A Gift from Above

The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave to him to show to his bondservants: the things that must soon take place. And having sent his angel, he signified these things1 through the angel to his bondservant John, who bore witness to everything he saw: the word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ. Blessed is he who reads—and blessed are those who hear—the words of this2 prophecy; and blessed are those who hold firmly to the things written in it, for the appointed time is near.

Greeting and Doxology

John, to the seven churches in the province of Asia: Grace and peace to you from the One who is, who was, and who is to come; from the seven spirits who are before his throne; and from Jesus Christ: the faithful witness, the firstborn from among the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth.

To him who loves us, and who released us from our sins by his blood and made of us a kingdom—priests to his God and Father. To him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen.

Behold, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him—even those who pierced him. And all the tribes of the earth shall wail with grief at the sight of him.3 Yes and Amen.

“I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “the One who is, who was, and who is to come; the mighty Ruler over all.”

John’s Vision on the Lord’s Day

I, John, your brother and companion in the tribulation, kingdom, and patient endurance that are found in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos on account of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus. 10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day; and I heard a loud voice behind me—it sounded like a trumpet— 11 saying, “Write down what you see in a scroll, and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea.”

12 So I turned to see whose voice it was4 that was speaking with me; and having turned, I saw seven golden lampstands, 13 and in the midst of the lampstands One like a son of man, clothed in a robe reaching to his feet, and having a golden sash wrapped around his chest. 14 His head and his hair were white like white wool, as white as snow; his eyes were like a flame of fire; 15 his feet were like pure bronze glowing5 in a furnace; and his voice was like the roar of mighty6 waters. 16 In his right hand he was holding seven stars; a double-edged sword, great and sharp, proceeded from his mouth; and as for his face, it looked like the sun shining in its strength.

17 Now when I saw him, I fell at his feet like a dead man. But he laid his right hand upon me, saying, “Don’t be afraid: I am the first, the last, 18 and the living One! Yes, I was dead; but see: I am alive forever and ever, and I possess the keys of death and Hades. 19 So then, write down the things you have seen, the things that are, and the things that will shortly come to pass after these things. 20 As for the mystery of the seven stars that you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden lampstands: the seven stars are the messengers7 of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.


  1. Or this revelation
  2. Lit. the
  3. Dan. 7:13, Zech. 12:10-14
  4. Lit. to see the voice
  5. Or refined
  6. Or many
  7. Or angels


Message to Ephesus

2 “To the messenger of the church in Ephesus write: Thus says the One who holds the seven stars in his right hand, and who walks in the midst of the seven golden lampstands:

‘I know your works, your toil, and your patient endurance, and that you cannot tolerate evil men, but that you put to the test those who call themselves apostles (though they are not), and found them to be false. I also know that you continue to persevere, and that you have endured much for my name’s sake, and have not grown weary. But this I have against you, that you have left your first love. So then, remember the place from which you have fallen, and repent and do the first works. 2 Otherwise I will come to you and remove your lampstand from its place, unless you repent. But this you do have, that you hate the works of the Nicolaitans, which I hate as well. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit is saying to the churches. To him who conquers I will give the right to eat from the tree of life that is in the Paradise of God.’

Message to Smyrna

“And to the messenger of the church in Smyrna write: Thus says the first and the last, he who was dead, but who came to life again:

‘I know your tribulation and your poverty (but you are rich), and the blasphemy of those who call themselves Jews, and are not, but are a synagogue of Satan. 10 Don’t be afraid of the things you are about to suffer. See, the devil will soon throw some of you into prison, so that you may be tested; you will have tribulation for ten days. Stay faithful even to the point of death, and I will give you the crown of life. 11 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit is saying to the churches. The one who conquers will suffer no harm at all from the second death.’

