The Person and Work of the Word

1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were created through him, and without him nothing came to be that came to be. In him was life, and the life was the light of men. And the light shines in the darkness; the darkness overcame it not.

The True Light

6 There was a man sent from God whose name was John. 7 This man came as a witness, to testify concerning the light, so that through him all might believe. 8 He was not the light, but was sent to bear witness concerning the light. 9 The true light, the light that enlightens every man, was coming into the world. 10 He was in the world, and the world was created through him, but the world did not recognize1 him. 11 He came to his own, but his own did not receive him. 12 Yet to as many as did receive him—to those who believe in his name—he gave the right to become the children of God, 13 children who were born,2 not of blood,3 nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man,4 but of God.

The Fountain of Grace

14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld his glory, glory as of the only-begotten5 of the Father, full of grace and truth. 15 John bore witness concerning him; and he cried out, saying, “This was he of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me is preferred before me, for he existed before me.’” 16 And out of his fullness we have all received, even grace upon grace. 17 For the Law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. 18 No one has seen God at any time: God the only-begotten, who is in the bosom of the Father—he has made him known.

The Testimony of John: I am not the Christ

19 Now this is the testimony of John, when the Jewish leaders sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?” 20 He confessed the truth, and did not deny it; rather, he confessed, “I am not the Christ.” 21 So they asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?” He said, “I am not.” “Are you the Prophet?” But he answered, “No.” 22 Then they said to him, “Who are you, so that we may give an answer to those who sent us? What do you say about yourself?” 23 He said: “I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, ‘Make straight the way of the Lord,’ just as the prophet Isaiah said.”

24 Now those who were sent to John belonged to the sect of the Pharisees. 25 So they inquired of him, saying, “Why then do you baptize, if you are not the Christ or Elijah or the Prophet?” 26 John answered them, “I am baptizing in water. However, there stands among you one whom you do not know127 one who is coming after me—and I am not even worthy to untie the strap of his sandal.” 28 These things were done in Bethany beyond the Jordan, where John was baptizing.

The Testimony of John: Behold the Lamb of God!

29 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him; and he said, “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! 30 This is he of whom I said, ‘After me comes a man who is preferred before me, because he existed before me.’ 31 And I did not recognize him; but in order that he might be revealed to Israel, I came baptizing in water.” 32 So John bore witness, saying, “I beheld the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove; and he remained upon him. 33 And I did not recognize him; but he who sent me to baptize in water said to me, ‘The one on whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining, that is the one who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.’ 34 And I have seen and testified that this is the Son6 of God.”

The First Disciples Called

35 Again the next day, John was standing with two of his disciples. 36 And looking upon Jesus as he walked by, John said, “Behold the Lamb of God!” 37 Now the two disciples heard him saying this, so they followed Jesus. 38 But Jesus, turning around and seeing that they were following him, said to them, “What is it that you seek?” They said to him, “Rabbi” (which is translated Teacher), “where are you staying?” 39 He said to them, “Come, and you will see.” So they came and saw where he was staying; and they stayed with him that day (it was about the tenth hour7). 40 Now one of the two who had heard John speak, and who then had followed Jesus, was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother. 41 He first found his own brother, Simon. And he said to him, “We have found the Messiah!” (which is translated, the Christ). 42 Then he brought him to Jesus. Now when Jesus looked on him, he said, “You are Simon, the son of John: You will be called Cephas” (which is translated, Peter8).

43 The following day Jesus decided to leave for Galilee; so he found Philip, and he said to him, “Follow me.” 44 (Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter.) 45 Philip found Nathanael and said to him, “We have found him of whom Moses wrote in the Law—and the prophets as well: Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.” 46 But Nathanael said to him, “Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?” Philip said to him, “Come and see.” 47 Now Jesus saw Nathanael coming towards him, and he said of him, “Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no guile!” 48 Nathanael said to him, “How is it that you know me?” Jesus replied, “Before Philip called you, when you were sitting under the fig tree, I saw you.” 49 Nathanael said to him, “Rabbi, you are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!” 50 Jesus replied, “Because I said to you, ‘I saw you under the fig tree,’ do you believe? You will see greater things than these.” 51 Moreover, he said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you all, you are going to see heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of Man.”


  1. Or know
  2. Or begotten
  3. Lit. bloods
  4. Or a man (husband)
  5. Or one and only
  6. A few mss Chosen One
  7. Likely 4 PM
  8. Peter means rock or stone


The Wedding at Cana

 2 On the third day there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there; 2 and Jesus and his disciples were also invited to the wedding. 3 Now when the wine ran out, Jesus’ mother said to him, “They have no more wine.” 4 But he said to her, “Woman, why do you involve me? My hour has not yet come.” 5 Then his mother said to the servants, “Whatever he tells you to do, do it.

6 Now in that place there were six stone water jars, set there for the Jewish ritual of purification, each one with a capacity of twenty or thirty gallons. 7 Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water”—and they filled them to the brim. 8 Then he said to them, “Now draw some out and take it to the steward of the feast.” So they took some to him. 9 And when the steward of the feast tasted the water that had been turned into wine, not knowing where it had come from (but the servants who had drawn the water knew), he called for the bridegroom. 10 And he said to him, “Every man sets out the good wine first; then, when the guests have drunk freely, the inferior. But you have kept the good wine until now!” 11 This miraculous sign–Jesus’ first–he performed in Cana of Galilee, and manifested his glory; and his disciples believed in him. 12 After this he went down to Capernaum: he, his mother, his brothers, and his disciples; and they remained there for a little while.

Jesus Cleanses the Temple

13 Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, so Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 But inside the temple courts he found men who were selling oxen, sheep, and doves; he also found the moneychangers seated at their tables. 15 So after fashioning a whip out of ropes, he drove them all out of the temple precincts, together with the sheep and the oxen; and he poured out the coins of the moneychangers, and overturned their tables. 16 Then he said to the men who were selling doves, “Take these things away from here! You are not to turn my Father’s house into a marketplace!” 17 Then his disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for your house will consume me.”1

18 In response, the Jewish leaders then said to him, “What sign will you give2 us, seeing that you are doing these things?” 19 Jesus answered and said to them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” 20 Then the rulers said, “It took forty-six years to build this temple,3 and you will raise it up again in three days?” 21 But Jesus was speaking of the temple of his body. 22 Therefore, when he was raised from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this; and they believed the Scripture, as well as the word that Jesus had spoken.

He Who Knows the Heart

23 Now while Jesus was in Jerusalem during the Feast of the Passover4 many believed in his name when they beheld the miraculous signs he was performing. 24 Nevertheless, he would not entrust himself to them, because he knew all men, 25 and because he had no need that anyone should testify concerning man; for he himself knew what was in man.


  1. Psalm 69:9
  2. Lit. show
  3. Or For forty-six years this temple has been under construction
  4. Lit. during the Passover, during the Feast


Christ, the Kingdom, and New Birth

3 Now there was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a member of the Jewish ruling council.1 This man came to Jesus by night and said to him, “Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher who has come from God, for no one could perform the signs that you are unless God was with him.” Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again,2 he cannot see the kingdom of God.” 4 Nicodemus said to him, “How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born?” 5 Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and spirit,3 he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. 7 Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’ 8 The wind blows where it pleases, and you hear the sound of it, but you don’t know where it is coming from or where it is going. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit.”

9 Nicodemus answered and said to him, “How can these things be?” 10 Jesus responded, “You are the teacher of Israel, and you don’t know these things? 11 Truly, truly, I say to you, we speak of what we know and bear witness to what we have seen, but you4 men are not accepting our testimony. 12 If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe, how will you believe if I tell you heavenly things? 13 No one has ascended into heaven except him who came down from heaven—the Son of Man.5 14 And just as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so the Son of Man must be lifted up, 15 so that everyone who believes in him may have eternal life.

16 “For God so loved the world that he gave his only-begotten Son, that everyone who believes in him might not perish but have everlasting life. 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world might be saved through him. 18 He who believes in him is not condemned; but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only-begotten Son of God. 19 And this is the condemnation, that the light has come into the world, but men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. 20 For everyone who practices evil hates the light and does not come to the light, lest his deeds should be exposed. 21 But he who does the truth comes to the light, that it might be made manifest that his deeds have been done in God.”

“I Must Decrease”

22 After these things Jesus and his disciples came into the land of Judea; and there he spent time with them and was baptizing. 23 John too was baptizing in Aenon near Salim, because water was plentiful there; and people were coming to him and being baptized. 24 (For John had not yet been thrown into prison.)

25 Then there arose a dispute between some of John’s disciples and a certain Jew6 concerning purification. 26 So they came to John and said to him, “Rabbi, he who was with you beyond the Jordan, the one to whom you have borne witness—look, that man is now baptizing, and everyone is coming to him!” 27 John replied, “A man can receive nothing unless it has been given to him from heaven. 28 You yourselves can testify of me, that I said, ‘I am not the Christ,’ but, ‘I have been sent before him.’ 29 The one who has the bride is the bridegroom; but the friend of the bridegroom, who stands by and hears him, 7greatly rejoices on account of the bridegroom’s voice. So then, this joy of mine is now complete. 30 He must increase, and I must decrease.8

31 “He who comes from above is above all; he who comes from the earth is of the earth and speaks from the earth. He who comes from heaven is above all. 32 What he has seen and heard, he testifies, but no one accepts his testimony. 33 The one who has accepted his testimony has set his seal to this, that God is true. 34 For he whom God has sent speaks the very words of God, for to him God does not give the Spirit by measure. 35 The Father loves the Son, and has given all things into his hand. 36 He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not believe the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.”


  1. Lit. a ruler of the Jews
  2. Or again; but see 3:31, 19:11, 33
  3. Or water and (the) Spirit; there is no article in the Greek
  4. You is plural, and so throughout the rest of chapter
  5. Some mss add who is in heaven
  6. Some mss certain Jews
  7. Or possibly and listens for him
  8. Some interpreters close the quote at verse 30


True Drink

4 Therefore, when Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard he was making and baptizing more disciples than John 2 (though Jesus himself was not baptizing, but his disciples), 3 he left Judea and departed again into Galilee. 4 But in order get there, he had to pass through Samaria. 5 So he came to a city of Samaria called Sychar, near the parcel of land that Jacob had given his son Joseph. 6 Now Jacob’s well1 was there; so Jesus, wearied as he was from his journey, was sitting beside the well. It was about the sixth hour.

7 Now a woman of Samaria arrived in order to draw water. Jesus said to her, “Give me a drink.” 8 (For His disciples had gone away into the city to buy food). So the woman of Samaria said to him, “How is it that you, a Jew, are asking for a drink from me, a Samaritan woman?” (For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.) 10 In reply, Jesus said to her, “If you knew the gift of God, and who it is saying to you, ‘Give me a drink,’ you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water.” 11 The woman said to Him, “Sir, you have nothing with which to draw, and the well is deep; where, then, do you get this living water? 12 Are you greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank from it himself, along with his sons and his livestock?” 13 Jesus answered her, “Everyone who drinks of this water will thirst again; 14 but whoever drinks of the water that I give him2 will never thirst; but the water that I give him will become in him a fountain1 of water springing up into eternal life.”

