The Forerunner

The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.1

As it is written in Isaiah the prophet:

“Behold, I am sending My messenger before Your face;
He2 will prepare Your way.3

The voice of one crying in the wilderness:
‘Prepare the way of the Lord;
Make straight the paths on which He walks.’”4

John the Baptizer appeared in the wilderness, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. So the whole Judean countryside was going out to him, along with all the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he was baptizing them in the river Jordan as they confessed their sins. Now John was clothed in camel’s hair and wore a leather belt around his waist; and he ate locusts and wild honey. And this was the message he proclaimed: “After me comes One who is mightier than I, the strap of whose sandal I am not worthy to stoop down and untie. I myself have baptized you in5 water, but He will baptize you in the Holy Spirit.”

Jesus Baptized

During those days it came to pass that Jesus arrived from Nazareth of Galilee; and John baptized Him in the Jordan. 10 And just as He was coming up out of the water, He saw the heavens parting and the Spirit descending upon Him like a dove; 11 and a voice came out of the heavens, saying, “You are My beloved Son; in You I am well pleased.”

Tempted in the Wilderness

12 Then the Spirit immediately drove Jesus out into the wilderness; 13 and He was in the wilderness for forty days, being tempted by Satan. He was also with the wild beasts; and the angels were ministering to His needs.6

Jesus’ Ministry Begins

14 Now after John had been handed over to the authorities,7 Jesus came into Galilee, proclaiming the gospel of God, 15 and saying, “The appointed time has been fulfilled and the kingdom of God is at hand. Repent and believe the good news!”

This First Disciples Called

16 And as He was walking beside the Sea of Galilee, He saw Simon and Andrew (Simon’s8 brother) casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen. 17 And Jesus said to them, “Follow Me, and I will make you into fishers of men.” 18 So they left their9 nets at once and followed Him. 19 Going on a little farther, He saw James, the son of Zebedee, and John, his brother, who also were in their9 boat mending their nets. 20 And immediately He called them; and leaving their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired servants, they departed in order to follow after Him.

Deliverance at Capernaum

21 Then they came to Capernaum; and immediately entering the synagogue on the Sabbath, Jesus began to teach.10 22 And the people11 were amazed at His teaching, for unlike the scribes He was teaching them as One who had authority. 23 Now at that time there was a man in their synagogue who had an unclean spirit; and he cried out, 24 saying, “What have we to do with You, Jesus of Nazareth? Have You come to destroy us? I know who You are—the Holy One of God!” 25 But Jesus rebuked it, saying, “Be quiet and come out of him!” 26 And throwing him into a convulsion, the unclean spirit came out of him with a great cry. 27 Then all of the people were astonished, so much so that they began questioning one another, saying, “What is this? A new teaching that comes with authority! He even commands the unclean spirits—and they obey Him!” 28 And immediately the news of Him spread throughout the entire region surrounding Galilee.

Healing After Sunset

29 As soon as they had left the synagogue, they entered into the house of Simon and Andrew, along with James and John. 30 Now Simon’s mother-in-law was lying in bed, sick with a fever; and at once they told Him about her. 31 So He went to her; and taking her by the hand, He raised her up. Then the fever left her, and she began to serve them.

32 That evening after sunset, the people11 began to bring to Him all who were sick and demon-possessed. 33 The whole town was gathered together at the door; 34 and He healed many who were sick with various diseases, and He drove out many demons. But He would not permit the demons to speak, for they knew who He was.12

Preaching in Galilee

35 Rising very early in the morning while it was still dark, Jesus departed and went out to a solitary place; and there He spent time in prayer. 36 Simon and those who were with him13 searched for Him; 37 and when they found Him they said to Him, “Everyone is looking for You!” 38 But He said to them, “Let us go elsewhere, into the nearby towns, so that I may preach there as well; for this is why I have come forth.” 39 So He travelled through all Galilee, preaching in their synagogues and driving out demons.

A Leper is Cleansed

40 Now a leper came to Jesus, kneeling down14 and imploring Him, saying to Him, “If You are willing, You can make me clean.” 41 And moved with compassion, He stretched out His hand, touched him, and said to him, “I am willing: Be cleansed!” 42 At once the leprosy departed from him, and he was cleansed. 43 Then, after strictly admonishing the leper, Jesus15 quickly sent him off, 44 telling him, “See that you say nothing of this to anyone; but go your way, show yourself to the priest, and offer for your cleansing the things that Moses commanded, as a testimony to them.” 45 Nevertheless, the man went out and began to proclaim it freely, and to spread the story everywhere, so that Jesus15 could no longer enter any town openly, but remained outside in deserted places. So they were coming to Him from every direction.


  1. A few older mss omit the Son of God
  2. Lit. who
  3. Mal. 3:1
  4. Lit. Straighten out His paths; Is. 40:3
  5. Or with
  6. Lit. to Him
  7. Lit. delivered up, handed over
  8. Lit. his
  9. Lit. the
  10. Lit. was teaching
  11. Lit. they
  12. Lit. they knew Him
  13. Or Him
  14. Many mss omit kneeling
  15. Lit. He


A Paralytic Forgiven and Healed

2 Now after some days He came again to Capernaum, and the news spread1 that He was at home. 2 As a result, so many people gathered together at the house that there was no more room, not even around the door. And He preached the word to them.

3 Then a crowd 2 came to Him, bringing a paralytic who was carried along by four men. And being unable to get near Him because of the multitude, they removed the roof above the spot where He was; and when they had dug through it, they lowered the bed on which the paralytic was lying. 5 Then Jesus, seeing their faith, said to the paralytic, “Son, your sins are forgiven you.” 6 Now some of the scribes were sitting there, reasoning in their hearts, saying to themselves, “Why is this Man speaking like that? He is blaspheming! Who can forgive sins but God alone?” But Jesus, knowing in His spirit that they were secretly entertaining such thoughts,3 immediately said to them, “Why are you thinking these things in your hearts? 9 Which is easier: to say to the paralytic, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Arise, pick up your bed, and walk’? 10 But in order that you might know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”—He said to the paralytic, 11 “I say to you, arise, pick up your bed, and go home.” 12 And the man arose, immediately picked up his bed, and went out in full view of them all! As a result, all of the people were astonished and began glorifying God, saying, “Never before have we seen anything like this!”

Levi Called

13 Once again He went out beside the sea; and the entire multitude was coming to Him, and He was teaching them. 14 And as He was passing by, He saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting at the tax booth. And He said to him, “Follow Me.” And he got up and followed Him. 15 Now it so happened that Jesus4 was reclining at the table in Levi’s house; and many tax collectors and sinners were eating with Him5 and His disciples, for many of them were following Him. 16 And when the scribes of the Pharisees saw that He was eating with the tax collectors and sinners, they began6 asking His disciples, “Why is He eating with tax collectors and sinners?” 17 But Jesus, overhearing this, said to them, “Those who are well have no need of a physician, only those who are sick. I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners.”

A Covenant of Joy

18 Now John’s disciples and the Pharisees were fasting; and they came up and said to Him, “Why do John’s disciples and the disciples of the Pharisees fast, but Your disciples do not?” 19 So Jesus said to them, “Can the friends of the bridegroom7 fast while the bridegroom is with them? As long as they have the bridegroom with them they cannot fast. 20 But the days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then, during those days, they will fast. 21 No one sews a patch of unshrunk cloth on an old garment; otherwise the patch pulls away from it—the new from the old—and the tear is made worse. 22 Also, no one puts new wine into old wineskins; if they do, the wine will burst the skins, and the wine and the skins will both be ruined. Instead, he puts new wine into new wineskins.”

The Lord of the Sabbath

23 Now it happened that He was passing through the grain fields on the Sabbath; and as they went along, His disciples began picking the heads of grain. 24 So the Pharisees said to Him, “See here, why are they doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath?” 25 But He said to them, “Have you never read what David did when he was hungry and in need, both he and those who were with him; 26 how he went into the house of God during the days of Abiathar the high priest, and ate the showbread, which is not lawful for anyone to eat except the priests; and how he also gave some of the bread to those who were with him?” 27 And He said to them, “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. 28 Consequently, the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.”8


  1. Lit. it was heard
  2. Lit. they
  3. Lit. thus reasoning within themselves
  4. Lit. He
  5. Lit. reclining with Jesus
  6. Or kept
  7. Or wedding guests, attendants of the Groom; lit. sons of the wedding hall
  8. Or possibly is Lord of the Sabbath as well


Doing Good on the Sabbath

3 Once again He entered the synagogue; and a man with a withered hand was there. 2 So some among them1 were watching Him closely, to see if He would heal the man2 on the Sabbath, in order that they might bring charges against Him. 3 Jesus said to the man with the withered hand, “Stand up and come forward.”3 Then He said to them, “Is it lawful to do good on the Sabbath, or evil; to save a life or let it perish?” But they kept silent. 5 And looking around at them in anger—and being grieved at the hardness of their hearts—He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And he stretched it out, and his hand was restored. 6 And the Pharisees, leaving at once, began plotting with the Herodians about how they might destroy Him.

Thronging the Healer

7 Then Jesus, along with His disciples, withdrew to the sea; and great crowds from Galilee followed Him. Moreover, many people from Judea, 8 Jerusalem, Idumea, the territory across the Jordan, and the vicinity of Tyre and Sidon came to Him when they heard of everything He was doing. 9 So He told His disciples that because of the crowds a small boat should be kept ready for Him, in order to keep the people from crushing Him.4 10 For He had healed many, with the result that all who had afflictions were pressing in around Him to touch Him. 11 And whenever the unclean spirits saw Him, they fell down before Him and cried out, saying, “You are the Son of God!” 12 But He would sharply charge them that they were not to make Him known.