Message to Pergamum

12 “And to the messenger of the church in Pergamum write: Thus says the One who has the double-edged sword, great and sharp:

13 ‘I know where you dwell: the place of Satan’s throne. Yet you hold fast to my name, and have not denied my faith,3 even in the days of Antipas, my faithful witness, who was put to death among you, where Satan dwells. 14 But I have a few things against you, for you have some there who hold to the teaching of Balaam, who instructed Balak to place a stumbling block before the sons of Israel, enticing them to eat things sacrificed to idols, and to engage in sexual immorality. 15 Thus you too, in the same way as others, have among you those who hold to the teaching of the Nicolaitans. 16 So repent. Otherwise I will come to you swiftly, and wage war against them with the sword of my mouth. 17 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit is saying to the churches. To him who conquers, I will give portions of the hidden manna; and I will give him a white stone, together with a new name written on the stone, a name that no one knows except the one who receives it.’

Message to Thyatira

18 “And to the messenger of the church in Thyatira write: Thus says the Son of God, the one whose eyes are like a flame of fire, and whose feet are like burnished bronze:

19 ‘I know your works, and your love, faith, service, and patient endurance; and also that your latest works are greater than your first. 20 But this I have against you, that you tolerate the woman Jezebel, who calls herself a prophetess and leads my bond-servants astray, teaching them to commit acts of immorality and to eat things sacrificed to idols. 21 I gave her time to repent, but she is unwilling to repent of her immorality. 22 See, I am throwing her into a sickbed, and will cast those who commit adultery with her into great tribulation, unless they repent of her works; 23 and I will destroy her children with death itself. Then all the churches will know that I am the one who searches the minds and the hearts; and I will give to each of you according to your works. 24 But to the rest of you in Thyatira—to those who do not hold to this teaching, and have not known “the deep things4 of Satan,” as they like to call them—I say: I place no further burden upon you. 25 Nevertheless, what you do have, hold on to it till I come. 26 As for him who conquers—he who clings to my works till the very end—to him I will give authority over the nations: “And he will be to them as a shepherd with a rod of iron, as though a potter’s vessels were being shattered to pieces . . .”5 —as I too have received from my Father. 28 And I will give him the morning star. 29 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit is saying to the churches.’


  1. Lit. have perseverance (endurance, patience)
  2. Or possibly do the works you did at the first
  3. Or possibly your faith in me
  4. Or secrets
  5. Psalm 2:8-9


Message to Sardis

3 “To the messenger of the church in Sardis write: Thus says the One who holds the seven spirits of God and the seven stars:

‘I know your works, and that you have a name that you are alive; but you are dead. Wake up, keep watch, and strengthen the things that remain, things that have long been near the point of death; for I have not found that your works are complete in the sight of my God. So then, remember how you received and learned from me; and obey and repent! For if you will not wake up and watch, I will come upon you like a thief—and there is no telling the hour in which I will come upon you. But you do have a few names in Sardis who have not stained their garments; and they will walk with me in white, for they are worthy. He who overcomes will be clothed this way: in garments of white; and I will never erase his name from the Scroll of Life, but will confess his name before my Father and before his angels. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit is saying to the churches.’

Message to Philadelphia

“And to the messenger of the church in Philadelphia write: Thus says the One who is holy and true, the One who holds the key of David, the One who opens so that none can shut, and who shuts so that none can open:1

‘I know your works (and look: I have placed before you an open door which none can shut), that you only have a little power, and yet you kept my word and did not deny my name.2 Look, I grant you this: I will cause those who belong to the synagogue of Satan—who say they are Jews, and are not, but who lie—I will cause them to come to you, bow down at your feet, and realize that I have loved you. 10 Because you have kept my command to patiently endure, I in turn will keep you from the hour of testing that is soon to come upon the whole world, so as to test all who live upon the earth. 11 I am coming swiftly: Hold fast to what you have, so that no one takes your victor’s wreath. 12 He who conquers, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God, and never again will he go forth from it; moreover, I will write on him the name of my God, the name of the city of my God (the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from my God), and my new name. 13 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit is saying to the churches.’

