blasphemously against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven. 11 Also, when they bring you before the synagogues, the magistrates, and the authorities, do not be concerned about how to defend yourself, or about what you are going to say; 12 for in that very hour, the Holy Spirit will teach you the things that you should say.”

True Riches

13 Now someone from the crowd said to Him, “Teacher, speak to my brother about dividing the family inheritance with me.” 14 But Jesus said to him, “Man, who appointed Me to be a judge or an arbitrator between you two?” 15 Then He said to them all, “Watch out and be on your guard against every form of covetousness, for a man’s life does not come to him from the abundance of things he owns.” 16 And then He told them a parable, saying: “The land of a certain rich man produced an abundant crop. 17 So he began to deliberate within himself, saying, ‘What should I do, for I have no place where I can store my crops?’ 18 Finally, he said, ‘Here is what I will do: I will tear down my barns and build bigger barns, and I will store all my grain and all my goods there; 19 then I will say to my soul, “Soul, you have stored up many goods for many years to come. Take your ease: eat, drink, and be merry!”’ 20 But God said to him, ‘You fool! This very night your soul will be required of you; and to whom will all the things you prepared then belong?’ 21 So it will be for the man who stores up riches for himself, but who is not rich towards God.”

True Life

22 Then Jesus said to His disciples, “For this reason I say to you: Don’t worry about your4 life: what you are going to eat; or about your4 body: what you are going to wear; 23 for there is more to life than food, and more to the body than clothing. 24 Consider the ravens: They neither sow nor reap, and they have no storehouse or barn, yet God feeds them; and are you not far more valuable than the birds? 25 Moreover, who among you, by worrying, can add a single hour to the length of his life?5 26 If, then, you are unable to accomplish even this, the smallest thing, why worry yourselves about all the rest? 27 Consider also the lilies, and how they grow: They neither toil nor spin, yet I tell you that even Solomon in all his glory was never clothed like one of these! 28 And if God so clothes the wild grass, which today is found in the field, but tomorrow is thrown into the fire to heat the oven, how much more will He clothe you, you men of little faith? 29 So then, don’t focus on what you are going eat or what you are going to drink; don’t even concern yourselves with such matters. 30 For all the nations of the world are constantly pursuing these things; yet your Father already knows that you have need of them. 31 Instead, seek His Kingdom, and these things will be given to you as well. 32 O little flock, don’t be afraid: Your Father is well pleased to give you the kingdom! 33 Sell your belongings and give gifts6 to those in need; make purses for yourselves that won’t grow old or wear out; prepare an unfailing treasure trove in the heavens, where no thief draws near or moth destroys. 34 For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.

Be Ready at All Times!

35 “Stay dressed for action,7 and keep your lamps burning bright; 36indeed, be like men who are eagerly awaiting the moment when their master returns from the wedding feast, so that when he arrives and knocks they can open the door for him immediately. 37 Blessed are those servants whose master, upon his arrival, finds them waiting in this way. Truly I say to you, he will dress himself for service, seat them at the table, and come and wait on them! 38 And if he should arrive during the second or even the third watch of the night, and find them so waiting, how blessed will those servants be! 39 But understand this: If the head8 of the house had known at what hour the thief was coming, he would not have allowed his house to be broken into. 40 Therefore, you too must prepare yourselves, for the Son of Man will come at an hour when you are not expecting Him.

41 Then Peter said to Him, “Lord, are You addressing this parable to us, or to all alike?42 So the Lord replied, “Who then is the faithful and prudent manager whom the master of the house will put in charge of his other servants, to give them their allotment of food at the appointed time? 43 Blessed is the servant whom his master, when he arrives, finds doing this very thing: 44 Truly I say to you, he will put him in charge of all his belongings! 45 If, however, that servant should say in his heart, ‘My master is delaying his return,’ and if he should begin to abuse the male and female servants, and eat, drink, and get drunk, 46 then the master of that servant will come on a day which he is not anticipating, and at an hour which he has not forseen,9 and he will cut him in two and assign him his lot with the unbelievers. 47 Also, the servant who knew his master’s will, but who did not prepare himself, or act according to that will, will be beaten with many blows. 48 But he who did not know it, and yet did things worthy of blows, will be beaten with few. Moreover, from everyone to whom much is given, much will be required; and from the one to whom they have entrusted much, they will ask that much more.

The Fire of Division

49 “I have come to pour out10 fire upon the earth, and what is it that I desire? If only it were already kindled! 50 But I have a baptism with which I must be baptized, and how greatly I am pressed in spirit until it is over and done with.11 51 Do you men think that I have come forth to grant peace on earth? No, I tell you, but rather division. 52 For from now on there will be five people in one household; and they will be divided three against two, and two against three. 53 They will be divided father against son, and son against father; mother against daughter, and daughter against mother; mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.”12

Learn to Discern

54 And Jesus was also telling the crowds, “Whenever you see a cloud rising out of the west, you say at once, ‘A rainstorm13 is coming’; and so it does. 55 Also, whenever you notice the south wind beginning to blow, you say, ‘A scorching heat will soon be here’; and so it comes to pass. 56 You hypocrites! You know how to read the face14 of the earth and the sky; how is it, then, that you don’t know how to read the face of this appointed time?

Judge for Yourselves

57 “And why do you not judge what is right all by yourselves?15 58 For example, as you and your opponent at law are on your way to appear before the magistrate, make every effort to settle the matter with him while you are still on the road. Otherwise he will16 drag you before the judge, the judge will hand you over to the executioner, and the executioner will throw you into jail. 59 I tell you the truth, you will not get out of there until you have paid the very last cent!”


  1. Lit. Traditionally, hell; the place of eternal punishment following the resurrection and the judgment
  2. Lit. assaria,
  3. Lit. will speak
  4. Lit. the
  5. Or a single cubit to his height?
  6. Lit. alms
  7. Lit. Let your loins be girded about
  8. Or owner
  9. Lit. which he does not know
  10. Or throw, scatter
  11. Or completed, accomplished, fulfilled, brought to an end
  12. Mic. 7:6
  13. Or shower
  14. Or interpret the appearance
  15. Lit. And why even from yourselves do you not judge what is right?
  16. Or may


Repent or Perish

13 Now at the same time certain men arrived, and they gave Jesus a report about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices. But in reply He said to them, “Do you think these these Galileans were worse sinners than all the other Galileans, because they suffered such things? No, I tell you; but unless you repent, all of you will perish as well. Or those eighteen who were killed when the tower in Siloam fell on them: Do you think they deserved greater punishment than all the other men living in Jerusalem? No, I tell you; but unless you repent, all of you will perish as well.”

The Parable of the Barren Fig Tree

Then He began to tell them this parable: “A certain man had a fig tree, previously planted in his vineyard; and one day he came looking for fruit on it, but found none. So he said to the man in charge of tending his vineyard, ‘For three years now I have been coming here, looking for fruit on this fig tree, but finding none. Cut it down! Why should it keep using up the soil?’ But in reply, the man said to him, ‘Sir, leave it be this year as well, until I can dig around it and put in some fertilizer. If it bears fruit next year, well enough; but if indeed it does not, cut it down.’”

Healing on the Sabbath

10 Now Jesus was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sabbath; 11 and present in that place was1 a woman who for eighteen years had been physically afflicted by an evil spirit,2 with the result that she was hunched over and unable fully to straighten herself up.3 12 So when Jesus saw her, He called her to Himself and said to her, “Woman, you are released from your infirmity.” 13 Then He laid His hands on her, and immediately she straightened up and began to glorify God! 14 However the ruler of the synagogue was moved to indignation, because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath; and in response to this, he began saying to the crowd, “There are six days on which work should be done; so come and be healed on those day, but not on the Sabbath.” 15 But the Lord, answering him, declared, “You hypocrites! Does not each one of you on the Sabbath untie his ox or his donkey from its feeding trough, and lead it away to water it? 16 What then of this woman, who is a daughter of Abraham, and one whom Satan has bound—think of it1—for eighteen long years? Should she not be released from this bond on the Sabbath day?” 17 Now when He spoke these words, all of His opponents were put to shame; however the entire assembly began to rejoice over all the glorious things that were being done by Him.