15 The woman said to him, “Sir, give me this water, that I might not thirst or have to come here to draw.” 16 Jesus said to her, “Go, call your husband, and come back here.” 17 The woman answered and said, “I have no husband.” Jesus replied, “In saying, ‘I have no husband,’ you have spoken well, 18 for you have had five husbands, and the man you have now is not your husband; in that you have told the truth.” 19 The woman said to him, “Sir, I can see you are a prophet. 20 Our forefathers worshiped on this mountain, but you Jews say that the place where people ought to worship is in Jerusalem.” 21 Jesus said to her, “Woman, believe me, an hour is coming when all of you will worship the Father, neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. 22 You worship what you do not know; we know what we worship, for salvation comes from the Jews. 23 But an hour is coming, and now is here, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; for the Father is seeking people such as these to be his worshipers. 24 God is spirit,3 and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.” 25 The woman said to him, “I know that Messiah is coming” (the One called Christ). “Whenever he does come, he will make all things known to us.” 26 Jesus said to her, “I am he, the one speaking with you now.

27 Now at that very moment his disciples arrived; and they marveled that he was talking with a woman. Yet no one asked him, “What are you seeking?” or, “Why are you talking with her?”

The Fields are White for Harvest!

28 So the woman left behind her water jar, went back into the city, and said to the men, 29 “Come, see a man who told me everything I ever did! Could it be that he is the Christ?”4 30 So they went forth from the city and were coming to him. 31 Meanwhile, the disciples were pressing him, saying, “Rabbi, take something to eat.” 32 But he said to them, “I have food to eat that you do not know about.” 33 So the disciples began saying to one another, “Surely no one brought him anything to eat; or did they?” 34 Jesus said to them, “My food is to do the will of him who sent me, and to finish his work. 35 Don’t you all say, ‘There are four more months, and then comes the harvest’? Behold, I tell you to lift up your eyes and see the fields, that even now they are white for harvest! 36 Already5 he who reaps is receiving wages and gathering fruit for eternal life, so that he who sows and he who reaps may rejoice together. 37 For in this case the saying is true: ‘One sows and another reaps.’ 38 I sent you to reap that for which you did not toil; others have toiled, and you have entered into their toil.”

Many Samaritans Believe

39 Now many of the Samaritans who lived in that city believed in him because of the word of the woman, who testified, “He told me everything I ever did.” 40 Therefore, when the Samaritans had come to him, they began entreating him to remain with them. So he remained there for two days, 41 and many more believed because of his own word. 42 Then they began saying to the woman, “No longer do we believe because of what you said, for we ourselves have heard him; and now we now that this man truly is the Savior of the world.”

Jesus Welcomed in Galilee

43 Now after the two days he went forth from there into Galilee. 44 (For Jesus himself had testified that a prophet has no honor in his own homeland.) 45 So when he arrived in Galilee, the Galileans welcomed him, having seen everything he had done in Jerusalem at the feast (for they too had gone to the feast).

A Nobleman’s Son is Healed

46 So Jesus came again to Cana of Galilee where he had turned the water into wine. Now in Capernaum there was a certain royal official whose son was sick. 47 When he heard that Jesus had come out of Judea into Galilee, he went to him and pleaded with him to come down and heal his son, for the child was about to die. 48 So Jesus said to him, “Unless you people keep seeing signs and wonders, you will not believe.” 49 The official said to him, “Sir, come down quickly before my child dies!” 50 Jesus said to him, “Go your way; your son lives.” The man believed the word that Jesus spoke to him, so went his way. 51 But while he was still on his way down, his bond-servants met him and told him that his son would live. 52 So he inquired of them as to the hour in which the child began to improve. They said to him, “Yesterday, at the seventh hour,6 the fever left him.” 53 Then the father understood that it happened during the very hour when Jesus had said to him, “Your son lives!” And he himself believed, together with his whole household. 54 This was now the second sign that Jesus performed in Cana, having come back from Judea into Galilee.


  1. Lit. spring; or, a well fed by a spring
  2. Lit. will give him
  3. Or, a Spirit
  4. Lit. This could not be the Christ, could it?
  5. Or that they are already white for harvest. He who reaps
  6. That is, 1 PM


A Sabbath Healing at the Pool of Bethesda

5 After these things there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. Now in Jerusalem, near the Sheep Gate, there is a pool which in Hebrew is called Bethesda,1 and which has five covered walkways. 3 And a great many people were lying in these porticoes, people who were sick, blind, lame, and paralyzed.2 5 Now in that place there was a certain man who had been an invalid for thirty-eight years. 6 When Jesus saw him lying there, and when realized he had been in this condition for a long time, he said to him, “Do you want to get well?” The disabled man answered him, “Sir, I have no one3 to put me into the pool when the water is stirred up; but while I am on my way, another steps down into it before me.” Jesus said to him, “Arise, pick up your bedding, and walk!” 9 And immediately the man was healed, picked up his bedding, and walked.

Now this occurred on a Sabbath day.4 10 Therefore the Jewish leaders began telling the man who was healed, “It is a Sabbath day; it is unlawful for you to carry your bedding.” 11 But he answered them, “The man who healed me, he was the one who told me, ‘Pick up your bedding and walk.’” 12 They asked him, “Who is the man who told you, ‘Pick up your bedding and walk’?” 13 But the man who had been healed did not know who it was, for Jesus had slipped away into the crowd that was in that place.5

14 Now after these things, Jesus found the man in the temple precincts; and he said to him, “See, you have been healed. Sin no more, so that nothing worse may happen to you.” 15 The man went and told the Jewish leaders that it was Jesus who had healed him.

Jesus Clashes with the Jewish Leaders

16 Now for this reason the leaders began to persecute Jesus, because he had done these things on a Sabbath day. 17 But Jesus answered them, saying, “My Father is at work even until now, and I too am at work.” 18 Therefore they sought all the more to kill him, not only because he was breaking the Sabbath, but also because he was calling God his own Father, thereby making himself equal with God.

19 So Jesus responded, saying to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing by himself, but only what7 he sees the Father doing; for whatever things the Father does, those things the Son does as well. 20 For the Father loves the Son, and shows him everything that he himself is doing; and he will show him greater works than these, that you may be moved to wonder. 21 For just as the Father raises the dead and brings them to life, so too the Son brings to life those whom he will. 22 For the Father himself judges no one, but has granted all judgment to the Son, 23 that all may honor the Son even as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him. 24 Truly, truly, I say to you, he who hears my word and believes the one who sent me has eternal life and does not come into judgment, but has crossed over out of death and into life.

25 “Truly, truly, I say to you, the hour is coming, and has now arrived, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God; and those who hear will live. 26 For just as the Father has life in himself, so too has he granted that the Son should have life in himself; 27 moreover, he has given8 him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of Man.9 28 Do not be amazed by this; for an hour is coming in which all who are in the tombs will hear his voice 29 and come forth—those who did what is good to a resurrection of life, and those who practiced what is evil to a resurrection of condemnation.

Manifold Witnesses to the Son

30 “On my own, I can do nothing. As I hear, I judge; and my judgment is just, because I do not seek my own will, but the will of him who sent me. 31 If I alone testify about myself, my testimony is not true.10 32 There is another who testifies about me, and I know that the testimony he gives concerning me is true. 33 You sent messengers to John, and he has borne witness to the truth. 34 (Not that I receive11 testimony from man, but I am saying these things so that you might be saved.) 35 He was the burning and shining lamp, and for a time you were eager to rejoice in his light. 36 But the testimony I have is greater than John’s; for the works that the Father has given me to complete—the very works I am doing—these testify of me, that the Father has sent me. 37 Moreover, the Father who sent me has himself testified about me. None of you have heard his voice or seen his form at any time. 38 Nor do you have his word abiding within you, for you do not believe the one whom he has sent. 39 You search the Scriptures,12 for by them you think to possess eternal life; yet these very writings testify about me, 40 but you are unwilling to come to me in order that you might have life.

41 “I am not receiving honor from men; 42 but I know you, that you do not have the love of God within yourselves. 43 I have come in my Father’s name, and you are not welcoming me; if another should come in his own name, him you will welcome. 44 How can you believe when you receive glory from one another, yet do not seek the glory that comes from the only God? 45 Do not think that I will accuse you before the Father; the one who accuses you is Moses, in whom you have placed your hope. 46 For if you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote of me. 47 But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe my words?”


  1. Some mss read Bethzatha.
  2. Here some mss insert, wholly or in part, waiting for the moving of the water. For an angel went down at a certain time into the pool and stirred up the water; then whoever stepped in first, after the stirring of the water, was made well of whatever disease he had.
  3. Lit. no man
  4. Lit. Now that day was a Sabbath
  5. Lit. slipped away, there being a crowd in that place
  6. Or I myself
  7. Or unless it is something
  8. Lit. gave
  9. Or a son of man
  10. That is, admissible in a court of law
  11. Or accept
  12. Or Search the Scriptures!


Bread for the Multitudes

6 After these things, Jesus departed for the other side of the Sea of Galilee (which is also called the Sea of Tiberias); 2 and a large crowd followed him because they continued to see the miraculous signs he was performing on those who were sick. 3 Now Jesus went up on the mountainside and sat down there with his disciples. 4 And the Passover, the feast of the Jews, was near.

5 Now when Jesus had lifted up his eyes and beheld a large crowd coming towards him, he spoke to Philip, saying, “Where can we buy bread so that all these people may eat?” 6 (But Jesus said this in order to test Philip, for he himself knew what he was about to do.) 7 Philip answered him, saying, “Two hundred denarii worth of bread would not be enough for each one of them to take even a little.” 8 One of his disciples—Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother—said to him, 9 “Here is a little boy with five barley loaves and two small fish, but of what use are they in feeding so many?” 10 Jesus said, “Make the people sit down” (for there was a great deal of grass in that place.) So the men sat down, about five thousand in number. 11 Then Jesus took up the loaves; and when he had given thanks, he distributed portions to those who were reclining there; and he did the same with the fish, giving the people as much as they desired. 12 Now when they all had taken their fill, he said to his disciples, “Gather up the leftover fragments, so that nothing may be lost.” 13 So they gathered them up; and they filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves that were left over by those who had eaten. 14 Therefore, when the men saw the sign that Jesus had just performed, they began saying to one another, “Surely this the Prophet who is to come into the world!” 15 Then, realizing that they were about to come and take him by force so as to make him king, Jesus withdrew once again to the mountainside all alone by himself.

A Walk on the Water

16 When evening arrived, his disciples went down to the sea, 17 got into a boat, and headed out across the sea for Capernaum (for it had already become dark, and Jesus had not yet come to them). 18 Then the sea began to grow rough, because a strong wind was blowing. 19 Now when the disciples had rowed about three or four miles, they noticed Jesus walking on the sea and drawing near the boat; and they were afraid. 20 But he said to them, “It is I; don’t be afraid!” 21 Then they were eager to welcome him into the boat; and all at once the boat was at the land to which the disciples had been going.

The Manna From Above

22 The next day the crowd that was standing on the opposite side of the sea understood that there had been only one boat there, and that Jesus had not entered it with his disciples,1 but that his disciples had departed all by themselves. 23 However, other boats from Tiberias came to shore near the place where the people had eaten bread after the Lord gave thanks. 24 So when the crowd saw that neither Jesus nor his disciples were there, they themselves got into the boats and came to Capernaum, seeking Jesus.