Message to Laodicea

14 “To the messenger of the church in Laodicea write: Thus says the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the origin3 of the creation of God:

15 ‘I know your works, that you are neither cold nor hot. If only you were either cold or hot! 16 So then, because you are lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I am poised to spew4 you out of my mouth. 17 You say, “I am rich, I have gained wealth in abundance and stand in need of nothing,” but you don’t realize that you are wretched, pitiful, poor, blind and naked. 18 Therefore, I counsel you to buy from me gold refined by fire, so that you will gain true wealth; and garments of white, so that you can clothe yourself and conceal the shame of your nakedness; and eye salve with which to anoint your eyes, so that you may truly see. 19 All whom I love I reprove and discipline. So then, be zealous and repent. 20 Look, I’ve been standing at the door, knocking! If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him, and I will dine with him, and he with me. 21 He who conquers, I will grant him to sit down with me on my throne, just as I also conquered and sat down with my Father on his throne. 22 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit is saying to the churches.’”


  1. Is. 22:22
  2. Or I know your works. See, I . . . shut, for though you have but little power, you kept, etc.
  3. Or beginning, ruler
  4. Lit. vomit


A Vision God, the Sovereign Creator

4 After these things I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven. And I heard the first voice, the one that had spoken with me and sounded like a trumpet, saying, “Come up here, and I will show you the things that must take place after these things.” 2 All at once I was in the Spirit; and suddenly I beheld a throne situated in heaven, and the One who was seated upon it! Now the One who was seated there was like a jasper and a sardius stone in appearance; and all around the throne there was a rainbow,1 in appearance like an emerald. Encircling the throne were twenty-four other thrones; and seated upon the thrones were twenty-four elders, clothed in garments of white, and having golden victor’s wreaths upon their heads. Out of the throne, in constant procession, came flashes of lightning, along with rumblings and claps of thunder. Before the throne there were seven lamps of fire, continually burning—these are seven spirits of God. And before the throne there was, as it were, a sea of glass, which looked like pure crystal.

Now between the throne and the twenty-four elders, and surrounding the throne,3 there were four living creatures, full of eyes in front and behind. The first living creature was like a lion, the second like a calf, the third had a face like a man, and the fourth was like an eagle in flight. Each one of the four living creatures had six wings, and they were full of eyes all around and deep within; and day and night they take no rest, but are continually saying, “Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God, the mighty Ruler over all; he who was, and is, and is to come!”

Now whenever the living creatures gave glory, honor, and thanks to the One seated upon the throne, to him who lives forever and ever, 10 the twenty-four elders would fall down4 before the One seated upon the throne, and worship him who lives forever and ever; and they would throw down their victor’s wreaths before the throne, saying, 11 “Worthy are you, our Lord and our God, to receive glory, honor, and power, for you created all things: through your will they came to be, and through your will they were fashioned as they are.”


  1. Or halo
  2. Or torches
  3. Lit. Now in the midst of the throne and around the throne
  4. Lit. will fall down


A Vision of Christ, the Sovereign Redeemer

5 Then I saw a scroll in the right hand of the One who was seated upon the throne; a scroll with writing on the inside and out, and fastened with seven seals. And I saw a mighty angel, crying to all1 in a loud voice, “Who is worthy to open the scroll and to unfasten its seals?” But no one in heaven or on the earth or beneath the earth was able to open the scroll or look inside it. So I broke down, sobbing with grief, because no one could be found who was worthy to open the scroll or look inside it. But then one of the elders said to me, “Don’t weep! Look, the Lion from the tribe of Judah—the Root of David—he has conquered so as to open the scroll and unfasten its seven seals!”

Then I saw a Lamb, as though he had been slain, standing between the throne with the four living creatures and the elders;2 and he had seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God, sent forth into all the earth. And he came up and took the scroll out of the right hand of the One who was seated upon the throne. Now when he took the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each of them having a harp and golden bowls filled with incense (which are the prayers of the saints). And they were singing a new song, saying, “You are worthy to take the scroll, and to unfasten its seals, for you were slain, and with your blood you have purchased for God men from every tribe, tongue, people, and nation; 10 and you have made them to be a kingdom and priests for our God;3 and they will reign upon the earth.”

