The Genealogy of Jesus Christ

The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:1

Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers. Judah begot Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez begot Hezron, and Hezron begot Ram. Ram begot Amminadab, Amminadab begot Nahshon, and Nahshon begot Salmon. Salmon begot Boaz by Rahab, Boaz begot Obed by Ruth, Obed begot Jesse, and Jesse begot David the king.

David the king begot Solomon by her who had been the wife of Uriah. Solomon begot Rehoboam, Rehoboam begot Abijah, and Abijah begot Asa, Asa begot Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat begot Joram, and Joram begot Uzziah. Uzziah begot Jotham, Jotham begot Ahaz, and Ahaz begot Hezekiah. 10 Hezekiah begot Manasseh, Manasseh begot Amon, and Amon begot Josiah. 11 Josiah begot Jeconiah and his brothers at the time of the deportation to Babylon.

12 And after the deportation to Babylon Jeconiah begot Shealtiel, and Shealtiel begot Zerubbabel. 13 Zerubbabel begot Abiud, Abiud begot Eliakim, and Eliakim begot Azor. 14 Azor begot Zadok, Zadok begot Achim, and Achim begot Eliud. 15 Eliud begot Eleazar, Eleazar begot Matthan, and Matthan begot Jacob. 16 And Jacob begot Joseph the husband of Mary, from whom was born Jesus, who is called the Christ.2

17 So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; from David until the deportation to Babylon, fourteen generations; and from the deportation to Babylon until the Christ, fourteen generations.

The Birth of Christ 

18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ came about in this way: While His mother Mary was engaged3 to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child by the Holy Spirit. 19 And Joseph her husband, being a righteous man and not wanting to make a public example of her, was of a mind to divorce her secretly. 20 But while he was contemplating these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take your wife Mary to yourself, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. 21 And she will give birth to a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus,4 for He will save His people from their sins.” 22 Now all this took place in order to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet: 23 “Behold, the virgin will be with child and will bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,” which, being translated, means “God with us.” 24 And Joseph, awakened from his sleep, did just as the angel of the Lord had commanded him and took his wife Mary to himself; 25 but he had no union with her5 until she had brought forth a Son. And he called His name Jesus.

Notes

  1. All names in the following genealogy are given in their OT forms
  2. Greek for Anointed One; Heb. Messiah
  3. Greek betrothed; in Jewish culture, this was the legally binding first stage of marriage, usually lasting about a year. At this stage, Mary was already Joseph’s wife (vv. 19, 24)
  4. Jesus means “Yahweh saves,” or “Yahweh is salvation.”
  5. Lit. was not knowing her

 

The Visit of the Magi

Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, Magi1 from the East came to Jerusalem, saying, “Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we saw His star in the East2 and have come to worship Him.” When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. And when he had gathered together all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Messiah was to be born. So they said to him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it has been written by the prophet:

‘And you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,
Are by no means least among the rulers of Judah;
For out of you shall come forth a Ruler—
One who is to shepherd My people Israel.’”3

Then Herod, having secretly summoned the wise men, determined from them the exact time when the star had appeared. And he sent them to Bethlehem, saying, “Go and search carefully for the young Child; and when you have found Him, bring back word to me, so that I too may come and worship Him.” And having heard the king, they continued on their way; and behold, the star which they had seen in the East went on before them until it came and stood over the place where the young Child was. 10 And when they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceedingly great joy. 11 And when they had come into the house, they saw the young Child with Mary His mother; and they fell to the ground before Him and worshiped.4 Then, opening up their treasure boxes, they presented Him with gifts: gold, frankincense, and myrrh. 12 And having been warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed for their own country by another way.

Warning and Flight 

13 Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, “Arise, take the young Child and His mother, and flee to Egypt, and stay there till I bring you word; for Herod will seek the young Child in order to destroy Him.” 14 So Joseph arose and took the young Child and His mother by night and departed for Egypt; 15 and he stayed there until the death of Herod. All this took place so as to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying: “Out of Egypt I called My Son.”5

Rachel Weeping

16 Then Herod, realizing he had been deceived by the Magi, became incensed; and he sent forth soldiers to put to death all the male children who were in Bethlehem and all its surrounding districts, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had determined from the Magi. 17 Then was fulfilled what was spoken through the prophet Jeremiah, saying:

18 “A voice was heard in Ramah,
Weeping and loud wailing,
Rachel weeping for her children;
And she refused to be comforted,
Because they were no more.”6

Return to Nazareth

19 Now when Herod died, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, 20 saying, “Arise, take the young Child and His mother, and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the young Child’s life are dead.” 21 Then he arose, took the young Child and His mother, and came into the land of Israel. 22 But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in the place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there. And being warned in a dream, he turned aside into the region of Galilee. 23 And he came and lived in a city called Nazareth. Thus was fulfilled what was spoken through the prophets, that He would be called a Nazarene.7,8

Notes

  1. Traditionally, wise men; a caste of wise men, possibly Zoroastrian priests, specializing in astronomy, astrology, and natural science.
  2. Or possibly His star when it rises
  3. Mic. 5:2
  4. Lit. they fell down (prostrate) and worshiped Him.
  5. Hos. 11:1
  6. Jer. 31:15
  7. Or through the prophets: “He will be called a Nazarene.”
  8. See Is. 9:1f. Some commentators argue that here Matthew has in mind various OT prophecies of the Messiah’s humble origins and station in life, reflected in the lowliness of his place of residence (See Ps. 22:6-8, 13; 69:8, 20-21; Is. 11:1; 49:7; 53:2-3, 8; Dan. 9:26).

 

The Ministry of John the Baptizer

Now in those days John the Baptizer came preaching in the wilderness of Judea, and saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand!” For this was he who was spoken of by Isaiah the prophet, saying:

“The voice of one crying in the wilderness,
‘Prepare the way of the Lord,
Straighten out His paths!’”1

Now John himself had a garment of camel’s hair and a leather belt around his waist; and his food was locusts and wild honey. Then Jerusalem went out to him, and all Judea, and all the region around the Jordan; and they were being baptized by him in the Jordan River, confessing their sins.

But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, “Brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Therefore bring forth fruit worthy of repentance; and do not presume to say among2 yourselves, ‘We have Abraham for our father;’ for I say to you that from these very stones God is able to raise up children to Abraham. 10 And even now the axe is laid to the root of the trees. Therefore every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 11 As for me, I am baptizing you in water for repentance; but the One who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not fit to carry.3 He will baptize you in4 the Holy Spirit and fire. 12 His winnowing fork is in His hand; and He will thoroughly cleanse His threshing floor and gather His wheat into the barn; but the chaff He will burn with unquenchable fire.”

Jesus Fulfills All Righteousness 

13 Then Jesus came from Galilee to John at the Jordan to be baptized by him. 14 But John tried to prevent Him, saying, “I need to be baptized by You, and You are coming to me?” 15 But Jesus, answering, said to him, “Permit it now, for it is proper for us to fulfill all righteousness in this way.” So he permitted Him. 16 And having been baptized, Jesus immediately went up out of the water; and behold, the heavens were opened,5 and John6 saw the Spirit of God descend like a dove and alight upon Him. 17 And behold, there came a voice from heaven, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”

Notes

  1. Is. 40:3
  2. Or within
  3. Or remove
  4. Or with
  5. Many mss add to him
  6. Lit. he

 

Temptation in the Wilderness

Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. And having fasted forty days and forty nights, He hungered. And the tempter came and said to him, “If You are the Son of God, command these stones to become bread.” But He answered and said, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.’”1

Then the devil took Him up into the holy city, set Him on the high point of the temple, and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down. For it is written: ‘He will give His angels charge concerning you,’ and, ‘With their hands they will lift you lest you dash your foot against a stone.’”2 Jesus said to him, “It is also written, ‘You shall not force a test upon the Lord your God.’”3

Again, the devil took Him up into an exceedingly high mountain, and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory. And he said to Him, “All these things I will give You if You will fall down and worship me.” 10 Then Jesus said to him, “Away with you, Satan! For it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and Him only you shall serve.’”4 11 Then the devil left Him; and behold, angels came and began ministering to Him.

Ministry in Galilee 

12 Now when Jesus heard that John had been taken into custody, He withdrew into Galilee. 13 And leaving Nazareth, He came and settled in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the regions of Zebulun and Naphtali, 14 that what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled, saying:

15 “Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali,
The way by the sea, beyond the Jordan,
Galilee of the Gentiles:
16 The people who sat in darkness have seen a great light,
And upon those who sat in the region and shadow of death
A light has dawned.”5

17 From that time on Jesus began to preach and say, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”

The First Disciples

18 And walking by the Sea of Galilee, Jesus saw two brothers, Simon (who was called Peter) and his brother Andrew, casting a net into the sea; for they were fishermen. 19 And He said to them, “Come, follow Me,6 and I will make you fishers of men.” 20 And immediately they left their nets and followed Him. 21 Going on from there, He saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, sitting in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets. And He called them as well22 And immediately they left both the boat and their father, and they followed Him.

Healing for the Multitudes

23 And He was going throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, and healing every kind of sickness and every kind of disease among the people.  24 And the news of Him went out into all Syria; and they brought to Him all who were ill, taken with various diseases and torments, including demoniacs and epileptics and paralytics. And He healed them all25 And great multitudes followed Him from Galilee, Decapolis, Jerusalem, Judea, and from beyond the Jordan.

Notes

  1. Deut. 8:3
  2. Ps. 91:11-12
  3. Deut. 6:16
  4. Deut. 6:13
  5. Is. 9:1, 2
  6. Lit. Come after Me

 

The Beatitudes

And seeing the multitudes, He went up on the mountain; and when He was seated, His disciples came to Him. 

2And opening His mouth he began teaching them, saying:

“Blessed are the poor in spirit,
For theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are those who mourn,
For they shall be comforted.
Blessed are the humble,1
For they shall inherit the earth.
Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness,
For they shall be filled.2
Blessed are the merciful,
For they shall obtain mercy.
Blessed are the pure in heart,
For they shall see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers,
For they shall be called sons of God.
10 Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake,
For theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

11 “Blessed are you when men revile and persecute you, and say all kinds of evil against you falsely for My sake. 12 Rejoice and be exceedingly glad, for great is your reward in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

Salt and Light

13 “You are the salt of the earth; but if the salt has lost its flavor, how can it become salty again? It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown out and trampled underfoot by men. 14 “You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden. 15 Nor do they light a lamp and place it under a basket; instead, they place it on its stand,3 and it gives light to all who are in the house. 16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven.

Christ and the Law

17 “Do not think that I have come to destroy the Law or the Prophets: I have not come to destroy, but to fulfill. 18 For truly I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, not one iota or one serif will pass from the Law till all is fulfilled. 19 So then, whoever sets aside one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men to do the same, he shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20 For I say to you, unless your righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven.

Murder 

21 “You have heard that it was said by4 the men of long ago, ‘You shall not commit murder,’5 and ‘Whoever commits murder deserves to be condemned.’ 22 But I say to you that whoever is angry with his brother6 deserves to be condemned. And whoever says to his brother, ‘Raca!’,7 he deserves to be condemned by the Sanhedrin itself.8 But whoever says, ‘You fool!’—he deserves to depart into the Gehenna of fire.9 23 Therefore if you bring your gift10 to the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you, 24 leave your gift there, before the altar, and go your way. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift. 25 Make peace quickly with your adversary while you are still on the way with him, lest your adversary deliver you to the judge, and the judge hand you over to the officer, and you be thrown into prison. 26 Truly I say to you, you will by no means get out of there till you have paid the last cent.

Adultery 

27 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’11 28 But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman in order to lust after her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29 If your right eye causes you to stumble, tear it out and throw it from you; for it is more profitable for you that one of your members should perish, than that your whole body should be thrown into hell. 30 And if your right hand causes you to stumble, cut it off and throw it from you; for it is more profitable for you that one of your members should perish, than that your whole body should be thrown into hell.

Marriage 

31 “It was also said, ‘Whoever sends his wife away, let him give her a certificate of divorce.’12 32 But I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except on the grounds of sexual immorality, causes her to commit adultery; and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.

Oaths

33 “Again, you have heard that it was said by13 those of long ago, ‘You shall not swear falsely, but you shall fulfill your vows to the Lord.’ 34 But I say to you, do not swear at all: neither by heaven, for it is God’s throne; 35 nor by the earth, for it is the footstool of His feet; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King. 36 Neither shall you swear by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black. 37 You should simply say, “Yes, yes,” or “No, no.” Anything beyond these is from the evil one.

Enemies

38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’14 39 But I say to you, do not to resist an evil-doer. Instead, whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn to him the other as well. 40 And if anyone wants to sue you and take away your shirt, let him have your coat as well. 41 And whoever compels you to go one mile, go with him two. 42 Give to him who asks of you, and from him who wants to borrow from you, do not turn away.