25 Now once they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said to him, “Rabbi, when did you get here?” 26 Jesus answered them and said, “Truly, truly, I say to you, you are seeking me, not because you saw the signs, but because you ate of the loaves and were filled. 27 Do not work for the food that perishes, but for the food that endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give to you, for on him God the Father has placed his seal.” 28 Therefore they said to him, “What must we do, that we might work the works of God?” 29 Jesus answered and said to them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in the One whom He has sent.” 30 So they said to him, “Then what sign are you going to give us,2 that we may see it and believe you? What miracle will you work? 31 Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness; as it is written, ‘He gave them bread out of heaven to eat.’”3 32 Then Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, it is not Moses who has given you the bread that comes out of heaven; rather, it is my Father who is giving you the true bread that comes out of heaven. 33 For the bread of God is he who comes down out of heaven and gives life to the world.”

34 So the people said to him, “Sir, give us this bread at all times!” 35 Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life. He who comes to me will never hunger, and he who believes in me will never thirst. 36 But as I told you: You have indeed seen me, yet you do not believe. 37 All whom the Father gives me will come to me; and he who comes to me I will never drive out.5 38 For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him who sent me. 39 And this is the will of him who sent me, that of all he has given me I should lose nothing, but raise it up on the last day. 40 For this is the will of my Father, that everyone who beholds the Son and believes in him should have eternal life; and I myself will raise him up on the last day.”

Murmuring Among the Jews

41 So the Jews began to whisper against him, because he said, “I am the bread that came down out of heaven.” 42 They were saying, “Is this not Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How can he now say, ‘I have come down out of heaven’?” 43 In response, Jesus said to them, “Do not whisper against me among yourselves. 44 No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him; and I will raise him up on the last day. 45 It is written in the prophets, ‘And they shall all be taught by6 God.’7 Everyone who has heard from the Father, and learned from him, comes to Me. 46 Not that anyone has seen the Father, except he who is from God; he alone has seen the Father. 47 Truly, truly I say to you, he who believes has eternal life. 48 I am the bread of life. 49 Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, yet they died. 50 This is the bread that comes down out of heaven, so that one may eat of it and not die. 51 I am the living bread that came down out of heaven. If anyone partakes of this bread, he will live forever; and indeed, the bread that I will give for the life of the world is my flesh.”

52 Now at this the Jews began arguing among themselves, saying, “How can this man give us his flesh to eat?” 53 Therefore Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in yourselves. 54 Whoever feeds on my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day. 55 For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink. 56 He who feeds on my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me, and I in him. 57 Just as the living Father sent me, and just as I live because of the Father, so he who feeds on me will live because of me. 58 This is the bread that came down from heaven, not at all like the bread the fathers ate, and later died. He who eats this bread will live forever.” 59 These things Jesus said while he was teaching in the synagogue at Capernaum.

Divided Disciples

60 Therefore many of his disciples, when they heard these things, said, “This is a hard saying; who can hear it?” 61 But Jesus, knowing within himself that his disciples were murmuring about this, said to them, “Does this offend you? 62 What then if you should see the Son of Man ascending to where he was before? 63 It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh is of no use at all. The words that I have spoken to you: it is spirit and it is life that will show you what they mean. 64 But there are some among you who do not believe.” For from the beginning Jesus knew who they were who did not believe, and who it was that would betray him. 65 So he went on to say, “Therefore I have told you that no one can come to me unless it has been granted to him by my Father.”

66 As a result of this, many of his disciples returned to their former lives,8 and no longer walked with Jesus. 67 So Jesus said to the twelve, “Do you want to leave as well?” 68 Simon Peter answered him, saying, “Lord, to whom would we go? You have the words of eternal life; 69 and we have come to believe and know that you are the Holy One of God.” 70 Jesus replied to them all, “Did I not choose you, the Twelve, yet one of you is a devil?” 71 (Now he was speaking of Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot; for it was Judas, one of the Twelve, who was going betray him.)


  1. Or saw that there was no other boat there but one, and that Jesus had not entered the boat with his disciples, but
  2. Lit. do, perform
  3. Ex. 16:4; Neh. 9:15; Ps. 78:24
  4. Some older mss omit me
  5. Lit. cast (drive) outside
  6. Or of, about
  7. Is. 54:13
  8. Lit. went back to the things behind


Jesus Teaches at the Feast of Booths

7 After these things Jesus was walking in Galilee; he was unwilling in Judea, because the Jewish leaders were seeking to kill Him. 2 Now the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles was drawing near; 3 so Jesus’ brothers said to him, “Leave here and go down to Judea so that your disciples living in those parts may also see the works that you are doing. 4 For no one does anything in secret when he is trying to make himself known to the public. If you are doing these things, show yourself to the whole world.” 5 (For not even his own brothers had believed1 in him.) So Jesus said to them, “The right time for me has not yet come; but for you, any time is right. 7 The world cannot hate you; but me it hates, for I testify of it that its works are evil. You men go up to the feast; I am not2 going up to this feast, for the right time for me has not yet fully come.” 9 And having said these things,3 he remained in Galilee.

10 However, when his brothers had gone up to the feast, he himself also went up, yet not openly, but4 in secret. 11 For this reason the Jewish leaders kept on looking for him at the feast, and were saying to one another, “Where is he?” 12 Moreover, among the crowds there was widespread whispering about him: Some were saying, “He is a good man,” whereas others were saying, “No, on the contrary, he is leading the common people astray.” 13 However, no one would speak about him openly, for fear of the Jewish leaders.

14 Now when the middle of the feast arrived,5 Jesus went up into the temple courtyard and began to teach. 15 Then the Jewish leaders stood amazed, asking, “How has this man acquired knowledge of the sacred things,6 having never received formal instruction?” 16 So Jesus answered them and said, “My teaching is not mine, but his who sent me. 17 If anyone desires to do his will, he will know in regard to the teaching, whether it comes from God or whether I am speaking from myself. 18 The man who speaks from himself is seeking his own glory; but he who seeks the glory of the one who sent him, that man is true, and there is no unrighteousness in him. 19 Did not Moses give you the law? Yet not one of you is putting it into practice! Why are you trying to kill me?” 20 The crowd answered and said, “You have a demon. Who is trying to kill you?” 21 Jesus answered and said to them, “I performed a single work, and all of you now stand amazed. 22 So then, consider this: Moses gave you circumcision (not that it came from Moses, but rather from the fathers), and you circumcise a man on the Sabbath. 23 Now if a man receives circumcision on the Sabbath, so that the Law of Moses might not be broken, are you angry with me because I made a man completely well on the Sabbath? 24 Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with righteous judgment.”

Could This Man Be the Christ?

25 Therefore some of the people who lived in Jerusalem began to say, “Is this not the man the rulers are trying to put to death? 26 But look! He is speaking openly, and they aren’t saying a word to him! Could it be they have actually concluded that he is the Christ? 27 However, we know where this man is from; but when the Christ comes, no one will know where he is from.” 28 Then Jesus cried out in the temple, teaching and saying, “So, you both “know” me and where I am from!7 And yet I have not come on my own initiative, but the One who sent me is true. You do not know him; 29 but I know Him, for I am from him, and he has sent me.” 30 Therefore the rulers were trying to seize him; but no one laid a hand on him, for his hour had not yet come. 31 Meanwhile, many from the crowd believed in him; and they were saying, “When at last the Christ comes, will he perform more miraculous signs than the ones this man has performed?”

Jesus and the Religious Leaders

32 Now the Pharisees overheard the crowd whispering these things about him; so the Pharisees and the chief priests sent officers to seize him. 33 Then Jesus said, “For a little while longer I am with you, and then I will go my way to him who sent me. 34 You will seek me, but you will not find me; and where I am you cannot come.” 35 Therefore the Jewish leaders said to one another, “Where is he planning to go, so that we cannot find him? Surely he’s not planning to go to the Jews dispersed among the Greeks and teach the Greeks, is he? 36 What did he mean when he said, ‘You will seek me, but you will not find me; and where I am you cannot come’?”

The Promise of the Holy Spirit

37 Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink. 38 He who believes in me—just as the Scripture8 has said—out of the depths of his being9 will flow rivers of living water.” 39 (But this he spoke concerning the Spirit, whom those who believed in him would soon receive; for the Spirit had not yet been given, for Jesus had not yet been glorified.)

Division Among the People

40 Therefore, upon hearing these words, some among the crowd began to say, “Surely this is the Prophet!” 41 Others were saying, “This is the Christ!” However, still others said, “No, for the Christ will not come from Galilee, will he? 42 Has not the Scripture said that the Christ will come from the seed of David, and from Bethlehem, the town where David lived?” 43 So a division arose among the crowd because of him. 44 Moreover, some among them wanted to seize him, but not one of them laid a hand upon him.

45 Then the officers came back to the chief priests and Pharisees; and the rulers said to them, “Why have you not brought him?” 46 The officers replied, “No man ever spoke like this man did!47 So the Pharisees answered them, “Surely you men haven’t been deceived as well? 48 Have any of the rulers or the Pharisees believed in him? 49 But this crowd that is ignorant of the Law is accursed.” 50 However Nicodemus—who had previously gone to see Jesus—being one of the Pharisees,10 said to them, 51 “Does our law judge a man before it gives him a hearing and learns what he is doing?” 52 They answered and said to him, “Are you too from Galilee? Search the Scriptures and see: No prophet is to arise out of Galilee!” 53 (And everyone went to his own house. 11


  1. Lit. were believing
  2. Many mss not yet
  3. Some mss add to them
  4. Some mss but as if
  5. Lit. But when it was now the middle of the feast
  6. Lit. How does this man know letters
  7. Or where I am from?
  8. See Is. 44:3, 55:1, 58:11, Zech. 14:8
  9. Lit. out of his belly, lowermost bowels
  10. Lit. being one from them
  11. Many older mss do not contain 7:53-8:11; in some it appears in other locations.


An Adulteress and Her Judges

8 But Jesus went away to the Mount of Olives.

2 Now early in the morning he came again into the temple precincts, and all the people were gathering to him; so he sat down and began to teach them. 3 Then the scribes and the Pharisees brought him a woman caught committing adultery. Standing her in the midst of them, they said to Jesus, “Teacher, this woman was caught in adultery, in the very act. Now in the Law, Moses commanded us to stone such women. What then do you say?” 6 (In asking this, they were testing Jesus with evil intent, in order that they might find grounds for bringing charges against him.) But Jesus, stooping down, began to write on the ground with his finger. 7 But when they kept on pressing him for an answer, he stood up and said to them, “The man among you who is without sin, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.” 8 And once again, after stooping down, he began writing on the ground. 9 Now when they heard this, the men began to depart one by one, starting with the oldest, until at last Jesus was left all alone, with the woman standing there before him.1 10 Raising himself up, he then said to her, “Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?” 11 She replied, “No one, sir.”2 Jesus said, “Neither do I condemn you; go your way, and from now on, sin no more.”)

The Light of the World

12 So Jesus spoke to them once again, saying, “I am the light of the world. He who follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.” 13 Therefore the Pharisees said to him, “You are testifying about yourself; your testimony is not true!”3 14 But in reply Jesus said to them, “Even if I do testify about myself, my testimony is true, for I know where I came from and where I am going; however, you do not know where I come from or where I am going. 15 You are judging according to the flesh; I am judging no one. 16 But even if I do judge, my judgment is true; for I am not alone in judging, but I and the One4 who sent Me judge together. 17 Moreover, it is even written in your own Law that the testimony of two men is true. 18 I am one who testifies about myself, and the Father who sent me also testifies about me.” 19 Therefore they said to him, “Where is your Father?” Jesus answered, “You know neither me nor my Father; if you had known me, you would have known my Father as well.” 20 These words Jesus spoke in the treasury, as he was teaching in the temple courts; but no one laid hands on him, because his hour had not yet come.