11 Then I looked, and I heard the voice4 of many angels around the throne, the living creatures, and the elders; and in number the angels were5 myriads of myriads, and thousands of thousands, 12 all of them saying with a loud voice, “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain to receive power and riches and wisdom and strength and honor and glory and praise!” 13 And every created being in heaven, upon the earth, beneath the earth, and upon the sea—and everything that is in them—I heard, saying, “To the One who is seated upon the throne, and to the Lamb, be praise, honor, glory, and dominion, forever and ever!” 14 And the four living creatures kept on saying, “Amen!” And the elders fell down and worshiped.


  1. Or proclaiming
  2. Or Then I saw in the midst the throne and of the four living creatures, and in the mist of the elders, a lamb
  3. Or in the sight (or service) of our God; Lit. to our God
  4. Or sound
  5. Lit. and the number of them was


The Six Seals

6 Then I watched as the Lamb broke open one of the seven seals; and I heard one of the four living creatures, in what sounded like a clap of thunder, saying, “Come!” So I looked, and suddenly I beheld a white horse. Now the One who was seated upon it was holding a bow; and a victor’s wreath was given to him, after which1 he went forth conquering, and with a view to total conquest.


Now when he broke open the second seal, I heard the second living creature saying, “Come!” And another horse, red like fire, went forth; and it was granted to the one who was seated upon the horse that he should take peace from the earth, and that men should slaughter one another; and a great sword was given to him.


And when he broke open the third seal, I heard the third living creature saying, “Come!” So I looked, and all at once I saw a black horse, with the one who was seated upon it holding a pair of scales in his hand. And I heard what sounded like a voice coming from2 the midst of the four living creatures, saying, “A quart3 of wheat for a day’s wages, and three quarts of barley for a day’s wages; but do no harm to the olive oil and the wine.”


When the Lamb broke open the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature, saying, “Come.” Then I looked, and suddenly I beheld a pale gray horse; and the name of the one who rode upon it was Death, and Hades was following after him. And authority was given to them over a fourth of the earth, to kill by the sword, by famine, by deadly disease, and by the wild beasts of the earth.


When the Lamb broke open the fifth seal, I saw beneath the altar the souls of those who had been slain on account of the word of God, and on account of the testimony they had maintained; 10 and they cried out with a loud voice, saying, “O Ruler of all—holy and true—how long will you refrain from judging those who live on the earth, and from avenging our blood?” 11 Then a white robe was given to each one of them, and they were told that they should rest a little while longer until the full number was reached: the number of their fellow-servants, brothers, and sisters who were soon to be killed, just as they had been.

Final Judgment

12 Now when he broke open the sixth seal, I looked, and there was a great earthquake; and the sun turned black, black as sackcloth made of hair; the whole moon turned the color of blood; 13 and the stars in the sky fell to the earth, as though a fig tree, shaken by a mighty wind, were casting its unripe figs to the ground. 14 Then the sky withdrew, as though someone were rolling it up like a scroll; and every mountain and every island was dislodged from its site. 15 Then the kings of the earth, and the leading men of the cities, and the commanders of thousands, the rich, the powerful, and every slave and every free man—all of them hid themselves in the caves and the crags of the mountains; 16 and they said to the rocks and the mountains, “Fall on us! Hide us from the face of the One who is seated on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb; 17 because the great day of their wrath has come, and who is able to stand?”


  1. Lit. and
  2. Lit. in
  3. Lit. choenix
  4. Lit. denarius


144,000 Sealed

7 After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding back the four winds of the earth, so that no wind could blow on the earth, or on the sea, or on any tree. And I saw another angel ascending from the place of the sun’s rising, holding the seal of the living God; and with a loud voice he cried out to the four angels to whom it was given to harm the earth and the sea, saying, “Do not harm the earth, the sea, or the trees until we have sealed the bond-servants of our God upon their foreheads.”