43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor15 and hate your enemy.’ 44 But I say to you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, 45 so that you may be sons of your Father in heaven; for He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good, and He sends rain upon the righteous and the unrighteous. 46 For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? 47 And if you only greet your brothers, what are you doing more than anyone else? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? 48 Therefore, you shall be perfect, just as your heavenly Father is perfect.

Notes

  1. Or meek. In the Bible, the word connotes quiet, confident submission to the sovereign God on the part His people, who are often marginalized in the world.
  2. Or satisfied
  3. Lit. on the lampstand
  4. Or to
  5. Ex. 20:13;Deut. 5:17
  6. Some mss add without a cause
  7. Aramaic for “empty head” or “good for nothing”
  8. Or Sanhedrin
  9. Lit. the Gehenna of Fire. Gehenna was the smoldering garbage dump outside of Jerusalem
  10. Or offering
  11. Ex. 20:14; Deut. 5:18
  12. Deut. 24:1, 3
  13. Or to
  14. Lev. 24:20;Deut. 19:21
  15. See Lev. 19:18

 

Doing Good in Secret

“Beware of performing your ‘acts of righteousness’1 before men, in order to be seen by them. Otherwise you have no reward from your Father in heaven. Therefore, whenever you give to the poor, do not sound a trumpet before you as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, so as to receive the praise of men. Truly I say to you, they have their reward. But when you give to the poor, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, so that your giving may be done in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you Himself.2

The Lord’s Prayer

“And when you pray, do not be like the hypocrites. For they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and on the street corners, in order to be seen by men. Truly I say to you, they have their reward. 6 But as for you, when you pray, go into your inner3 room, and when you have shut your door, pray to your Father who is with you in secret; and your Father who sees in secret will reward you. And when you pray, do not use empty repetitions, as the Gentiles do, for they think they will be heard for their many words. Therefore do not be like them, for your Father knows the things you need before you ask Him.  Therefore, pray in this manner:

Our Father in heaven,
Hallowed be Your name.
10 Your kingdom come.
Your will be done,
On earth as it is in heaven.
11 Give us this day our daily bread.
12 And forgive us our debts
As we also have forgiven our debtors.
13 And lead us not into temptation,
But deliver us from the evil one.4

14 “For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. 15 But if you do not forgive men their trespasses,5 neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

Fasting 

16 “And whenever you fast, do not be like the hypocrites, looking sad and sullen; for they distort their faces in order to show men they are fasting. Truly I say to you, they have their reward. 17 But you, when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, 18 so that your fasting may not be seen by men, but by your Father who is with you in secret; and your Father who sees in secret will reward you.

Treasure in Heaven

19 “Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal; 20 but store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys, and where thieves do not break in and steal. 21 For where your treasure is, there your heart will be as well. 22 The lamp of the body is the eye. If therefore your eye is good, your whole body will be full of light. 23 But if your eye is bad, your whole body will be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in you is darkness, how great is that darkness! 24 No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or else he will hold to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and money.

Worry

25 “For this reason I say to you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink; nor about your body, what you will put on. Is not life more than food and the body more than clothing? 26 Look at the birds of the air, how they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns; and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not far more valued than they? 27 And which of you by worrying can add a single hour to his appointed span of life? 28 And why do you worry about clothing? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow: they neither toil nor spin; 29 and yet I say to you that even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. 30 But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which is alive today and tomorrow is thrown into the oven for fuel, will He not far more clothe you, you men of little faith? 31 Therefore do not worry, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we wear?’ 32 For the Gentiles are constantly seeking all these things—and7 your heavenly Father knows you need them all. 33 But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well. 34 Therefore do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own.8

Notes

  1. Lit. your righteousness
  2. Some mss add openly
  3. The word denotes an inner room of one’s house, hidden from the outside world
  4. Or evil. Some later mss add For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.
  5. Some ancient mss omit their trespasses
  6. Or add a single cubit to his stature
  7. Lit. for
  8. Lit. Sufficient for the day is its own troubles

 

Judging

“Do not pass judgment, so that you yourself may not be judged. For in the same way you judge,1 you too will be judged; and with the measure you use, it will be measured back to you. And why do you stare at the speck in your brother’s eye, but do not consider the beam in your own eye? Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me remove the speck from your eye,’ and behold, there is a beam in your own eye? O hypocrite, first remove the beam from your own eye, and then you will see clearly enough to remove the speck from your brother’s eye!

“Do not give what is holy to the dogs; and do not cast your pearls before the swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces.

Perseverance 

“Keep on asking, and it will be given to you; keep on seeking, and you will find; keep on knocking, and the door will be opened to you. For everyone who asks receives, and he who seeks finds, and to him who knocks, the door will be opened. Or what man among you, if his son asks him for bread, will give him a stone? 10 Or if he asks him for a fish, will he give him a snake? 11 If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give good things to those who ask Him! 12 Therefore in everything you must do to others2 as you would have them do to you, for this is the heart of the Law and the Prophets. 13 Enter by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and many are those who are entering through it. 14 How3 narrow is the gate and difficult the way that leads to life; and how few are those who find it!

False Prophets

15 “Beware of the false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravenous wolves.16 By their fruits you will know them. Do men gather grapes from thorn bushes, or figs from thistles? 17 Even so, every good tree bears good fruit, but a bad tree bears bad fruit. 18 A good tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a bad tree bear good fruit. 19 Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 20 So then, by their fruits you will know them. 21 Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only he who does the will of My Father in heaven. 22 Many will say to Me in that day, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in Your name, cast out demons in Your name, and do many wonders in Your name?’ 23 And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!’4

The Good Foundation 

24 “Therefore whoever hears these words of Mine and puts them into practice,5 he may be likened to a wise man who built his house upon the rock. 25 And the rains came down, the streams arose,6 and the winds blew and beat against that house; yet it did not fall, for it was founded upon the rock. 26 But everyone who hears these words of Mine and does not put them into practice, he may be likened to a foolish man who built his house upon the sand. 27 And the rains came down, the streams arose, and the winds blew and beat against that house; and it fell with a very great fall.”

28 And so it was, when Jesus had ended these sayings, that the multitudes were astonished at His teaching, 29 for He was teaching them as one having authority, and not as the scribes.

Notes

  1. Lit. For with the judgment you judge
  2. Lit. men
  3. Some mss For
  4. See Ps. 6:8
  5. Lit. and does them
  6. Lit. came

 

Christ the Healer 

And when he came down from the mountain, great multitudes followed Him. And behold, a leper came up to Him and knelt before Him, saying, “Lord, if You are willing, You can make me clean.” And He stretched out His hand and touched him, saying, “I am willing; be cleansed.” And immediately he was cleansed of his leprosy.1 And Jesus said to him, “See that you tell no one; but go, show yourself to the priest, and present the offering that Moses commanded, for a testimony to them.”

Now when He had entered Capernaum, a centurion came to Him, pleading with Him, saying, “Lord, my servant is lying at home paralyzed, dreadfully tormented.” And He said to him, “I will come and heal him.” But the centurion answered and said, “Lord, I am not worthy that You should come under my roof. But only speak a word, and my servant will be healed. For I too am a man under authority, and I myself have2 soldiers under me. And I say to this one, ‘Go,’ and he goes; and to another, ‘Come,’ and he comes; and to my servant, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.10 Now when Jesus heard that, He marveled, and said to those who followed, “Truly I say to you, I have found no one in Israel with such great faith!3 11 And I say to you that many will come from east and west, and recline at the table with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven. 12 But the sons of the kingdom will be cast into outer darkness. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” 13 Then Jesus said to the centurion, “Go your way; as you have believed, so let it be done for you.” And his servant was healed in that very hour.

14 Now when Jesus had come into Peter’s house, He saw his wife’s mother lying sick with a fever. 15 So He touched her hand, and the fever left her. And she arose and served Him.

16 And when evening had come, they brought to Him many who were demon-possessed. And He cast out the spirits with a word, and healed all who were sick, 17 in order that what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, “He Himself took up our infirmities
and carried away our diseases.”4

Discipleship

18 Now Jesus, seeing a crowd around Him, gave orders to depart to the other side of the sea19 And a certain scribe drew near and said to Him, “Teacher, I will follow You wherever You go.” 20 And Jesus said to him, “The foxes have holes and the birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head.” 21 Then another of the5 disciples said to Him, “Lord, let me first go and bury my father.” 22 But Jesus said to him, “Follow Me, and let the dead bury their own dead.”

Lord of Wind and Sea 

23 And when He got into the boat, His disciples followed Him. 24 And behold, a great windstorm arose upon the sea, so that the boat was covered with the waves. But He himself was asleep. 25 So they6 came to Him and woke Him up, saying, “Lord, save us! We’re perishing!” 26 But He said to them, “Why are you fearful, you men of little faith?” Then He arose and rebuked the winds and the sea, and a great calm came over the waters. 27 And the men marveled, saying, “What sort of man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey Him?”

Satan Cast Out

28 When He had come to the other side and entered into the country of the Gadarenes, two demon-possessed men, coming out of the tombs, met Him; men so extremely violent that no one could pass by that way. 29 And behold, they cried out, saying, “What do you want with us,7 O Son of God? Have You come here to torment us before the time?” 30 Now a good way off from them was a herd of many swine, feeding. 31 So the demons begged Him, saying, “If You cast us out, send us into the herd of swine.” 32 And He said to them, “Begone!” And when they had come out, they went into the herd of swine. And behold, the whole herd rushed down the steep bank into the sea, and perished in the waters. 33 Then those who were tending them fled; and they went away into the city and reported everything, including what had happened to the demon-possessed men. 34 And behold, the whole city came out to meet Jesus. And when they saw Him, they pleaded with Him to depart from their region.

Notes

  1. Lit. his leprosy was cleansed
  2. Lit. having soldiers
  3. Many mss I have not found such great faith, not even in Israel.
  4. Is. 53:4
  5. Many mss His
  6. Some mss the disciples, His disciples
  7. Lit. “What to us to you?” Hebrew idiom meaning, “What have I done to you that you should do this to me?” Or “That is your business, how does it affect me?”

 

A Paralytic Healed

And getting into a boat, He crossed over and came to His own city. And behold, some men were bringing Him a paralytic lying on a bed. So Jesus, seeing their faith, said to the paralytic, “Son, take heart; your sins are forgiven you.” And behold, some of the scribes said among themselves, “This Man blasphemes!” But Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said, “Why do you entertain evil in your hearts? For which is easier: to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven you’, or to say, ‘Arise and walk’? But in order that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins,”—and then He said to the paralytic—“Arise, take up your bed, and go to your house.” And he arose and departed to his house. Now when the multitudes saw this, they were struck with fear and glorified God, who had given such authority to men.

A Tax Collector Called

And as Jesus passed on from there, He saw a man named Matthew sitting in the tax-collector’s booth. And He said to him, “Follow Me.” So he arose and followed Him. 10 Now it happened that as Jesus reclined at the table in the house, behold, many tax collectors and sinners came and reclined along with Him and His disciples. 11 And when the Pharisees saw it, they said to His disciples, “Why is your Teacher eating with the tax collectors and sinners?” 12 Now when Jesus heard that, He said to them, “Those who are well have no need of a physician, only those who are sick. 13 But go and learn what this means: ‘I desire mercy and not sacrifice.’1 For I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners.”

Fasting

14 Then the disciples of John came to Him, saying, “Why do we and the Pharisees often2 fast, but Your disciples do not fast at all?” 15 And Jesus said to them, “Can the friends3 of the bridegroom mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them? But the days will come when the bridegroom has been taken from them, and then they will fast. 16 No one puts a patch of unshrunk cloth on an old garment, for the patch pulls away from the garment and the tear is made worse. 17 Nor do men put new wine into old wineskins, or else the wineskins burst, the wine is spilled, and the wineskins are ruined. Instead, they put new wine into new wineskins, and both are preserved.”

Two Women Healed

18 While He was telling them these things, behold, a ruler of the synagogue came and knelt before Him, saying, “My daughter has just died; but come and lay Your hand on her and she will live.” 19 So Jesus rose and followed him, and so did His disciples. 20 And behold, a woman who had suffered a discharge of blood for twelve years came up behind Him and grasped the hem of His outer garment. 21 For she was saying to herself, “If I simply grasp His cloak, I will be made well.” 22 But Jesus, turning around and seeing her, said, “Daughter, take courage; your faith has made you well!”4 And from that very hour the woman was healed. 23 And when Jesus came into the ruler’s house and saw the flute players, and the noisy, wailing crowd, 24 He said to them, “Go home, for the girl is not dead, but sleeping.” And they began laughing at Him. 25 But when the crowd was put outside, He went in and took her by the hand; and the girl arose. 26 And the news of this went out into that entire region.