“I am Going Away”

21 Then Jesus spoke to them again: “I am going away; and you will look for me, but you will die in your sin; where I am going you cannot come.” 22 Therefore the Jewish leaders began saying, “Is he going to kill himself, since he is saying, ‘Where I am going you cannot come’?” 23 So Jesus went on to say to them: “You are from beneath; I am from above. You are of this world; I am not of this world. 24 For this reason I said to you that you will die in your sins; for if you do not believe that I am who I say I am,5 you will die in your sins.” 25 Therefore they said to him, “Who are you?” Jesus answered them, “Just what I have been telling you from the beginning. 26 I have many things to speak and judge concerning you; but he who sent me is always on the side of truth,6 and the things I have heard from him, these very things I am speaking to the world.” 27 (The rulers did not understand that he was speaking to them about the Father.) 28 Therefore Jesus said to them, “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am who I say I am,5 and that I do nothing on my own initiative, but the things that I speak, I speak just as My Father has taught me. 29 And he who sent me is with me; he has not left me alone, for at all times I do only the things that please him.” 30 As Jesus spoke these words, many believed in him.

The Truth Will Set You Free

31 Therefore Jesus went on to say to the Jews who had believed him, “If you abide in my word, you are truly my disciples, 32 and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.” 33 They answered him, “We are Abraham’s seed, and have never yet been enslaved to anyone! How then can you say, ‘You will become free’?” 34 Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone engaged in sin7 is a slave of sin; 35 and a slave does not remain in the household forever, but a son remains forever. 36 If, therefore, the Son should set you free, you will be free indeed. 37 I know you are Abraham’s seed; yet you are trying to kill me because in you there is no room for my word.8 38 The things I have seen in the presence of my9 Father, I speak; and as a result, the things you have heard in the presence of your9 father, you are doing.”10

Two Spiritual Families

39 They answered and said to him, “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said to them, “If you are Abraham’s children, then do the works that Abraham did!11 40 But as it is, you are trying to kill me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard in the presence of God. This Abraham did not do. 41 You are doing the works of your father.” They said to him, “We were not begotten through sexual immorality; we have but one Father, God himself!42 Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I went forth from God, and am here according to his will; for I have not even come among you on my own initiative, but he is the one who sent me. 43 Why is it that you do not understand my manner of speech? It is because you cannot hear my word. 44 You are from your father the devil, so you want to carry out your father’s wishes. From the very beginning he was a murderer. Moreover, he does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him; whenever he utters a lie, he is simply speaking from his own nature, for he is a liar, and the father of lying.12 45 But because I am speaking the truth, you do not believe me. 46 Who among you can convict me of a single sin? If I am speaking the truth, why is it that you do not believe me? 47 He who is from God hears the words of God; for this reason you do not hear, because you are not from God.”

Before Abraham Was, I AM

48 In reply, the Jews said to him, “Do we not say correctly that you are a Samaritan, and that you have a demon?” 49 Jesus answered, “I do not have a demon; on the contrary, I am honoring my Father, and you are dishonoring me. 50 Nevertheless, I do not seek glory for myself; there is One who seeks it for me, and who judges as well. 51 Truly, truly, I say to you, if anyone keeps my word, he will never see death.” 52 The Jews said to him, “Now we know you have a demon! Abraham died, and so did the prophets; yet you say, ‘If anyone keeps my word, he will never taste death.’ 53 Are you greater than our father Abraham, who died; and than the prophets, who also died? Who are you making yourself out to be?” 54 Jesus replied, “If I honor myself, my honor is nothing. My Father is the One who honors me, of whom you say, ‘He is our God’. 55 You have never known him;14 however, I do know him; and if I should say, ‘I don’t know him,’ I would be a liar as you are; but I do know him, and I keep his word. 56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to know that he would see15 my day; and he did see it, and was glad.” 57 So the Jews said to him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and you have seen Abraham?” 58 Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham came to be, I AM.” 59 Then they took up stones to throw at him; but Jesus was hidden16 from their sight, and went forth from the temple grounds.


  1. Lit. in the midst
  2. Or Lord
  3. Or valid, admissible
  4. Many mss Father
  5. Or I am He
  6. Lit. true, truthful, habitually speaking truth
  7. Lit. doing sin
  8. Or possibly among you my word makes no progress
  9. Lit. the
  10. Or of the Father, do!
  11. Some mss If you were Abraham’s children, then you would do
  12. Lit. it
  13. Lit. my glory
  14. Lit. You have not come to know him
  15. Lit. rejoiced in order that he should see
  16. Or possibly hid himself


A Man Born Blind

9 Now as Jesus was passing by, he turned his gaze upon a man who was blind from birth. 2 So his disciples inquired of him, asking, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, so that he should be born blind?” 3 Jesus answered, “Neither did this man sin, nor his parents; he was born blind so that the works of God might be displayed in his life.1 We must work the works of him who sent me while it is still day; the night is coming when no one can work. 5 As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.” 6 After saying these things, he spat on the ground and fashioned some clay out of the saliva. Then he spread the clay on the man’s eyes 7 and said to him, “Go, wash in the pool of Siloam” (which is translated, Sent). So he went his way, washed, and returned seeing.

8 So the man’s neighbors, along with those who had previously seen him as a beggar, began saying, “Is this not the man who used to sit there and beg?” 9 Some of them were saying, “This is the man!” while others said, “No, it’s that he looks like him.”2 But the man himself kept saying, “I am he!10 For this reason, they all were asking him, “How then were your eyes opened?” 11 He replied, “The man called Jesus fashioned clay, spread it on my eyes, and said to me, ‘Go to Siloam and wash.’ So I went and washed and received my sight.” 12 So they said to him, “Where is this man?” He replied, “I don’t know.”

The Judgment of the Pharisees

13 Then they brought the man who was formerly blind to the Pharisees. 14 Now the day on which Jesus fashioned the clay and opened the man’s eyes was a Sabbath. 15 Therefore the Pharisees too began asking the man once again how he had received his sight. So he said to them, “He put clay on my eyes, I washed, and now I see.” 16 Then some of the Pharisees began saying, “This man is not from God, because he does not keep the Sabbath.” But others were saying, “How can a man who is a sinner perform such miraculous signs?” Thus a division arose among them. 17 So yet again they asked the blind man, “What do you say about him, seeing that he opened your eyes?” He said, “He is a prophet.”

18 Therefore, because of the division among them, the Jewish leaders would not take the man’s word that he had been blind and received his sight until they had called for the parents of the one whose vision had actually been restored, and 19 and questioned them. So they asked, “Is this your son, who you say was born blind? How then does he now see?” 20 His parents replied, “We know this is our son, and that he was born blind. 21 But how it is that he now sees, we don’t know; nor do we know who opened his eyes. He has reached adulthood; ask him, and he will speak for himself.” 22 His parents said these things because they feared the Jewish leaders, for the leaders had already agreed that if anyone should confess that Jesus is the Christ, he would be excommunicated from the synagogue. 23 For this reason, his parents said, “He has reached adulthood; ask him.”

24 So for a second time they called for the man who had been blind and said to him, “Give the glory to God;3 we know that this man is a sinner!” 25 So he replied, “Whether or not he is a sinner, I don’t know; but one thing I do know: Though I used to blind, now I see.” 26 Then they said to him, “What did he do to you? How did he open your eyes?” 27 He answered them, “I already told you, but you didn’t listen. Why do you want to hear it again? Surely you don’t want to become his disciples as well; or do you?” 28 Then they hurled insults at him; moreover, they said, “You are his disciple, but we are disciples of Moses. 29 We know that God spoke to Moses; but as for this man, we have know idea where he is from.” 30 In reply, the man said to them, “Now here is an amazing thing: You don’t where this man is from, even though he opened my eyes! 31 We know that God does not listen to sinners; on the other hand, if anyone worships him and does his will, God listens to him. 32 Since time began, it is unheard of that anyone ever opened the eyes of someone born blind. 33 If this man were not from God, he could do nothing.” 34 In response, they said to him, “You were altogether born in sins, and you are teaching us?” And they drove him out.

“Are We Blind?”

35 Now Jesus heard that they had driven the man out; so when he had found him, he said to him, “Do you believe in the Son of Man?” 36 He answered and said, “Who is he, Sir,4 that I might believe in him?” 37 Jesus said to him, “You have not only seen him, but he is the one speaking with you now.” 38 The man said, “Lord, I believe,” and he worshiped him.5 39 Then Jesus said, “For judgment2 I have come into this world, so that those who do not see may see, and that those who do see may be made blind.” 40 Now some of the Pharisees who were there with him heard these words; and they said to him, “Surely we are not also blind, are we?” 41 Jesus said to them, “If you really were blind, you would have no sin. But now that you say, ‘We see,’ your sin remains.”


  1. Lit. in him
  2. Lit. No, but he is like him
  3. Or Give glory to God. (Josh. 7:19)
  4. Or Lord
  5. A number of early mss omit v. 38
  6. Greek krisis


The True Shepherd

10 “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door, but climbs up some other way, that man is a thief and a robber. 2 But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. To him the doorkeeper opens, and the sheep hear his voice; and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. 4 Whenever he moves them out of the fold, he goes before them; and the sheep follow him, because they recognize his voice. But by no means will they follow a stranger; indeed, they will flee from him, for they do not recognize the voice of strangers.” Using this figure of speech, Jesus spoke to them; but the men did not understand the things he was telling them.

The Good Shepherd

7 So once again Jesus spoke to them, saying, “Truly, truly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep. 8 All who ever came before me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not listen to them. 9 I am the door. If anyone enters through me, he will be saved; and he will come in and go out, and will find pasture. 10 The thief does not come except to steal, kill, and destroy; I have come that they might have life, and have it more abundantly. 11 I am the good shepherd; the good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. 12 A hireling—someone who is not a shepherd and who does not own the sheep—sees the wolf coming, abandons the sheep, and flees. Then the wolf seizes and scatters them. 13 He flees because he is a hireling and cares nothing for the sheep. 14 I am the good shepherd. I know my own, my own know me, 15 even as the Father knows me, and I know the Father; and I lay down my life for the sheep. 16 What’s more, I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them as well; and they will hear my voice, and there will be one flock and one shepherd. 17 For this reason my Father loves me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it back again. 18 No one is taking it from me; rather, I am laying it down on my own initiative. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again. This command I received from my Father.”

19 Because of these words, a division once again arose among the Jews. 20 Many of them were saying, “He has a demon and is insane. Why do you listen to him?” 21 But others said, “These are not the words of a man who has a demon. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?”

“Are You the Christ?”

22 At that time the Feast of Dedication was being held in Jerusalem. Now it was winter, 23 and Jesus was walking in the temple precincts, in Solomon’s portico. 24 So the Jewish leaders surrounded him and began asking him, “How long are you going to keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell us plainly.” 25 Jesus answered them, “I did tell you, but you do not believe. The miraculous works I am doing in my Father’s name, these also testify about me; 26 but you do not believe, because you are not of my sheep. 27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. 28 Moreover, I give them eternal life: to all eternity, they will never be destroyed, nor shall anyone snatch them out of my hand. 29 My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of my Father’s hand. 30 I and the Father are one.”