The Twelve

13 And He went up on the mountain and called for those whom He wanted; and they came to Him. 14 Then He appointed twelve (to whom also He gave the name “apostles”),5 that they might be with Him, and that He might send them out to preach 15 and have authority to drive out demons. 16 Thus, He appointed the Twelve: Simon, to whom He gave the name Peter, 17 James the son of Zebedee, John the brother of James (to these two He gave the name Boanerges, which means, “Sons of Thunder”), 18 Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus, Simon the Zealot,6 19 and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him.

20 Then Jesus came home;7 but once again the crowds gathered together, so that He and the disciples were unable even to eat a meal. 21 And when His own relatives heard of it, they set out to take custody of Him, for they were saying, “He is beside himself!”

The Unpardonable Sin

22 Now the scribes who had come down from Jerusalem were saying, “He has Beelzebub,” and, “It is by the ruler of the demons that He is driving out demons.” 23 So He called them to Himself and began speaking to them in parables: “How can Satan drive out Satan? 24 If a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand. 25 If a house is divided against itself, that house cannot stand. 26 And if Satan has risen up against himself and is divided, he cannot stand, but has come to an end.8 27 But consider: No one can enter a strong man’s house and carry off his property unless he first ties up the strong man; then he can he plunder his house.9 28 I tell you the truth, all things will be forgiven the sons of men, including whatever blasphemies they may utter; 29 but he who blasphemes against the Holy Spirit will never have forgiveness, but is henceforth guilty of an eternal sin ” 30 (for they were saying, “He has an unclean spirit”).

“Who is My Mother?”

31 Then His mother and His brothers arrived; and standing outside, they sent word to Him, calling for Him. 32 Now a crowd was sitting around Him, and they said to Him, “Look, Your mother and Your brothers are outside seeking You.” 33 But He answered them, saying, “Who is My mother, and who are My brothers?” 34 And looking at those who were sitting all around Him, He said, “Behold My mother and My brothers! 35 For whoever does the will of God, that is My brother and My sister and mother.”


  1. Lit. they
  2. Lit. him
  3. Lit. Stand up into the midst
  4. Lit. lest they should crush (press, crowd) Him
  5. Some mss omit this phrase
  6. Lit. Cananean, thought to derive from the Aramaic for Zealot (see Luke 6:15)
  7. Or came into a house
  8. Lit. but he has an end
  9. Lit. and then he will plunder his house


The Parable of the Soils

4 Once again He began to teach by the seaside. And a great crowd gathered around Him, so great that He stepped into a boat offshore1 and sat down; and the whole multitude was on the land, facing the sea. 2 Now He was teaching them many things in parables. And in His teaching He said to them, “Listen! Once there was a sower who went out to sow.2 4And as he was sowing, it happened that some of the seed fell beside the path and the birds came and devoured it. 5 Meanwhile, other seed fell on rocky ground where it did not have much soil; and because it had no depth of soil, it immediately sprang up. But when the sun had risen, the plant was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away. 7 Again, other seed fell among the thorns; and the thorns grew up and choked it, so that it produced no crop. However, still other seed fell on good soil; and sprouting and growing up, it produced a crop, some yielding thirty, some sixty, and some a hundred fold.” 9 And He said, “He who has ears to hear, let him hear!”

The Purpose of Parables

10 Now when He was alone, the Twelve and those who were around Him asked Him about the parables. 11 So He said to them, “To you the mystery of the kingdom of God has been given; but to those on the outside, all things come in parables, 12 so that ‘Seeing, they may see and not perceive, and hearing, they may hear and not understand, lest they should turn back and be forgiven.’”3

The Parable of the Soils Explained

13 And He said to them, “Do you not understand this parable? How then will you understand any of the parables? 14 The sower sows the word. 15 Now these are the ones beside the path where the word is sown: As soon as they hear, Satan comes and takes away the word that was sown in their hearts. 16 Likewise, these are the ones sown on stony ground: As soon as they hear the word, they receive it with joy; 17 but having no root in themselves, they only remain for a little while. Then, when tribulation or persecution arises on account of the word, they immediately take offense and fall away.4 18 Others are the ones sown among the thorns; they are those who have heard the word, 19 but the cares of the present age,5 the deceitfulness of wealth, and the desire for other things, continually entering in, choke the word so that it becomes unfruitful. 20 But these are the ones sown on the good soil: They hear the word, receive it, and bring forth fruit, some thirty, some sixty, and some a hundredfold.”

Light for the Whole House

21 And He went on to say to them, “Is a lamp brought in to be placed beneath a basket or under a bed? Should it not be placed on the lampstand? 22 For there is nothing hidden that is not meant to be revealed; nor has anything been kept secret that is not meant to come to light. 23 If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear.” 24 And He said to them, “Pay close attention to what you hear: The measure that you use will be the measure used for you—and still more will be added to you. 25 For whoever has, to him more will be given; but whoever does not have, even what he does have will be taken from him.”

The Parable of the Growing Seed

26 And He went on to say, “The kingdom of God is as if a man were to scatter seed on the ground; 27 he goes to bed and gets up, night and day, while the seed sprouts and grows—he himself not even knowing how. 28 For the ground brings forth the crop all on its own: first the stalk, then the head, and then the full grain in the head. 29 But as soon as the crop is ready, he immediately puts in the sickle, because the time for harvesting has arrived.”

The Parable of the Mustard Seed

30 Then He said, “To what shall we liken the kingdom of God, or with what sort of parable shall we represent it? 31 It is like a mustard seed sown into the ground; though it is smaller than all the other seeds in the ground, 32 when it is sown it grows up and becomes the greatest of all the garden plants, and sends out large branches, so that the birds of the air6 may nest beneath its shade.”7

33 And with many such parables He was speaking the word to them, as far as they were able to hear it; 34 but without using a parable He would not speak to them. However, in private He would explain everything to His own disciples.

Lord of Wind and Waves

35 And on the same day, when evening had come, He said to them, “Let’s cross over to the other side.” 36 So leaving the crowd behind, they took Him along with them, just as He was, in the boat; and other boats were with Him as well. 37 Now a fierce gale arose on the lake; and the waves were breaking into the boat, so much so that the boat was nearly swamped. 38 But Jesus Himself was in the stern, asleep on the cushion. So they woke Him up and said to Him, “Teacher, don’t you care that we are perishing?” 39 And waking up, He rebuked the wind; and He said to the sea, “Silence! Be still!” Then the wind died down, and a great calm came upon the waters. 40 And He said to them, “Why are you so fearful? Are you still without any faith?” 41 And they were struck with great fear, and began saying to one another, “Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey Him!”


  1. Lit. on the sea
  2. Lit. Behold, the sower went out to sow
  3. Is. 6:9, 10
  4. Lit. stumble
  5. Lit. worries (or preoccupations) of the age
  6. I.e. wild (vs. domestic) birds
  7. See Ezek. 31:6


The Gerasene Demoniac Healed

5 Then they came to the other side of the sea, into the country of the Gerasenes. 2 And as soon as Jesus1 stepped out of the boat, a man with an unclean spirit came out of the tombs and met him. 3 The man2 was living among the tombs, and no one could restrain him any more, not even with a chain (4 for he had often been bound with shackles and chains, but he had torn the chains apart and broken the shackles in pieces; and there was no one strong enough to subdue him). 5 And all night and all day, both among the tombs and in the mountains, he would cry out and gash himself with stones. 6 Now seeing Jesus from afar, he ran up and knelt before Him; 7 and crying out with a loud voice, he said, “Jesus, Son of the Most High God, why have You come?3 I implore You by God: Do not torment me!” 8 (For Jesus1 had been saying to him, “Unclean spirit, come out of the man!”) 9 Then Jesus1 asked him, “What is your name?” And he said to Him, “My name is Legion; for we are many.” 10 And he began to beg Him repeatedly4 that He would not send them away out of that country. 11 Now on a nearby hillside there was large herd of pigs, feeding. 12 So the demons5 pleaded with Jesus,1 saying, “Send us over to the swine, so that we may enter them.” 13 And He gave them permission to do so. And coming out of the man, the unclean spirits entered the pigs, and the herd rushed down a steep slope into the sea—about two thousand in number—and drowned.6

14 Then those who were feeding them ran off and spread the news of these things in the city and in the countryside; and the people came out to see what had happened. 15 They came up to Jesus and saw the man who had been demon-possessed sitting down, clothed, and in his right mind—the very one who had had the Legion. And they were afraid. 16 Then those who had seen what happened to the demon-possessed man told the people about it, and also about the pigs. 17 So they began to plead with Jesus1 to depart from their region. 18 Now as Jesus1 was getting into the boat, the man who had been demon-possessed begged Him that he might stay with Him. 19 But Jesus would not let him; instead, He said to him, “Go home to your people, and tell them what great things the Lord has done for you, and how He has had mercy7 on you.” 20 So he departed and began to proclaim in Decapolis all that Jesus had done for him; and everyone was amazed.

A Father’s Plea, a Woman’s Healing

21 Now when Jesus had again crossed over by boat to the other side, a large crowd gathered around Him; and He stayed8 by the seashore. 22 Then one of the rulers of the synagogue, a man named Jairus, arrived. And when he saw Jesus,1 he fell at His feet 23 and pleaded with Him, saying, “My little daughter lies at the point of death. Please come and lay Your hands on her, so that she may be healed and live.” 24 So Jesus1 went with him; and a great crowd followed Him and was pressing in upon Him from all sides.