Then I heard the number of those who were sealed: 144,000, sealed from all the tribes of the sons of Israel: from the tribe of Judah, 12,000 were sealed; from the tribe of Reuben, 12,000; from the tribe of Gad, 12,000; from the tribe of Asher, 12,000; from the tribe of Naphtali, 12,000; from the tribe of Manasseh 12,000; from the tribe of Simeon, 12,000; from the tribe of Levi, 12,000; from the tribe of Issachar, 12:000; from the tribe of Zebulun, 12,000; from the tribe of Joseph, 12,000; and from the tribe of Benjamin, 12,000 were sealed.

Life and Worship Around the Throne

After these things I looked, and suddenly I beheld a great crowd that no one could number, filled with men and women from every nation (from all tribes, peoples, and languages), standing before the throne and before the Lamb, arrayed in white robes, and holding palm branches in their hands. 10 And with a loud voice they were continually crying out, saying, “Ascribe salvation to our God—to him who is seated upon the throne—and to the Lamb.” 11 Now all the angels were stationed around the throne, the elders, and the four living creatures; and the angels fell face down before the throne, and they worshiped God, 12 saying, “Amen! Blessing and glory and wisdom and thanksgiving and honor and power and might belong to our God, forever and ever! Amen!”

13 Now in response, one of the elders asked me, “These who are arrayed in white robes: Who are they, and where have they come from?” 14 So I said to him, “My lord, you know.” Then he said to me, “These are the ones who have come out of the great tribulation; and they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. 15 This is why they are before the throne of God, and why they worship him day and night in his sanctuary. And the One who is seated upon the throne will spread his tabernacle over them; 16 never again will they hunger or thirst; never again will the sun or any deadly heat beat down upon them. 17 For the Lamb who is in the midst of the throne will be their shepherd, and he will guide them to the springs of the waters of life; and God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.”


The Seventh Seal

Now when the Lamb broke open the seventh seal, silence fell in heaven for about half an hour. Then I saw the seven angels who were stationed before God; and seven trumpets were given to them. And another angel, holding a golden censer, came up and was stationed at the altar; and much incense was given to him, so that he could mingle it with1 the prayers of all the saints on the golden altar that stands before the throne. And the smoke of the incense, together with the prayers of the saints, went up before God out of the angel’s hand. Then the angel took the censer and filled it with fire from the altar, and he threw it down to the earth; and there were claps of thunder, rumblings, and flashes of lightning, with the earth shaking. And at this, the seven angels holding the seven trumpets readied themselves to blow them.

The First Four Trumpets

So the first angel blew his trumpet, and hail and fire mingled with blood appeared, and this was thrown down to the earth; and a third of the earth was burned up, a third of the trees was burned up, and all the green grass was burned up.

Then the second angel blew his trumpet, and something like a great mountain, ablaze with fire, was thrown down into the sea; and a third of the sea became blood, a third of the living creatures of the sea3 died, and a third of the ships were completely destroyed.

10 Then the third angel blew his trumpet, and there fell from heaven a great star, burning like a torch; and it fell on a third of the rivers, and on the springs of waters. 11 Now the name of the star was Wormwood; so a third of the waters were turned to wormwood, and multitudes of men died from the waters, because the waters were turned to poison.4

12 Then the fourth angel blew his trumpet, and a third of the sun, a third of the moon, and a third of the stars were stricken, so that a third of them were covered with darkness; and for a third of the day no light went forth, and for a third of the night as well.

13 Then I looked, and I heard a solitary eagle flying high in the sky above,5 saying with a loud voice, “Woe, woe, woe to those who live upon the earth, because of the remaining blasts of the trumpets in the hands of the three angels who are about to sound them!”