31 So once again the Jewish leaders picked up stones to stone him. 32 In reply, Jesus said to them, “I have shown you many good works from the Father: for which one of them are stoning me?” 33 The Jews answered him, saying, “We are not stoning you because of a good work, but for blasphemy; indeed, because you, a mere man,2 make yourself out to be God!” 34 Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your law, ‘I said, “You are gods’?3 35 Now if he calls the men to whom the word of God came “gods” (and the Scripture cannot be broken), 36 do you say of the one whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’? 37 If I am not performing the works of my Father, then don’t believe me; 38 but if I am, even though you don’t believe me, believe the works, so that you may realize and understand that the Father is in me, and I in him.” 39 Therefore, they tried to seize him yet again, but he escaped out of their hands.

Faith Beyond the Jordan

40 Then Jesus, again crossing the Jordan River, departed to the place where John was first baptizing; and he stayed on there. 41 Now many people came to him; and they were saying to one another, “John performed no miraculous signs, but everything he said about this man was true.” 42 And many believed in him there.


  1. Lit. The hireling
  2. Lit. being a man
  3. Ps. 82:6


A Death in the Family

11 Now a certain man was sick: Lazarus of Bethany, the town where Mary and her sister Martha lived. (This was the Mary who anointed the Lord with fragrant oil and wiped his feet with her hair; she was the one whose brother Lazarus was sick.) 3 So the sisters sent word to Jesus, saying, “Lord, please know1 that one whom you love2 is gravely ill.” 4 But when Jesus heard it, he said, “This sickness will not end in death; rather, it is for the glory of God, that the Son of God may be glorified through it.”

5 Now Jesus loved2 Martha, her sister, and Lazarus. 6 Therefore, when he heard that Lazarus was sick, he remained in the place where he was for two more days. 7 After that, he said to his disciples, “Let us go again into Judea.” 8 The disciples said to him, “Rabbi, the Jewish leaders were just seeking to stone you, and you are going there again?” Jesus answered, “Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks about in the day, he doesn’t stumble, because he sees the light of this world. 10 But if anyone walks about in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him.” 11 He spoke these things, but then went on to tell them, “Our friend Lazarus is asleep; but I am going to him in order to awaken him.” 12 So his disciples said, “Lord, if he has only fallen asleep, he will recover!” 13 (Now Jesus had spoken of Lazarus’ death, whereas the disciples assumed he was talking about ordinary sleep.) 14 So then, Jesus told them plainly, “Lazarus has died; 15 and for your sakes I am glad I wasn’t there, so that you may believe. Nevertheless, let us go to him.” 16 Then Thomas (who is called the Twin) said to his fellow disciples, “Let us all go along as well, so that we may die with him.”

Martha and Her Lord

17 When Jesus arrived, he found that Lazarus had already been in the tomb for four days. 18 (Now Bethany was near Jerusalem, about two miles away; 19 as a result, many of the Jews of that city had come to Martha and Mary, to console them over the loss of their brother.) 20 Therefore, as soon as Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went out to meet him; but Mary remained seated in the house. 21 Then Martha said to him, “Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died. 22 Yet even now I know that whatever you ask of God, God will give it to you.” 23 Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.” 24 Martha said to him, “I know he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day.” 25 Jesus declared to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will live, even if he dies. 26 And everyone lives and believes in me—to all eternity he will never die.4 Do you believe this?” 27 She said to him, “Yes, Lord, I have believed that you are the Christ, the Son of God, who was to come into the world.”

Mary and Her Lord

28 When she had said this, Martha went in private and called her sister Mary, saying, “The Teacher is here and asking for you.” 29 As soon as Mary heard that, she arose quickly and headed out to meet him.5 30 Now Jesus had not yet entered the village, but was still in the place where Martha had met with him. 31 So when the Jews who were with Mary in the house comforting her saw that she had gotten up quickly and gone out, they followed her, thinking she was going to the tomb to weep there.

32 Now when Mary arrived at the place where Jesus was and saw him, she fell down at his feet and said to him, “Lord, if only you had been here, my brother would not have died.” 33 Therefore, when Jesus saw her weeping, and when he saw the Jews who had come with her weeping, he was deeply moved in spirit,6 and bestirred himself.7 34 He said, “Where have you laid him?” They said to him, “Lord, come and see.” 35 Jesus wept. 36 So the Jews were saying, “See how he loved him!” 37 However, some of them said, “Could not this man, who opened the eyes of the blind, have also done something to keep Lazarus8 from dying?”

Lazarus and His Lord

38 Then Jesus, again deeply moved within, came to the tomb. (Now it was a cave, with a stone laid across its entrance). 39 He said, “Take away the stone.” Martha, the sister of him whose life had come to an end, said to him, “Lord, by this time there will be a stench, for it’s been four days since he died.40 Jesus said to her, “Did I not tell you that if you believe you will see the glory of God?” 41 So they took away the stone. Then Jesus lifted his eyes above and said, “Father, I thank you that you have heard me. 42 Indeed, I knew that you always hear me, but for the sake of the crowd standing around me I have spoken out, so that they may believe you sent me.” 43 Now when he had said these things, he cried with a loud voice: “Lazarus, come out!” 44 And he who had died came out, having his hands and feet wrapped in linen strips, and his face shrouded in a burial cloth. Jesus said to them, “Remove the wraps,9 and let him go.”

A Plot to Kill the Lord of Life

45 Therefore many of the Jews who had come to visit Mary, and who had seen what Jesus did, believed in him. 46 But some of them left, went to the Pharisees, and told them about the things he had done. 47 So the chief priests and the Pharisees assembled a council;10 and they were saying, “What should we do?11 This man is performing many miraculous signs. 48 If we let him go on like this, everyone will believe in him, and the Romans will come and take away both our place of worship and our nation.” 49 But one of them, Caiaphas, being high priest that year, said to them, “You know nothing at all, 50 nor do you stop to consider that it is better for you to have one man die for the people, than to have the whole nation perish.” 51 (Now this he did not say on his own, but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus would die for the Jewish nation, 52 and not for that nation alone, but also that he would gather together into one all the children of God who are scattered abroad.) 53 So from that day on they took counsel together so as to put him to death.

54 As a result of this, Jesus no longer walked openly among the Judeans, but went from there into the countryside near the wilderness, to a city called Ephraim; and he remained there with his disciples.

55 Now the Jewish feast of the Passover was drawing near, and many people went up out of the countryside to Jerusalem in order to purify themselves before the Passover. 56 So they began to look for Jesus; and as they stood in the temple courts, they would talk with one another, saying, “What do you think—that he won’t come to the feast at all?” 57 (Now both the chief priests and the Pharisees had given orders that if anyone knew where Jesus was, he must report it, so that they could arrest him.)


  1. Lit. Behold
  2. Greek phileo
  3. Greek agapao
  4. Lit. will certainly not die unto the ages
  5. Lit. began coming to him
  6. Or possibly was moved to indignation in the spirit and
  7. Or possibly was troubled; Greek troubled himself
  8. Lit. this man
  9. Lit. Loose him
  10. Or gathered (the) Sanhedrin
  11. Or What are we doing?


The Anointing at Bethany

12 Then, six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, the village where Lazarus lived, whom Jesus had raised from the dead. 2 So in that place they prepared a special supper for him; and Martha was serving, while Lazarus was among those who were reclining at the table with him. 3 Then Mary, taking up a one-pound jar of expensive oil made out of pure nard, anointed the feet of Jesus and wiped them with her hair. And the house was filled with the fragrance of the oil. 4 But Judas Iscariot, one of his disciples (the one who was about to betray him), said, “Why wasn’t this oil sold for three hundred denarii and the proceeds given to the poor?” 6 (Now he said this, not because he was concerned about the poor, but because he was a thief; for having charge over the money-bag, he would take from what was deposited into it.) Therefore Jesus said, “Leave her alone; it was meant that she should keep this1 for the day of my burial. 8 For you always have the poor with you, but you do not always have me.”

A Plot to Kill Lazarus

9 Now at that time a great many of the Judeans learned that Jesus was there; and they came to Bethany, not only for Jesus’ sake, but also because the wanted to see Lazarus, whom he had raised from the dead. 10 So the chief priests took counsel as to how they might put Lazarus to death as well, 11 for because of him many of the Jews living in Jerusalem were going away and believing in Jesus.2

The Triumphal Entry

12 On the next day the great crowd which had come to the feast, hearing that Jesus was on his way into Jerusalem, 13 took up palm branches and went out to meet him; and they began crying, “Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord;3 blessed is4 the King of Israel!” 14 Now when Jesus had found a young donkey, he seated himself on it; as it is written: 15 “Have no fear, O daughter of Zion: Look, your King is coming to you, seated on a donkey’s colt!”5 16 (At first, his disciples did not understand these things; but later, when Jesus had been glorified, they remembered that these things were written about him, and that the people had done these things for him.) 17 So the crowd that had been with him when he called Lazarus out of his tomb and raised him from the dead began spreading the word6 about what they had seen. 18 For this reason too the crowds went out to meet him, because they heard he had performed this miraculous sign. 19 Therefore the Pharisees said to one another, “It’s evident that we7 are accomplishing nothing at all. Look, the whole world has gone after him!”

Gentiles Desire to See Jesus

20 Now there were certain Greeks among those who had gone up to worship at the feast. 21 So they came up to Philip, who was from Bethsaida of Galilee, and made a request of him, saying, “Sir, we would like to see Jesus.” 22 So Philip went and told Andrew, and Andrew and Philip both went and told Jesus. 23 But Jesus answered them, saying, “The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. 24 Truly, truly, I say to you, unless a kernel of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains all by itself; but if it dies, it yields a rich harvest.8 25 The one who loves his life loses9 it, but the one who hates his life in this world will preserve it for eternal life. 26 If anyone would serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there my servant will be as well. If anyone serves me, the Father will honor him.

The Son Must Be Lifted Up

27 “Now my soul is troubled. But what should I say: ‘Father, save me from this hour’? But for this very reason I came to this hour. 28 Father, glorify your name.” Then a voice came from heaven, saying, “I have both glorified it, and I will glorify it again.” 29 Then the people who were standing nearby and heard it began to say it had thundered. Others said, “An angel has spoken to him!” 30 But Jesus responded and said, “This voice has not come for my sake, but for yours. 31 Now is the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out. 32 And as for me, if I am lifted up from the earth, I will draw all to myself.” 33 (Now Jesus said this in order to signify the kind of death he was about to die.) 34 So the crowd answered and said to him, “We have heard from the law that the Christ is to remain forever; so how can you say, ‘The Son of Man must be lifted up’? Who is this Son of Man?” 35 Then Jesus said to them, “For a little while longer the light is among you. Walk while you have the light, so the darkness will not overtake you. The one who walks in darkness does not know where he is going. 36 While you have the light, believe in the light, so that you may become sons of light.” These things Jesus spoke; and when he had departed, he was hidden from them.

Jewish Unbelief

37 But though Jesus had performed so many miraculous signs before them, they still were not putting their faith in him, 38 that the word spoken by the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled: “Lord, who has believed the message we heard;10 and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?”11 39 Therefore they could not believe, because, as Isaiah further said, 40 “He has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, lest they should see with their eyes and understand with their hearts, and return, so that I should heal them.”12 41 Isaiah said these things because he saw his glory and spoke of him. 42 Nevertheless, even among the rulers there were many who believed in him; but because of the Pharisees they would not openly declare him to be the Christ, lest they should become outcasts of synagogue, 43 for they loved the regard of men more than the regard of God.