Two Blind Men See

27 And as Jesus went on from there, two blind men followed Him, crying out and saying, “Have mercy on us, O Son of David!” 28 And when He had come into the house, the blind men came up to Him. And Jesus said to them, “Do you believe that I am able to do this?” They said to Him, “Yes, Lord.” 29 Then He touched their eyes, saying, “According to your faith, let it be done to you.” 30 And their eyes were opened. And Jesus sternly warned them, saying, “See that no one knows of this!” 31 But once they had gone out, they spread the news about Him throughout that entire region.

A Mute Man Speaks

32 And as they were going forth, behold, they brought to Him a man who was mute and demon-possessed. 33 And when the demon was cast out, the mute man spoke. And the multitudes marveled, saying, “Nothing like this was ever seen in Israel!” 34 But the Pharisees kept saying, “He is casting out demons by the ruler of the demons.”

The Compassion of Christ

35 And Jesus was going about to all the cities and the villages, teaching in their synagogues, proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, and healing every kind of disease and infirmity. 36 And seeing the multitudes, He was moved with compassion for them, because they were harassed and helpless,5 like sheep without a shepherd. 37 Then He said to His disciples, “The harvest is indeed plentiful, but the laborers are few. 38 Therefore beseech the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers into His harvest.”

Notes

  1. Hos. 6:6
  2. Some mss omit often
  3. Lit. sons of the wedding hall
  4. Lit. saved you
  5. Or downcast

 

The Twelve Sent Out

10 And having called His twelve disciples to Himself, He gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every kind of disease and infirmity. Now these are the names of the twelve apostles: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus; Simon the Cananean, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him. These twelve Jesus sent out, having given them instructions, saying: “Do not set foot on the road to Gentile lands; and do not enter any city of the Samaritans. But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. And as you go, proclaim this message, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.’1 Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons. Freely you have received, freely give. Do not supply yourselves with gold or silver or copper for your money belts; 10 or with a bag for your journey, or with two tunics, or extra sandals, or a staff; for the worker is worthy of his keep.2 11 “Now in whatever city or town you enter, inquire about who is worthy, and stay with him3 till you leave. 12 And when you enter the household, greet it. 13 If the household is worthy, let your peace4 come upon it. But if it is not worthy, let your peace return to you. 14 And whoever will not receive you or hear your words, when you depart from that house or city, shake off the dust from your feet. 15 Truly I say to you, in the Day of Judgment it will be more bearable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah than for that city!

The Twelve Warned 

16 “Behold, I am sending you out as sheep in the midst of wolves. Therefore be wise as serpents and innocent as doves. 17 But beware of men, for they will hand you over to the councils and scourge you in their synagogues. 18 You will even be brought before governors and kings for My sake, as a testimony to them and the Gentiles. 19 But when they deliver you up, do not worry beforehand about how or what you should speak. For what you should speak will be given you in that very hour; 20 for it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father who speaks through5 you. 21 Now brother will deliver up brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against their parents and cause them to be put to death. 22 And you will be hated by all men for My name’s sake. But he who endures to the end will be saved. 23 And whenever they persecute you in this city, flee to the next.6 For truly I say to you, you will not finish going through the cities of Israel before the Son of Man comes. 24 “A disciple is not above his teacher, nor a servant above his master. 25 It is enough for a disciple to be like his teacher, and a servant to be like his master. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebul, how much more the members7 of his household! 26 Therefore do not fear them. For there is nothing covered that will not be revealed, and nothing hidden that will not be made known.

The Fear of God

27 “What I tell you in the dark, speak it in the light; and what you hear whispered in the ear, proclaim it on the housetops. 28 And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. But rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. 29 Are not two sparrows sold for a copper coin? And yet not one of them falls to the ground apart from your Father. 30 But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. 31 Therefore, do not fear: You are of more value than many sparrows. 32 Therefore everyone who confesses Me before men, him I will also confess before My Father who is in heaven. 33 But whoever denies Me before men, him I will also deny before My Father who is in heaven.

Not Peace, but a Sword

34 “Do not think that I came to bring peace on earth; I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. 35 For I have come to ‘set a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law’; 36 and ‘a man’s enemies will be the members7 of his own household.’”8 37 He who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me. And he who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me. 38 And he who does not take up his cross and follow after Me is not worthy of Me. 39 He who finds his life will lose it, and he who loses his life for My sake will find it.

Receiving Christ

40 “He who receives you receives Me, and he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me. 41 He who receives a prophet because he is a prophet9 shall receive a prophet’s reward. And he who receives a righteous man because he is a righteous man shall receive a righteous man’s reward. 42 And whoever gives even a cup of cold water to one of these little ones because he is a disciple, truly I say to you, he shall by no means lose his reward.”

Notes

  1. Lit. has drawn near
  2. Lit. food, nourishment
  3. Lit. there
  4. Or shalom or greeting of peace
  5. Lit. in
  6. Lit. the other
  7. Lit. those
  8. Mic. 7:6
  9. Lit. in the name of a prophet, etc.

 

John Inquires of Jesus

11 And when Jesus had finished instructing His twelve disciples, it came to pass that He departed from there to teach and to preach in their cities. Now John, having heard in prison about the works of Christ, sent word by his disciples; and he said to Him, “Are You the One who is to Come, or should we look for another?” And Jesus answered and said to them, “Go and tell John the things that you hear and see: The blind receive their sight and the lame walk; the lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear; the dead are raised to life and the poor have the gospel preached to them. And blessed is the man who takes no offense because of Me.”1

And as these men were departing, Jesus began to speak to the multitudes concerning John: “What did you go out into the wilderness to watch: a reed shaken by the wind? But if not that, what did you go out to see: a man dressed in fine clothes? Behold, those who wear fine clothes are found in kings’ palaces.2 What then did you go out to see: a prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet. 10 For this is he of whom it is written: ‘Behold, I send My messenger before Your face, the one who will prepare Your way before You.’3 11Truly I say to you, among those born of women there has not arisen anyone greater than John the Baptizer; nevertheless, he who is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he. 12 And from the days of John the Baptizer until now the kingdom of heaven has been forcefully advancing, and forceful men are taking hold of it. 13 For all the prophets and the Law prophesied until John. 14 And if you are willing to accept it, he himself is Elijah who was to come. 15 He who has ears to hear, let him hear!

16 “But to what shall I liken this generation? It is like children sitting in the marketplaces, calling out to their playmates and saying,

17‘We played the flute for you,
And you did not dance;
We sang a dirge for you,
And you did not beat your breasts!’

18 For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, ‘He has a demon.’ 19 The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Look, a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ But wisdom is vindicated by the things she does.”4

Two Cities of Woe

20 Then He began to denounce the cities in which most of His works of power had been performed, because they did not repent: 21 “Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the works of power that were performed in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. 22 Moreover,5 I say to you that in the Day of Judgment it will be more bearable for Tyre and Sidon than for you. 23 And as for you, Capernaum, you refuse to be exalted to heaven, do you not? Therefore, you will be brought down to Hades! For if the works of power that were done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this very day. 24 Moreover, I say to you that in the Day of Judgment it will be more bearable for the land of Sodom than for you.”

True Rest

25 At that time Jesus answered and said, “I thank You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these things from the wise and learned, and have revealed them to babes. 26 Yes, Father, for thus it was well-pleasing in Your sight. 27 All things have been handed over to Me by My Father. And no one knows the Son except the Father; nor does anyone know the Father except the Son, and those to whom the Son is willing to reveal Him.28 Come to Me, all you who are weary6 and burdened down, and I will give you rest. 29 Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30 For My yoke is easy7 and My load is light.”

Notes

  1. Lit. And blessed is whoever is not made to stumble by me
  2. Lit. houses
  3. Mal. 3:1
  4. Lit. her works
  5. Or but, nevertheless
  6. Or labor, toil (to the point of exhaustion)
  7. Or mild, pleasant

 

The Lord of the Sabbath

12 At that time Jesus went through the grain fields on the Sabbath; and His disciples were hungry, and they began to pick the heads of grain and eat. But when the Pharisees saw it, they said to Him, “Look, Your disciples are doing what is not lawful on the Sabbath!” But He said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him: how he entered the house of God and ate the consecrated bread which was not lawful for him to eat, or for those who were with him, but only for the priests? Or have you not read in the Law that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple break1 the Sabbath, and yet they are without guilt? But I say to you that something2 greater than the temple is here. And if you had known what this means—‘I desire mercy and not sacrifice’3— you would not have condemned the guiltless. For the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.”

And departing from there, He entered into their synagogue. 10 And behold, a man with a withered hand was inside. And the Pharisees questioned Him, saying, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”—so that they might accuse Him. 11 And He said to them, “What man among you, owning one sheep, would not take hold of it and lift it up if it fell into a pit on the Sabbath? 12 And how much more valuable is a man than a sheep! Therefore, it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath.” 13 Then He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And he stretched it out and it was restored to health, just like the other. 14 Then the Pharisees went out and plotted against Him, how they might put Him to death.

The Patience of the Christ 

15 But knowing this, Jesus withdrew from there. And many4 followed Him, and He healed them all, 16 warning them not to make Him known, 17 so that what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled, saying:

18 “Behold! My Servant whom I have chosen,
My Beloved in whom My soul is well pleased!
I will put My Spirit upon Him
And He will proclaim justice5 to the nations.
19 He will neither quarrel nor cry out,
Nor will anyone hear His voice in the streets.
20 A bruised reed He will not break off
And a dimly burning wick He will not extinguish,
Till He sends forth judgment to victory.
21 And in His name the Gentiles will place their hope.”6

The Unpardonable Sin

22 Then there was brought to Him a demon-possessed man, blind and mute; and He healed him, so that the mute both spoke and saw. 23 And all the multitudes were amazed and said, “Could this be the Son of David?” 24 But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, “This man does not cast out demons except by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons.” 25 But knowing their thoughts, Jesus said to them: “Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to destruction; and every city or house divided against itself will not stand. 26 And if Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand? 27 And if I cast out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore, they shall be your judges. 28 But if I cast out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you. 29 How else can someone enter the strong man’s house and plunder his goods, unless he first ties up the strong man? Only7 then will he plunder his house. 30 He who is not with Me is against Me, and he who does not gather with Me scatters far and wide. 31 “Therefore I say to you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven. 32 And whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, neither in this age nor in the age to come.

Tend First to the Tree 

33 “Either make the tree good and its fruit good, or else make the tree bad and its fruit bad; for the tree is known by its fruit. 34 Offspring of vipers! How can you, being evil, speak good things? For out of that which fills the heart the mouth speaks. 35 The good man out of his good treasure brings forth good things; and the evil man out of his evil treasure brings forth evil things. 36 Moreover, I say to you that in the Day of Judgment men will give an account for every thoughtless8 word they speak. 37 For by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned.”

The Sign of Jonah

38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered, saying, “Teacher, we desire to see a sign from You.” 39 But He answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation keeps seeking after a sign; yet no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so shall the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 41 The men of Nineveh will rise up in the Judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and behold, a greater than Jonah is here. 42 The Queen of the South will rise up in the Judgment with this generation and condemn it, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and behold, a greater than Solomon is here.

Woe to a Wicked Generation 

43 “Now when an unclean spirit goes out of a man, it passes through waterless places seeking rest; and it finds none. 44 Then it says, ‘I will return to my house from which I came.’ And when it arrives, it finds the house empty, swept clean, and set in order. 45 Then it goes and takes along with it seven other spirits more wicked than itself, and they go in and live there; and the final condition of that man becomes worse than the first. So shall it also be with this wicked generation.”

Jesus’ True Family 

46 While He was still speaking to the multitudes, behold, His mother and brothers stood outside, seeking to speak with Him. 47 Then someone said to Him, “Look, Your mother and Your brothers are standing outside, seeking to speak with You.” 48 But in reply He said to the one who told Him, “Who is My mother and who are My brothers?” 49 And stretching out His hand towards His disciples, He said, “Behold My mother and My brothers! 50 For whoever does the will of My Father in heaven is My brother and sister and mother.”

Notes

  1. Lit. desecrate, profane
  2. 2. Or One who is
  3. Hos. 6:6
  4. Many mss And great crowds
  5. Or judgment
  6. Is. 42:1–4
  7. Lit. And
  8. Lit. lazy, careless; possibly worthless

 

The Parable of the Sower

13 On the same day Jesus went out of the house and was sitting by the sea. And great multitudes gathered around Him, so much so that He got into a boat and sat down; and the whole multitude was standing on the shore. And He spoke many things to them in parables, saying: “Behold, a1 sower went out to sow. And as he sowed, some seed fell by the roadside; and the birds came and devoured them. And others fell on rocky places, where they did not have much soil; and immediately they sprang up because their soil had no depth. But after the sun had risen the seedlings were scorched; and because they had no root they withered away. And others fell among thorn bushes, and the thorn bushes sprang up and choked the plants.2 But others fell on good ground and yielded a crop: some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty. He who has ears to hear, let him hear!”