  1. Lit. give (it) with
  2. Lit. and an earthquake (or storm)
  3. Lit. the creatures of the sea having souls (or life)
  4. Or made bitter
  5. Or in mid-heaven, mid-air


The Fifth Trumpet

9 Then the fifth angel blew his trumpet, and I saw a star that had fallen down from the sky to the earth; and the key to the shaft of the abyss was given to him. So he opened up the shaft of the abyss, and smoke billowed out of the shaft, like the smoke of an enormous furnace; and the sun was darkened, and the air as well, because of the smoke rising from the shaft. Then locusts came out of the smoke and into the earth; and power was given to them, like the power possessed by the scorpions of the earth. And the locusts were told not to harm the grass of the earth, or any green plant, or any tree, but only the men who do not have the seal of God upon their foreheads. Yet they were not allowed to kill these men, but to test them with torment for five months; and their torment was like the torment caused by a scorpion, when it stings a man. And in those days men will seek death, but will never find it; and they will long to die, but death will flee from them.

Now in appearance the locusts resembled horses prepared for battle. On their heads they wore something like crowns, as if they were made of gold. Their faces were like the faces of men. Their hair was like the hair of women, and their teeth were like the teeth of lions. They had breastplates like the breastplates made of iron; and the sound of their wings was like the sound of chariots pulled by many horses,2 rushing into battle. 10 They have tails with stingers, like scorpions; and in their tails lies their power to harm men for five months. 11 And as king ruling over them they have the angel of the abyss, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon,1 but whose name in Greek is Apollyon.3

12 The first woe is past, but look: After these things, there are two more woes still to come!

The Sixth Trumpet

13 Then the sixth angel blew his trumpet, and I heard a solitary voice coming from the four horns of the golden altar that stands before God. 14 It said to the sixth angel holding the sixth trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates!” 15 Then the four angels—the ones who had been prepared for this very hour and day and month and year—were released to kill a third of mankind. 16 The number of warriors on horseback was twice ten thousand, times ten thousand:4 I distinctly heard their number.4 17 And in my vision this is how I saw the horses and their riders: the riders had breastplates that were red like fire, blue like a hyacinth, and yellow like sulfur. The heads of the horses looked like the heads of lions; and proceeding from their mouths came fire, smoke, and sulfur. 18 By means of these three plagues—by means of the fire, the smoke, and the sulfur that proceeded from of their mouths—a third of mankind was killed. 19 For the power of the horses resides in their mouths and in their tails; for their tails are like many-headed snakes,6 and with them they do great harm.

20 But the rest of mankind—those who were not killed by these three plagues—did not repent of the works of their hands, so as to stop worshiping demons and idols made of gold, silver, bronze, stone, and wood: idols that can neither see nor hear nor walk. 21 Neither did they repent of their murders, their sorceries, their sexual immorality, and their acts of theft.


  1. I.e. Destruction
  2. Or many horse-drawn chariots
  3. I.e. Destroyer
  4. 200,000,000
  5. Or I listened carefully to their number
  6. Lit. like snakes having heads


An Angel With an Open Scroll

10 Then I saw another strong angel coming down out of heaven, clothed with a cloud; and the rainbow was on his head, his face shone like the sun, and his feet were like pillars of fire. And in his hand he held a little scroll1 that was unfurled.2 Then, placing his right foot on the sea and his left on the land, he cried out with a loud voice, as though a lion were roaring. Now when he cried out, the seven thunders raised3 their voices; and after the seven thunders had spoken, I intended to write down what they had said. But I heard a voice coming from heaven saying, “Seal up the things that the seven thunders spoke, and do not write them down.”

Then the angel whom I saw standing on the sea and the land lifted up his right hand to heaven; and he swore by the One who lives forever and ever—the One who created heaven and the things that are in it, the earth and the things that are in it, and the sea and the things that are in it—that no longer will there be any delay, but that in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he is about to blow his trumpet, the mystery of God will have reached its goal, just as he proclaimed to his servants the prophets.

Then the voice that I had heard from heaven began speaking with me again, saying, “Go over and take the unfurled scroll that is in the hand of the angel standing on the sea and the land.” So I went to the angel, telling him to give me the little scroll. And he said to me, “Take it and eat it: It will make your stomach bitter, but in your mouth it will be sweet like honey.” 10 So I took the little scroll out of the angel’s hand and ate it; and in my mouth it was sweet like honey, but when I had eaten it, my stomach became bitter. 11 Then they said to me, “You must prophesy again over many peoples, nations, languages, and kings.”