The Word of Christ Will Save and Judge

44 Then Jesus cried out and said, “He who believes in me is not believing in me, but in the one who sent me. 45 And he who beholds me is beholding the one who sent me. 46 I have come as light into the world, so that everyone who believes in me should no longer remain13 in darkness. 47 And if anyone hears my words and does not keep them, I do not judge him; for I did not come to judge the world, but to save the world. 48 He who rejects me and does not accept my words has that which judges him: the word that I spoke; that is what will judge him on the last day. 49 For I did not speak on my own initiative, but the one who sent me—the Father himself—he has given me a command, what I should say and what I should speak. 50 And I know that his command is eternal life. Therefore, the things that I speak, I speak just as the Father has told me.


  1. Or Leave her alone, that she might use this for
  2. Or possibly leaving (their former faith) and putting their trust in Jesus
  3. Ps. 118:26
  4. Lit. even
  5. Zech. 9:9
  6. Lit. was testifying
  7. Lit. You see that you
  8. Lit. much fruit
  9. Or destroys
  10. Lit. our report
  11. Is. 53:1
  12. Is. 6:10
  13. Lit. not remain


The Servant of the Lord

13 It was now just prior to the Feast of the Passover, and Jesus well knew that the hour had arrived for him to depart from this world to the Father; therefore, having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the very end. 2 The evening meal was under way, and the devil had already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot (Simon’s son) to betray him. 3 So Jesus—knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he had come from God and was now going back to God—4 rose from supper, laid aside his outer garments, picked up a towel, and wrapped it around his waist.1 5 After that, he poured water into a basin and began washing the disciples’ feet and wiping them with the towel that was tied around him. 6 Then he came to Simon Peter. Peter said to him, “Lord, do you really intend to wash my feet?” 7 Jesus answered and said to him, “Right now you do not realize what I am doing, but afterwards you will understand.” 8 Peter said to him, “You will never, ever wash my feet!” Jesus answered him, “If I don’t wash you, you have no share with me.” 9 Simon Peter said to him, “Then Lord, not my feet alone, but my hands and my head as well!” 10 Jesus said to him, “He who has bathed only needs to wash his feet, but is already completely clean; and you men are clean, but not all of you.” 11 (For he knew the one who was betraying him, and because of that he said, “Not all of you are clean.”)

12 So then, when Jesus had washed their feet, put his outer garments on, and once again taken his place at the table, he said to them, “Do you men understand what I have done to you? 13 You call me Teacher and Lord, and you speak truly, for so I am. 14 Therefore, if I, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet. 15 For I have given you an example, that just as I have done to you, you might do as well. 16 Truly, truly, I say to you, a servant is not greater than his master; nor is one who is sent greater than the one who sent him. 17 If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them.

“One of You Will Betray Me”

18 “I am not speaking about all of you: I know the ones I have chosen. But in order that the Scripture might be fulfilled, I say to you now, ‘The one who eats my bread has lifted up his heel against me.’2 19 From now on I am telling you things before they come to pass, so that when they do, you might believe that I am he. 20 Truly, truly I say to you, he who receives whoever I send, receives me; and he who receives me, receives the one who sent me.” 21 When he had said these things, Jesus became troubled in spirit; and he testified and said, “Truly, truly, I say to you: One of you will betray me.” 22 Then the disciples began looking at each another, at a loss to know which one of them he was speaking about. 23 Now one of his disciples—one whom Jesus loved—was leaning against his breast.3 24 So Simon Peter nodded in his direction, urging him to ask Jesus who he was referring to. 25 Then, leaning as he was4 on Jesus’ breast, the disciple said to him, “Lord, who is it?” 26 Jesus replied, “The one to whom I give this morsel of bread after I have dipped it in the dish—he is the one.” So when he had dipped the morsel of bread, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon; 27 and after Judas took the morsel, Satan entered him. Then Jesus said to him, “What you do, do quickly.” 28 (Now no one at the table understood why Jesus had said this to him, 29 for because Judas had custody of the money box some of them assumed Jesus was telling him, “Buy whatever things we need for the feast,” or that he should give something to the poor.) 30 So after taking the morsel of bread, Judas immediately went out. And it was night.

The New Commandment

31 Then, when Judas had gone out, Jesus said, “Now the Son of Man is glorified, and God is glorified in him. 32 And if God is glorified in him,5 God will also glorify him in himself, and will glorify him at once. 33 Children, I am with you just a little while longer: You will seek me, and as I said to the Jews, so I say to you now: ‘Where I am going, you cannot come.’ 34 So I give you a new commandment: that you love one another. Just as I have loved you, you also are to love one another. 35 By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.”

Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial

36 Simon Peter said to him, “Lord, where are you going?” Jesus replied, “For now you cannot follow me to where I am going; but afterward you will follow me.” 37 Peter said to him, “Lord, why can’t I follow you now? I will lay down my life for you!” 38 Jesus answered, “Will you lay down your life for me? Truly, truly I say to you, not a rooster will crow until you have denied me three times.”


  1. Lit. wrapped himself
  2. Ps. 41:9
  3. Or possibly seated at the place of honor
  4. Lit. thus
  5.  A number of early mss omit this phrase


The Way, the Truth, and the Life

14 “Don’t your heart be troubled: You believe in God; believe in me as well. 2 In my Father’s house there are many dwelling-places; if it were not so, would I have told you that I go to prepare a place for you?1 3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and take you to myself, so that where I am, there you may be also. 4 And you know the way to the place where I am going.”2

“Show Us the Father”

5 Thomas said to him, “Lord, we don’t know where you are going; how can we know the way?” 6 Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father except through me. 7 If you had known me, you would also have known my Father; and from now on you do know him, and have seen him.” 8 Philip said to him, “Lord, show us the Father, and we will be content.”3 9 Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you this long, Philip, and still you have not come to know me? He who has seen me has seen the Father; so how can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? 10 Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? The words that I speak to you all I do not speak on my own initiative; rather, the Father living inside me is performing his works. 11 Believe me when I say that I am in the Father and the Father is in me; or else believe me for the sake of the works themselves.

Greater Works Through Prayer

12 “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who believes in me, the works that I am doing, he will do as well; indeed, he will do greater works than these, because I am going to my Father. 13 And whatever you ask in my name, I will do it, so that the Father may be glorified in the Son. 14 If you ask me4 anything in my name, I will do it.

The Promise of the Spirit

15 “If you love me, you will keep my commandments; 16 and I will ask of the Father, and he will give you another Helper, so that he may be with you forever: 17 the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him; but you know him, because he is present with you and will be in you. 18 I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you.

19 “A little while longer and the world will see me no more; but you will see me. Because I live, you will live as well. 20 In that day you will know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you. 21 He who has my commandments and keeps them, he is the one who loves me. And he who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and will disclose myself to him.” 22 Judas (not Iscariot) said to him, “Lord, how is it that you will disclose yourself to us, and not to the world?” 23 Jesus answered and said to him, “If anyone loves me, he will keep my word; and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him. 24 He who does not love me does not keep my words; and the word that you are hearing is not mine, but the Father’s who sent me.

25 “These things I have spoken to you while being present with you. 26 But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things, and will bring to your remembrance everything I said to you. 27 Peace I leave with you, my peace I give to you; and the peace I am giving you is not like that of the world.5 Don’t let your heart be troubled, and don’t let it be afraid. 28 You heard me say to you, ‘I am going away and will come back to you.’ If you loved me, you would have rejoiced, because I am going to the Father; for my Father is greater than I. 29 I have told you this now, before it takes place, so that when it does take place you may believe. 30 I will no longer speak much with you, for the ruler of this world is coming. He has no claim on me;6 31 but in order that the world may know I love the Father, I am doing exactly as the Father commanded me to do.7 Arise, let us go from here.


  1. Or If it were not so, I would have told you, for I go to prepare a place for you.
  2. Many mss and where I am going you know, and the way you know
  3. Or it will be enough for us
  4. Some mss omit me
  5. Lit. not as the world gives do I give to you
  6. Lit. and he has nothing in me
  7. Lit. and as the Father commanded me, just so I do


The True Vine

15 “I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser. 2 Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he takes away;1 and every branch that does bear fruit he prunes,2 that it might bear more fruit. 3 You are already clean because of the word I have spoken to you. 4 Abide in me, and I in you. Just as a branch cannot bear fruit on its own unless it abides in the vine, so neither can you, unless you abide in me. 5 I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for apart from me you can do nothing. 6 If anyone does not abide in me, he is thrown out like a branch and withers away; and they gather them up and throw them into the fire where3 they are burned.

7 If you abide in me, and my words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you. 8 By this my Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit, and so prove to be my disciples.4 Just as the Father loved me, I also loved you; now abide in my love. 10 If you keep my commandments, you will abide in my love, just as I have kept my Father’s commandments and abide in his love. 11 These things I have spoken to you, that my joy may be in you, and that your joy may be full.

12 “This is my command, that you love one another just as I have loved you. 13No one shows5 greater love than this, than when he lays down his life for his friends. 14 You are my friends, if you do the things I command you. 15 No longer am I calling you servants, for a servant doesn’t know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, because everything I heard from my Father I made known to you. 16 You did not choose me, but I chose you and appointed you, that you should go forth and bear fruit, and that your fruit should remain, so that whatever you ask of the Father in my name, he may give it to you. 17 These things I command you, so that you will love one another.6

The World’s Hatred

18 “If the world hates you, realize that it has hated me before it hated you. 19 If you were of the world, the world would love you as its own. But because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world—this is why the world hates you. 20 Remember the word that I spoke to you, ‘A servant is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted me, they will persecute you as well. If they kept my word, they will keep yours too. 21 But all these things they will do to you for my name’s sake, because they do not know the one who sent me. 22 If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not be charged with sin;7 but now they have no excuse for their sin. 23 He who hates me hates my Father as well. 24 If I had not performed among them the works that no one else performed, they would not be charged with sin; but now they have both seen seen and hated me and my Father as well.8 25 But this has happened that the word written in their law might be fulfilled, ‘They hated me without a cause.’9

26 “But when the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father—the Spirit of Truth who proceeds from the Father—he will testify of me. 27 And you are to testify as well, for you have been with me from the beginning.


  1. Or possibly lifts up (i.e. to remove from the ground)
  2. Lit. cleanses
  3. Lit. and
  4. Or become my disciples; some mss and you will become my disciples
  5. Lit. has
  6. Or possibly This is my command you: Love one another
  7. Lit. they would have no sin
  8. Or they have both seen (the works) and hated
  9. Ps. 69:4


16 “I have told you these things so that you won’t be surprised or offended.1 2 They will make you outcastes from the synagogues; but more than that, an hour is coming when everyone who kills you will think he is offering service to God. 3 And they will do these things because they knew neither the Father nor me. But I have told you these things so that when their hour arrives you will remember that I spoke to you about them.

The Work of the Spirit

“And I did not tell you these things from the beginning, because I was with you. 5 But now I am going away to him who sent me; and not one of you has asked me,2 ‘Where are you going?’ 6 But because I have spoken these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart. 7 Nevertheless, I tell you the truth: It is to your advantage that I depart; for if I do not depart, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go my way, I will send him to you. And when he has come, he will convict1 the world concerning sin, righteousness, and judgment: 9 concerning sin, because they do not believe in me; 10 concerning righteousness, because I am going to my Father and you see me no more; 11 and concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world has been judged.