The Purpose of Parables

10 And the disciples came and said to Him, “Why are you speaking to them in parables?” 11 And He answered and said to them, “Because to you it has been given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given. 12 For whoever has, to him more will be given, and he will have an abundance; but whoever does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him. 13 Therefore I speak to them in parables, because seeing, they do not see, and hearing, they do not hear, nor do they understand.14 And in them the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled, which says:

‘Hearing you will hear, yet never understand,
And seeing you will see, yet never perceive;
15 For the hearts of this people have grown dull.
Their ears are hard of hearing,
And their eyes they have closed,
Lest they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears,
Lest they should understand with their hearts and return,
And I should heal them.’3

16 “But blessed are your eyes because they see; and blessed are your ears because they hear; 17 for truly I say to you that many prophets and righteous men desired to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.

The Parable of the Sower Explained

18 “Listen, then, to what the parable of the sower means: 19 When anyone hears the word about the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. This is the seed sown along the roadside. 20 As for the seed sown in rocky places, this is he who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy; 21 yet he has no root in himself, but remains only for a little while. For when tribulation or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he falls away. 22 The seed sown among the thorn bushes is he who hears the word, but the cares of this age and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, so that it becomes unfruitful. 23 But the seed sown in the good soil is he who hears the word and understands it; who does indeed bear fruit and yield a crop, sometimes a hundredfold, sometimes sixty, and sometimes thirty.”

The Parable of the Wheat and the Tares

24 Another parable He put forth to them, saying: “The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field; 25 but while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares4 among the wheat and went his way. 26 But when the wheat sprang up and formed heads,5 the tares appeared as well. 27 So the servants of the land owner came and said to him, ‘Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have tares?’ 28 And he said to them, ‘An enemy has done this.’ The servants said to him, ‘Then do you want us to go and gather them up?’29 But he said, ‘No, lest while you gather up the tares you also uproot the wheat with them. 30 Let both grow together until the harvest; and at the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, “First gather together the tares and tie them in bundles to be burned; and then gather the wheat into my barn.”’”

The Parable of the Mustard Seed

31 Another parable He put forth to them, saying: “The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in his field. 32 Though it is indeed the smallest of all seeds, yet when full grown it is the largest of the garden plants, and becomes a tree, so that the wild birds6 come and nest in its branches.”7

The Parable of the Leaven

33 Another parable He spoke to them: “The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal till all of it was leavened.”

34 All these things Jesus spoke to the multitude in parables; and without a parable He did not speak to them,35 so that what was spoken through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, “I will open My mouth in parables; I will utter things kept secret from the foundation of the world.”8

The Parable of the Tares Explained

36 Then He dismissed9 the multitudes and went into the house. And His disciples came to Him, saying, “Explain to us the parable of the tares of the field.” 37 So He answered and said to them: “He who sows the good seed is the Son of Man, 38 and the field is the world. The good seeds are the sons of the kingdom, and the tares are the sons of the evil one. 39 The enemy who sowed them is the devil, the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are the angels. 40 Therefore just as the tares are gathered up and burned in the fire, so will it be at the end of the age. 41 The Son of Man will send forth His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom everything that offends, including those who practice lawlessness, 42 and He will cast them into the furnace of fire. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 43 Then the righteous will shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father.10 He who has ears to hear, let him hear!

The Parable of the Hidden Treasure

44 “The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field, which a man found and hid; and for joy over it he goes and sells all that he has and buys that field.

The Parable of the Pearl of Great Price

45 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant who went in search of fine pearls: 46 When he had found a single pearl of great value, he went and sold all that he had, and bought it.

The Parable of the Dragnet

47 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a dragnet that was cast into the sea, and that gathered in fish of every kind. 48 And when it was full, they drew it up to the shore, and sat down and collected the good fish in baskets, but threw away the bad. 49 So it will be at the end of the age: the angels will come forth, separate the wicked from among the righteous, 50 and cast them into the furnace of fire. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.”

51 “Have you understood all these things?” They said to Him, “Yes.” 52 Then He said to them, “Therefore every scribe who has been instructed concerning the kingdom of heaven11 may be likened to the master of a household who brings out of his treasury things new and old.”

A Prophet Without Honor 

53 Now it came to pass that when Jesus had finished these parables He departed from there. 54 And having returned to His hometown,12 He began teaching the people in their synagogue. As a result, they were astonished and said among themselves, “Where did this man get such wisdom and such miraculous powers? 55 Is this not the carpenter’s son? Is not His mother called Mary? And are not His brothers called James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas? 56 And as for His sisters, are they not all with us? Where then did this man get all these things?” 57 And they took offense at Him. But Jesus said to them, “A prophet is not without honor except in his own town13 and his own house.” 58 And He did not do many works of power there because of their unbelief.

Notes

  1. Lit. The
  2. Lit. them
  3. Is. 6:9, 10
  4. Lit. darnel, a poisonous weed resembling wheat
  5. Lit. produced fruit
  6. Lit. birds of the air (vs. domestic birds)
  7. See Ezek. 31:5
  8. Ps. 78:2
  9. Or left
  10. See Dan. 12:3
  11. Or who has been trained (discipled) for the kingdom of heaven
  12. Or home territory
  13. Or part of the country

John Beheaded

14 At that time Herod the tetrarch heard the reports about Jesus and said to his servants, “This is John the Baptizer; he has risen from the dead, and that is why these powers are at work in him.” For when Herod had arrested John, he bound him and put him in prison on account of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife. For John repeatedly had told him, “It is not lawful for you to have her.” And though Herod wanted to put him to death, he feared the multitude, because they took John to be prophet. But when Herod’s birthday arrived, the daughter of Herodias danced before them and pleased Herod, so much so that he promised with an oath to give her whatever she might ask. And having been prompted by her mother, she said, “Give me the head of John the Baptizer here on a platter.” And though he was grieved, the king commanded it to be given to her because of the oaths he had sworn, and because of those who reclined with him at the table. 10 So he sent word and had John beheaded in prison. 11 And his head was brought on a platter and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother. 12 Then John’s disciples came and carried away the body and buried it; and they went and reported the news to Jesus.

Food for Five Thousand

13 Now when Jesus heard of this, He withdrew from there by boat to an isolated place to be by Himself. But when the multitudes heard about it, they followed Him on foot from the cities. 14 And as He got out of the boat, He saw a great multitude; and He was moved with compassion for them, and He healed their sick. 15 Now when it was evening, His disciples came to Him, saying, “This place is uninhabited, and the hour is already late. Send the multitudes away, so they can go into the villages and buy themselves food.” 16 But Jesus said to them, “They needn’t go away; you give them something to eat.” 17 So they said to Him, “We have here only five loaves and two fish.” 18 He said, “Bring them here to Me.” 19 And ordering the multitudes to sit down on the grass, He took the five loaves and the two fish, looked up into heaven, and spoke a blessing. Then, having broken the loaves, He distributed the food to the disciples, and the disciples to the multitudes. 20 So they all ate and were filled.1 And they took up twelve baskets full of the fragments that remained. 21 Now those who had eaten were about five thousand men, besides women and children.

A Walk on the Sea

22 And immediately He made the disciples get into the boat and go ahead of Him to the other side, while He sent the multitudes away. 23 And when He had sent them away, He went up on the mountain by Himself to pray. And when evening came, He was still there, all alone. 24 But the boat was now many stadia from the land, and being battered2 by the waves, for the wind was against them. 25 Now in the fourth watch of the night Jesus came to them, walking on the sea. 26 And when the disciples saw Him walking on the sea, they were deeply distressed, saying, “It’s a ghost!” And they cried out for fear. 27 But immediately Jesus spoke to them, saying, “Take courage! It is I; don’t be afraid!”

28 And Peter answered Him and said, “Lord, if it really is You, command me to come to You on the water.” 29 So He said, “Come.” And when he had gotten down out of the boat, Peter walked on the water and came towards Jesus. 30 But when he saw the high winds,3 he grew fearful; and beginning to sink, he cried out, saying, “Lord, save me!” 31 Immediately Jesus stretched out His hand and took hold of him. And He said to him, “O man of little faith, why did you doubt?” 32 And when they got into the boat, the wind ceased. 33 Then those who were in the boat knelt down before Him, saying, “Truly, You are the Son of God!”

The Touch that Heals 

34 When they had crossed over, they landed at Gennesaret. 35 And when the men of that place recognized Him, they sent messengers into the entire surrounding region. Then the people brought to Him all who were sick; 36 and they begged Him that they might simply touch the edge of His cloak. And all who touched it were healed.

Notes

  1. Or satisfied
  2. Lit. tormented
  3. Lit. strong wind; some mss omit strong

 

God, Law, and Tradition

15 Then certain Pharisees and scribes from Jerusalem came to Jesus, saying, “Why do Your disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat bread.” But in reply He said to them, “Why do you yourselves1 transgress the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition? For God said,2 ‘Honor your father and your mother’;3 and also, ‘He who curses his father or mother, let him be put to death.’4 But you say, ‘Whoever says to his father or mother, “Anything of mine by which you might have been helped has been dedicated as a gift to God,” he need not honor his father.’5 Thus you have nullified the Word of God for the sake of your tradition. Hypocrites! Well did Isaiah prophesy concerning you, saying: ‘These people6 honor Me with their lips, but their heart is far from Me. Moreover, they worship Me in vain, teaching as doctrines of God the commandments of men.’ ”

Defilement is from Within 

10 And having called the multitude to Himself, He said to them, “Hear and understand: 11 It is not what enters into the mouth that defiles a man, but what comes out of the mouth; that is what defiles a man.” 12 Then the disciples came up and said to Him, “Do You know that the Pharisees were offended when they heard this saying?” 13 But He answered and said, “Every plant that My heavenly Father has not planted will be uprooted. 14 Leave them alone.7 They are blind guides; and if the blind leads the blind, both will fall into a pit.” 15 Then Peter answered and said to Him, “Explain the parable to us.” 16 So He said, “After all this, are you too without understanding? 17 Do you not understand that everything going into the mouth enters the stomach and is eliminated? 18 But the things that proceed out of the mouth come from the heart, and those things defile the man. 19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, sexual sins, thefts, false witness, and slanders.8 20 These are the things that defile a man; but to eat with unwashed hands does not defile a man.”

Amazing Faith 

21 Then Jesus departed from there and withdrew into the region of Tyre and Sidon. 22 And behold, a Canaanite woman from that region came forth, crying out and saying, “Have mercy on me, O Lord, Son of David! My daughter is cruelly tormented by a demon.” 23 But He answered her not a word. And His disciples came up to Him and pleaded with Him, saying, “Send her away, for she keeps crying out after us.” 24 But He answered and said, “I have not been sent to any except the lost sheep of the house of Israel.” 25 And having come up to Him, she knelt before Him, saying, “Lord, help me!” 26 But He answered and said, “It is not right to take the children’s bread and throw it to their pet dogs.9 27 But she said, “Yes, Lord, but even their dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their masters’ table.” 28 Then Jesus answered and said to her, “O woman, great is your faith! Let it be done for you as you desire.” And her daughter was healed from that very hour.

Multitudes Healed

29 And departing from there, Jesus travelled alongside the Sea of Galilee; and having gone up into the mountain, He sat down there. 30 Then great multitudes came to Him, bringing with them those who were lame, crippled, blind, and mute, along with many others. And they laid them down at His feet, and He healed them. 31 So the multitude marveled when they saw the mute speaking, the crippled restored to health, the lame walking, and the blind seeing; and they glorified the God of Israel.

The Feeding of the Four Thousand

32 Now Jesus called His disciples to Himself and said, “I am concerned for the multitude, because they have stayed with Me now for three days and have nothing to eat. And I am unwilling to send them away hungry, lest they grow faint along the way.” 33 Then His disciples said to Him, “Where in this deserted place could we get enough bread to satisfy so great a multitude?” 34 Jesus said to them, “How many loaves do you have?” And they said, “Seven, and a few small fish.” 35 So having commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground, 36 He took the seven loaves and the fish; and when He had given thanks, He broke them and began handing them out to His disciples, and the disciples to the multitude. 37 So they all ate and were satisfied; and they took up the fragments that were left over, seven large baskets full. 38 Now those who ate were four thousand men, besides women and children. 39 And sending the multitude away, He got into the boat and came to the region of Magadan.

Notes

  1. Or also
  2. Many mss issued a command, saying. .
  3. Ex. 20:12
  4. Ex. 21:17
  5. Many mss add or mother.
  6. Lit. This people; Is. 29:13
  7. Or Leave them!
  8. Or blasphemies
  9. The Greek word denotes house or lap dogs, rather than street dogs

 

Blind to the Signs 

16 And the Pharisees and Sadducees came up to Him, putting Him to the test, asking that He show them a sign from heaven. But He answered and said to them, “When it is evening you say, ‘It will be fair weather, for the sky is red’; and in the morning, ‘It will be stormy today, for the sky is red and threatening.’ You know how to discern the face of the sky, but you cannot discern the signs of the times! An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, but no sign shall be given to it, except the sign of Jonah.” And He left them and went away.