Two Parables about the Kingdom

18 Consequently, Jesus began to teach, asking, “What is the kingdom of God like, and to what should I compare it? 19 It is like a mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in his own garden; and it grew up and became a tree, and the wild birds nested in its branches.” 20 And once again He taught, asking, “To what shall I liken the kingdom of God? 21 It is like yeast, which a woman took and hid in three measures of flour until the lump was leavened through and through.”

Strive to Enter by the Narrow Door

22 Now Jesus was going through city after city, and village after village, teaching and making his way towards Jerusalem. 23 Then a certain man asked Him, “Lord, are only a few going to be saved?” So He said to them all, 24 “Make every effort to enter through the narrow door, for many, I tell you, will try to enter, but not be able to do so. 25 Once the Ruler of the house has gotten up and shut the door, and once you begin to stand outside and knock on the door, saying, ‘Lord, open it for us!’ He will answer by declaring, ‘I do not know you, or where you come from.’4 26 Then you will begin to say, ‘We ate and drank in Your presence, and You taught us in our streets!’ 27 But He will reply, “I do not know you, or where you come from. Depart from Me, all you workers of unrighteousness.’ 28 There will be weeping and grinding of teeth when you see Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, while you yourselves are cast out. 29 Moreover, they will come from east and west, and from north and south, and they will recline at table in the kingdom of God. 30 But understand this: some who now are last will be first, and some who now are first will be last.”

Jesus Laments Over Jerusalem

31 At that very moment, certain Pharisees came up to Him and said, “Leave this place, and be on your way, because Herod wants to kill You.” 32 But He said to them, “Go and tell that fox, ‘Watch and see:5 Today and tomorrow I will drive out demons and work healings, and on the third day I will reach my goal.’6 33 Nevertheless, I must continue my journey today and tomorrow and the day after that, for it cannot be that a prophet should be put to death outside of Jerusalem. 34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city7 that kills the prophets, and stones the ones who are sent to her! How often I desired to gather your children together, even as a mother hen gathers her brood beneath her wings; but you were unwilling! 35 See! Your house is left to you, devastated. Moreover, I say to you, you will not see Me again until the time arrives when you can say,8 ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ ”9


  1. Lit. behold
  2. Lit. having a spirit of infirmity
  3. Or unable to straighten herself at all
  4. Or I do not know you. Where do you come from?
  5. Lit. behold
  6. Or complete My work; or be perfected
  7. Lit. which
  8. Some mss until you say
  9. Psalm 118:26


Exchanges with the Pharisees

14 One Sabbath day, when Jesus had gone to dine1 at the home of a certain leader of the Pharisees, the guests2 were carefully observing Him; and there before Him was a certain man whose limbs were badly swollen with fluid. In response to this, Jesus addressed the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath or not?” But they remained silent. So, taking hold of the man, Jesus healed him and sent him on his way. Then He said to them, “Which one of you, if you had a son or an ox fall into a well on the Sabbath, would not immediately pull him out?” But in the face of these things, they were powerless to speak up against Him.

Now when Jesus observed how those who had been invited to the meal were choosing the places of honor at the table, He began to tell them a parable: “Whenever someone invites you to a wedding feast, do not seat yourself 3 in a4 place of honor. For perhaps your host has invited someone more distinguished that you, with the result that he who invited you both will come up and say to you, ‘Give your place to this man;’ and then, in disgrace, you will begin to occupy the lowest place. 10 But when you are invited to a feast, go and seat yourself in the lowest place, so that when he who invited you comes in, he may say to you, ‘Friend, move up higher.’ Then you will be honored in sight of those who are seated at the table with you. 11 For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.”

12 And to the man who had invited Him, Jesus also said, “When you host a dinner or a banquet, don’t invite your friends, your siblings, your relatives, or your rich neighbors; otherwise they themselves may invite you in return, and you will be repaid. 13 But whenever you host a banquet, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame, and the blind; 14 then you will be blessed, for you will be repaid at the resurrection of the just, seeing that these others have nothing with which to repay you.”

The Parable of the Great Supper

15 Now when one of the men who were seated with Jesus at the table heard these things, he said to Him, “Blessed is everyone who will dine5 in the kingdom of God!” 16 But Jesus He said to him, “A certain man prepared a great banquet and invited many guests. 17 Now when the time for the banquet arrived, He sent his servant to those who had been invited, saying, ‘Come, for the banquet is now ready!’ 18 But one after another6 they all began to make excuses. The first said to him, ‘I have purchased a piece of land and need to go out and look at it. I ask you that you consider me excused.’ 19 Then another said, ‘I have purchased five yoke of oxen, and I’m on my way to inspect them. I ask that you consider me excused.’ 20 Still another said, ‘I have just taken a wife, and for this reason am unable to come.’ 21 So when he returned, the servant reported all these things to his lord. Then, moved to anger, the master of the house said to his servant, ‘Quickly, go out into the streets and alley ways of the city, and bring the poor, the crippled, the blind, and the lame here, into this place.’ 22 Later7 the servant declared, ‘Master, what you commanded has been done, but there is still more room.’ 23 So the master said to the servant, ‘Go out into the roads and country lanes, and compel8 the people to come in, so that my house may be filled. 24 For I tell you: Not one of those men who were invited to the banquet will taste of my supper!’”

Counting the Cost of Discipleship

25 Now large crowds were travelling together with Jesus. But when He had turned around, He said to them, 26 “If anyone comes to Me and does not hate his own father and mother, his wife and children, his brothers and sisters—yes, and even his own life—he cannot be My disciple. 27 And whoever does not carry his own cross and follow after Me, he cannot be My disciple. 28 For what man among you, desiring to build a tower, does not sit down first and count the cost, to see if he has the wherewithal to finish it? 29 Otherwise, if he lays the foundation but is unable to complete the project, everyone who sees it9 will ridicule him, 30 saying, ‘This man began to build, but he was unable to finish’? 31 Or what king, going forth to meet another king in battle, does not first sit down and take counsel in order to see if he is able, with ten thousand soldiers, to go up against the king coming against him with twenty thousand? 32 And if indeed he finds he cannot, he will send a messenger to ask for terms of peace while his adversary10 is still a long way off. 33 So then, everyone among you who does not separate himself from everything he has, he cannot be My disciple.

Tasteless Salt Is Worthless

34 “Now salt is good; but if the salt itself11 has lost its flavor, with what shall it be seasoned? 35 It is fit neither for the soil nor for the dunghill; they must throw it away. He who has ears to hear, let him hear!”


  1. Lit. eat bread
  2. Lit. they
  3. 3. recline, and so in v. 10
  4. Lit. the
  5. Lit. eat bread
  6. Or they all alike; Lit. from one
  7. Lit. And
  8. Or urge
  9. Or all the onlookers
  10. Lit. he
  11. Lit. if even the salt


The Parable of the Lost Sheep

15 Now all the tax collectors and “sinners” were constantly gathering around Jesus in order to listen to Him. As a result, both the scribes and the Pharisees grew indignant, saying, “This man keeps company with sinners and eats with them!”

So Jesus told them this parable, saying: “What man among you, if he has a hundred sheep, but loses one of them, does not leave the ninety-nine in the open field, and go in search of the lost sheep until he finds it? Moreover, once he has found it, he lays it on his shoulders, rejoicing. And then, when he has returned home, he calls together his friends and neighbors, and says to them, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found my lost sheep!’ I tell you, in the very same way, there will be more joy in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous persons who have no need of repentance.

The Parable of the Lost Coin

“Or what woman, if she has ten silver coins and then loses one of them, does not light a lamp, sweep the house, and search diligently until she finds it? Moreover, when she does find it, she calls together her friends and neighbors, and says, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found the coin that I had lost!’ 10 In the very same way, I tell you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner who repents.”