12 “I have much more to say to you, but you cannot bear it now. 13 However, when he, the Spirit of truth, has come, he will guide you into all the truth; for he will not speak on his own initiative, but whatever he hears, he will speak; and he will declare to you the things that are yet to come. 14 He will glorify me, for he will take from what is mine and declare it to you. 15 Everything the Father has is mine. This is why I said that the Spirit takes from what is mine, and that he will declare it to you.

The Coming Kingdom of Joy

16 “A little while longer, and you will see me no more; but again a little while, and you will see me.” 17 Then some of his disciples said among themselves, “What does he mean when he tells us, ‘A little while longer, and you will not see me; but again a little while, and you will see me;’ and when he says, ‘because I am going to the Father’?” 18 So they kept on discussing the matter: “What does he mean when he says, ‘A little while’? We don’t know what he means.” 19 Now Jesus knew that they desired to question him about this, so he said to them, “Are you inquiring among yourselves about what I said, ‘A little while longer, and you will not see me; but again a little while, and you will see me’? 20 Truly, truly, I say to you: You will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice; and you will be sorrowful, but your sorrow will be turned to joy. 21 A woman, when she is in labor, has sorrow because her hour has come; but as soon as she has given birth to the child, she no longer remembers her4 suffering for joy that a human being has been born into the world. 22 Therefore you now have sorrow; but I will see you again and your heart will rejoice, and no one will rob you of your joy.5 23 And in that day you will ask me for nothing.6 Truly, truly, I say to you, whatever you ask the Father in my name, he will give it to you. 24 Until now you have asked for nothing in my name. Ask, and you will receive, that your joy may be made complete.

Tribulation and Triumph

25 “I have told you these things using figures of speech; but an hour is coming when I will no longer use figures of speech, but will speak to you plainly concerning the Father. 26 In that day you will make your requests in my name; and I am not saying to you that I will petition the Father on your behalf, 27 for the Father himself loves you, because you have loved me, and have believed that I came forth from God. 28 I went forth from the Father and came into the world; now7 I am leaving the world and going back to the Father.”

29 His disciples said to him, “Ah, now you are speaking plainly, and not in a figure of speech! 30 Now we see that you know all things, and that you don’t need someone to ask you questions in order to know his thoughts! Because of this we believe that you have come8 from God!” 31 Jesus answered them, “Do you now believe? 32 Behold, an hour is coming—indeed, it has already come—for you to be scattered, each to his own home,9 and to leave me alone. But I am not alone, for the Father is with me. 33 I have told you these things so that in me you might have peace. In the world you will have trouble and distress; but take courage: I have conquered the world!”


  1. Lit. will not be caused to stumble
  2. Lit. none of you is asking me
  3. Or convince
  4. Lit. the
  5. Lit. no one will take your joy from you
  6. Or you will ask me no questions
  7. Lit. again
  8. Lit. came
  9. Lit. his own things


Jesus Prays for Himself

17 Jesus spoke these words, and having lifted up his eyes towards heaven, he said: “Father, the hour has come. Glorify your Son, that your Son may glorify you, 2 even as you have given him authority over all flesh, that to all whom you have given him, he may give eternal life. 3 And this is eternal life: that they may know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent. 4 I glorified you on the earth, having accomplished the work that you have given to do. 5 And now, Father, glorify me alongside yourself,1 with the glory that I had with you before the world was.

Jesus Prays for His Disciples

6 “I have manifested2 your name to the men whom you gave me out of the world. They were yours, you gave them to me, and they have kept your word. 7 Now they have come to know that whatever things you have given to me, all of them are from you. 8 For I have given them the words that you gave to me; and they welcomed them and truly understood that I came forth from you; and they believed that you sent me. 9 I pray for them.3 I do not pray for the world, but for those whom you have given me, for they are yours. 10 Indeed, all things that are mine are yours, and yours are mine, and I have been glorified through4 them. 11 Henceforth, I am no longer in the world; but they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, keep them in your name, the name that you have given me, so that they may be one, even as we are one. 12 While I was with them, I ever kept them in your name, the name that you have given me; I guarded them as well, and none of them perished except the son of destruction, that the Scripture might be fulfilled. 13 But now I am coming to you; and I am saying these things while yet in the world, that they may have my joy fulfilled within themselves. 14 I have given them your word, and the world has hated them, for they are not of the world, just as I am not of the world. 15 I am not asking that you take them out of the world, but that you keep them safe from the evil one. 16 They are not of the world, just as I am not of the world. 17 Sanctify them by5 your truth: Your word is truth. 18 Just as you sent me into the world, I also have sent them into the world. 19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, so that they too may be sanctified in6 truth.

Jesus Prays for All Believers

20 “I am not praying for these alone, but also for those who will believe in me through their word: 21 May all of them be one. Even as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, may they also be one in us, that the world may believe you sent me. 22 As for me, the glory that you have given me, I have given to them, that they may be one just as we are one: 23 I in them and you in me, that they may be perfected in unity, and that the world may know that you sent me and loved them just as you loved me. 24 Father, concerning the people you7 have given me, I desire that they too be with me where I am, that they may behold my glory, glory that you have given me because you loved me before the foundation of the world. 25 O righteous Father, though the world did not know you, I knew you you; and these my disciples came to know that you sent me. 26 Yes,7 I made your name known to them, and I will continue to make it known, so the love with which you loved me may be in them, and I in them.”


  1. Or together with yourself; or, in your presence
  2. Or revealed, disclosed, made known
  3. Lit. I ask concerning them
  4. Lit. by, in
  5. Or in
  6. Or by
  7. Many mss Father, those whom you
  8. Lit. And


Betrayal and Arrest

18 Having said these things, Jesus went out with his disciples to a place on the other side of the Kidron Ravine;1 and there there was a garden2 there, which he himself entered, together with his disciples. 2 (Now Judas, who was betraying him, also knew the place, because Jesus had met there often with his disciples.) 3 So Judas—having received a detachment of Roman soliders,3 as well as officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees—came to the garden with lanterns, torches, and weapons.

4 Then Jesus, knowing everything that was about to come upon him, stepped forward4 and said to them, “Who are you looking for?” 5 They answered him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” He said to them, “I am he.” (And Judas, the one who was betraying him, was also standing there with them.) 6 Now when Jesus said to them, “I am he,” they drew back and fell to the ground. 7 So once again he asked them, “Who are you looking for?” They said, “Jesus of Nazareth.” 8 Jesus replied, “I just told you that I am he. If then you are looking for me, let these men go their way.” 9 (This he said in order to fulfill the word he had spoken earlier, “Of those whom you gave me, I have lost none.”)

10 Just then Simon Peter, who had a sword with him, drew it, struck the high priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear. (The servant’s name was Malchus.) 11 But Jesus said to Peter, “Sheathe your sword at once! The cup that my Father has given me—am I not to drink it at all?”

Jesus Led Away to Annas

12 Then the men of the cohort, the chiliarch,5 and the officers sent by the Jewish leaders took hold of Jesus, bound him, 13 and led him away first of all to Annas, since he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was the high priest that year. 14 (Now it was Caiaphas who had advised the Jewish leaders that it was advantageous for one man to die in behalf of the people.)

Peter Denies His Master

15 And Simon Peter was following Jesus, together with another disciple. Now that disciple was known to the high priest, and therefore entered with Jesus into the high priest’s courtyard; 16 but Peter was left standing outside in front of the gate.6 So the other disciple who was known to the high priest went outside, spoke to the gate keeper, and brought Peter in. 17 Then the young girl who served as the gate keeper said to Peter, “You’re not also one of this man’s disciples, are you?” He replied, “I am not.” 18 Now the servants and officers had prepared a fire and were standing around it, warming themselves at the coals, for the night was cold. And Peter was standing there with them, warming himself.

Jesus Before Caiaphas

19 Meanwhile, the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching. 20 Jesus answered him, saying, “I have spoken openly to the world: I always taught in the synagogues and in the temple precincts where all the Jews gather, and I have spoken nothing in secret. 21 Why then are you questioning me? Question those who heard what I said to them. Surely they know what I said.” 22 Now when he had said these things, one of the officers standing nearby struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, “Is that the way you answer the high priest?” 23 Jesus answered him, “If I have spoken wrongly, testify about the wrong; but if rightly, why are you striking me?” 24 Then Annas sent him, still in bonds, to Caiaphas the high priest.

Peter Again Denies His Master

25 Now Simon Peter was standing in the courtyard, warming himself. So some of the men said to him, “You’re not also one of his disciples, are you?” Peter denied it, saying, “I am not!” 26 Then one of the servants of the high priest, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, said, “Didn’t I see you in the garden with him?” 27 So Peter denied it7 again; and immediately a rooster crowed.

Jesus Accused by the Sanhedrin

28 Then—quite early in the morning—they led Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the governor’s quarters;8 but they themselves did not enter his quarters for fear of becoming ceremonially defiled and thus prevented from eating the Passover meal. 29 So Pilate went out to them and said, “What charge are you bringing against this man?” 30 They answered and said to him, “If he were not an evildoer, we would not be handing him over to you.” 31 Then Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves, and judge him according to your own law.” But the Jewish leaders said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death.” 32 (This took place in order to fulfill the word that Jesus had spoken indicating the kind of death he was soon to die.)

Jesus Before Pilate

33 Then Pilate entered his quarters again, called for Jesus, and said to him, “Are you the king of the Jews?” 34 Jesus replied, “Are you speaking for yourself on this matter, or is it that others have told you about me?” 35 Pilate answered, “I am not a Jew, am I? Your own people and their9 chief priests have delivered you into my custody. What have you done?” 36 Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If my kingdom were of this world, my servants would be fighting to keep me from being handed over to the Jewish leaders; but now10 my kingdom is not of this realm.” 37 Then Pilate said to him, “So you are a king!” Jesus answered, “You rightly say that I am a king. To this end I was born, and to this end I have come into the world, that I might testify to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth11 hears my voice.” 38 Pilate said to Him, “What is truth?”

Pilate Seeks to Release Jesus

Now when he had said this, Pilate again went out to the Jewish leaders, and said to them, “I find no grounds whatsoever for a charge against him. 39 But you have a custom that I should release someone to you during the Passover Feast. So then, do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?” 40 Then they all shouted back, “Not this man, but Barabbas!” Now Barabbas was an insurrectionist.12


  1. Lit. wadi (i.e., a ravine that floods in winter)
  2. Or orchard
  3. Lit. the cohort (normally comprised of 600 men)
  4. Or went forth, went out
  5. A commander of a thousand Roman soliders
  6. Or door
  7. Or him
  8. Lit. Praetorium
  9. Lit. the
  10. Or as it is
  11. Or belongs to the truth
  12. Or robber


The King Sentenced to Die

19 So Pilate took Jesus and had him scourged. 2 And the soldiers wove together a crown out of thorny branches, placed it on his head, and wrapped a purple robe around him; and they began coming up1 to him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and striking him with their hands.

At this point Pilate came out once again and said to the Jewish rulers, “See, I myself am bringing him out to you so that you may know I find no grounds at all for a charge against him.” Then Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, “Look at the man!” 6 But when the chief priests and officers saw him, they lifted up a cry, saying, “Crucify him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and crucify him, because I find no grounds for a charge against him.” 7 The Jewish leaders replied, “We have a law, and according to that law he should die, because he made himself out to be the Son of God.”