25 Now a certain woman was there who had suffered a discharge of blood for twelve years. 26 She had endured many things at the hands of many physicians, spent everything she had, and had not been helped at all, but instead grew worse. 27 So hearing about Jesus, she came up behind Him in the crowd and touched His cloak; 28 for she was saying to herself, “If only I can touch His garments, I will be healed.” 29 And immediately the fountain of her blood was dried up, and she felt in her body that she had been healed of her affliction. 30 But knowing within Himself that power had gone forth from Him, Jesus quickly turned around in the crowd and said, “Who touched My clothes?” 31 So His disciples said to Him, “You see the multitude pressing in around You, and You say, ‘Who touched Me?’” 32 But He kept looking around to see the one who had done this. 33 Then the woman, in fear and trembling, knowing what had happened to her, came and fell down before Him and told Him the whole truth. 34 So He said to her, “Daughter, your faith has made you well.9 Go in peace, and be healed of your affliction.”

At Jairus’ House

35 While He was still speaking, some men from the house of the ruler of the synagogue came up, saying, “Your daughter has died. Why trouble the Teacher any more?” 36 But Jesus, overhearing10 what they were telling him, said to the ruler of the synagogue, “Don’t be afraid; only believe.” 37 And He permitted no one to follow along with Him except Peter, James, and John, the brother of James. 38 Then they arrived at the house of the ruler of the synagogue, where He beheld a great commotion, with people weeping and wailing loudly. 39 So when He came in, He said to them, “Why weep and make such an uproar? The child is not dead, but sleeping.” 40 And in derision they began to laugh at Him. But putting them all outside, He took the child’s father and mother, as well as the disciples who were with him, and entered the room where the child was lying. 41 And taking hold of the child’s hand, He said to her, “Talitha, koum,” which is translated, “Little girl, I say to you, arise!” 42 Immediately the girl arose and began to walk around (for she was twelve years old). And they were beside themselves with amazement. 43 But He gave them strict orders that no one should know of this; and He said that something should be given her to eat.


  1. Lit. He
  2. Lit. who
  3. Lit. What to me and to You? (i.e. What dealings have we with one another?) See Matt. 8:29
  4. Or earnestly, desperately
  5. Lit. they
  6. Lit. drowned in the sea
  7. Or compassion
  8. Lit. was
  9. Lit. saved you
  10. Or ignoring


A Prophet Without Honor

Then He went out from there and entered His hometown; and His disciples followed Him. 2 Now when the Sabbath had come, He began to teach in the synagogue. And hearing Him, many among them were astonished, saying, “Where did this Man get these things?” and, “What sort of wisdom has been granted1 to Him that such mighty miracles are performed through His hands? 3 Is this not the carpenter, the Son of Mary and the brother of James, Joses, Judas, and Simon? And are not His sisters right here with us?” So they took offense at Him. But Jesus said to them, “A prophet is not without honor except in his hometown, among his own relatives, and in his own house.” 5 And He could do no mighty miracle there, except that He laid His hands on a few sick people and healed them. 6 And He marveled at their unbelief. Then He began circulating among the villages, teaching.

The Twelve Sent Forth

7 Now Jesus called the twelve to Himself; and He began sending them out two by two, and giving them authority over the unclean spirits. 8 He charged them that they should take nothing on the journey but a staff alone—no bread, no sack, no money in their belts— 9 but to put on sandals, and not to wear two tunics. 10 He also said to them, “Wherever you enter a house, remain there until you depart from that town.2 11 And whatever place will not receive you or listen to you, as you go out from there, shake off the dust from beneath your feet as a testimony against them.” 12 So they went out and preached that everyone3 should repent. 13 And they were driving out many demons, and anointing many sick people with oil and healing them.

John the Baptizer Beheaded

14 And King Herod heard about Him, for His name had become well known. Now some were saying, “John the Baptizer has risen from the dead, and because of this miraculous powers are at work in Him.” 15 But others were saying, “He is Elijah”; meanwhile, still others were saying, “He is a Prophet, like one of the prophets of old.16 But when Herod heard about Him, he said, “John, the man I beheaded, has been raised from the dead!17 For Herod himself had sent men, taken John into custody, and chained him up in prison for the sake of Herodias, the wife of his brother Philip; for he had married her. 18 For John had been telling Herod, “It is not lawful for you to have your brother’s wife.” 19 Therefore Herodias bore a grudge against him and wanted to kill him; but she could not, 20 for Herod stood in fear of John and protected him, knowing that he was a righteous and holy man. And when he heard him speak, he was greatly perplexed;4 and yet he listened to him with pleasure.

21 Now an opportune time5 arrived when Herod, on his birthday, hosted a banquet for his high officials, military commanders, and the leading men of Galilee. 22 And when the daughter of Herodias herself came in and danced for them, she pleased Herod and those who were seated with him. So the king said to the girl, “Ask of me whatever you wish, and I will give it to you.” 23 Moreover, with an oath he swore to her, saying “Whatever you ask I will give you, up to half my kingdom.” 24 So she went out and said to her mother, “What shall I ask for?” And she said, “The head of John the Baptizer!” 25 So in great haste Herodias immediately went back in to the king and made her request, saying, “I want you to give me at once the head of John the Baptist on a platter.” 26 And though it deeply distressed the king, he was unwilling to refuse her because of the oaths, and because of the people who were seated with him. 27 So the king immediately sent an executioner and commanded him to bring back John’s head. And he went and beheaded John in the prison, 28 and brought his head on a platter and gave it to the girl; and the girl gave it to her mother. 29 And when John’s disciples heard of it, they came and took up his dead body and laid it in a tomb.

The Feeding of the Five Thousand

30 Then the apostles gathered together around Jesus and reported to Him everything they had done and taught. 31 And He said to them, “Come away with Me by yourselves to an isolated place and rest a little” (for so many people were coming and going that6 they had no time even to eat). 32 So all by themselves they departed in the boat for an isolated place. 33 But the people saw them leaving, and many of them recognized Him. So they hurried along together on foot from all the towns, and they arrived there ahead of him. 34 And stepping out of the boat, He saw a great crowd and was moved with compassion for them, because they were like sheep without a shepherd; and He began to teach them many things.

35 Now when the day was far spent, His disciples came to Him and began saying “This is an uninhabited place, and the hour is now7 late. 36 Send them away, so that they can go into the surrounding countryside and villages and buy themselves something to eat.” 37 But He answered and said to them, “You give them something to eat!” So they said to Him, “Shall we go and buy two hundred denarii worth of bread and give it to them to eat?” 38 But He said to them, “How many loaves do you have? Go and see.” And when they found out, they said, “Five, and two fish.” 39 Then He instructed them to have everyone sit down in groups8 on the green grass. 40 So they sat down in companies of hundreds and fifties. 41 And when He had received the five loaves and the two fish, He looked up into heaven, offered thanks,9 and broke the loaves and gave10 them to His disciples to set before them; and He distributed the two fish to them all. 42 So they all ate and were filled and satisfied. 43 And they picked up the fragments of bread and fish, twelve baskets full. 44 Now those who had eaten the loaves were five thousand men.

A Walk on the Water

45 And immediately Jesus made His disciples get into the boat and go on ahead of Him to the other side, to Bethsaida, while He Himself was dismissing the crowd. 46 And after He had taken leave of them,11 He departed into the mountain to pray. 47 Now by the time evening had fallen, the boat was in the midst of the sea and He was all alone on the land. 48 And seeing them straining at the oars (for the wind was against them), He came to them around the fourth watch of the night,12 walking on the sea; and He meant to pass them by. 49 But when they saw Him walking on the sea, they thought it was a ghost! Then they cried out, 50 for they all saw Him and shook with fear. So immediately He spoke to them and said, “Take heart! It is I; don’t be afraid.” 51 Then He went up into the boat to be with them, and the wind ceased. And they were completely beside themselves with amazement, 52 for they had not grasped the meaning of the miracle of the loaves, because their hearts were hardened.

Healings in Gennesaret

53 Now when they had crossed over, they came to the land of Gennesaret and moored near the shore.13 54 And once they had gotten out of the boat, the people immediately recognized Him; 55 so they ran throughout that entire region and began to bring those who were sick on makeshift beds to wherever they heard He was. 56 And wherever He would go—into villages, towns, or country hamlets—the people would lay the sick in the marketplaces and beseech Him that they might simply touch the hem of His garment. And as many as touched Him were healed.14


  1. Lit. What is the wisdom given to Him so that
  2. Lit. that place
  3. Lit. they
  4. Some early mss did many things
  5. Lit. day
  6. Lit. and
  7. Lit. already
  8. Lit. Then He instructed them to recline all by groups
  9. Lit. blessed
  10. Lit. was giving, kept giving
  11. Or sent them off; or bid them farewell
  12. I.e. 3-6 AM
  13. Or anchored there
  14. Lit. saved


“They Worship Me in Vain”

7 Now the Pharisees and some of the scribes who had come from Jerusalem gathered together around Jesus.1 2 And they saw some of His disciples eating bread with “unclean” (that is, unwashed) hands. 3 (For the Pharisees and all the Jews, holding firmly to the traditions of the elders, will not eat unless they first have performed a ceremonial washing; 4 also, when they come from the marketplace they will not eat unless they have cleansed2 themselves. And there are many other traditions3 that they have received and hold to,4 such as the washing of cups, pitchers, copper vessels, and dining couches.)5 5 So the Pharisees and scribes asked Him, “Why aren’t your disciples walking according to the tradition of the elders, but eat their bread with unclean hands?” 6 But Jesus said to them, “Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites! As it is written: ‘This people honors Me with their lips, but their heart is far from Me. But they worship Me in vain, teaching as doctrines the precepts of men.’6 8 Having let go of the commandment of God, you are holding to the tradition of men!”