The Parable of the Lost Son

11 Then Jesus said: “A certain man had two sons. 12 The younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me the share of your estate that falls to me.’ So the father divided his livelihood between the two of them. 13 Now a few days later, after gathering together all he had, the younger son went abroad to a distant land, and there he scattered his entire inheritance to the four winds1 through reckless and dissolute living. 14 Moreover, after he had squandered everything, a mighty famine arose throughout that land, and he began to suffer want. 15 So he went off and attached himself to one of the citizens of that country, who sent him into his fields to feed the pigs. 16 O how he longed to fill his stomach with the carob pods that the pigs were eating; but no one was giving him anything at all!

17 “When, however, he finally came to himself, he said, ‘How many of my father’s hired men have more than enough food, while I am here, dying of hunger! 18 I will get up and go to my father and say to him, “Father, I have sinned against heaven and in your sight; 19 I am no longer worthy to be called your son; make me like one of your hired men.”’

20 “Then he got up and headed back to his own father. But while he was still a good distance from the house, his father saw him and was filled with compassion; and running towards his son, he fell on his neck and kissed him over and over again. 21 The son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven and in your sight; I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’ 22 But the father said to his servants, ‘Hurry, bring out the best robe and put it on him; and place a ring around his finger2 and sandals on his feet. 23 Bring also the fattened calf, and kill it; and when we have eaten, let us rejoice and celebrate! 24 For this son of mine was dead, but has come to life3 again; and he was lost, but now is found.’ So they began to celebrate.

25 “Now the father’s older son was out in the field. And as he came in and drew near to the house, he heard music and dancing. 26 So he called one of the servants and asked him why these things were going on.4 27 Then the servant said to him, ‘Your brother has come home, and your father has killed the fattened calf because he has received him back safe and sound.’ 28 At this, the older son became indignant, and refused to go inside. So his father came out and began to entreat him. 29 But in reply, he said to his father, ‘Look, all these years I have been slaving for5 you, never neglecting a single command; yet not once did you give me a young goat, so that I might celebrate with my friends. 30 But as soon as this son of yours came back, who devoured your livelihood with prostitutes, you killed the fattened calf for him!’ 31 Then the father said to him, ‘Son, you are always with me, and everything that I have is yours. 32 But it was only right that we should celebrate and rejoice, for your brother was dead, but is alive again; and he was lost, but now is found.’”


  1. Lit. scattered, dispersed, or winnowed by throwing into the air
  2. Lit. on his hand
  3. Lit. came to life
  4. Lit. what these things might mean
  5. Or serving


Kingdom Shrewdness

16 Then Jesus began to address His disciples as well: “There was a certain rich man who received a report that his household steward1 was squandering his possessions. So the rich man called him in and said to him, ‘What’s this I am hearing about you? Give me a full accounting of your stewardship, for you can no longer be my steward.’ Then the steward said to himself, ‘What should I do, seeing that my master is taking the stewardship away from me? I’m not strong enough to dig, and I would be ashamed to beg. I know what I will do! That way, when I am removed from the stewardship, people will welcome me into their homes.’ So after issuing a call for each one of his master’s debtors, he said to the first, ‘How much do you owe my master?’ The man replied, ‘A hundred measures of olive oil.’2 The steward said to him, ‘Take your bill, sit down quickly, and write fifty.’ Then he said to another debtor, ‘How much do you owe?’ He replied, ‘A hundred measures of wheat.’3 The steward said to him, ‘Take your bill, and write down eighty.’ So the master commended the unrighteous steward, for he had acted shrewdly.

“I’ve told you this parable because in their dealings with their own generation4 the sons of this age are wiser than the sons of light. So I say to you: Make friends for yourselves by the wise use of unrighteous mammon,5 so that when it finally fails,6 they may welcome you into the eternal dwelling places.7 10 He who is faithful in what is least will also be faithful in much; and he who is unrighteous in what is least will also be unrighteous in much. 11 If then you have not proven faithful in the use of unrighteous mammon, who will entrust you with the true riches? 12 And if you have not proven faithful in the care of another man’s property, who will give you your own? 13 No servant can serve two masters, for he will either hate the one and love the other, or he will cling to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon.”

Exhortations to the Pharisees

14 Now the Pharisees, who were lovers of money, were listening to all these things; and they began to scoff at Him. 15 But Jesus said to them, “You are the kind8 who make9 yourselves righteous in the sight men, but God knows your hearts. For what is highly prized among men is detestable in the sight of God.

16 “The Law and the Prophets were in force10 until John. Since that time the kingdom of God is being proclaimed, and each one is pressing into it. 17 Nevertheless, it is easier for heaven and earth to pass away than for a single stroke of a single letter of the Law to fall to the ground.

18 “Every man who divorces his wife and marries someone else is committing adultery; and the man who marries a woman divorced from her husband is also committing adultery.

The Rich Man and Lazarus

19 “Now there was a certain rich man who dressed in garments made of purple fabric and soft, white linen; moreover, he feasted sumptuously11 day by day. 20 But laid before the rich man’s gate there was also a certain beggar by the name of Lazarus, a man whose body was covered with sores, 21 and who longed to be filled with the scraps that fell from the rich man’s table. And besides all this, the street dogs would come along and lick the beggar’s sores.

22 Now it came to pass that the beggar died, and the angels carried him away to Abraham’s bosom. The rich man also died and was buried. 23 And down in Hades—where the rich man was in torment12—he lifted up his eyes and saw Abraham from afar, and Lazarus in his bosom. 24 So he cried out and said, ‘Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus so that he might dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue; for I am in agony in this flame.’ 25 But Abraham said, ‘Son, remember that in your lifetime you received your good things, and that likewise Lazarus received his evil things; but now he is comforted and you are in torment. 26 And besides all this, a great chasm has been firmly put in place between us and you, so that those who want to cross over to you from here cannot, nor can anyone cross over to us from there.’ 27 The rich man replied, ‘Then I beg you, father: Send Lazarus to my father’s house—28 for I have five brothers—so that he might bear witness to them, or else they too might come to this place of torment.’ 29 But Abraham said to him, ‘They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.’ 30 The rich man said, ‘No, father Abraham; but if someone from the dead goes to them, they will surely repent.’ 31 But Abraham said to him, ‘If they do not hear Moses and the prophets, neither will they be convinced even if someone should rise from the dead.’”


  1. Lit. this man
  2. I.e., 875 gallons, worth about 1000 denarii (three years pay)
  3. I.e., 10-12 bushels, worth about 2750 denarii
  4. Or kind
  5. Or worldly wealth; mammon is Aramaic for riches
  6. Or runs out
  7. Lit. tents, tabernacles
  8. Lit. ones
  9. Or show
  10. Or were proclaimed
  11. Or celebrated in luxury
  12. Lit. being (or beginning to be) in torments


Jesus Teaches on Offenses

17 Then Jesus said to the disciples, “It is unavoidable that stumbling blocks should come your way; but woe to the one through whom they come! It would be better for him if a millstone were hung around his neck and he were thrown into the sea, than for him to cause one of these little ones to stumble into sin. Watch over yourselves! If your brother sins, reprove him; if he repents, forgive him. Even if he sins against you seven times in a day, but also comes back to you seven times, saying, ‘I repent,’ you must forgive him.”

Mustard Seed Faith

Then the apostles said to the Lord, “Increase our faith!” So the Lord replied, “If you had faith like a mustard seed, you could say to this mulberry tree, ‘Be pulled up by the roots and be planted in the sea,’ and it would obey you.

Let Servants Understand Their Place

What man among you, if he has a servant plowing a field or tending sheep, will say to him when comes in from the field, ‘Come over here at once and sit down for supper’? Will he not instead say to him, ‘Prepare me something to eat, and then, when you have dressed yourself properly, serve me until I have finished eating and drinking; after that1 you may eat and drink’? Does he thank his2 servant because he does what he was ordered to do? Certainly not! 10 The same applies to you: When you have done everything you were commanded to do, you should say, ‘We are ordinary3 servants; we have only done what it was our duty to do.’”