  1. Or book
  2. Or opened
  3. Lit. spoke, uttered


Measured for Protection

11 Then I was given a measuring rod that looked like a staff; and I was told, “Get up and measure the sanctuary1 of God, the altar, and those who worship in it. But as for the courtyard outside the sanctuary, leave it out and do not measure it, for it has been given over to the Gentiles:2 For forty-two months they will trample the holy city under foot. But I will give grace3 to my two witnesses, and for 1260 days they shall prophesy, clothed in sackcloth.”4

The Ministry of the Two Witnesses

These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the whole earth. And if anyone desires to harm them, fire goes forth from their mouths and consumes their enemies; this is the way in which any who desire to harm them must be put to death. These two have authority to shut up heaven,5 so that no rain falls during the days of their prophesying; and they have authority over the waters, to turn them into blood, and, if they so desire, to strike the earth with every kind of plague.

The Persecution of the Witnesses

Now when they have finished giving their testimony, the beast that comes up out of the abyss will make war with them, overcome them, and kill them. And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city, which in the Spirit6 is called “Sodom” and “Egypt”—the very place where their Lord was crucified. 9 For three and a half days, men from all the peoples, tribes, languages, and nations will gloat over their dead bodies; and they will not permit their dead bodies to be laid in a tomb. 10 Moreover, those who live on the earth will rejoice at their death,7 and celebrate, and give gifts to one another, because these two prophets had tormented those who live on the earth.

The Rescue of the Two Witnesses

11 But after the three and a half days, the breath of life from God came into them, and they stood on their feet; and great fear fell upon those who were watching them. 12 And the two witnesses heard a loud voice coming from heaven, saying to them, “Come up here.” So they ascended into heaven in the cloud, and their enemies watched them. 13 And in that hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell; the names of seven thousand men perished in the earthquake, and the rest were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven.

14 The second woe is past; behold, the third woe is coming quickly.

The Seventh Trumpet: Coming, Judgment, and Kingdom

15 Then the seventh angel sounded, and loud voices arose in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ; and he will reign forever and ever.” 16 And the twenty-four elders who were seated before God on their thrones fell on their faces and worshiped God, 17 saying:

“We give you thanks, O Lord God, the mighty Ruler over all—you who are and who were—for you have taken your great power and have begun to reign. 18 Yes, the nations were enraged; but your wrath came, and with it the time for the dead to be judged, and for all your bond-servants—the prophets, the saints, and those who fear your name, both small and great—to receive their reward; and for you to destroy those who destroy the earth.”

19 Then the sanctuary of God in heaven was opened; and the ark of his covenant appeared in his sanctuary; and there were flashes of lightning, rumblings, claps of thunder, an earthquake, and a great hailstorm.


  1. Or temple
  2. Or nations
  3. Or power, authority
  4. The Greek contains no quotation marks
  5. Or the sky
  6. Lit. which spiritually is called
  7. Lit. over them


The Woman

12 Now a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, having the moon beneath her feet, and on her head a victor’s wreath composed of twelve stars. And the woman was with child, crying out in the pains of labor, and travailing to give birth.

The Dragon

Then another sign appeared in heaven; and suddenly, I beheld a great dragon, fiery red, with seven heads and ten horns, and upon his heads, seven diadems.1 And his tail swept away a third of the stars of heaven and threw them down into the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was at the point of delivery, in order to devour her child as soon as she gave birth.

The Son

And the woman gave birth to a son, a male child, who is soon to be as a shepherd with a rod of iron towards all nations; and her child was suddenly taken up to God and his throne. Then the woman fled into the wilderness, where she had a place prepared by God, so that there she might be nourished for 1,260 days.