Beware the Leaven of the Pharisees!

Now the disciples arrived at the other side of the sea, but they had forgotten to take bread. And Jesus said to them, “Watch out and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the Sadducees.” And they reasoned among themselves, saying, “He is saying this because we have brought no bread.” But Jesus, aware of their conversation, said to them, “O men of little faith! Why do you talk among yourselves about having no bread? Do you not yet understand or remember the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many baskets of fragments you took up? 10 Or the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many large baskets of fragments you took up? 11 How is it you do not understand that I was not speaking to you concerning bread? Nevertheless, I will say it again: Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees!” 12 Then they understood that He was not telling them to beware of the leaven in bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

Peter’s Good Confession

13 Now when Jesus came into the region of Caesarea Philippi, He inquired of His disciples, saying, “Who do men say that the Son of Man is?” 14 So they replied, “Some say John the Baptizer; and others, Elijah; but still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.” 15 He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” 16 Simon Peter answered and said, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God!” 17 And Jesus answered and said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven. 18 And I also say to you that you are Peter,1 and upon this rock2 I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it. 19 And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatever you bind on earth will have been bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will have been loosed in heaven.”3 20 Then He commanded His disciples that they should tell no one He was the Christ.

Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection

21 From that time on Jesus began to show to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised up on the third day. 22 So Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him, saying, “God forbid it, Lord;4 this shall never happen to You!” 23 But He turned and said to Peter, “Get behind Me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to Me, for you have not set your mind on the things of God, but on the things of men.”

24 Then Jesus said to His disciples, “If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself and take up his cross, and follow Me. 25 For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake will find it. 26 For what will it profit a man if he gains the whole world, and loses his own soul? Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul? 27 For the Son of Man will come in the glory of His Father with all His angels, and will then recompense every man according to his deeds. 28 But I tell you the truth: Some of you who are standing here will not taste death till they have seen the Son of Man coming in His kingdom.”

Notes

  1. Greek petros, a stone
  2. Greek petra, large rock, bedrock
  3. Or possibly will be bound . . . will be loosed. Broadly, binding and loosing refer to the apostle’s God-given ecclesiastical authority, whether to require or permit, retain or remit (sins), include or exclude (sinners, based on their faith), etc.
  4. Lit. (God show) mercy to You, Lord!

 

The Transfiguration 

17 And six days later Jesus took with him Peter, James, and John his brother, and led them up into a high mountain by themselves. And there He was transfigured before them; and His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light. And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him. Then Peter answered and said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, I will make here three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.” But while he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and behold, a voice coming out of the cloud, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Listen to Him!” And when the disciples heard that, they fell to the ground on their faces and were greatly afraid. But Jesus came to them, touched them, and said, “Arise, and don’t be afraid.” And lifting up their eyes, they saw no one but Jesus Himself, standing alone.

Now as they were coming down from the mountain, Jesus commanded them, saying, “Tell the vision to no one until the Son of Man has risen from the dead.” 10 And His disciples questioned Him, saying, “Why then do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?” 11 Answering them, He said, “Elijah does indeed come first and will restore all things. 12 But I say to you that Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him but did to him whatever they wished. In the same way the Son of Man is about to suffer at their hands.” 13 Then the disciples understood that He had been speaking to them about John the Baptizer.

Healing and Faith

14 And when they had come to the multitude, a man approached Him, knelt down before Him, and said, 15 “Lord, have mercy on my son, for he is an epileptic1 and suffers terribly; for he often falls into the fire, and often into the water. 16 And I brought him to Your disciples, but they could not heal him.” 17 Then Jesus answered and said, “O unbelieving and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? How long shall I bear with you? Bring him here to Me.” 18 And Jesus rebuked the demon,2 and it came out of him; and from that very hour the child was healed. 19 Then the disciples came to Jesus privately and said, “Why could we not cast it out?” 20 And He said to them, “Because your faith is so small; for truly I say to you, if you have faith no bigger than a mustard seed,3 you will say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move; and nothing will be impossible for you. 21 (However, this kind does not go out except by prayer and fasting.)”4

Jesus Again Predicts His Death and Resurrection

22 Now while they were gathering together in Galilee, Jesus said to them, “The Son of Man is about to be delivered5 into the hands of men, 23 and they will kill Him, and He will be raised up on the third day.” And they were deeply distressed.

The Sons are Free 

24 And when they had come to Capernaum, those who collect the temple tax6 came up to Peter and said, “Doesn’t your teacher pay the temple tax?” 25 He said, “Yes, he does.” But when Peter came into the house, Jesus spoke to him first,7 saying, “What do you think, Simon? From whom do the kings of the earth receive customs or taxes: from their sons or from foreigners?” 26 Peter said to Him, “From foreigners.” Now when Peter said, “From foreigners,” Jesus said to him, “Then the sons are free. 27 Nevertheless, lest we offend them, go down to the sea, throw in a hook, and take the fish that comes up first. And when you have opened its mouth, you will find a stater.8 Take that and give it to them for Me and you.”

Notes

  1. Lit. moonstruck
  2. Lit. him
  3. Lit. as a mustard seed
  4. Many mss omit this verse
  5. Or betrayed
  6. Lit. the two drachma tax, equivalent to two days wages and used for the maintenance of the temple
  7. Or anticipated what he was about to say, saying.
  8. A stater was the exact amount necessary to pay the temple tax for two people

 

True Greatness

18 At that time the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Who then is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?” So he called a little child to Himself, and set him in the midst of them, and said, “Truly I say to you, unless you are converted1 and become like little children, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven.Therefore, whoever humbles himself like this little child, he is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven. And whoever receives one such little child in My name receives Me. But whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to stumble into sin, it would be better for him if a great millstone2 were hung around his neck, and he were drowned in the depths of the open sea.

7 “Woe to the world because of its stumbling blocks! For it is indeed necessary that stumbling blocks should come, but woe to that man through whom they come! And if your hand or your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off and throw it from you; it is better for you to enter into life crippled or lame than to have two hands or two feet and be cast into the eternal fire. And if your eye causes you to stumble, pluck it out and throw it from you; it is better for you to enter into life with one eye than to have two eyes and be cast into the Gehenna of fire.

The Parable of the Lost Sheep

10 “See to it that you do not despise one of these little ones, for I say to you that in heaven their angels behold the face of My heavenly Father at all times.3 12 What do you think? If a man has a hundred sheep, and one of them goes astray, does he not leave the ninety-nine in the mountains and go and seek for the one that has strayed? 13 And if in fact he finds it, truly I say to you, he rejoices more over that one sheep than over the ninety-nine that did not stray. 14 Just so, it is not the will of your Father in heaven that one of these little ones should perish.

The Road to Reconciliation 

15 “If your brother is sinning,4 go and reprove him for his fault in private;5 if he hears you, you have won your brother. 16 But if he will not hear, take one or two more with you, so that ‘by the mouth of two or three witnesses every matter may be established.’6 17 And if he refuses to hear them, tell it to the church. But if he refuses even to hear the church, let him be to you like a Gentile and a tax-collector. 18 Truly I say to you, whatever you bind on earth will have been bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will have been loosed in heaven. 19 Again I say to you, that if two of you agree on earth concerning any matter about which you have decided to pray,7 it will be done for them by My Father in heaven. 20 For where two or three are gathered together in My name, there I am in the midst of them.”

Forgiveness and the Family of God 

21 Then Peter came to Him and said, “Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Up to seven times?” 22 Jesus said to him, “I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven. 23 For this reason the kingdom of heaven may be likened to a certain king who wanted to settle accounts with his servants. 24 And when he had begun to settle them, there was brought before him a man who owed ten thousand talents. 25 And since he had nothing with which to pay, his master commanded that he be sold, along with his wife and children and all that he had, so payment could be made.8 26 Therefore, falling down to the ground, the servant prostrated himself before him, saying, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you everything!’ 27 And so, being moved with pity, his master released him and forgave him his debt. 28 “But that servant then went out and found one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred denarii; and he laid hands on him and took him by the throat, saying, ‘Pay back what you owe!’ 29 So his fellow servant fell down and began to beg him, saying, ‘Have patience with me, and I will repay you everything!’ 30 But he was unwilling to do so, and instead went and threw him into prison till he should pay back the debt. 31 Therefore, when his fellow servants saw what had happened, they were deeply distressed; and they came and told their master all that had taken place. 32 Then, having summoned the first servant,9 the Master said to him, ‘You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt because you pleaded with me for mercy. 33 Should you not also have shown mercy to your fellow servant, just as I showed mercy to you?’ 34 And moved with indignation, his master handed him over to the torturers until he should repay all that he owed. 35 So also will My heavenly Father do to you if each of you, from his heart, does not forgive his brother.”

 Notes

  1. Lit. turned
  2. Lit. millstone turned by a donkey
  3. Some later mss add verse 11: For the Son of Man has come to save that which was lost.
  4. Many mss add against you
  5. Lit. between you and him alone
  6. Deut. 19:15
  7. Lit. ask
  8. Lit. and repayment be made
  9. Lit. him

 

Marriage, Divorce, Kingdom Celibacy

19 Now when Jesus had finished these sayings, He departed from Galilee and came into the region of Judea beyond the Jordan. And great multitudes followed Him, and He healed them there.

Now certain Pharisees came to Him, testing Him and asking, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason whatsoever?” So He answered and said, “Have you not read that He who created them in the beginning ‘made them male and female,’1 and said, ‘For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh?’2 So then, they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore, what God has joined together let no man separate.” They said to Him, “Why then did Moses authorize3 a man to give his wife a certificate of divorce and send her away?” He said to them, “Because of the hardness of your hearts Moses permitted you to divorce your wives; but from the very beginning it was not meant to be.4 And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery.5, 6

10 The disciples said to Him, “If this is the rule for a man with a wife, it is better not to marry!” 11 Then He said to them, “Not all of you can receive this saying, only those to whom it has been given: 12 For some are eunuchs by birth, even from their mother’s womb; some have been made into eunuchs by men; and some have made themselves into eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. He who is able to receive it, let him receive it.”

Let the Children Come

13 Then little children were brought to Him that He might lay His hands on them and pray, but the disciples rebuked them. 14 But Jesus said, “Let the children alone, and do not hinder them from coming to Me; for the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these.” 15 And He laid His hands on them and departed from there.

Riches and the Kingdom

16 And behold, a man came up to Him and said, “Teacher, what good thing should I do in order to obtain eternal life?” 17 So He said to him, “Why are you asking me about what is good? There is only One who is good. But if you desire to enter into life, keep the commandments.” 18 He said to Him, “Which ones?” So Jesus said, “‘You shall not commit murder, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not steal, You shall not bear false witness, 19 Honor your father and your mother, and, You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ ” 20 The young man said to Him, “All these commandments7 I have kept. What do I still lack?” 21 Jesus said to him, “If you would be perfect, go, sell what you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.” 22 But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful, for he had many possessions.8

23 Then Jesus said to His disciples, “Truly I say to you, it is hard for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven. 24 And again I say to you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.” 25 Now when His disciples heard that, they were greatly amazed, saying, “Who then can be saved?” 26 Looking at them, Jesus replied, “With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible.” 27 Then Peter answered and said to Him, “Look, we have left everything and followed You. What then lies in store for us?” 28 So Jesus said to them, “Truly I say to you that in the regeneration, when the Son of Man shall sit upon His glorious throne, you who have followed Me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. 29 And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or children or lands for My name’s sake, will receive back a hundred times as much, and will also inherit eternal life. 30 But many who are first will be last, and the last first.

Notes

  1. Gen. 1:27;5:2
  2. Gen. 2:24
  3. Lit. command, order
  4. Lit. it has not happened thus
  5. Some mss read makes her commit adultery
  6. Some mss add and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery
  7. Lit. all these things
  8. Or much property

 

The Parable of the Laborers in the Vineyard

20 “For the kingdom of heaven may be likened to a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. Now when he had agreed with the laborers to pay them a denarius for the day, he sent them into his vineyard. And about the third hour he went out and saw others standing idle in the marketplace; and he said to them, ‘You too go into the vineyard, and whatever is right I will give you.’ So they went. Again he went out about the sixth and the ninth hour, and did likewise. And around the eleventh hour he went out and found still others standing about. So he said to them, ‘Why have you been standing here idle all day long?’ They said to him, ‘Because no one has hired us.’ He said to them, ‘You go into the vineyard as well.’ So when evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his steward, ‘Call the laborers and give them their wages, starting with the last and finishing with the first.’ And when those who were hired about the eleventh hour came forward, they each received a denarius. 10 Now when the first came forward, they supposed they would receive more; but they too each received a denarius. 11 And when they received it, they murmured against the landowner, 12 saying, ‘These last men have worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us who endured the burden and scorching heat of the day.’ 13 But answering one of them, he said, ‘Friend, I am doing you no wrong. Did you not agree with me for a denarius? 14 Take what is yours and go your way. As for me, I want to give this last man the same as I gave to you. 15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I wish with my own things? Or is your eye evil because I am good?’ 16 Even so, the last will be first, and the first last.”