The Grateful Samaritan

11 Now while Jesus was on His way to Jerusalem, He was travelling along the border between4 Samaria and Galilee. 12 And as He was entering a certain village, He came upon ten men who were lepers. Standing at a distance, 13 they lifted up their voices, and said, “Jesus, Master, have mercy on us!” 14 When He saw them, He said to them, “Go, show yourselves to the priests.” Now as they went their way, they were cleansed. 15 But one of them, seeing that he had been healed, turned back and began glorifying God with a loud voice; 16 moreover, he fell face down at Jesus’ feet, thanking Him profusely. And the man was a Samaritan. 17 So Jesus responded, saying, “Were not ten cleansed? Where, then, are the other nine? 18 Were none found who returned to give God glory except this foreigner?” 19 Then He said to the man, “Stand up and go your way; your faith has made you well.”5

How the Kingdom Comes

20 Having been questioned by the Pharisees as to when the kingdom of God was coming, Jesus answered them, saying “The kingdom of God does not come with signs that may be observed or inspected;6 21 nor will people say, ‘Look, it is here!’ or ‘See, it is there!’ For behold, the kingdom of God is in your very midst!”7

22 Then He said to the disciples, “The days are coming when you will long to see one of the days of the Son of Man, but you will not see it. 23 Then people will say to you, ‘Look, there He is!’ or ‘See, He’s over here!’ But you are not go out to them or follow after them. 24 For just as a flash of lightning lights up the sky from one end to the other, so the Son of Man will be on the day when He comes.8 25 But first He must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation. 26 And just as it was in the days of Noah, so too shall it be in the days of the Son of Man: 27 People were eating, drinking, marrying, and being given in marriage, right up until the day when Noah entered the ark, after which the flood came and destroyed them all. 28 Likewise, things will be just as they were in the days of Lot: People were eating, drinking, buying, selling, planting, and building; 29 but on the day when Lot escaped from Sodom, fire and sulfur rained down from heaven and destroyed them all. 30 So it shall be on the day when the Son of Man is revealed.

31 On that day, a man whose goods are in the house may be up on his roof: He must not go down to carry them off. The same holds true for a man who is out in the field: He must not go back for the things he left behind. 32 Remember Lot’s wife. 33 Whoever tries to keep his life will lose it; but whoever loses his life will preserve it. 34 I tell you, on that night two people will be sleeping in one bed: One will be taken and the other left behind. 35 Two women will be grinding in the same place: One will be taken and the other left behind. (36 Two men will be out in the field: One will be taken and the other left behind.”) 37 In reply, the disciples said to Him, “Where, Lord?” So He said to them, “Wherever the corpse10 is, there too the vultures11 will be gathered all around.”


  1. Lit. these things
  2. Lit. the
  3. Lit. unmeritorious; undeserving of special commendation
  4. Lit. passing through the midst of
  5. Lit. saved you
  6. Lit. observation, close inspection
  7. Or within you
  8. Lit. in his day (this phrase is omitted by some mss)
  9. This verse is omitted by many good mss
  10. Lit. body
  11. Or eagle


The Parable of the Persistent Widow

18 Then Jesus began telling them a parable designed to show that they must pray at all times, and not lose heart or grow weary. So He said, “In a certain city there was a judge who neither feared God nor respected man. And in that city there lived a widow who kept coming to him, saying, ‘Grant me justice and protection from my adversary.’ Now for a little while he was unwilling to do so; but later on he said to himself, ‘Even though I don’t fear God or respect man, yet because this widow keeps on bothering me I will grant her justice, so that in the end she doesn’t wear me out by constantly coming to me.’” Then the Lord said, “Listen to what the unjust judge said!2 And will God not vindicate and avenge His own elect who cry out day and night to Him, even though He suffers long over them?3 I tell you, He will vindicate them speedily. Nevertheless, when the Son of Man comes, will He indeed find faith on the earth?”

The Pharisee and the Tax Collector

He also told this parable to certain men who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and who held everyone else in contempt: 10 “Two men went up to the temple to pray; one was a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. 11 The Pharisee stood there and began praying about himself in this way:4 ‘God, I thank You that I am not like those other people—extortionists,5 evildoers, adulterers, or even like this tax collector. 12 I fast twice a week, and I donate a tenth of everything I receive.’6 13 But the tax collector, standing far off, was unwilling even to lift up his eyes towards heaven; instead, he keep on beating his breast and saying, ‘God, be merciful to me a sinner!’ 14 I tell you, this man, rather than the other, went down to his house justified;7 for everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.”

Of Children and the Kingdom

15 Now the people were even bringing Him their babies, so that He might touch them; but when the disciples saw it, they began to scold them. 16 So Jesus called for the children, saying, “Let the little children come to Me, and do not hinder them; for the kingdom of God belongs to people such as these. 17 Truly I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God like a little child, he will never enter it at all.”

The Rich Young Ruler

18 Now a certain ruler inquired of Him, saying, “Good Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?” 19 So Jesus said to him, “Why do you call Me good? No one is good except One: God. 20 You know the commandments: ‘Do not commit adultery,’ ‘Do not murder,’ ‘Do not steal,’ ‘Do not give false testimony,’ and ‘Honor your father and your mother.’ ”8

21 So the young man replied, “All these commandments I have carefully observed from my youth up.” 22 Now when Jesus heard this, He said to him, “One thing you still lack: Sell everything you have, distribute the proceeds to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. And come, follow Me.” 23 But when the young man heard this, he was filled with sorrow, for he was extremely wealthy.

24 Now when Jesus observed this, He said, “How difficult it is for those who have riches to enter the kingdom of God! 25 Indeed, it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.” 26 Those who heard Him said, “Who then can be saved?” 27 Jesus replied, “Things that are impossible with men are possible with God.” 28 Then Peter said, “Look, we left behind all that we had,9 and we followed You.” 29 So Jesus said to them, “I tell you the truth, there is no one who has left his house or wife or brothers or parents or children for the sake of the kingdom of God, 30 who will not receive much more in this present time of opportunity, and in the age to come, eternal life.”

Jesus Again Predicts His Death and Resurrection

31 Then, taking the twelve aside, Jesus said to them, “Look, we are going up to Jerusalem, and everything written about the Son of Man through the ministry of the prophets will be fulfilled. 32 For He will be handed over to the Gentiles, and He will be mocked, mistreated, and spit upon. 33 Then they will scourge Him and kill Him; but on the third day He will rise again.” 34 However, the disciples understood none of these things; indeed, the meaning of this utterance was hidden from them, so that they could not grasp what was being spoken by the Lord.10

A Blind Man Sees and Follows

35 Now as Jesus was drawing near to Jericho, it happened that a certain blind man was sitting beside the road, begging. 36 And when he heard the noise of a crowd going by, he asked what was happening. 37 So they told him the news: “Jesus of Nazareth is passing by!” 38 Then he cried out, saying, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” 39 At this, the people in front of the procession began to rebuke him, telling him to be quiet; but he only cried out all the more, “Son of David, have mercy on me!” 40 Then Jesus stood still and commanded that the beggar should be brought to Him. And when the man had come up close, Jesus questioned him, 41 saying, “What is it you want Me to do for you?” The beggar said, “Lord, that I might regain my sight.” 42 So Jesus said to him, “Receive your sight; your faith has made you well!”11 43 And immediately the man regained his sight, after which he began to follow Jesus, glorifying God. As for all the people, when they saw what happened, they gave God praise.