8 Now when Pilate heard that statement, he grew all the more afraid. He went back into the Praetorium and said to Jesus, “Where are you from?” But Jesus gave him no reply. 10 So Pilate said to him, “You are not speaking to me? Don’t you realize I have authority to crucify you and authority to release you?” 11 Jesus answered, “You would have no authority over me at all if it had not been given to you from above. For this reason the one who handed me over to you is guilty of the greater sin.”

12 From then on Pilate began looking for a way to release him; but the Jews cried out, saying, “If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar’s. Everyone who makes himself a king stands opposed to3 Caesar.” 13 So when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat in a place called the Stone Pavement (but in Hebrew, Gabbatha). 14 Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover, and about the sixth hour.4 Then Pilate said to the Jewish leaders, “See, here is your king!” 15 But they shouted, “Take him away, take him away! Crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your king?” The chief priests replied, “We have no king but Caesar!” 16 So at this Pilate handed him over to them for crucifixion.

The King is Crucified

17 Then the soldiers5 took custody of Jesus; and carrying his cross by himself he went out to what is called The Place of a Skull (but in Hebrew, Golgotha). 18 There they crucified him, together with two other men, one on each side, and Jesus in between.

19 Now Pilate also had a notice of the charges written up and fastened to the cross. It read: JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS. 20 As a result, many of the Jews living in Jerusalem read this notice, because the place where Jesus was crucified was situated near the city; moreover, it was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews kept saying to Pilate, “Don’t write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but rather, ‘This man said, “I am the King of the Jews.”’” 22 Pilate replied, “What I have written, I have written.”

23 And when the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his garments and divided them into four shares, a share for each soldier; and they took his tunic as well. But the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom. 24 So they said to one another, “Let’s not tear it, but instead cast lots for it to decide whose it will be.” This took place so that the Scripture might be fulfilled which says, “They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.”6 Therefore the soldiers did these things.

Jesus Provides for His Mother

25 Now standing near Jesus’ cross was his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 So when Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to the mother, “Woman, behold your son!” 27 Then he said to the disciple, “Behold your mother!” And from that hour on the disciple welcomed her into his own home.

It Is Finished!

28 Some time after this, Jesus understood that all things were now accomplished; and (in order that the Scripture might be fulfilled) he said, “I thirst!” 29 Now a jar of wine vinegar was lying there; so fastening a sponge full of the wine to a hyssop branch, the men lifted it up to his mouth. 30 Therefore, when he had taken wine, Jesus said, “It is finished!” And bowing his head, he gave up his spirit.

Jesus’ Side Is Pierced

31 Now it was the Day of Preparation, and the Jewish leaders did not want the bodies of these men to remain on the cross during the Sabbath, for that Sabbath was a high Sabbath. Therefore, they asked Pilate that the men’s legs be broken and their bodies taken away. 32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first man, and then of the other who was crucified with him. 33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34 Instead, one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear; and immediately blood and water flowed out. 35 And someone who has seen it himself has now testified about it, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe. 36 For these things took place so that the Scripture might be fulfilled, “Not one of his bones shall be broken.”8 37 And again, another Scripture says, “They shall look upon him whom they pierced.”9

Jesus Buried in Joseph’s Tomb

38 After these things, Joseph of Arimathea—a disciple of Jesus, but secretly, for fear of the Jews—asked Pilate’s permission to remove Jesus’ body; and Pilate gave it. So Joseph came and took away his body. 39 And Nicodemus, who had first come to Jesus by night, went as well, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes weighing about a seventy-five pounds. 40 Then the two of them10 took the body of Jesus and wrapped it in linen strips, along with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where Jesus was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been buried. 42 And so, because it was the Jewish Day of Preparation, they laid Jesus there, for the tomb was close at hand.


  1. Or kept coming up
  2. Lit. Behold the man!
  3. Or opposes; lit. speaks against
  4. I.e., noon
  5. Lit. they
  6. Ps. 22:18
  7. Lit. him
  8. Ex. 12:46; Num. 9:12; Ps. 34:20
  9. Zech. 12:10
  10. Lit. they


An Empty Tomb

20 Now early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb; and she saw that the stone had been taken away from its entrance.1 So she ran and came to Simon Peter, and also to the other disciple whom Jesus loved, and said to them, “They’ve taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we don’t know where they have laid him!” So Peter rushed out, along with the other disciple; and they we heading for the tomb. Now the two men were running together, but the other disciple outran Peter and came to the tomb first. 5 Stooping down and looking in, he saw the linen wrappings lying there, but he did not go in. 6 Then Simon Peter, following behind him, arrived and immediately went into the tomb. He too saw the linen wrappings lying there, 7 and also the face-cloth that had been placed over Jesus’ head; however it was not lying with the linen wrappings, but was folded up and laid in a place by itself. 8 So the other disciple who had arrived at the tomb first then entered it as well; and he saw and believed 9 (for they had not yet understood from the Scripture that Jesus must rise from the dead).

A Joyful Reunion

10 So the disciples went back to their own homes. 11 But Mary stood outside by the tomb, weeping. Then, as she was weeping, she stooped down and looked into the tomb; 12 and she saw two angels dressed in white, sitting in the place where the body of Jesus had lain, one at the head and the other at the feet. 13 They said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping?” She answered them, “Because they have taken away my Lord, and I don’t know where they have put him.” 14 Now when she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, but did not realize that it was him. 15 Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Who are you looking for?” Then Mary, thinking that he was the gardener, said to him, “Sir, if you have carried him off, tell me where you have put him, and I will come and get him.”3 16 Jesus said to her, “Mary!” Turning around, Mary said to him in Hebrew, “Rabboni!” (which means Teacher). 17 Jesus said to her, “You cannot hold onto me,4 for I have not yet ascended to my Father; but go to my brothers and say to them, ‘I am ascending to my Father and your Father, and to my God and your God.’” 18 So Mary Magdalene came to the disciples, declaring, “I have seen the Lord!”, and relating to them the things he had said to her.

A Great Commission

19 Now on the evening of that same day (which was the first day of the week), when the doors of the house where the disciples were gathered were locked for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in their midst and said to them, “Peace be with you.” 20 And when he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then the disciples rejoiced to see the Lord. 21 So Jesus again said to them, “Peace be with you! As the Father has sent me, so I send you.” 22 And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit. 23 If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained.”

Thomas Sees, Believes, and Stands Corrected

24 But Thomas, one of the twelve (the Thomas called “the Twin”) was not with them when Jesus came to them. 25 So the other disciples kept on telling him, “We have seen the Lord!” But he said to them, “Unless I see the nail marks in his hands, and thrust my finger into the place of the wounds, and place my hand into his side, I will not believe it.”

26 Now after eight days his disciples were again inside the house, and Thomas was with them. And though the the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood in midst of them; and he said, “Peace be with you!” 27 Then he said to Thomas, “Place your finger here, and look closely at my hands. Now5 extend your hand and put it into my side. And do not give yourself to unbelief, but to faith.”6 28 Thomas answered and said to him, “My Lord and my God!” 29 Jesus said to him, “Because you have seen me, have you believed?7 Blessed are those who did not see, and yet believed.”

The Apostle’s Purpose in Writing

30 And many indeed are the other signs that Jesus performed in the sight of his disciples, signs that are not written in this book; 31 but these have been written so that you8 may continue to believe9 that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that through believing you may have life in his name.


  1. Lit. the tomb
  2. Or And he
  3. Lit. take him up, away
  4. Lit. Do not keep clinging to me
  5. Lit. and
  6. Lit. do not become unbelieving, but believing
  7. Or you have believed
  8. The Greek is plural
  9. Many mss believe (i.e., come to faith)


Breakfast by the Sea

21 After these things Jesus again showed himself to the disciples beside the Sea of Tiberias. And he showed himself in this way: 2 Simon Peter, Thomas (the one called “the Twin”), Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two of his other disciples were together in one place. 3 Simon Peter said to them, “I’m going fishing.” They said to him, “We’ll come along with you.” So they went out and got into the boat; but that night they caught nothing.

4 Now some time after daybreak, Jesus came and stood on the beach; but the disciples didn’t realize it was him. Then Jesus said to them, “Children, haven’t you caught any fish?” They answered him, “No.” 6 Then he said to them, “Cast the net on the right side of the boat, and you will find some.” So they threw out the net—and now they were no longer able pull it back in, due to the great number of fish. 7 Then the disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, “It’s the Lord!” So when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he tied on his outer garment (for beneath it he was naked),1 and threw himself into the sea. But the other disciples came along in the small boat, pulling the net full of fish, for they were not far from land—only about a hundred yards away.2

9 Now after they had stepped out onto the beach, the disciples saw a charcoal fire all prepared, a fish laid upon it, and a bread-cake. 10 Jesus said to them, “Bring some of the fish you have just caught.” 11 So Simon Peter went aboard and pulled the net to shore. (Now the net was full of large fish, one hundred and fifty-three of them; but though there were so many fish, the net was not broken!) 12 Then Jesus said to them, “Come and eat breakfast.” (At this point none of the disciples ventured to ask him, “Who are you?” for now they knew it was the Lord.) 13 Then Jesus came up, took the bread, and passed it out to them; and he did the same with the fish. 14 This is now the third time Jesus showed himself to his disciples after he was raised from the dead.

Peter Recommissioned

15 So when they had finished eating breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, do you love3 me more than these?” Peter said to him, “Yes, Lord, you know that I love4 you.” Jesus said to him, “Feed my lambs.” 16 Then Jesus asked Peter a second time, “Simon, son of John, do you love3 me?” Peter answered him, “Yes, Lord, you know that I love4 you.” He said to him, “Shepherd my sheep.” 17 Then, for the third time, Jesus asked him, “Simon, son of John do you love4 me?” Now it deeply distressed Peter that Jesus had asked him for the third time, “Do you love4 me?” So he said to him, “Lord, you know all things: You know that I love4 you.” Jesus said to him, “Feed My sheep. 18 Truly, truly, I say to you, when you were younger you would dress yourself and walk wherever you so desired; but when you are old you will stretch out your hands, and another will dress you and take you where you don’t desire.” 19 (Now Jesus said this in order to indicate the kind of death by which Peter would glorify God.) And after speaking thus, Jesus said to Peter, “Follow Me.”

Differing Destinies

20 Turning around, Peter then saw the disciple whom Jesus loved following them. (This was the disciple who had leaned up against Jesus’ breast during the Passover meal, and who said, “Lord, which one of us is going to betray you?” 21 So when Peter saw him, he said to Jesus, “But Lord, what about this man?” 22 Jesus said to him, “If I desire5 that he remain until I come again, what is that to you? You follow me.” 23 Therefore the saying went out among the brothers that this disciple would not die. But Jesus didn’t say to him that he would not die; rather, he simply said, “If I desire that he remain until I come again, what is that to you?”

The Apostle’s Final Word

24 That disciple is the one who is testifying about these things, and who has written them down; and we know that his testimony is true. 25 There are also many other things that Jesus did; but if someone were to write them down one by one, I believe the world itself could not contain the books that would be written.6


  1. Or possibly for he was stripped (for work)
  2. Lit. two hundred cubits
  3. Greek agapao
  4. Greek phileo
  5. Or will
  6. Many mss add Amen