Jesus Again Predicts His Death and Resurrection

17 Now as Jesus was going up to Jerusalem, he took the twelve aside, and standing by1 the road he said to them, 18 “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be betrayed2 to the chief priests and the scribes; and they will condemn Him to death, 19 and deliver Him to the Gentiles to mock and to scourge and to crucify. And on the third day He will be raised.”

The Path to Greatness

20 Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to Him with her sons; and kneeling down, she made a request of Him. 21 And He said to her, “What is it you want?” She said to Him, “Declare that in Your kingdom these two sons of mine are to sit, one on Your right hand and the other on the left.” 22 But Jesus answered and said, “You don’t realize what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I am about to drink?” They said to Him, “We are able.” 23 He said to them, “You will indeed drink My cup. But to sit on My right hand and on My left is not Mine to give; it belongs to those for whom it has been prepared by My Father.” 24 Now hearing this, the ten were filled with indignation against the two brothers. 25 But Jesus called them to Himself and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and that their great men wield authority over them. 26 But among you, it shall not be so. Rather, whoever desires to become great among you, let him be your servant; 27 and whoever desires to be first among you, let him be your slave— 28 even as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.”

Two Blind Men See Again

29 Now as they were going out of Jericho, a great multitude followed Him. 30 And behold, two blind men were sitting by the road; and when they heard that Jesus was passing by, they cried out, saying, “Lord, have mercy on us, O Son of David!” 31 Then the multitude warned them that they should be quiet; but they cried out all the more, saying, “Lord, have mercy on us, O Son of David!” 32 So Jesus stood still and called them, and said, “What is it you want Me to do for you?”

33 They said to Him, “Lord, that our eyes may be opened.” 34 So, being moved with compassion, Jesus touched their eyes; and immediately they regained their sight and followed Him.

Notes

  1. Lit. in, on
  2. Or handed over

 

The Triumphal Entry

21 Now when they had drawn near to Jerusalem and come to Bethphage near the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent out two disciples, saying to them, “Go into the village opposite you, where at once you will find a donkey tied up, and a colt with her. Untie them and bring them to Me. And if anyone says something to you, you shall say, ‘The Lord has need of them,’ and he will send them immediately.”

Now this took place so what was spoken through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying:

“Say to the daughter of Zion,
‘Behold, your King is coming to you,
Humble and seated on a donkey,
Even on a colt, the foal of a beast of burden.’”1

So the disciples went and did as Jesus had commanded them. They brought the donkey and the colt, and they laid their cloaks on them; and He sat upon the cloaks.2 Meanwhile, most of the crowd spread their cloaks on the road, while others were cutting down branches from the trees and doing the same. And the crowds that went before Him, as well as those that followed after, all were crying out, saying:

“Hosanna to the Son of David!
‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’3
Hosanna in the highest!”

10 Now when He entered Jerusalem, the whole city was stirred up, saying, “Who is this man?” 11 And the crowds were answering, “This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth of Galilee.”

Jesus Cleanses the Temple

12 Then Jesus went into the temple and drove out all who were buying and selling in the temple; and He overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who were selling doves. 13 And He said to them, “It is written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer,’4 but you have made it a ‘den of thieves.’”5

14 Then the blind and the lame came to Him in the temple, and He healed them. 15 But when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things He had done, and the children crying out in the temple and saying, “Hosanna to the Son of David!” they were filled with indignation 16 and said to Him, “Do You hear what these children are saying?” And Jesus said to them, “Yes. And have you never read, ‘Out of the mouth of babes and nursing infants You have perfected praise’?”6, 7 17 Then He left them and went out of the city to Bethany; and He lodged there.

The Fig Tree Cursed

18 Now early in the morning, as He was returning to the city, He was hungry. 19 And seeing a lone fig tree beside the road, He came up to it and found nothing on it except leaves. And He said to it, “Let no fruit grow on you ever again.” And at once the fig tree withered away. 20 And when the disciples saw it, they marveled, saying, “How did the fig tree wither away so quickly?” 21 So Jesus answered and said to them, “Truly I say to you, if you have faith and do not doubt, you will not only do what was done to the fig tree, but even if you say to this mountain, ‘Be taken up and cast into the sea,’ it will be done. 22 And all things whatsoever that you ask for in prayer, believing, you will receive.”

Jesus’ Authority Challenged

23 Now when He entered the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came up to Him as He was teaching, and they said, “By what authority are You doing these things, and who gave You this authority?” 24 But in reply, Jesus said to them, “I too will ask you one question, and if you tell me the answer, I also will tell you by what authority I am doing these things: 25 The baptism of John—where was it from? From heaven or from men?” And they began reasoning among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will say to us, ‘Why then did you not believe him?’ 26 But if we say, ‘From men,’ we fear the multitude, for all hold John to be a prophet.” 27 So they answered Jesus and said, “We don’t know.” In turn He said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.

The Parable of the Two Sons

28 “But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first and said, ‘Son, go work in the vineyard today.’ 29 He answered and said, ‘I will not;’ but afterward he regretted it and went. 30 Then he came to the second son and said the same thing. And the son answered and said, ‘I will, sir;’ but he did not go. 31 Which of the two did the will of his father?” They said to Him, “The first.” Jesus said to them, “Truly I say to you, the tax collectors and the prostitutes are entering the kingdom of God ahead of you. 32 For John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you did not believe him; but the tax collectors and the prostitutes believed him; and even after you saw that, you did not change your minds so as to believe him.

The Parable of the Wicked Tenants

33 “Hear another parable: There was a certain landowner who planted a vineyard, placed a hedge around it, dug a winepress in it, built a tower, and then leased it to tenants9 and went into a far country. 34 Now when harvest time drew near, he sent his servants to the tenants to collect his share of the fruit. 35 And the tenants took his servants and beat one, killed another, and stoned a third. 36 Again he sent other servants, more than the first, and they did the same to them. 37 Finally, he sent them his own son, saying, ‘Surely they will respect my son.’ 38 But when the tenants saw the son, they said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let us kill him and seize his inheritance.’ 39 So they took him and threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. 40 Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?” 41 They said to Him, “He will bring those wretches to a wretched end, and he will lease his vineyard to other tenants who will give him his share of the fruit from season to season.”

42 Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the Scriptures:

‘The stone that the builders rejected

Has itself been made into the chief cornerstone.
This was the Lord’s doing,
And it is marvelous in our eyes’?10

43 “Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken from you and given to a nation that will produce its fruits. 44 And he who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; but he on whom it falls, it will grind him to powder.”11

45 Now when the chief priests and Pharisees heard His parables, they perceived that He was talking about them.46 But when they sought to lay hands on Him, they feared the crowds, because they held Him to be a prophet.

Notes

  1. Zech. 9:9
  2. Lit. them
  3. Ps. 118:26
  4. Is. 56:7
  5. Jer. 7:11
  6. Ps. 8:2
  7. Or You have prepared praise for Yourself
  8. Lit. word, thing
  9. Or sharecroppers
  10. Ps. 118:22, 23
  11. Or crush him in pieces; or scatter him like chaff or dust

 

The Parable of the Wedding Feast

22 And answering, Jesus again spoke to them again in parables, saying: “The kingdom of heaven is like a certain king who prepared a wedding banquet for his son. And he sent out his servants to call those who had been invited to the banquet; but they were unwilling to come. Again, he sent out other servants, saying, ‘Tell those who have been invited, “See, I have prepared my dinner; my oxen and my fattened cattle have been butchered, and everything is ready. Come to the banquet!”’ But they made light of it and went their ways, one to his own farm, and another to his business.And the rest seized his servants, treated them with contempt,1 and killed them. So the king, moved to wrath, sent out his armies and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city. Then he said to his servants, ‘The banquet is ready, but those who were invited were not worthy. Therefore go into the highways, and as many as you find, invite them to the wedding feast.’ 10 So those servants went out into the highways and gathered together all whom they found, both bad and good. And the wedding hall was filled with dinner guests.

11 “But when the king came in to view the guests, he saw there a man who had no wedding robe.12 So he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you get in here without a wedding robe?’ And the man was speechless.13 Then the king said to the servants, ‘Tie him up hand and foot, and throw him into the outer darkness; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’ 14 “For many are called, but few are chosen.”

The Pharisees Inquire about Taxes 

15 Then the Pharisees went out and plotted how they might entrap Him in His own words. 16 And they sent their disciples to Him, along with the Herodians, saying, “Teacher, we know that You are a man of integrity,2 and that You teach the way of God in truth; you are not concerned about the reactions of men, for You take no thought at all for who or what they are.3 17 Therefore, tell us what You think: Is it lawful4 to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?” 18 But Jesus, perceiving their evil intent, replied, “You hypocrites, why are you putting Me to the test? 19 Show Me the tax money.” So they brought Him a denarius. 20 And He said to them, “Whose image and inscription is this?” 21 They said to Him, “Caesar’s.” So He said to them, “Then render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” 22 Now when they heard these words, they marveled; and they left Him and went their way.

The Sadducees Inquire about the Resurrection 

23 On that same day the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came up to Him and questioned Him, 24 saying: “Teacher, Moses said that if a man dies, having no children, his brother must marry his widow and raise up offspring for his brother. 25 Now we had among us seven brothers. The first died after he had married; and having no offspring, he left his wife to his brother. 26 Likewise also the second and the third, all the way down to the seventh.27 And last of all, the woman died. 28 Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife of the seven will she be? For they all had her.”

29 But Jesus answered and said to them, “You are mistaken, knowing5 neither the Scriptures nor the power of God. 30 For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are they given in marriage, but they are like angels in heaven. 31 But concerning the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was spoken to you by God, saying, 32 ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’?6 God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.” 33 And when the multitudes heard that, they were astonished at His teaching.

A Scribe Inquires about the First Commandment 

34 But when the Pharisees heard that He had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered themselves together. 35 Then one of them, a lawyer, tested Him with a question: 36 “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?” 37 And He said to him, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’7 38 This is the first and greatest commandment. 39And the second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’8 40 All the Law and all the Prophets hang on these two commandments.”

Jesus Inquires about David’s Faith 

41 Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, 42 saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?” They said to Him, “He is the Son of David.” 43 He said to them, “How then does David, in the Spirit, call Him ‘Lord,’ saying:

44 ‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at My right hand
Until I place Your enemies beneath Your feet”’?9

45 If, then, David calls Him ‘Lord,’ how can He be his Son?” 46 And no one was able to answer Him a word; nor from that day on did anyone dare to question Him further.

Notes

  1. Or shamefully
  2. Lit. true, honest
  3. Lit. and it is not a concern to you about anyone because you do not see the face of men
  4. Or right
  5. Or understanding
  6. Ex. 3:6,15
  7. Deut. 6:5
  8. Lev. 19:18
  9. Ps. 110:1

 

One Brotherhood, One Leader 

23 Then Jesus spoke to the multitudes and to His disciples, saying: “The scribes and the Pharisees have seated themselves in the chair of Moses. Therefore practice and observe all that they tell you; but do not do as they do, for they do not practice what they preach.1 Instead, they tie together heavy burdens, difficult to carry, and lay them on men’s shoulders; but they themselves are unwilling to move them with a single finger. Moreover, all that they do, they do to be seen by men. They broaden their phylacteries and lengthen the tassels on their garmentsThey love the place of honor at the banquets, and the chief seats in the synagogues, 7 and formal salutations in the marketplaces, and being called Rabbi by men. But as for you, do not be called Rabbi; for One is your Teacher, and you all are brothers.Do not call anyone on earth your father; for One is your Father, He who is in heaven. 10 And do not be called leaders; for One is your Leader, even the Christ. 11 Rather, he who is greatest among you must be your servant. 12 And whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.

Woe to the Scribes and Pharisees!

13 “But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For standing before men, you block the way into the Kingdom of heaven;2 for you yourselves do not enter, nor do you let those who are trying to enter go in. 14 (Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense make long prayers. Therefore you will receive the greater condemnation.)3 15 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you travel land and sea to win one proselyte; and when he is won, you make him twice as much a son of Gehenna as yourselves.