9 He also said to them, “How cleverly you nullify7 the commandment of God so that you can set up8 your own tradition. 10 For Moses said, ‘Honor your father and your mother’;9 and also, ‘He who curses father or mother, let him be put to death.’10 11 But you say, ‘If a man says to his father or mother, “Anything of mine by which you might have been helped is Corban”—’ (that is, dedicated as a gift to God), 12 then you no longer let him do anything for his father or his mother, 13 thereby nullifying the Word of God by means of your tradition that you have handed down. And you are doing many things like this.”

Uncleanness Is from Within

14 And when He had again summoned the crowd, He said to them, “Hear Me, all of you, and understand: 15 There is nothing outside of a man that, entering into him, can make him unclean. Rather, it is the things that come out of the man—those are the things that make him unclean. 16 If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear!” 17 Now when He had left the crowd and entered a house, His disciples questioned Him about the parable. 18 So He said to them, “Are you then also without understanding? Don’t you realize that whatever enters a man from the outside cannot make him unclean, 19 because it doesn’t go into his heart, but into his stomach, and afterwards into the latrine?”11 (In saying this, He was declaring all foods clean). 20 And He was saying, “That which comes out of a man, that is what makes him unclean. 21 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, sexual immoralities, thefts, 22 murders, adulteries, covetings, malicious12 deeds, deceit, unbridled lust, an evil eye,13 abusive speech, pride, and foolishness. 23 All these evils come from within and make the man unclean.”

A Gentile Daughter Full of Faith

24 And rising from there, He went away into the region of Tyre. And having entered a certain house, He wanted no one to know of it. But He could not remain hidden; 25 for no sooner had she heard about Him, than a certain woman whose little daughter had an unclean spirit came to Him and fell down at His feet. 26 Now the woman was a Greek, a Syro-Phoenician by birth; and she kept on begging Him to drive the demon out of her daughter. 27 But Jesus said to her, “Let the children first take their fill; it is not proper to take the children’s bread and throw it to the little dogs.” 28 But she answered and said to Him, “Yes, Lord, but even the little dogs beneath the table feed on the children’s crumbs.” 29 So He said to her, “Because of this reply, go your way: the demon has gone out of your daughter.” 30 And when she had returned to her house, she found her daughter lying on the bed and the demon gone.

“He Has Done All Things well!”

31 And again departing from the vicinity of Tyre, He went by way of Sidon towards the Sea of Galilee, passing through the region of the Decapolis. 32 Then they brought to Him a man who was deaf and who spoke with great difficulty, and they pleaded with Him to lay His hand upon him. 33 So having taken him aside by himself, away from the crowd, Jesus placed His fingers in his ears. And after spitting, He touched his tongue. 34 Then, looking up into heaven, He sighed deeply and said to him, “Ephphatha,” that is, “Be opened!” 35 And at once the man’s ears were opened and the shackle on his tongue removed, so that14 now he was speaking clearly. 36 Then Jesus strictly charged them that they should tell no one; but the more He kept on commanding them, the more they kept on proclaiming it. 37 And they were astonished beyond measure, saying, “He has done all things well! He makes both the deaf to hear and the mute to speak!”


  1. Lit. Him
  2. Lit. dip, immerse
  3. Lit. things
  4. Lit. that they have received to hold onto
  5. Some mss omit dining couches
  6. Is. 29:13
  7. Or reject
  8. Some mss keep (in place), hold, observe
  9. Ex. 20:12; Deut. 5:16
  10. Ex. 21:17
  11. Lit. and it proceeds into the latrine
  12. Or wicked
  13. Or envy, jealously
  14. Lit. and


The Feeding of the Four Thousand

8 In those days, when once again there was a large crowd with nothing to eat, Jesus called His disciples and said to them, 2 “I am concerned about the crowd, because they have stayed with Me now for three days, and they have nothing to eat. 3 If I send them away hungry to their homes, they will faint along on the way; and some of them have come from a great distance to be with Me.1 4 But His disciples answered Him, “Where could anyone get enough bread here in the wilderness to satisfy these people?” 5 He asked them, “How many loaves do you have?” And they said, “Seven.” 6 So He instructed the multitude to sit down on the ground. And after taking the seven loaves and giving thanks, He broke them and began giving them to His disciples to place before the crowd; and they did so. They also had a few small fish; and having blessed2 them, He said that these should be served to the people as well. 8 So they ate and were filled; and they picked up the fragments that were left over, seven baskets full. 9 Now about four thousand men were present; and He sent them away. 10 And after embarking at once with His disciples, He came into the region of Dalmanutha.

A Wicked Generation Seeks a Sign

11 Then the Pharisees came out and began to argue with Him, seeking from Him a sign from heaven, thereby putting Him to a test. 12 But sighing deeply in His spirit, He said, “Why does this generation seek after a sign? I tell you the truth, no sign will be given to this generation.” 13 And leaving them, he got back into the boat and departed for the other side.

The Leaven of the Pharisees

14 Now the disciples had forgotten to take along bread, and they had no more than a single loaf with them in the boat. 15 Meanwhile, Jesus was admonishing them, saying, “Watch out! Be on your guard against the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod.” 16 So they began reasoning among themselves, saying,It is because we have no bread.” 17 But Jesus, aware of their discussion, said to them, “Why are you talking about having no bread? Do you still not perceive or understand? Have your hearts been hardened? 18 Having eyes, do you not see? And having ears, do you not hear? And do you not remember? 19 When I broke the five loaves for the five thousand, how many baskets full of fragments did you pick up?” They said to Him, “Twelve.” 20 “And when I broke the seven loaves for the four thousand, how many large baskets full of fragments did you pick up?” And they said, “Seven.” 21 So He kept on saying to them, “Do you not yet understand?”

A Blind Man Healed in Bethsaida

22 Then He came to Bethsaida; and some of the people3 brought Him a blind man, and they begged Him to touch him. 23 So taking the blind man by the hand, He brought him outside the town. And when He had spit on his eyes and laid His hands on him, He asked him, “Do you see anything?” 24 And looking up, he said, “I know I am seeing men, because they look like trees walking!” 25 Then Jesus again placed His hands upon his eyes; and the man4 looked steadily ahead5 and was completely restored, so that now he could see all things clearly. 26 And Jesus sent him away to his house, saying, “Do not even enter the town.”

“Who Do You Say That I Am?”

27 Then Jesus and His disciples went out to the villages of Caesarea Philippi; and on the road He began questioning His disciples, saying to them, “Who do men say that I am?” 28 So they told Him, saying, “John the Baptist; others also say, Elijah, but still others, one of the prophets.” 29 But He continued to question them: “And what about you; who do you say that I am?” Peter answered and said to Him, “You are the Messiah.” 30 And He strictly charged them that they should tell no one about Him.6

Jesus Death and Resurrection Foretold

31 Then He began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again. 32 Moreover, He was speaking freely7 about the matter. So Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him. 33 But turning around and seeing8 His disciples, He rebuked Peter, saying, “Get behind Me, Satan! For your mind is set on the things of men, not on the things of God.”

The Way of a Disciple

34 And having summoned the crowd along with His disciples, He said to them, “If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, take up his cross, and follow Me. 35 For whoever desires to save his life will lose it; but whoever loses his life for My sake and the Gospel’s will save it. 36 For what does it profit a man if he gains the whole world and loses his own soul? 37 For what can9 a man give in exchange for his soul? 38 For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words in this adulterous and sinful generation, of him the Son of Man will likewise be ashamed when He comes in the glory of His Father with the holy angels.”


  1. The Greek for come connotes a desire to spend time with someone or to become his follower
  2. Or given thanks for
  3. Lit. they
  4. Lit. he
  5. Or opened his eyes, saw clearly, looked intently
  6. Or it (i.e. his being the Messiah)
  7. Or openly, plainly
  8. Or looking at
  9. Lit. will


9 Then He said to them, “I tell you the truth, there are some standing here who will not taste death before they have seen the kingdom of God coming in power.”

The Transfiguration

Now six days later, Jesus took Peter, James, and John along with Him; and He brought them up onto a high mountain where they were all alone by themselves. And He was transfigured before them; 3 moreover, His clothes became radiant, surpassingly white, whiter than any launderer on earth could ever make them.1 4 Then Elijah appeared to them, along with Moses; and they were conversing with Jesus. 5 In response to these things, Peter said to Jesus, “Rabbi, it is good for us to be here; so let us make three shelters: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah”— 6 (He said this because he had no idea how to respond, for they all were overwhelmed with fear). 7 Then a cloud appeared, enveloping2 them; and a voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is My beloved Son. Hear Him!” 8 And all at once, as they looked around, they no longer saw anyone with them except Jesus alone.

9 Now as they were coming down from the mountain, He commanded them to tell no one about the things they had seen, not until the Son of Man had risen from the dead. 10 So they kept the matter to themselves, discussing3 what “rising from the dead” might mean. 11 Then they began questioning Him, saying, “Why do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?” 12 So He said to them, “Elijah certainly does come first and restores all things. And yet, how is it written of the Son of Man that He must suffer many things and be treated with contempt? 13 But I say to you that Elijah has indeed come,4 and that they did to him whatever they wished, just as it is written of him.”