  1. Lit. beat up (esp. beneath the eyes)
  2. Lit. says
  3. Lit. And He patiently suffers upon them
  4. Lit. began praying these things about (or to) himself
  5. Or swindlers, robbers
  6. Or possess
  7. I.e., declared to be righteous in God’s sight
  8. Ex. 20:12–16; Deut. 5:16–20
  9. Lit. left our own things (e.g., family, homes, property, etc.)
  10. Lit. they were not knowing the things that were spoken
  11. Lit. saved you


Salvation Comes to Zacchaeus’ House

19 Having entered Jericho, Jesus was on His way through it. And in that city there lived a man by the name of Zacchaeus, a chief tax collector who was very rich. Now Zaccheus was trying to see who Jesus was, but was unable to do so because of the crowd, for he was small in stature. So after running on ahead of the crowd, he climbed up into a sycamore tree in order to see Him, for Jesus was soon to pass by that place. But when Jesus came to it, He looked up and said to him, “Zacchaeus, come down quickly, for today I must lodge with you in your house.” So Zaccheus hurried down and joyfully welcomed Him as his guest. Now when the crowd observed this, everyone began to complain, saying, “Jesus has gone off to be the guest of a man who is a sinner!” But Zaccheus, standing still, said to the Lord, “Look, Lord: I now give half my possessions to the poor; and if I have cheated anyone out of anything, I commit to paying it back fourfold.”1 Then Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, because he too is a son of Abraham; 10 for the Son of Man came to seek and to save that which is lost.”

The Parable of the Minas

11 Now as the people were listening to these things, Jesus went on to present another parable, because He was near Jerusalem and the people assumed that the kingdom of God was going to appear immediately. 12 Therefore He said: “A certain man of noble birth went on a journey to a distant land to receive a kingdom for himself and then return. 13 So summoning ten of his servants, He gave them ten minas, saying to them, ‘Do business with these until I come back.14 However his own citizens hated him, and therefore sent a delegation2 after him, saying, ‘We are not willing to have this man be king over us.’ Now when the nobleman returned from receiving the kingdom, he commanded that the servants to whom he had given the money be summoned to him, in order that he might know what they had gained by doing business. 16 So the first one came before him and said, ‘My lord, your mina has gained ten more minas.’ 17 The king said to him, ‘Well done, my good servant! Because you have been faithful in that which is least, you shall have authority over ten cities.’ 18 Then the second servant came up to him, saying, ‘Lord, your mina has made five more minas.’ 19 So the king likewise said to this man, ‘And you shall be ruler over five cities.’ 20 Then another servant came up, saying, ‘My lord, here is your mina, which I have been keeping for you, set aside in a handkerchief. 21 For I was afraid of you, seeing that you are a hard man, taking what you did work for,3 and harvesting what you did not plant.’ 22 So the king said to him, ‘Out of your own mouth I will judge you, you wicked servant. You knew that I was a hard man, taking what I did not work for, and harvesting what I did not plant. 23 Why then did you not place my money with the bankers, so that at my return I might have had it back with interest?’ 24 So he said to those who were standing by, ‘Take the mina from him, and give it to the man who has ten minas.’ 25 (But they said to him, ‘Master, he already has ten minas!’) 26 ‘I say to you all: To everyone who has, more will be given; but from him who does not have, even what he has will be taken away. 27 And as for those enemies of mine, who were unwilling to have me as king over them, bring theme here and slaughter them before me.’”

The Triumphal Entry

28 After saying these things, Jesus resumed his journey, walking ahead of His disciples as He went up4 to Jerusalem. 29 Now as He drew near to Bethphage and Bethany, which are near the Mount of Olives, He sent out two of His disciples, 30 telling them, “Go into the village ahead of you; as you enter it, you will find a tied colt, one on which no man has ever ridden. Untie it and bring it to Me. 31 And if anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?’ you shall reply in this way: ‘Because the Lord has need of it.’” 32 So those who were sent out went their way and found the colt, just as Jesus had told them. 33 But as they were untying it, its owners said to them, “Why are you untying the colt?” 34 So they said, “The Lord has need of it.” 35 Then they brought it to Jesus, draped their cloaks over the back of the colt, and had Jesus get on. 36 And as He rode along, people were spreading their cloaks on the road. 37 Now about the time He was nearing the descent of the Mount of Olives, the entire multitude of His disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works they had seen, 38 saying, “ ‘Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord!’6
In heaven, peace, and glory in the highest!” 39 Then some of the Pharisees from the crowd said to Him, “Teacher, rebuke Your disciples!” 40 But in reply He said to them, “I tell you, if these were to keep silent, the very stones would begin to cry out.”

Jesus Weeps over Jerusalem

41 Now when He had drawn near, Jesus beheld the city; and He wept over it, 42 saying, “If only you—especially you—had known on this day the things that were meant for your peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes. 43 For the days will come upon you when your enemies will cast up an embankment around you, encircle you with armies, and hem you in on every side. 44 Then they will level you to the ground, you and your children within you; and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, for you did not recognize the appointed time of your visitation from God.”

Jesus Cleanses the Temple

45 When Jesus finally entered the temple precincts, He began to drive out those who were selling there, 46 saying to them, “It is written, ‘My house shall be a house of prayer,’7 but you have made it a ‘den of thieves.’”8 47 Moreover, He was teaching the people daily in the temple courts. Now the chief priests, the scribes, and the leaders of the people kept trying to put Him to death; 48 but they could find no way to do it, seeing that all the people were hanging upon His very word.9


  1. Lit. I am paying back fourfold
  2. Or ambassador, embassy
  3. Lit. taking up what you did not lay down (or deposit)
  4. Lit. going up
  5. Or possibly
  6. Psalm 118:26
  7. Is. 56:7
  8. Jer. 7:11
  9. Lit. were hanging on Him, listening


Jesus’ Authority Challenged

20 Now on one of the days when Jesus was in the temple courts teaching the people and proclaiming the good news, the chief priests and the scribes, together with the elders, confronted Him. They said, “Tell us by what authority You are doing these things, or who it is that gave You this authority?” But in reply He said to them, “I will also ask you a question, and you must answer Me first: The baptism of John—was it from heaven or from men?” So they consulted with one another, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will reply, ‘Why did you not believe him?’ But if we say, ‘From men,” all the people will stone us to death, for they are convinced that John was a prophet.” So they answered: “We don’t know where it came from.” Then Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.”

The Parable of the Wicked Tenants

Then He began to tell the people this parable: “A man planted a vineyard, leased it out to vine-growers, and went to dwell in a foreign land for a long while. 10 Now at the time of the harvest he sent a servant to the vine-growers, in order that they might give him a portion1 of the fruit of the vineyard. But the vine-growers beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 11 So he sent yet another servant; and they beat him as well, treated him with contempt, and sent him away empty-handed. 12 So he sent yet a third; but after wounding this one too, they threw him out. 13 Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son. Surely they will respect him!’ 14 But when they saw the son, the vine-growers began reasoning among themselves, saying, ‘This is the heir! Let us kill him, so that the inheritance may be ours.’ 15 Therefore, after throwing him out of the vineyard, they put him to death.

What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16 He will come and destroy those vine-growers, and He will give the vineyard to others.” Now when the people heard that, they declared, “May it never be!” 17 But fixing His gaze upon them, Jesus replied, “What then is the meaning of this text from Scripture: ‘The stone that the builders rejected—this very stone has become the chief cornerstone’? 18 Whoever falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; and2 on whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder.”3

The Pharisees Inquire About Taxes

19 Now in that very hour the scribes and chief priests tried to lay hands on Him; but they feared the people, for they knew He had spoken this parable in reference to them. 20 So after carefully observing Him for some time, they sent along hirelings, men who pretended to be righteous, whose purpose was to fasten upon something He might say, in order to hand Him over to the authority and power of the governor. 21 So they put a question before Him, saying, “Teacher, we know that You speak and teach correctly, and also that You defer to no one,4 but teach the way of God in truth: 22 Is it lawful for us Jews to pay the tribute tax5 to Caesar, or not?” 23 But Jesus, seeing through their duplicity, said to them, 24 “Show Me a denarius. Whose image and inscription does it carry?” “Caesar’s,” they replied. 25 So Jesus said to them, “Then render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” 26 And they were powerless to seize upon His word in the presence of the people; and amazed by His answer, they fell completely silent.