16 “Woe to you, blind guides, who say, ‘Whoever swears by the temple, his vow means nothing;4 but whoever swears by the gold of the temple, he is obligated to perform it.’ 17 Fools and blind! Which is greater, the gold or the temple that sanctified the gold? 18 And you say, ‘Whoever swears by the altar, his vow means nothing; but whoever swears by the gift that is laid on the altar, he is obligated to perform it.’ 19 You blind men! Which is greater, the gift or the temple that sanctifies the gift? 20 Therefore, he who swears by the altar, swears by it and by everything on it. 21 And he who swears by the temple, swears by it and by the One who lives in it. 22 And he who swears by heaven, swears by the throne of God and by the One who sits upon it.

23 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you pay tithes of mint and dill and cummin, but you have neglected the weightier matters of the Law: justice, mercy, and faith.5 These you ought to have done, without neglecting the others. 24 You blind guides, men who strain out a gnat and swallow a camel!

25 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you clean the outside of the cup and dish, but inside they are full of greed6 and self-indulgence. 26 Blind Pharisee, first clean the inside of the cup and dish so the outside may be clean as well.

27 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs that do indeed look beautiful on the outside, but inside they are full of dead men’s bones and all kinds of uncleanness. 28 And so it is with you: on the outside you appear to be righteous in the eyes of men, but inside you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.

29 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you build the tombs of the prophets and adorn the monuments of the righteous; 30 and you say, ‘If we had been living in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in shedding the blood of the prophets.’ 31 “Yet in so speaking you testify against yourselves that you are the sons of those who murdered the prophets. 32 Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers’ sins. 33 Serpents, brood of vipers! How can you escape the sentence of Gehenna? 34 For this reason, behold, I am sending you prophets, wise men, and scribes: some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will scourge in your synagogues and pursue from city to city, 35 so that upon you may come all the righteous blood ever shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar. 36 Truly I say to you, all these things will come upon this generation.

Jesus Weeps over Jerusalem

37 “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, she who kills the prophets and stones the ones who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks beneath her wings, but you were not willing! 38 Behold, your house is left to you a desert ruin. 39 For I say to you, from now on you will see Me no more, not until you learn to say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ ”7

Notes

  1. Lit. they say, but do not practice
  2. Lit. you shut off the kingdom of heaven before men
  3. This verse is not found in some early mss
  4. Lit. it is nothing
  5. Or faithfulness
  6. Or robbery, extortion
  7. Ps. 118:26

 

The Signs of His Coming 

24 Now Jesus, having left the temple courts, was walking away; and His disciples came up to Him and called his attention to the temple buildings. So He said to them, “Do you not see all these things? Truly I say to you, not one stone here will be left upon another; every one of them will be thrown down.”1

3And as He sat on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things take place; and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?” Answering, Jesus said to them: “See to it that no one leads you astray. For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and will mislead many. And you will hear of wars and rumors of wars. See that you are not alarmed; for these things must take place, but the end has not yet comeFor nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; and in various places there will be famines and earthquakes. All these are only the beginning of the birth pains.

“Then they will hand you over to tribulation and kill you; and you will be hated by all nations for My name’s sake. 10 At that time many will take offense and betray one another and hate one another. 11 And many false prophets will rise up and lead many astray. 12 And because lawlessness will increase, the love of many will grow cold.13 But he who endures to the end will be saved. 14 And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a witness to all the nations, and then the end will come.

Great Tribulation

15 “Therefore when you see ‘the abomination that makes desolate,’2 which was spoken of through the prophet Daniel, standing in the holy place” (let the reader understand), 16 “then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains; 17 the one who is on the housetop must not go down to take anything out of his house, 18 and the one who is in the field must not go back to get his clothes. 19 But woe to those who are pregnant and nursing infants in those days! 20 And pray that your flight may not be in winter or on a Sabbath. 21 For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not occurred from the beginning of the world until now, and never again will. 22 And unless those days had been cut short, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect’s sake they3 will be cut short. 23 Then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or ‘There He is!’ do not believe him. 24 For false christs and false prophets will arise, and they will show great signs and wonders so as to mislead, if it were possible, even the elect. 25 Behold, I have told you in advance. 26 Therefore if they say to you, ‘Look, He is in the desert!’ do not go out; or ‘Look, He is in the inner rooms!’ do not believe it. 27 For just as the lightning comes from the east and flashes all the way to the west, so shall the coming of the Son of Man be. 28 For wherever the carcass is, there the vultures4 will be gathered together.

The Coming of the Son of Man

29 “But immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. 30 Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn; and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 31 And He will send forth His angels with a loud blast of the trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other.

The Parable of the Fig Tree

32 “Now learn this lesson from the fig tree: As soon as its branch has become tender and puts forth leaves, you know that summer is near. 33 So it is with you: when you see all these things, know that He5 is near—right at the doors! 34 Truly I say to you, this generation will by no means pass away till all these things have taken place. 35 Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away.

36 “But as for that day and hour, no one knows them, not even the angels of heaven,6 but My Father alone. 37 And just as it was in the days of Noah, so too it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. 38 For in the days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, right up to the day when Noah entered the ark; 39 and they did not realize what was happening until the flood came and swept them all away. This is how it will it be at the coming of the Son of Man: 40 Then two will be working in the field: one will be taken and the other left; 41 two will be grinding at the mill: one will be taken and the other left. 42 Therefore, keep watch, for you do not know the day of your Lord’s coming. 43 But understand this: If the head of the house had known at what time of night the thief was coming, he would have kept watch and not allowed his house to be broken into. 44 For this very reason you too must be ready, for in an hour when you are not expecting Him, the Son of Man will come.7

The Good and Evil Servant

45 “Who then is that faithful and wise servant whom his master put in charge of his household, to give them their food in due season? 46 Blessed is that servant if his master finds him doing so at his return. 47 Truly I say to you, he will put him in charge of all his possessions. 48 But suppose that servant is wicked, and says in his heart, ‘My master is delayed’; 49 and he begins to beat his fellow servants, and to eat and drink with the drunkards. 50 Then the master of that servant will come on a day when he is not expecting him, and at an hour he does not foresee; 51 and he will cut him in two and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

Notes

  1. Lit. that will not be thrown down
  2. Dan. 11:31;12:11
  3. Lit. those days
  4. Or eagles
  5. Orit
  6. Some mss add or the Son (Himself); see Mark 13:32
  7. Lit. comes

 

The Parable of the Virgins

25 “Then the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom. Now five of them were foolish and five were wise. For when the foolish took up their lamps, they took no oil with them; but the wise took vessels full of oil along with their lamps. Now while the bridegroom tarried, they all grew drowsy and fell asleep.

“But at midnight there came a shout: ‘Behold, the bridegroom! Come out to meet him!’ Then all those virgins arose and trimmed their lamps. And the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ But the wise answered, saying, “No, for there may not be enough for us and you; go instead to the dealers, and buy some for yourselves.’ 10 But while they were on their way to buy more oil, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went in with him to the wedding feast; and the door was shut. 11 Later the other virgins came as well, saying, ‘Lord, Lord, open to us!’ 12 But he answered and said, ‘Truly I say to you, I do not know you.’ 13 Therefore, keep watch; for you do not know either the day or the hour.

The Parable of the Talents

14 “For the kingdom of heaven is like a man departing for a distant land, who called his own servants and entrusted his possessions to their care. 15 And to one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one, each according to his own ability; and then he departed. 16 Immediately the one who had received the five talents went and traded with them, and gained five more. 17 Likewise, the one who had received two talents gained two more. 18 But the servant who had received the one talent went away, dug a hole in the ground, and hid his master’s money.

19 “Now after a long time the master of those servants returned and settled accounts with them. 20 And the one who had received five talents came to him and brought five more talents, saying, ‘Master, you entrusted me with five talents; look, I have gained five more besides.’ 21 His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant; you were faithful over a few things, I will make you ruler over many. Enter into the joy of your lord.’ 22 He who had received two talents also came up and said, ‘Master, you entrusted me with two talents; look, I have gained two more besides.’ 23 His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant; you have been faithful over a few things, I will make you ruler over many. Enter into the joy of your lord.’

24 “Then he who had received the one talent came up and said, ‘Master, I knew you to be a hard man, reaping where you have not sown, and gathering where you have not scattered seed. 25 So I was afraid, and I went away and hid your talent in the ground. Look, you have back what belongs to you.’ 26 But his master answered and said to him, ‘You wicked, lazy servant! You “knew” that I reap where I have not sown, and gather where I have not scattered seed? 27 In that case you ought to have deposited my money in the bank,1 and at my coming I would have received it back with interest. 28 Therefore take the talent from him, and give it to the one who has the ten talents. 29 For to everyone who has, more will be given, and he will have an abundance; but from him who does not have, even what he does have will be taken away. 30 And throw that worthless servant into the outer darkness. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’

The Judgment Seat of Christ 

31 “Now when the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, at that time He will sit on His glorious throne.2 32 And all the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them one from another, as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. 33 And He will place the sheep on His right hand, but the goats on His left. 34 Then the King will say to those on His right hand, ‘Come, you blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: 35 for I was hungry and you gave Me food; I was thirsty and you gave Me drink; I was a stranger and you took Me in; 36 I was naked and you clothed Me; I was sick and you visited Me; I was in prison and you came to Me.’ 37 Then the righteous will answer Him, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see You hungry and feed You, or thirsty and give You drink? 38 When did we see You a stranger and take You in, or naked and clothe You? 39 And when did we see You sick or in prison, and come to You?’ 40 And the King will answer and say to them, ‘Truly I say to you, inasmuch3 as you did it to one of the least of these My brothers, you did it to Me.’

41 “Then He will also say to those on His left hand, ‘Depart from Me, accursed ones, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels: 42 for I was hungry and you gave Me no food; I was thirsty and you gave Me no drink; 43 I was a stranger and you did not take Me in; naked and you did not clothe Me; sick and in prison, and you did not visit Me.’ 44 Then they too will answer, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see You hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and not minister to You?’ 45 Then He will answer them, saying, ‘Truly I say to you, inasmuch3 as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me.’ 46 And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”

Notes

  1. Lit. with the bankers
  2. Lit. the throne of his glory
  3. Or to the extent that

A Plot to Kill Jesus

26 Now it came to pass that when Jesus had finished all these sayings He said to His disciples, “You know that after two days the Passover will arrive, and then the Son of Man will be delivered up to be crucified.” Then the chief priests and the elders of the people were assembled in the court of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas; and they consulted among themselves as to how they might seize Jesus by trickery and kill Him. But they said, “Not during the feast, lest there be an uproar among the people.”

The Anointing at Bethany

Now when Jesus was in Bethany at the house of Simon the leper, a woman came to Him having an alabaster jar of fragrant oil, very costly, and she poured the oil on His head as He was reclining at the table. But when His disciples saw it, they became indignant, saying, “Why such waste? For this fragrant oil might have been sold at a high price, and the money given to the poor.” 10 But Jesus, aware of this, said to them, “Why are you troubling the woman? In performing this work, she has served me well.1 11 For the poor you have with you always, but Me you do not always have. 12 For when she poured this fragrant oil upon My body, she did so to prepare for My burial. 13 Truly I say to you, wherever this gospel is preached in the whole world, what this woman has done will also be spoken of, and will serve as her memorial.”2

The Treachery of Judas

14 Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests 15 and said, “What are you willing to give me if I hand Him over to you?” And they counted out to him3 thirty silver coins. 16 And from then on Judas sought for an opportune time to betray Him.

The Final Passover

17 Now on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Where do You want us to prepare for You to eat the Passover?” 18 And He said, “Go into the city to a certain man, and say to him, ‘The Teacher says, “My time is at hand; I will keep the Passover at your house, along with My disciples.”’” 19 So the disciples did as Jesus had instructed them; and they prepared the Passover.

20 Now when evening had come, He was reclining at the table with the twelve. 21 And as they were eating, He said, “Truly I say to you, one of you will betray Me.” 22 And being deeply distressed, each one of them began to say to Him, “Surely it is not me, is it, Lord?” 23 He answered and said, “The one who dipped his hand with Me in the bowl—that is the one who will betray Me. 24 And yes, the Son of Man will go away just as it is written of Him; but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had never been born.” 25 Then Judas, who was betraying Him, answered and said, “Surely it is not I, is it, Rabbi?” He said to him, “You have said it yourself.”

Jesus Institutes the Lord’s Supper

26 Now while they were eating, Jesus took bread; and having given thanks,4 He broke it and gave it to the disciples, saying, “Take, eat; this is My body.” 27 Then He took the cup, gave thanks, and handed it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you; 28 for this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. 29 And I say to you, from now on I will by no means drink of this fruit of the vine until the day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.” 30 And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.

Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial

31 Then Jesus said to them, “This night all of you will stumble and fall because of Me, for it is written, ‘I will strike the Shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’5 32 But after I have been raised, I will go before you into Galilee.” 33 But Peter answered and said to Him, “Even if all should stumble because of You, I will never stumble.” 34 Jesus said to him, “Truly I say to you, this very night, before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.” 35 Peter said to Him, “Even if I have to die with You, I will not deny You!” And all the other disciples said the same thing.