A Boy Set Free

14 Now as they were coming back to the disciples, they saw a large crowd surrounding them, and some scribes arguing with them. 15 As soon as they saw Him, all the people were seized with excitement5 and ran to greet Him. 16 So He asked them, “What are you arguing about with them?” 17 A man6 in the crowd answered Him, saying, “Teacher, I brought You my son, who has a spirit that makes him mute. 18 Whenever it seizes him, it throws him down on the ground; and he foams at the mouth, clenches7 his teeth, and stiffens out. And I told Your disciples about it, so that that they would drive it out; but they couldn’t.” 19 Then He answered them and said, “O unbelieving generation, how much longer shall I be with you? How much longer shall I put up with you? Bring him to Me.” 20 So they brought Him the boy. And when the spirit saw Jesus, it immediately threw the child into a convulsion; and falling to the ground, he rolled about, foaming at the mouth. 21 So Jesus asked his father, “How long has this been happening to him?” And he said, “From childhood. 22 Again and again it has thrown him into fire or into water, trying to destroy him. But if You can do anything, take pity on us and help us.” 23 And Jesus said to him, “If you can! All things are possible for him who believes.” 24 Immediately the boy’s father cried out and said, “Lord, I do believe; help my unbelief!” 25 Now when Jesus saw that a crowd was rapidly closing in, He rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to it: “Deaf and dumb spirit, I command you: Come out of him and never enter him again!” 26 And when it had let out a shriek and sent the boy into terrible convulsions, the spirit came out of him. And his body looked so much like a corpse that many were saying, “He is dead!” 27 But after taking him by the hand, Jesus lifted him to his feet, and he stood up. 28 And when He had entered the house, His disciples began questioning Him in private, “Why couldn’t we drive it out?” 29 So He said to them, “This kind can come out by nothing except prayer.”8

Jesus Again Foretells His Death and Resurrection

30 And from there they went out and began passing through Galilee; but He wanted no one to know about it, 31 for He was instructing His disciples and telling them, “The Son of Man is about to be betrayed into the hands of men, and they will kill Him. And three days after He is killed, He will rise.” 32 But they could not understand this saying,9 and they were afraid to inquire of Him further.

True Greatness

33 Then they came to Capernaum. And when He was in the house, He began to question them. “What was it you were discussing on the road?” 34 But they kept silent, for on the road they had been arguing with one another about who would be the greatest. 35 So after sitting down, He called the Twelve and said to them, “If anyone wants to be first, let him be last of all and servant of all.” 36 And taking a little child, He made him stand in the midst of them. Then, taking him up in His arms, He said to them, 37 “Whoever receives one such child as this in My name is receiving Me; and whoever receives Me is not receiving Me, but the One who sent Me.”

Who Is on Our Side?

38 John spoke to Him, saying, “Teacher, we saw someone driving out demons in Your name, and we told him to stop10 because he wasn’t following us.” 39 But Jesus said, “Do not try to stop him, for no one who works a miracle in My name can soon afterward speak evil of Me; 40 for he who is not against us is on our side. 41 For whoever gives you a cup of water because you bear the name of Christ—I tell you the truth, he will by no means lose his reward.”

Beware of Stumbling Blocks!

42 “But whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in Me11 to stumble, it would be better for him if a millstone—the kind turned by a donkey—were hung around his neck, and he was thrown into the sea. 43 And if your hand causes you to stumble into sin, cut it off; it is better for you to enter into life maimed, than to have two hands and depart into Gehenna, into the fire that cannot be quenched.12 45 And if your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off; it is better for you to enter into life lame, than to have two feet and be thrown into Gehenna. 47 And if your eye causes you to stumble, throw it far from you.13 It is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye, than to have two eyes and be thrown into Gehenna, 48 where their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched.14 49 For everyone will be salted with fire. 50 Salt is good; but if the salt becomes unsalty, with what will you salt it again? Have salt in yourselves, and live in peace with one another.”


  1. Lit. surpassingly white such as no launderer on earth could whiten
  2. Lit. overshadowed
  3. Or And they seized upon this word (or kept this charge), discussing among themselves
  4. Or possibly that Elijah also has come
  5. Or amazement, wonder
  6. Lit. one
  7. Or grinds
  8. Many mss add and fasting
  9. Lit. They were not knowing the word (saying, utterance)
  10. Or tried to stop him
  11. Some mss omit in Me
  12. Some later mss add vv. 44 and 46, which are identical with v. 48
  13. Lit. throw it out
  14. Is. 66:24


Is it Lawful to Divorce?

10 And departing1 from there, Jesus came into the regions of Judea and Transjordan. Once again crowds gathered around Him, and once again, as was His custom, He taught them. 2 Now certain Pharisees came up to Him; and putting Him to a test, they began to ask Him whether it is lawful for a man to divorce his wife. 3 So He answered and said to them, “What did Moses command you?” 4 They said, “Moses permitted a man to write a certificate of divorce and send her away.5 But Jesus said to them, “Because of the hardness of your heart he wrote you this precept. But from the beginning of the creation, ‘God made them male and female; for this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife,2 and the two shall become one flesh.’3 So then, they are no longer two, but one flesh. 9 Therefore, what God has joined together, let no one separate.”

10 Now when they were again in the house, the disciples began to ask Him about this. 11 So He said to them, “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her. 12 And if she herself divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery.”

Do Not Hinder the Little Children

13 Now people4 were bringing little children to Him so that He might touch them; but the disciples rebuked them. 14 But when Jesus He saw it, He was moved to indignation; and He said to them, “Let the little children come to Me! You are not to hinder them, for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these. 15 I tell you the truth, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God like a little child will never enter it at all.” 16 And taking them up in His arms, He laid His hands on them and blessed them.

The Rich Young Ruler

17 Now as He was setting out on a journey, a man ran up to Him, knelt before Him, and asked Him, “Good Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?” 18 So Jesus said to him, “Why do you call Me good? No one is good but One—God. 19 You know the commandments: ‘Do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not give false testimony, do not defraud, and honor your father and your mother.’”5 20 He said to Him, “Teacher, all these things I have carefully observed from my youth up.” 21 And looking at him, Jesus loved him. So He said to him, “One thing you lack: Go, sell whatever you have, give the proceeds to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow Me.” 22 But the man, stunned6 by this word,7 went away in sorrow, for he had a great many possessions.

“Who Then Can Be Saved?”

23 Then Jesus, looking around, said to His disciples, “How hard it will be for those who have riches to enter the kingdom of God!” 24 And the disciples were astonished at His words. But responding yet again, Jesus said to them, “Children, how hard it is to enter the kingdom of God! 25 It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.” 26 And now they were shocked beyond measure, saying among themselves, “Who then can be saved?” 27 But turning His gaze upon them, Jesus said, “With men it is impossible, but not with God; for with God all things are possible.” 28 Then Peter began to speak to Him: “Look, we have forsaken everything to follow You.” 29 Jesus answered and said, “I tell you the truth, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or fields for My sake and for the gospel’s, 30 who will not receive now, in this present time, a hundred times as many houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and fields—along with persecutions—and in the age to come, eternal life. 31 But many who are first will be last, and the last first.”

Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection a Third Time

32 Now they were on the road going up to Jerusalem; and Jesus was walking ahead of them. And the disciples8 were in awe; and those who followed them were fearful. Then, taking the twelve aside once again, Jesus began to tell them the things that were about to happen to Him: 33 “Listen:9 We are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be betrayed to the chief priests and the scribes; and they will condemn Him to death and hand Him over to the Gentiles; 34 and they will mock Him, spit on Him, scourge Him, and kill Him. And on the third day He will rise again.”

Kingdom Greatness

35 Then James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came up to Him, saying to Him, “Teacher, we want You to do for us whatever we ask of You.” 36 So He said to them, “What do you want Me to do for you?” 37 They said to Him, “Grant us that in your glory one of us may sit on Your right hand and the other on Your left.” 38 But Jesus said to them, “You don’t realize what you are asking for yourselves. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, and be baptized with the baptism that I undergo?”10 39 They said to Him, “We are able.” Then Jesus said to them, “The cup I drink you will indeed drink; and with the baptism I undergo you will indeed be baptized; 40 but to sit on My right hand or on My left is not Mine to grant; rather, this honor belongs to those for whom it is prepared.” 41 Now when they heard about this, the ten became angry with James and John. 42 But calling them to Himself, Jesus said to them, “You know that those who are considered rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and that their “great ones” wield authority over them. 43 But among you, it must not be so. On the contrary, whoever desires to become great among you must be your servant; 44 and whoever desires to be first among you must be the slave of all. 45 For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.”

Jesus Heals Blind Bartimaeus

46 Now they came to Jericho. And as Jesus was leaving Jericho along with His disciples and a large crowd, a blind beggar—Bartimaeus, the son of Timaeus—was sitting by the road.11 47 And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out and say, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” 48 Now many in the crowd were sharply commanding him to keep quiet; but he would only cry out all the more, saying, “Son of David, have mercy on me!” 49 Then Jesus stood still; and He said, “Call him.” So they called the blind man, saying to him, “Take courage! Get up! He is calling you!” 50 And throwing aside his cloak, he jumped up and came to Jesus. 51 And answering him, Jesus said, “What do you want Me to do for you?” So the blind man said to Him, “Master,12 that I might regain my sight.” 52 Then Jesus said to him, “Go your way; your faith has made you well.”13 And immediately he regained his sight and began to follow14 Him on the road.