The Sadducees Inquire About the Resurrection

27 Then some of the Sadducees (who assert that there no resurrection of the body) came up and put a question to Him. 28 They said, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies, leaving behind a widow but no children, that man6 must marry7 his brother’s widow and raise up offspring for his brother. 29 Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife and died childless; 30 then the second married her, 31 and the third as well, and so on until all seven had died leaving no children behind. 32 Last of all, the woman also died. 33 Therefore, in the resurrection, which of the brothers will have the woman as his wife?8 For each of the seven had her as a wife.”

34 So Jesus said to them, “The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage. 35 But those who are counted worthy to attain to that age, and to the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are they given in marriage; 36 for no longer are they even capable of dying, since they are now like the angels, and are sons of God, seeing that they are9 sons of the resurrection. 37 But that the dead are raised, even Moses revealed in the passage about the burning bush, where he calls the Lord ‘the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’ 38 God is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for all live to Him.” 39 Then some of the scribes declared, “Teacher, You have spoken well,” 40 for they could no longer bring themselves to question Him about anything at all.

Jesus Inquires about David

41 But Jesus said to them, “How is it that people say the Messiah will be11 David’s Son? 42 For David himself says in the book of Psalms: ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand 43 till I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.”’12 44 David therefore calls Him ‘Lord’; how then can He be His Son?”12

Beware of Scribal Hypocrisy

45 Then, as all the people were listening, Jesus said to His disciples, 46 “Beware of the scribes, who delight to walk about in long robes, and who love elaborate greetings in the marketplaces, the foremost seats in the synagogues, and the places of honor at banquets; 47 who devour widows’ houses, and for appearance’ sake offer lengthy prayers. Their punishment will be all the more severe.”


  1. Or his portion
  2. Or but
  3. Or crush, scatter like dust
  4. Lit. do not receive a face
  5. An annual property tax levied by Rome on occupied peoples
  6. Lit. his brother
  7. Lit. take, receive
  8. Lit. the woman becomes a wife of which of them
  9. Lit. being
  10. Ex. 3:6, 15
  11. Lit. is
  12. Psalm 110:1
  13. Lit. how is He His Son?


A Lesson in Giving

21 And looking up, Jesus saw the rich depositing their gifts into the temple treasury; but He also saw a certain poor widow depositing two small copper coins. So He said, “I tell you the truth: This poor widow has put in more than all of them; for all of these put in offerings out their surplus; but she, out of her poverty, has put in everything she had to live on.”

Signs of the End

Now while some among them were conversing about the temple, how it was adorned with beautiful stones and votive offerings, Jesus said, As for these things which you view with such pleasure, I tell you this: Days are coming in which not one stone will remain upon another; all of them will be thrown down!”1 Then they questioned Him about this, saying, “So tell us, Teacher: When will these things happen; and what will be the sign that they are about to take place?” So He said: “See to it that you are not led astray. For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am the Messiah,’ and, ‘The time has arrived!’ You must not follow after them. Moreover, when you hear of wars and uprisings, do not give way to terror; for these things must happen first, but the consummation does not follow right away.”

10 Then He went on to tell them, “Nation will rise up against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. 11 Also, there will be great earthquakes, and in various places famines and plagues; and there will be terrifying sights and great signs coming forth from the sky. 12 But before all these things take place, they will lay their hands upon you and persecute you, delivering you up to the synagogues and prisons, and bringing you before kings and governors for My name’s sake. 13 But this will result in an opportunity for you to testify. 14 Therefore, settle it in your hearts that you will not plan out your defense ahead of time; 15 for I Myself will give you a mouth and wisdom that none your opponents will be able to withstand or contradict. 16 Moreover, you will be betrayed even by parents, brothers, relatives, and friends; and some of you they will put to death. 17 Indeed, on account of My name, you will be hated by all. 18 Yet not a hair of your head shall be lost; 19 by your endurance you will win your souls.

The Destruction of Jerusalem

20 “Now when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, know that her desolation is at hand. 21 Then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains, those who are in the midst of the city3 must depart, and those who are in the countryside must not enter her. 22 For these are the days of vengeance, so as to fulfill everything that has been written. 23 But woe to those who are with child in those days, and to those who are feeding at the breast! For there will be great distress upon the land, and great wrath towards this people. 24 And they will fall by the edge4 of the sword, and be led away captive into all the nations. As for Jerusalem, it will be trampled under foot by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.

The Coming of the Son of Man

25 “And there will be signs in the sun, the moon, and the stars; and upon the earth, distress of nations perplexed at the roaring of the sea and its waves; 26 men fainting from fear, and from anticipation of the things that are continually coming upon the world, for the powers of the heavens will be shaken. 27 Then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud, with power and great glory. 28 Now when these things begin to happen, stand up straight and lift up your heads, for your redemption is drawing near!”

The Parable of the Fig Tree

29 Then He told them a parable: “Consider the fig tree, and all other trees. 30 As soon as they begin to bud, you see that for yourselves, and therefore know that summer is now near. 31 So also for you: When you see these things taking place, know that the kingdom of God is at hand. 32 I tell you the truth: This generation will by no means pass away till all these things have taken place. 33 Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away.

Keep Watch!

34 “But look to yourselves, lest your hearts be weighed down with dissipation, drunkenness, and constant fretting over the affairs of this life, and that Day come upon you suddenly and unexpectedly; 35 for it will spring like a trap upon all5 who live on the face of the whole earth. 36 So stay awake and watch at all times, praying6 that you may have strength to escape all these things that are about to take place, and to stand before the Son of Man.”

37 Now during the day Jesus would teach in the temple precincts, but in the evening He would go out and spend the night on the Mount of Olives. 38 As for the people, they would rise early in the morning and come to Him in the temple courts, in order to hear Him teach.


  1. Lit. that will not be thrown down
  2. Lit. terrors and great signs from heaven (or sky)
  3. Lit. her
  4. Lit. mouth
  5. Or unexpectedly like a trap; for it will come upon all
  6. Or possibly and watch, praying at all times


Plotting and Betrayal

22 Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which is also called the Passover, was drawing near; and the chief priests and the scribes were looking for a way to put Jesus to death, for they feared the people. Then Satan entered Judas— the one called Iscariot, who also was numbered among the Twelve. After departing from the other disciples, Judas conferred with the chief priests and the officers of the temple guard as to how he might hand Jesus over to them. They were overjoyed at this, and agreed to give him money. So Judas gave them his pledge, and began looking for an opportunity to betray Jesus when he was away from the crowds.

The Final Passover

The first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread arrived, the day on which the Passover lamb was to be sacrificed. So Jesus sent out Peter and John, saying, “Go and prepare the Passover meal1 for us, that we may partake of it.”2 They said to him, “Where do you want us to prepare it?” 10 So he replied to them, “Listen carefully:3 Once you have entered the city, a man carrying a jug of water will meet you; follow him into the house that he enters. 11 Then say to the head of the house, ‘The Teacher says to you, “Where is the guest room where I may eat the Passover meal with my disciples?”’ 12 And he will show you a large, well-furnished upper room; make your preparations there.” 13 So they departed and found that all took place just as Jesus had told them; and they prepared the Passover meal.

14 Now when the time had come to partake of it, Jesus reclined at the table together with the apostles. 15 Then he said to them, “With great desire I have desired to eat this Passover meal with you before I suffer; 16 for I tell you this: I will by no means partake of it again until it has been fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” 17 Now after taking a cup and offering thanks, Jesus said, “Take this and divide it among yourselves; 18 for I say to you: From now on I will by no means drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God has come.” 19 Then, when he had taken up bread and given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you; do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And after they had eaten, he did the same with the cup, taking it up and saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you. 21 But know this:3 The hand of my betrayer is with me on the table. 22 For the Son of Man will indeed depart4 just as God has ordained;4 but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed!” 23 So the disciples began discussing among themselves5 which one of them it might be who was going to do this.