Anguish in Gethsemane 

36 Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane, and He said to the disciples, “Sit here while I go over there and pray.” 37 And He took with Him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee; and He began to be sorrowful and deeply distressed. 38 Then He said to them, “My soul is filled with sorrow, even to the point of death. Stay here and keep watch with Me.” 39 And going on a little farther, He fell on His face and prayed, saying, “O My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as You will.40 Then He came to the disciples and found them sleeping; and He said to Peter, “What! Could you men not watch with Me for a single hour? 41 Watch and pray, lest you enter into temptation. The spirit is indeed willing, but the flesh is weak.” 42 Again, a second time, He went away and prayed, saying, “O My Father, if it is not possible for this cup to pass Me by unless I drink of it, Your will be done.” 43 And again He came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy. 44 So, leaving them again, He went away and prayed a third time, saying the same words once more. 45 Then He came to His disciples and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and taking your rest?6 See, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners! 46 Arise, and let us go. Look, the one who betrays Me is drawing near.”

Betrayal and Arrest 

47 And while He was still speaking, behold, Judas, one of the twelve, arrived, along with a great multitude armed with swords and clubs, sent from the chief priests and elders of the people. 48 Now His betrayer had given them a sign, saying, “Whomever I kiss, He is the one; seize Him.” 49 So immediately he came up to Jesus and said, “Greetings, Rabbi!” And he kissed Him. 50 But Jesus said to him, “Friend, do what you have come for.”7 Then they came up and laid hands on Jesus and took Him. 51 And behold, one of those  with Jesus stretched out his hand, drew his sword, and struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his ear. 52 But Jesus said to him, “Put your sword back into its place, for all who take up the sword will perish by the sword. 53 Or is it that you think I could not call upon My Father, who would immediately supply Me with more than twelve legions of angels? 54 But how then could the Scriptures be fulfilled, that it must happen this way?” 55 In that hour Jesus said to the multitudes, “Have you come out with swords and clubs to seize Me, as if against a robber? Day by day I sat in the temple teaching you, and you did not seize Me. 56 But all this has taken place so that the Scriptures of the prophets may be fulfilled.” Then all the disciples fled, leaving him behind.8

Jesus Before the Sanhedrin

57 And those who had taken Jesus led Him away to Caiaphas, the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were gathered together. 58 But Peter followed Him at a distance as far as the high priest’s courtyard. And he went in and sat down with the guards to see what the outcome would be.

59 Now the chief priests and the whole council were seeking false testimony against Jesus in order to put Him to death; 60 but they found none, even though many false witnesses came forward. Finally, two came forward 61 and said, “This man stated: ‘I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to rebuild it in three days.’” 62 So the high priest stood up and said to Him, “Do You answer nothing? What is it that these men are testifying against You?” 63 But Jesus kept silent. So the high priest said to Him, “By the living God, I put You under oath: Tell us if You are the Christ, the Son of God!” 64 Jesus said to him, “You have said it yourself. Nevertheless I say to you, hereafter9 you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One, and coming on the clouds of heaven.” 65 Then the high priest tore his robes, saying, “He has blasphemed! What further need do we have of witnesses? Look, now you have heard His blasphemy! 66 What do you think?” They answered and said, “He is guilty and deserving of death.” 67 Then they spat in His face and struck Him with their fists; and others slapped Him68 saying, “Prophesy to us, Christ! Which one of us hit You?”10

Peter Denies Hs Lord

69 Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard. And a servant girl came up to him, saying, “You also were with Jesus of Galilee.” 70 But he denied it before them all, saying, “I don’t know what you are talking about.” 71 And when he had gone out to the gateway, another servant girl saw him and said to those who were there, “This man was with Jesus of Nazareth.” 72 And again he denied it with an oath, saying, “I do not know the Man!” 73 A little while later those who were standing about came up to Peter and said, “Surely you too are one of them, for even your accent tells us who you are!”11 74 Then he began to call down curses upon himself, and to swear with an oath, saying, “I do not know the Man!” And immediately a rooster crowed. 75 And Peter remembered the word of Jesus who had said to him, “Before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.” And he went out and wept bitterly.

Notes

  1. Lit. she has worked a good (beautiful, valuable, admirable) work for me
  2. Lit. will be spoken of unto her memorial
  3. Or weighed out for him
  4. Lit. having blessed
  5. Zech. 13:17
  6. Or possibly Sleep on now, and take your rest; or Sleep and take your rest later on
  7. Or possibly What have you come for?
  8. Or forsook, abandoned
  9. Or from now on
  10. Lit. Who is the one who hit you?
  11. Lit. for even your speech makes you evident

Jesus Delivered up to Pilate

27 Now when daybreak arrived, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put Him to death; and having bound Him, they led Him away and delivered Him to Pilate the governor.

A Prophecy Fulfilled 

Then Judas, His betrayer, seeing that Jesus had been condemned, regretted what he had done, and brought the thirty pieces of silver back to the chief priests and elders, saying, “I have sinned by betraying innocent blood.” But they said, “What is that to us? See to that yourself!” So, after throwing the silver coins into the temple, he departed; and he went away and hanged himself. But the chief priests took the silver coins and said, “It is not lawful for us to put them into the temple treasury, since they are the price of blood.” So, having taken counsel among themselves, they used the money to buy the potter’s field as a cemetery for foreigners. Therefore that field has been called the Field of Blood to this day. Then what was spoken through the prophet Jeremiah was fulfilled, saying, “And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of Him whose price was set by the sons of Israel, 10 and they gave them for the potter’s field, as the Lord directed me.”1

Jesus Before Pilate

11 Now Jesus stood before the governor; and the governor questioned Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” Jesus said to him, “You say well.” 12 And while the chief priests and elders made their accusations, He did not respond at all. 13 Then Pilate said to Him, “Do You not hear how many charges they are bringing against You?” 14 But He gave no reply, not even to a single accusation, so that the governor was greatly amazed.

The People Choose Barabbas

15 Now at the feast the governor was accustomed to releasing to the crowds any one prisoner they desired. 16 And at that time they were holding a notorious prisoner called Barabbas.2 17 Therefore, when they were gathered together, Pilate said to them, “Whom do you want me to release to you: Barabbas, or Jesus who is called the Christ?” 18 For he knew they had handed Him over out of jealousy. 19 Now while he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent word to him, saying, “Have nothing to do with that righteous Man, for today I have suffered many things in a dream because of Him.” 20 But the chief priests and elders persuaded the crowds to ask for Barabbas and to put Jesus to death. 21 So when the governor answered and said to them, “Which of the two men do you want me to release to you,” they said, “Barabbas!” 22 Pilate said to them, “What then shall I do with Jesus who is called the Christ?” They all said, “Let Him be crucified!” 23 So he said, “Why, what evil has He done?” But they cried out all the more, saying, “Let Him be crucified!”

24 Now when Pilate saw that he was accomplishing nothing, but rather that a riot was about to begin, he took water and washed his hands in front of the crowds, saying, “See for yourselves: I am innocent of this Man’s blood!” 25 And all the people answered and said, “His blood be on us and on our children!” 26 Then he released Barabbas to them; and when he had scourged Jesus, he handed Him over to be crucified.

The Soldiers Mock Jesus

27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole cohort around Him.28 And they stripped Him and put a scarlet robe around Him. 29 And when they had woven a crown of thorns, they placed it on His head, and put a reed in His right hand. Then they knelt down before Him and mocked Him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” 30 And they spat on Him, and took the reed and repeatedly struck Him on the head. 31 Then, having mocked Him, they removed the robe, put His own garments back on Him, and led Him away to be crucified.

The King is Lifted Up 

32 Now as they were going out, they came upon a man from Cyrene, whose name was Simon, and they forced him to carry His cross. 33 And when they had come to a place called Golgotha (which means Place of a Skull), 34 they offered Him wine mingled with gall to drink. But when He had tasted it, He was unwilling to drink.35 And when they had crucified Him, they divided His garments by casting lots. 36 Then, sitting down, they began to keep watch over Him there. 37 And above His head they put up the charge against Him. It read:

THIS IS JESUS, THE KING OF THE JEWS.

38 At that time two robbers were also crucified with Him, one on the right and one on the left.

39 Now those who were passing by railed at Him, shaking their heads 40 and saying, “You who can destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross.” 41 Likewise, the chief priests, together with the scribes and elders, were also mocking Him, saying, 42 “He saved others; He cannot save Himself. He is the King of Israel—let Him come down from the cross now, and we will believe in Him. 43 He trusted in God; let God deliver Him now if He delights in Him;3 for He said, ‘I am the Son of God.’” 44 And even the robbers who were crucified with Him were reviling Him in the same way.4

Jesus Dies on the Cross

45 Now from the sixth hour until the ninth hour darkness came upon the whole land.5 46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” which means, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”6 47 And some of those who were standing there, when they heard it, said, “This Man is calling for Elijah!” 48 And immediately one of them ran, took a sponge, filled it with sour wine, and put it on a reed and offered it to Him to drink. 49 But the rest of them said, “Let Him alone; let’s see if Elijah will come to save Him.” 50 And when Jesus had cried out again with a loud voice, He yielded up His spirit.

51 And behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth shook, and the rocks were split, 52 and the tombs were opened; and the bodies of many of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised; 53 and coming out of the tombs after His resurrection, they entered the holy city and appeared to many. 54 Now when the centurion and those who were with him keeping watch over Jesus saw the earthquake and the things that were happening, they feared greatly, saying, “Truly, this Man was the Son of God!”7

55 And many women were present there, looking on from afar; women who had followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering to Him. 56 Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee.

Jesus Buried in Joseph’s Tomb

57 Now when evening arrived, there came a rich man from Arimathea by the name of Joseph, who himself had also become a disciple of Jesus. 58 This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be handed over to him. 59 When Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, 60 and laid it in his own new tomb which he had hewn out of the rock; and he rolled a large stone against the entrance of the tomb, and departed. 61 And Mary Magdalene was there, and the other Mary, sitting opposite the tomb.

The Tomb is Guarded and Sealed

62 Now on the next day, which followed the Day of Preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees gathered together before Pilate, 63 saying, “Sir, we remember that while that deceiver was still alive He said, ‘After three days I will rise again.’ 64 Therefore command that the tomb be made secure until the third day, lest His disciples come and steal Him away and say to the people, ‘He has risen from the dead’—and the last deception becomes worse than the first.” 65 Pilate said to them, “You have a guard; go and make it as secure as you know how.” 66 So they went their way and made the tomb secure by setting a seal upon the stone in the presence of the guards.8

Notes

  1. Jer. 19:1-13; 32:6–9; Zech. 11:12-13
  2. Some mss Jesus Barabbas
  3. Or if He wants Him; or if He desires it
  4. Or And the robbers . . . with the same thing
  5. Or earth
  6. Ps. 22:18
  7. Or possibly a son of God
  8. Or possibly stone, and posting the guards.

 

He Has Been Raised!

28 Now after the Sabbath, towards1 dawn on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to look at the tomb. And behold, a great earthquake had just occurred; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone and sat upon it. His appearance was like lightning, and his garment as white as snow; and the guards shook for fear of him, and became like dead men. And answering, the angel said to the women, “Do not be afraid, for I know you are seeking Jesus, who was crucified. He is not here, for He has been raised, just as He said. Come, see the place where He2 was lying. Then3 go quickly and tell His disciples that He has been raised from the dead.4 Behold, He is going before you into Galilee; you will see Him there. See, I have told you!” So they went out quickly from the tomb with fear and great joy, and ran to bring word to His disciples.

And behold, Jesus met them, saying, “Rejoice!” So they came up to Him and held Him by the feet and worshiped Him. 10 Then Jesus said to them, “Don’t be afraid. Go, tell My brothers to depart for Galilee; there they will see Me again.”

The Soldiers Bribed

11 Now while they were on their way, behold, some of the guard went into the city and reported to the chief priests everything that had happened. 12 And when they had assembled with the elders and taken counsel together, they gave the soldiers a large sum of money, 13 saying, “Tell them, ‘His disciples came at night and stole Him away while we slept.’ 14 And if this should reach the governor’s ears, we will satisfy him and free you from all concern.” 15 So they took the money and did as they were instructed. And this story was widely disseminated among the Jews, and has been until this very day.

The Great Commission

16 And the eleven disciples continued on into Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had told them to go. 17 And when they saw Him, they worshiped Him; but some doubted. 18 And Jesus drew near and spoke to them, saying, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to Me. 19 Go, therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you all the days that remaineven until the end of the age!”

Notes

  1. Or at
  2. Many mss read the Lord
  3. Or now; lit. and
  4. Some mss omit from the dead