  1. Lit. having arisen
  2. Some early mss omit and be united with his wife
  3. Gen. 1:27
  4. Lit. they
  5. Ex. 20:12–16; Deut. 5:16–20
  6. Or saddened
  7. Or possibly But the man, whose face fell at this saying
  8. Lit. they
  9. Lit. Behold
  10. Lit. be baptized with
  11. Some mss a blind man . . . by the roadside begging
  12. Greek Rhabbouni, an honorific
  13. Lit. saved you
  14. Lit. was following.


The Triumphal Entry

11 Now as they approached Jerusalem and came into Bethphage and Bethany at the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent out two of His disciples. 2 And He said to them, “Go into the village opposite you; and as soon as you have entered it you will find a colt tied up there, on which no one has ever sat. Untie it and bring it to Me. 3 And if anyone says to you, ‘Why are you doing this?’ you are to say, ‘The Lord has need of it and will send it back here shortly.”4 So they went their way and found a colt standing outside in the street, tied up at a doorway; and they untied it. 5 Then some of the men who were standing there said to them, “What are you doing, untying the colt?” 6 So the disciples1 spoke to them just as Jesus had said, and they let them go.2 And they brought the colt to Jesus and threw their cloaks over it; and He took His seat on it. And many people spread out their cloaks on the road, while others did the same with leafy branches that they had cut down and brought in from the fields. 9 Then those who went before Him, and those who followed after, all kept crying out, “Hosanna! ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’3 10 Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David! Hosanna in the highest!” 11 And Jesus entered Jerusalem and went into the temple. And when He had carefully surveyed all things, He went out to Bethany with the twelve, since it was already late in the day.4

Jesus Curses the Fig Tree

12 Now the next day, after they had departed from Bethany, Jesus became hungry. 13 So noticing a leafy fig tree in the distance, He went over to see if perhaps He could find some fruit5 on it. But when He came up to it, He found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs. 14 In response, Jesus spoke to it: “Let no one ever eat fruit from you again!” And His disciples were listening.

Jesus Cleanses the Temple

15 Then they came to Jerusalem. And once He had entered the temple grounds, Jesus began to drive out those who were buying and selling there.6 He also overturned both the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who were selling doves; 16 and He would not allow anyone to carry merchandise7 through the temple courts. 17 Then He began to teach; and He said to them, “Is it not written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations’?8 But you have made it a ‘den of thieves.’”9 18 Now the chief priests and the scribes heard this and began looking for a way to destroy Him; for they feared Him, because the entire crowd stood in awe of His teaching. 19 And whenever evening came, Jesus and His disciples10 would go out of the city.

Lessons from the Fig Tree

20 Now in the morning, as they were passing by, they saw the fig tree, withered from the roots up. 21 And Peter, remembering, said to Him, “Rabbi, look! The fig tree You cursed has withered away!” 22 In reply, Jesus said to them, “Have faith in God. 23 I tell you the truth, whoever says to this mountain, ‘Be lifted up and thrown into the sea,’ and does not doubt in his heart, but believes that what he says will take place, it will indeed be done for him. 24 Therefore I say to you, anything whatsoever that you pray and ask for, believe that you have received it, and it will be yours. 25 And whenever you stand praying, if you are holding anything against anyone, forgive him, so that your Father in heaven may also forgive you your trespasses. 26 But if you do not forgive, neither will your Father in heaven forgive your trespasses.”11

Authority from Above

27 Then they came again to Jerusalem. And as Jesus was walking in the temple courts, the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders came up to Him. 28 And they began saying to Him, “By what authority are You doing these things?” or, “Who gave You this authority, so that You might do these things?” 29 But Jesus said to them, “I will ask you one question; answer Me and I will then tell you by what authority I am doing these things. 30 The baptism of John—was it from heaven or from men? Answer Me.” 31 So they began discussing it12 among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will say, ‘Then why didn’t you believe him?’ 32 But if we say, ‘From men . . . ’”—(now these men13 feared the crowd, for all the people held that John was a true prophet). 33 So, answering Jesus, they said, “We don’t know.” Then Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.”


  1. Lit. they
  2. Or they gave them permission
  3. Ps. 118:26
  4. Lit. since the hour was already late (or evening)
  5. Lit. something
  6. Lit. in the temple (grounds)
  7. Lit. a vessel
  8. Is. 56:7
  9. Jer. 7:11
  10. Lit. they; some early mss He
  11. Many mss omit this verse; see Matt. 6:15
  12. Or reasoning about it
  13. Lit. they


The Parable of the Wicked Tenants

12 Then He began to speak to them in parables: “A man planted a vineyard, placed a wall1 around it, dug a vat beneath the winepress, and built a tower.2 Then he leased the vineyard to tenant farmers and left home on a journey. 2 Now at the time of the harvest he sent a servant to the tenants, in order to collect from them his share of the vineyard’s fruit. 3 But they seized him, beat him, and sent him away empty-handed. So again he sent them another servant; this one they struck on the head and treated with complete contempt. 5 Then he sent another, and this one they killed; and they did the same to many more, beating some, killing others. 6 Now He had only one servant left, a beloved son. So he sent him to them last of all, saying to himself, ‘They will respect my son.’ 7 But those tenants said to one another, ‘This is the heir. Come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’ 8 So they seized him, killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard. 9 What then will the lord of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the tenants, and give the vineyard to others. 10 Have you never read this Scripture: ‘The stone that the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone. 11 This was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes’?”3 12 Then they began looking for a way to arrest Him, for they understood that He had spoken this parable against them. But they were afraid of the crowd; so they left Him and went their way.

Is It Lawful to Pay Taxes Caesar?

13 Then they sent to Him some of the Pharisees and Herodians, so as to trap Him in His own words.4 14 When they arrived, they said to Him, “Teacher, we know that You are truthful, and that you defer to no one, for You have no concern for the person4 of men, but teach the way of God in truth. Is it lawful to pay a poll-tax to Caesar, or not? Should we pay, or should we not pay?” 15 But seeing through their hypocrisy, He said to them, “Why are you testing Me? Bring Me a denarius so that I can inspect it.16 So they brought Him one, and He said to them, “Whose image is this, and whose inscription?” They said to Him, “Caesar’s.” 17 Then Jesus said to them, “Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” And they marveled at Him.

Resurrection, Scripture, and the Power of God

18 Then some of the Sadducees (who say there is no resurrection) came up to Him; and they began to question Him, saying: 19 “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies and leaves behind a wife and no children, he should take his brother’s wife and raise up offspring for his brother. 20 Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife and died, leaving behind no offspring. 21 Then the second took her; and he too died, leaving no offspring; and likewise the third. 22 Indeed, all6 seven took her, and left behind no offspring. Last of all, the woman also died. 23 Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife will she be? For all seven had her as a wife.”

24 Jesus answered and said to them, “Is this not the reason you are in error, that you know neither the Scriptures nor the power of God? 25 For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. 26 Moreover, concerning the dead—that they are indeed to be raised—have you not read in the book of Moses, in the passage about the burning bush, how God spoke to him, saying, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’?6 27 He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living. You are greatly in error.7

Which Commandment is Greatest?

28 Now one of the scribes came up and heard them reasoning together; and seeing that Jesus had answered them well, he asked Him, “Of all the commandments, which is first in importance?” 29 Jesus replied, “The first is this: ‘Hear, O Israel! The Lord our God, the Lord is one. 30 And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.’ 31 And the second is this: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.”8 32 So the scribe said to Him, “Well spoken, Teacher! You have stated the truth: He is indeed one, and there is no other besides Him. 33 And to love Him with all your9 heart, all your understanding, and all your strength—and to love your neighbor as yourself—is more important than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.” 34 Now when Jesus saw that he answered with understanding, He said to him, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.” And after that, no one would dare to question Him further.

David’s Son is David’s Lord

35 But as He was teaching in the temple, Jesus responded to them all, saying, “How is it that the scribes say the Messiah is the Son of David? 36 For David himself, speaking by the Holy Spirit, said, ‘The LORD said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, till I place Your enemies beneath Your feet.”’10 37 David himself calls Him ‘Lord’; how then can He be his Son?” And the great crowd was listening to Him gladly.

Beware the Hypocrisy of the Scribes

38 And in His teaching He was saying, “Beware of the scribes, who love to walk around in flowing robes; who love formal greetings in the marketplaces, 39 the best seats in the synagogues, and the places of honor at banquets; 40 who devour widows’ houses, and who, for mere show, pray on and on at great length. These will receive the severest judgment11 of all.

A Widow’s Sacrifice

41 And having seated Himself opposite the offering box, Jesus was watching how the crowd dropped coins into it. And many rich people were depositing large amounts. 42 Then one poor widow came up and threw in two tiny copper coins,12 the equivalent of a penny.13 43 So calling His disciples to Himself, He said to them, “I tell you the truth, this poor widow has put more in the offering box than all the rest; 44 for they all contributed out of their abundance; but she, out of her extreme poverty, has put in everything she had, her whole livelihood.”


  1. Or fence, hedge
  2. See Is. 5:1, 2
  3. Ps. 118:22, 23
  4. Lit. in a word (or statement)
  5. Lit. face
  6. Lit. the, and so in v. 23
  7. Ex. 3:6, 15
  8. Deut. 6:4,5; Lev. 19:18
  9. Lit. the, and so throughout the verse
  10. Ps. 119:1
  11. Or condemnation
  12. Greek lepta
  13. Greek quadrans (1/64 of a denarius)


This Temple Will be Destroyed

13 Now as He was leaving the temple, one of His disciples said to Him, “Teacher, look! What massive stones, and what huge structures!” 2 But Jesus said to him, “Do you see these great buildings? Not one stone here will remain on top of another; every one of them will be torn down.”1

“What Will Be the Sign?”