True Greatness

24 But a dispute also arose among them as to which one should be considered the greatest. 25 So Jesus said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those who exercise authority over them are called ‘benefactors.’ 26 But among you it must to be so; rather, he who is the greatest among you must become like the youngest, and the one who leads like the one who serves. 27 For who is greater, the one who reclines at the table, or the one who serves? Is it not the one who reclines at the table? Yet I am among you as the one who serves. 28 Nevertheless, you are the ones who have stood with me in my trials. 29 In turn, I confer on you a kingdom,6 even as my Father has conferred one on me, 30 so that in my kingdom you might eat and drink with me at my table. And you will sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”

Peter Forewarned

31 “Simon, Simon, listen to me! Satan has obtained8 permission to sift you men like wheat. 32 But as for you, Simon, I have prayed that your faith will not fail; and when you have returned to me, strengthen your brothers.” 33 But Peter said to him, “Lord, I am ready to go with you both to prison and to death.” 34 Jesus replied, “I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow today before you have denied three times that you even know me.”

Fresh Instructions for Difficult Days Ahead

35 Then Jesus said to them, “When I sent you out with no money pouch, traveler’s bag, or sandals, did you lack anything?” They replied, “Nothing.” 36 Then he said to them, “But now, he who has a money pouch, let him take it with him, and a traveler’s bag as well; and he who has no sword, let him sell his cloak and buy one. 37 For I say to you that this text of Scripture must be fulfilled in me: ‘And he was numbered with the transgressors’9—because all things pertaining to me will indeed come to completion.”10 38 Then the disciples said, “Look, Lord, here are two swords!” But he said to them, “That will do.”11

Prayer, Betrayal, Arrest in Gethsemane

39 Now after leaving the house, Jesus, as was his custom, headed off for the Mount of Olives; and his disciples followed after him. 40 When he arrived at his destination,12 he said to them, “Pray that you will not enter into temptation.” 41 Then he withdrew from them about a stone’s throw, fell to his knees, and began to pray, 42 saying, “Father, if it is your will, take this cup away from me; nevertheless, not my will, but yours be done.” 43 Then an angel from heaven appeared to him, strengthening him. 44 And being in agony, he began praying still more earnestly; and his sweat became like large drops of blood falling to the ground.13 45 Then, when had risen from prayer and come to his disciples, he found them sleeping, exhausted because of their grief. 46 But he said to them, “Why are you sleeping? Get up and pray, so that you do not enter into temptation!”

47 Now while Jesus was still speaking, a crowd of men suddenly arrived; and the man called Judas (one of the twelve) went ahead of them; and he came up to Jesus in order to kiss him. 48 But Jesus said to him, “Judas, would you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?” 49 Now when those around him saw what was about to happen, they said to him, “Lord, shall we strike with our swords?” 50 Then one of them struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his right ear. 51 But in response, Jesus said, “Let them have their way, even in this,”14—and he touched the servant’s ear and healed him. 52 Then Jesus said to the chief priests, the officers of the temple guard, and the elders who had come to get him, “Have you gone forth as if against a robber, with swords and clubs? 53 When I was with you daily in the temple, you didn’t stretch out your hands against me. But this is your hour—when the power of darkness reigns.”15

Peter Denies His Lord

54 After they had seized Jesus, they led him away and brought him into the high priest’s house; and Peter was following at a distance. 55 Now when the men had kindled a fire in the midst of the courtyard and sat down together, Peter took a seat among them. 56 But when a certain servant girl noticed him sitting by the fire, she fixed her gaze on him and said, “This man was with him too!” 57 But Peter denied it, saying, “Woman, I don’t know him!” 58 Now after a little while, someone else noticed him and declared, “You too are one of his disciples!”16 But Peter said, “Man, I am not!” 59 Then, about an hour later, yet another bystander spoke up boldly, saying, “Without doubt this man was also with him, for he too is a Galilean!” 60 But Peter said, “Man, I have no idea what you are talking about!” Just then, while he was still speaking, a rooster crowed; 61 and the Lord turned around and looked at Peter. Then Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said to him, “Before a rooster crows today, you will deny me three times.” 62 So Peter went out and wept bitterly.

Jesus Mocked and Beaten

63 Now the men who were keeping Jesus under guard began to mock and beat him. 64 And since they had blindfolded him, they kept on demanding that he answer them, saying, “Prophesy! Which one of us just hit you?” 65 And they spoke many other things against him, insulting and reviling him.17

Jesus Before the Sanhedrin

66 Now when day arrived, the assembly of the elders of the people—both chief priests and scribes—gathered together and led him into their council chamber.18 And they said, 67 “If you are the Messiah, tell us.” But he said to them, “If I were to tell you, you would never believe me; 68 and if I were to interrogate you, you would never reply. 69 Nevertheless, from now on the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the power of God.” 70 They all said, “So then, you are the Son of God?” Then he declared to them, “You yourselves are saying that I am.” 71 So they said, “What further testimony do we need, for now we have heard it ourselves from his own lips?”


  1. Or lamb
  2. Lit. that we may eat
  3. Lit. Behold
  4. Lit. according to that which has been ordained
  5. Or questioning one another about
  6. Or a right to rule as king(s)
  7. Lit. Behold!
  8. Or asked, demanded
  9. Is. 53:12
  10. Lit. for indeed that which concerns me has an end
  11. Lit. It is enough
  12. Lit. at the place
  13. Vv. 43-44 are not found several old mss
  14. Lit. permit until this
  15. Lit. hour, and the power (or authority) of darkness
  16. Lit. one of them
  17. Or blaspheming
  18. Or Sanhedrin (council of 70)


Jesus Delivered to Pontius Pilate

23 So the entire assembly arose and brought Jesus before Pilate. Then they began to charge him, saying, “We found this man undermining our nation, forbidding us to pay the tribute tax to Caesar, and saying that he himself is the Messiah, a king.” So Pilate questioned Jesus, saying, “Are you the king of the Jews?” In reply, he declared, “You are saying it yourself.Then Pilate told the chief priests and the crowds, “I find no grounds for charging this man with a crime.” But they grew all the more fierce, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching all throughout Judea; this began in Galilee and has reached all the way to this place!”1

Jesus Before Herod

Now when Pilate heard that, he inquired as to whether the man was a Galilean. And when he learned that Jesus was from Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time. 8 When Herod saw him, he was overjoyed; for having heard about Jesus, he had long desired to see him, and was hoping to watch him perform some kind of miraculous sign. So Herod questioned him at great length, but Jesus gave no reply at all. 10 Now the chief priests and the scribes had been standing there all along, hurling accusations at him. 11 So Herod as well, together with his soldiers, scorned and mocked him, after which he sent him back to Pilate cloaked him in an elegant robe. 12 And on that day Pilate and Herod became friends with one another, for previously there had been enmity between them.

Pilate Surrenders to the Crowd

13 Then Pilate, after calling together the chief priests, the rulers, and the people, 14 said to them all, “You brought me this man, representing him as someone who leads the people astray. But look: after examining him before you, I found in him no guilt whatsoever in regard to the charges your are bringing against him; 15 no, and neither did Herod, for he sent him back to us; and see: nothing deserving of death has been done by him. 16 So then, after warning him with a flogging, I will release him.2 18 But together they all raised a great cry, saying, “Take this man away and release Barabbas to us! 19 (Barabbas had been thrown into prison for a certain insurrection fomented in the city, and also for murder.) 20 But wanting desiring to release Jesus, addressed them once again. 21 But they kept on shouting, “Crucify him, crucify him!” 22 So he spoke to them a third time, saying, “Why, what evil has he done? I found in him no crime at all worthy of death. Therefore I will warn him with a flogging and let him go.” 23 But they were insistent, demanding with loud shouts that he be crucified; and their shouts prevailed. 24 So Pilate issued a decision that their request should be granted; 25 and he released the man they asked for—the one who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder—and he handed over Jesus to their will.3

A Warning from the King

26 Now as they were leading him away, they took hold of a man from Cyrene named Simon, who was coming from the country; and they placed the cross on him so that he might carry it behind Jesus. 27 And a great many of the people were following him, including women who beating their breasts and wailing over him. 28 But turning their way, Jesus said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; rather, weep for yourselves and your children. 29 For know this: days are coming in which they will say, ‘Blessed are the barren; blessed are the wombs that never bore; blessed are breasts that never nursed!’ 30 Then they will start calling out to the mountains, ‘Fall on us!’ and to the hills, saying, ‘Cover us!”’4 31 For if they do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

The King on the Cross

32 Now two other men, both criminals, were being led away with him for execution; 33 and when they arrived at the place that is called “the Skull”, they crucified him there together with the criminals, one on his right hand and the other on his left. 34 (But Jesus kept saying, “Father, forgive them, for they don’t realize what they are doing.”)5 Then they divided up his garments and cast lots for them.

35 Now the people had been standing around, watching; but6 in time the rulers also7 began to sneer, saying, “He saved others; if he really is the Christ of God, the Chosen One, let him save himself!” 36 And the soldiers were mocking him as well, coming up to him and offering him sour wine, 37 saying, “If you really are the king of the Jews, save yourself.” 38 And indeed, an inscription was placed above him: THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

39 Then one of the two criminals hanging beside Jesus began to rail at him, saying, “You are the Messiah, aren’t you? Save yourself and us!” 40 But in reply, the other criminal rebuked him, saying, “Don’t you even fear God, seeing that you are under the same death sentence that he is? 41 And in our case, justly so, since we are getting what we deserve for our deeds; but this man has done nothing wrong at all.” 42 Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come again bringing your kingdom.”9 43 But Jesus said to him, “I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in Paradise.”

Jesus Dies on the Cross

44 It was now about about the sixth hour10 when the light of the sun fell away11 and darkness came over the entire land until the ninth hour. 45 And the curtain of the temple was torn in two. 46 Then, when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, he said, “Father, into your hands I entrust my spirit;’” and after saying that, he breathed his last. 47 Now when the centurion saw what had happened, he glorified God, saying, “Surely this man was innocent!”12 48 As for all the crowds which had gathered together for this spectacle, after seeing everything that had happened, they turned away, beating their breasts. 49 But all who knew him, including the women who had followed him from Galilee, stood at a distance, watching these things.

Jesus Laid to Rest in Joseph’s Tomb

50 Now there was a man named Joseph, a member of the Sanhedrin. He was a good and righteous man 51 (he had not consented to the council’s plan and action), who came from the Jewish city of Arimathea, and who was eagerly watching for the kingdom of God. 52 Going in to Pilate, he asked him for the body of Jesus. 53 Then, when he had taken the body down, he wrapped it in a linen cloth and laid him in a tomb hewn out of rock, a tomb where no one had ever been laid to rest before. 54 Now it was the day of preparation, and the Sabbath was about to begin. 55 So the women who had come with Jesus out of Galilee followed Joseph; and they observed both the tomb and the way in which Jesus’ body was laid to rest. 56 Afterwards they went home and prepared aromatic spices and fragrant oils. Then they rested on the Sabbath, according to the commandment.


  1. Lit. beginning from Galilee as far as here
  2. Many mss omit v. 17: Now he was obligated to release one prisoner to them at the feast
  3. Or desire, decision
  4. Hosea 10:8
  5. Some mss omit this sentence
  6. Or even
  7. Or also
  8. Lit. in your kingdom (or kingship, royal power)
  9. Some mss into your kingdom
  10. I.e. noon
  11. Or was withdrawn; lit. was caused to fail
  12. Or righteous
  13. Psalm 31:5


Resurrection Morning

24 But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they arrived at the tomb carrying the aromatic spices they had prepared. And they discovered that the stone had been rolled away from the tomb; but when they went in, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. Now it came to pass, while they were perplexed and undecided as to the meaning of these things, that two men clothed in radiant apparel suddenly stood beside them. And1 as the women lowered their faces to the ground in terror, the men said to them, “Why do you seek the Living One among the dead? He is not here, but has been raised! Remember how he told you while he was still in Galilee 7 that the Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men and be crucified, but on the third day rise again.” Then the women remembered Jesus’ words; and they when they returned from the tomb, they reported all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest of the disciples. 10 Now it was Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the other women who were with them, who reported these things to the apostles; 11 but the apostles would not believe them, for in their eyes the women’s words were like an idle tale. 12 Peter, however, jumped up and ran to the tomb; but when he stooped down, he only saw the linen wrappings. So he returned home, wondering about what had happened.2

Hidden in Plain Sight

13 And behold, on that very day two of the disciples were travelling to a village called Emmaus, which is about seven miles from Jerusalem; 14 and they were deep in discussion about everything that had just taken place. 15 Now while they conversing and reasoning together, it happened that Jesus himself drew near and fell in beside them; 16 however their eyes were restrained from recognizing him. 17 So he said to them, “On what subjects are you men having words with one another as you walk along? And they stood still, looking downcast. 18 Then the one named Cleopas replied and said to him, “Are you the only visitor in Jerusalem who doesn’t know about the things that recently3 happened there?” 19 He said to them, “What things?” So they answered him, “The things concerning Jesus of Nazareth, a man who showed himself a prophet, mighty in word and deed before God and all the people; 20 and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him up to the death sentence, and had him crucified. 21 But we were hoping that he was the one who would redeem Israel. And besides all this, it is now the third day since these things took place. 22 But that is not all.4 Some of the women in our group astonished us; 23 having gone to the tomb at dawn and not found his body, they came back to us saying they had also seen a vision of angels who said he was alive! 24 So some of the men with our group went to the tomb and found it exactly as the women had said; but they didn’t see him.” 25 Then Jesus said to them, “O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! 26 Was it not necessary for the Messiah to suffer these things and then to enter into his glory?” 27 And beginning with Moses and all the prophets, he explained to them the things spoken about himself in all the Scriptures.

From Sorrow to Joy

28 Then they drew near to the village where they were headed, and he acted as if he meant to go farther. 29 But they constrained him, saying, “Stay here with us; it is getting towards evening, and the day is nearly done.” So he went in to stay with them. 30 Now it came to pass that while he was reclining at the table with them, he took up the bread and blessed it; and when he had broken it, he began handing it to them. 31 And at this their eyes were opened, and they recognized him—after which he vanished from their sight. 32 Then they said to one another, “Were not our hearts burning5 as he spoke with us on the road, and as he was opening the Scriptures to us?” 33 So getting up in that very hour, they went back to Jerusalem; and they found the eleven apostles and those who were with them gathered together, 34 declaring, “The Lord truly is risen, and he has appeared to Simon!” 35 So the two disciples began relating the things that had happened to them on the road, and how Jesus was made known to them through the breaking of bread.

Christ in the Midst

36 Now as they were saying these things, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them; and he said to them, “Peace be with you.” 37 But they were startled and terrified, thinking that they were seeing a spirit. 38 So he said to them, “Why are you troubled; and why do doubts arise in your hearts?7 39 Look at my hands and my feet, and understand that it is I myself! Touch me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see that I do.” 40 And when he had said this, he showed them his hands and feet. 41 Then, while they still in disbelief because of their joy, and standing there in amazement, he said to them, “Have you anything here to eat?” 42 So they handed him a piece of a broiled fish; 43 and taking it from them, he ate it before their very eyes.

Christ in the Scriptures

44 And he said to them, “These are the words that I spoke to you when I was still with you: Everything written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets, and the Psalms must be fulfilled.” 45 Then he opened their minds to understand the Scriptures. 46 And he said to them, “Thus it is written, that the Messiah must suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, 47 and that repentance and forgiveness of sins should be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. 48 You men are witnesses of these things. 49 And look, I am about to send the promise of my Father upon you; but wait here in the city until you are clothed with power from heaven above.”

The Ascension

50 Then he led them out as far as Bethany; and after lifting up his hands, he blessed them. 51 Now as he was blessing them, it came to pass that he was separated from them and taken up into heaven. 52 And when they had bowed in worship before him, they returned to Jerusalem with great joy; 53 and they were continually in the temple courts, praising God.


  1. Or but
  2. Or he departed, wondering to himself what had happened
  3. Lit. in these days
  4. Lit. But also
  5. Many mss add inside us
  6. Lit. they
  7. Lit. heart