3 Now while He was sitting on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter, James, John, and Andrew began to question Him in private: “Tell us, when will these things happen? And what will be the sign that2 all these things are about to take place?” 5 So Jesus began to speak to them. “See to it that no one leads you astray. 6 Many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am He,’ and will deceive many. 7 But whenever you hear of wars and rumors of wars, don’t be alarmed or shaken; such things must take place, but the end is still to come.3 8 For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; there will be earthquakes in various places, and famines as well. These are the beginning of the birth pains.

9 “But as for you, be on your guard!4 They will hand you over to the local courts, and you will be flogged in the synagogues. Moreover, on account of Me you will stand before governors and kings, to bear witness before them. 10 Indeed, the gospel must first be preached to all nations. 11 But whenever they arrest you and hand you over to the authorities, do not concern yourselves beforehand about what you will say. Rather, say whatever is given to you in that hour, for it is not you who are speaking, but the Holy Spirit. 12 And brother will deliver brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against parents and have them put to death. 13 Yes, because of My name you will be hated by everyone; but he who endures to the end will be saved.

A Great Tribulation

14 “Now when you see ‘the abomination that causes desolation’5 standing where it6 should not be” (let the reader understand), “then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. 15 Let not him who is on the roof come down; neither let him enter his house to take anything out. 16 And let not him who is in the field go back to get his cloak. 17 But woe to those who are pregnant, and to those who are nursing their babies in those days! 18 So pray that it might not happen in winter, 19 for those will be days of tribulation unlike any that has ever occurred from the beginning of the creation that God Himself created until now, and that never will. 20 And unless the Lord had cut short those days, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect’s sake—whom He has chosen for Himself—He has cut them7 short. 21 “Then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Messiah!’ or, ‘Look, there He is!’ do not believe him. 22 For false messiahs and false prophets will arise and perform8 signs and wonders so as to deceive, if it were possible, the very elect. 23 But as for you, stay on guard! I have told you everything ahead of time.

The Coming of the Son of Man

24 “Now in those days, after that tribulation, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; 25 the stars will be falling from the sky, and the powers in the heavens will be shaken.9 26 And then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds, with great power and glory.10 27 And then He will send out the angels, and will gather together His elect from the four winds, from the utmost bounds of the earth to the utmost bounds of the sky.

The Parable of the Fig Tree

28 “Now learn this11 parable from the fig tree: As soon as its branch becomes tender and puts forth leaves, you know that summer is near. 29 So also for you: When you see these things happening, know that He12 is near—right at the doors! 30 I tell you the truth, this generation will by no means pass away till all these things have taken place. 31 Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away.


32 “But as for that day and hour, no one knows them, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but the Father alone. 33 Stay on watch; keep on the alert! For you do not know when the appointed time will come. 34 It is like a man going away on a journey, who left his house and put his servants in charge, each with his assigned task, and who commanded the doorkeeper to keep watch. 35 So keep watch, for you do not know when the lord of the house is coming back—whether in the evening, at midnight, at the rooster’s crow, or in the morning—36 lest He suddenly return and find you sleeping. 37 And what I say to you, I say to all: Watch!”


  1. Lit. another that will not be torn down
  2. Lit. when
  3. Lit. the end is not yet
  4. Lit. watch yourselves!
  5. Or desolating sacrilege; Dan. 11:31; 12:11
  6. Or he
  7. Lit. the days
  8. Or grant
  9. Is. 13:10; 34:4
  10. Dan. 7:15
  11. Lit. the
  12. Or it


The Leaders Plot to Kill Jesus

14 Now the Feast of the Passover and Unleavened Bread was two days off; and the chief priests and the scribes were trying to find a way to take Jesus1 into custody by trickery, and then put Him to death; 2 for they were saying among themselves,It must not happen during the Feast, or else there will be a uproar2 among the people.”

A Beautiful Work in Bethany

3 Now while He was in Bethany, reclining at the table in the home of Simon the leper, a woman came in, carrying3 an alabaster jar of very expensive perfume made of pure nard; and after breaking the jar, she poured the perfume over His head. 4 But some who were present were moved to indignation, and began saying to each other, “Why was this perfume wasted? 5 It might have been sold for more than three hundred denarii, and the proceeds given to the poor.” So they began to rebuke her harshly. 6 But Jesus said, “Leave her alone! Why are you bothering her? She has done a beautiful work in My behalf.4 7 For you always have the poor with you, and whenever you want, you can do them good; but you do not always have Me. 8 She did what she could; she anointed My body beforehand for burial. 9 And I tell you the truth: Wherever this gospel is proclaimed in the whole world, what this woman has done will also be told as a memorial to her.”5

The Treachery of Judas

10 Then Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went away to the chief priests in order to betray Him to them. 11 And when they heard him, they were glad, and promised to give him money. So Judas began looking for an opportunity to betray Him.

The Final Passover

12 Now on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, when the Passover lamb is sacrificed, His disciples said to Him, “Where do You want us to go and make preparations, so that You may eat the Passover Meal?” 13 So He sent out two of His disciples, and said to them, “Go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you; follow him. 14 And wherever he enters, say to the owner of the house, ‘The Teacher says, “Where is My guest room in which I may eat the Passover with My disciples?”’ 15 Then he himself will show you a large upper room, furnished and ready; make preparations for us there.” 16 So His disciples went out and entered the city, and found everything just as He had told them. And they prepared for the Passover Meal.

17 Now when evening came, He arrived with the twelve. 18 And while they were reclining at the table and eating, Jesus said, “I tell you the truth, one of you will betray Me, one who is eating with Me.” 19 So they began to be grieved and distressed, and to say to Him one by one, “It is not me, is it?” 20 He said to them, “It is one of the twelve, one who dips his hand with Me into the bowl. 21 For the Son of Man will indeed go just as it is written of Him; but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had never been born.”

The Lord’s Supper

22 Now as they were eating, Jesus took bread; and having given thanks,6 He broke it, gave it to them, and said, “Take it; this is My body.” 23 Then, after taking a cup and offering thanks, He gave it to them, and they all drank from it. 24 And He said to them, “This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many. 25 I tell you the truth, from now on I will never again drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.” 26 And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.

“You Will Deny Me Three Times”

27 Then Jesus said to them, “All of you are about to stumble, for it is written: ‘I will strike the Shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’7 28 “But after I have been raised, I will go before you into Galilee.” 29 But Peter declared to Him, “Even if all should stumble, I will not. 30 So Jesus said to him, “I tell you the truth, today—this very night—before the rooster crows twice, you will deny Me three times.” 31 But Peter insisted all the more, saying,Even if I must die with You, I will not deny You!” And all of them were saying the same thing.

Agony in Gethsemane

32 Then they came to a place called Gethsemane. And He said to His disciples, “Sit here until I have finished praying.” 33 Then He took with Him Peter, James, and John; and He began to be alarmed, fearful, and deeply distressed. 34 So He said to them, “My soul is overwhelmed with grief, even to the point of death. Stay here and keep watch.” 35 And going on a little farther, He fell to the ground and began to pray that if it were possible the hour might pass from Him. 36 So He was saying, “Abba, Father, all things are possible for You. Take this cup away from Me! Nevertheless, not what I will, but what You will.37 Then He came and found them asleep; so He said to Peter, “Simon, are you sleeping? Could you not keep watch for one hour? 38 Watch and pray, so that you will not enter into temptation. The spirit is indeed willing, but the flesh is weak.” 39 Then He went away and prayed again, saying the same thing. 40 And again He returned and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy; and they didn’t know how to answer Him. 41 Then He came back a third time and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? Enough! The hour has come. Look, the Son of Man is about to be betrayed into the hands of sinners! 42 Arise and let us go our way. See, the one who betrays Me is drawing near!”

Betrayal and Arrest

43 Just then, while He was still speaking, Judas (one of the twelve) appeared, together with a large crowd armed with swords and clubs, sent by the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders. 44 Now His betrayer had given them a signal, saying, “Whomever I kiss—He is the One. Arrest Him and take Him away under guard.” 45 So when Judas arrived, he immediately went up to Jesus and said to Him, “Rabbi, Rabbi!” And he kissed Him. 46 Then they laid hands on Him and arrested Him. 47 But a certain man among those who were standing nearby drew out his sword, struck the servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear. 48 Now in response to these things, Jesus said to them, “Have you come out with swords and clubs to arrest me Me, as if I were a robber? 49 Day by day I was with you in the temple, teaching you, yet you did not seize Me. But all this has happened so that the Scriptures may be fulfilled.” 50 And leaving Him behind,8 all the disciples fled.

A Young Man Flees

51 Now a certain young man had been following Him, wearing nothing but a linen garment9 thrown over his naked body. And they tried to seize him; 52 but leaving the linen garment behind, he ran off, naked.

Before the Sanhedrin

53 Then they led Jesus away to the high priest; and all the chief priests, elders, and scribes assembled themselves. 54 (Peter had followed Him at a distance all the way into the courtyard of the high priest, and was sitting with the guards,10 warming himself by the fire.) 55 Now the chief priests and the whole council were seeking testimony against Jesus in order to put Him to death. But they could find none; 56 for many were giving false testimony against Him, but their testimonies did not agree. 57 Then certain men stood up and began to testify against Him falsely, saying, 58 “We heard Him say, ‘I will destroy this temple made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands.’” 59 Yet even in this matter their testimony did not agree. 60 Then the high priest arose, stepped into the midst of the assembly, and questioned Jesus, saying, “Have you no reply? What is it that these men are testifying against You?” 61 But He remained silent and gave them no answer at all. Again the high priest began questioning Him, saying to Him, “Are You the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed One?” 62 And Jesus said, “I am. And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Power on High, and coming with the clouds of heaven.”11 63 Then the high priest tore his robes, and he said, “What further need do we have of witnesses? 64 You have heard the blasphemy! What is your verdict?” And they all judged Him worthy of death. 65 Then some of them began to spit on Him, and to cover His face, and to strike Him with their fists, and to say to Him, “Prophesy!” And the officers took Him and beat12 Him.

Peter Denies His Lord

66 Now as Peter was in the courtyard below, one of the servant girls of the high priest came by; 67 and noticing Peter warming himself at the fire, she fixed her gaze on him and said, “You too were with Jesus of Nazareth!” 68 But he denied it, saying, “I have no idea what you are talking about.”13 Then he went out into the entryway;14 and a rooster crowed.15 69 When the servant girl saw him, she again said to the bystanders, “This man is one of them!” 70 But he denied it again. Then, a short time later, the bystanders once again started saying to Peter, “Surely you are one of them; for you too are a Galilean!” 71 So he began to call down curses on himself, and to swear, saying, “I do not know this man you are talking about!” 72 And immediately a rooster crowed a second time. Then Peter recalled the word that Jesus had spoken to him: “Before a rooster crows twice, you will deny Me three times.” And as he thought upon that, he began to weep.16


  1. Lit. Him
  2. Or riot
  3. Lit. having
  4. Or possibly for Me; lit. in Me
  5. Or in memory of her
  6. Or blessed it
  7. Zech. 13:7
  8. Or abandoning (deserting, forsaking) Him
  9. Possibly cloth, sheet
  10. Or servants
  11. Dan. 7:13
  12. The Greek denotes slaps about the head or blows with a rod
  13. Lit. I neither see nor know what you are saying
  14. Lit. fore-court
  15. Several early mss omit this phrase; but see v. 72
  16. Or perhaps And he broke down and wept


Before Pilate

15 Very early in the morning, after holding a consultation and reaching a decision, the chief priests—along with the elders, the scribes, and the entire council—immediately bound Jesus, led Him away, and handed Him over to Pilate. 2 So Pilate questioned Him: “Are you the King of the Jews?” Answering, Jesus said to him, “You are saying it yourself.”1 3 Then the chief priests began to accuse Him of many things. 4 So Pilate questioned Him again: “Have you nothing to say in reply? Look at how many charges they are bringing against You!” 5 But Jesus gave no further answer, so that Pilate marveled.

“What Shall I Do With Your King?”

6 During the feast it was customary2 to release to the people any one prisoner whom they requested; 7 and imprisoned among the rebels who had committed murder in the insurrection there was a man called Barabbas. 8 So coming up to Pilate, the crowd began asking him to do for them just as he had always done.3 9 Pilate answered them, saying, “Do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?” 10 (For he knew that the chief priests had delivered Him up out of envy.) 11 But the chief priests stirred up the crowd to ask him to give them Barabbas4 instead. 12 Answering them again, Pilate said, “What then do you want me to do with the man you call the King of the Jews?”5 13 They shouted back,6 “Crucify Him!” 14 Pilate said to them, “Why, what evil has He done?” But they shouted all the more, “Crucify Him!” 15 So Pilate, desiring to satisfy the crowd, released Barabbas to them. And after having Jesus scourged, he handed Him over to be crucified.

The King is Mocked

16 Then the soldiers took Him inside the palace (that is, the Praetorium),7 and they called together the whole Roman cohort.8 17 They clothed Him in a purple robe; and after braiding a crown of thorns, they placed it it on His head. 18 Then they began to salute Him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” 19 And they took turns striking9 Him on the head with a reed, spitting on Him, and kneeling down and paying Him homage. 20 When they had finished mocking Him, they stripped Him of the purple robe, and put His own clothes back on Him. Then they led Him away to crucify Him.

The King is Crucified

21 Now a certain man—Simon of Cyrene, the father of Alexander and Rufus—was coming out of the country and passing by; and the soldiers forced him to carry10 His cross. 22 So they brought Jesus to the place called Golgotha (which is translated, “Place of the Skull”); 23 and they offered Him wine mingled with myrrh, but He would not take it. 24 Then they crucified Him. And the soldiers divided up His garments, casting lots for them in order to decide which garment each man would take.

25 It was the third hour of the day when they crucified Him.11 26 And the superscription of the charge against Him read: THE KING OF THE JEWS. 27 They also crucified two robbers with Him, one on His right and the other on His left.12 29 Now those who passed by were hurling insults at Him, shaking their heads, and saying, “So, here is the One who destroys the temple and builds it again in three days! 30 Save Yourself and come down from the cross!” 31 In the same way the chief priests, along with the scribes, mocked Him among themselves, saying, “He saved others; He cannot save Himself! 32 Let the Messiah, the King of Israel, come down now from the cross, so that we may see it and believe!” Even the men who were crucified with Him were railing aginst Him.

“Surely This Man Was God’s Son!”

33 Now when the sixth hour had come, darkness fell upon the whole land until the ninth hour. 34 And at the ninth hour, Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is translated, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”13 35 When some of the bystanders heard this, they said, “Listen, He is calling for Elijah!” 36 Then someone ran and filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on a reed, and offered it to Him to drink, saying, “Let me do this; let us see if Elijah is coming to take Him down!”14 37 Then, after sending forth a loud cry, Jesus breathed His last. 38 And the curtain of the temple15 was torn in two from top to bottom. 39 Now when the centurion, who was stationed in front of Him, saw how He breathed His last, he said, “Surely this Man was God’s Son!”16 40 Also, certain women were there, watching from a distance. Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the Less and Joses, and Salome; 41 these had followed Him and ministered to His needs when He was in Galilee. And many other women who had come up with Him to Jerusalem were present as well.

Jesus Buried in Joseph’s Tomb

42 When evening had now arrived, since it was the Day of Preparation (that is, the day before the Sabbath), 43 Joseph of Arimathea—a prominent member of the council, who was himself waiting for the kingdom of God—came forward; and gathering up his courage, he went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 44 Pilate was amazed that He was already dead; so calling for the centurion, he asked him if Jesus had been dead for some time. 45 And when he learned from the centurion that He had, he granted the body to Joseph. 46 Then, having purchased some fine linen cloth, Joseph took the body17 down from the cross, wrapped it in the cloth, laid it in a tomb that had been hewn out of the rock, and rolled a stone across the entrance18 to the tomb. 47 And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses were looking on, to see where He was laid.19


  1. Or It is as you say; see Matt. 25:25
  2. Or it was his custom
  3. Lit. just as he was doing for them
  4. Lit. release to them Barabbas instead
  5. Some older mss read What shall I do? Some omit the One you call
  6. Or So again they cried out
  7. I.e. the Governor’s headquarters
  8. About 500 soldiers
  9. Lit. they were (repeatedly) striking, etc.
  10. Or pick up
  11. I.e. 9 AM
  12. Some mss insert, And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “And He was numbered with the transgressors.”
  13. Ps. 22:1
  14. See Matt. 27:48-49
  15. Or sanctuary
  16. Greek: a Son of God, or the Son of God
  17. Lit. it or Him, and so throughout the verse
  18. Or against the door
  19. Or where it (the body) was placed


Fear and Joy on Resurrection Day!

16 Now when the Sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought fragrant spices in order that they might come and anoint Him. 2 So very early on the first day of the week, just after sunrise, they were on their way to the tomb; 3 and they were saying to each other, “Who will roll away the stone for us from the entrance to the tomb?” 4 But when they looked up, they saw that the stone (which was very large) had been rolled back! And entering the tomb, they saw a young man dressed in a white robe, sitting on the right side; and they were terrified.1 6 But he said to them, “Don’t be afraid. I know you are looking for Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He has been raised! He is not here! Look, there is the place where they laid Him. 7 But go, tell His disciples—including Peter—“He is going before you into Galilee; you will see Him there, just as He told you.” 8 So rushing out, they fled from the tomb, for trembling and bewilderment had taken hold of them. And they said nothing to anyone, for they were afraid.

Jesus Appears to Various Disciples 2

9 Now after He had risen early on the first day of the week, He first appeared to Mary Magdalene, out of whom He had driven seven demons. 10 She went and told those who had been with Him as they were mourning and weeping. 11 But when they heard that He was alive and had been seen by her, they would not believe it. 12 After that He appeared in a different form to two of them as they were walking along the road, heading into the country. 13 So they went back and told it to the rest, but they did not believe them either.

The Great Commission

14 Later He appeared to the eleven themselves as they were reclining at a table; and He rebuked them for their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they did not believe those who had seen Him after He had risen. 15 Then He said to them, “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to the whole creation.3 16 He who has believed and been baptized will be saved; but he who has not believed will be condemned. 17 And these signs will follow those who have believed: In My name they will drive out demons; they will speak with new tongues; 18 they will pick up serpents with their hands,4 and if they drink any deadly poison, it will not harm them at all; and they will lay hands on the sick, and they will recover.

The Ascension

19 So then, after the Lord had spoken to them, He was received up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God. 20 And they went out and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them and confirming the word through the signs that followed.


  1. Or amazed, astonished
  2. Vv. 9-20 do not appear in a number of important older mss
  3. Or to every creature
  4. Some mss omit this phrase