War in the Heavenlies

7 Then war broke out in heaven: Michael and his angels fighting with the dragon. Now the dragon and his angels fought back, but he could not prevail; and no longer was any place found for them in heaven. So the great dragon—the serpent from of old who is called the devil and Satan, and who deceives the whole inhabited world—was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. 10 Then I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying:

“Now the salvation, power, and kingdom of our God—and the authority of his Christ— have come, for the accuser of our brotherhood has been thrown down, the one who accuses them day and night before our God. 11 But they overcame him through the blood of the Lamb and through the word of their testimony; and they did not cling to2 their life, even in the face of death. 12 For this reason, rejoice, you heavens, and all2 who tabernacle in them! But woe to the earth and the sea, for the devil has come down to you, filled with great wrath, knowing that his time is short.”

Help in the Wilderness

13 Now when the dragon saw that he had been thrown down to the earth, he pursued3 the woman who had given birth to the male child. 14 But the two wings of the great eagle were given to the woman, so that she could fly into the wilderness to her place, there to be nourished for a time, times, and half a time away from the face of the serpent. 15 And the serpent, following behind the woman, poured forth water from his mouth, in order to sweep her away. 16 But the earth gave aid to woman, opening its mouth and swallowing up the river that the dragon was spewing from his mouth. 17 So the dragon was enraged against the woman, and went off to make war with the rest of her seed, all3 who keep the commandments of God, and who hold fast to the testimony of Jesus.


  1. I.e., A jeweled crown or headband, symbolizing rulership
  2. Lit. love; see John 12:25
  3. Or persecuted
  4. Lit. those


The Beast from the Sea

13 Now the dragon stood on the sand of the seashore. And I saw a beast rising up out of the sea, having ten horns and seven heads; and on his horns were ten diadems, and on his heads, blasphemous names. The beast that I saw was like a leopard, but his feet were like those of a bear, and his mouth like that of a lion. And the dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority.

3 Now it seemed as if one of the beast’s heads had received a fatal wound, but that its fatal wound had been healed. So the whole earth, in wonder and admiration, followed behind the beast. And they worshipped the dragon, for the dragon had given his authority to the beast; and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast?” and “Who can wage war against him?”

War on the Saints

Now the beast was given a mouth uttering great boasts and blasphemies; and for forty-two months he was given authority to take action.1 So he opened his mouth to speak blasphemies against God: to blaspheme both his name and his tabernacle (that is, those who have their home in heaven). Moreover, it was given to him to wage war against the saints, and to conquer them; and authority over every tribe, people, language, and nation was given to him. And all who live on the earth shall worship the beast, everyone whose name has not been written in the Scroll of Life belonging to the Lamb who was slain from the foundation of the world.2 If anyone has an ear, let him hear: 10 If anyone is meant for captivity,3 into captivity he will go; if anyone is meant to be killed4 with the sword, with the sword he will be killed. Herein lies the faith and patient endurance of the saints.

The Beast from the Earth

11 Then I saw another beast rising out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, but spoke like a dragon. 12 And he exercises all the authority of the first beast in his behalf,5 causing the whole earth and those who live in it to worship the first beast, whose fatal wound was healed. 13 He also performs spectacular signs, even making fire come down from heaven onto the earth in the sight of men. 14 And he deceives those who live on the earth by means of the signs he was given to perform in behalf5 of the beast, telling those who those who live on the earth to make an image to the beast who carries the deadly wound from the sword, yet lived. 15 And it was granted to him to give breath6 to the image of the beast, so that it could both speak and put to death all who refuse to worship the image of the beast. 16 And he causes all—both small and great, rich and poor, free men and slaves—to be given a mark on their right hand or on their forehead; 17 moreover, he sees to it that no one can buy or to sell unless he has the mark: either the name of the beast, or the number of his name. 18 Here is wisdom: Let the one who has understanding count out the number of the beast, for it is the number of man;7 and his number is 666.


  1. Or he was permitted to exercise authority
  2. Or written from the foundation of the world in . . . slain.
  3. Or possibly takes, leads into
  4. Many mss kills
  5. Or in his presence
  6. Or spirit, life
  7. Or for (the) number is (that) of a man


The Song of the Redeemed

14 Then I looked, and suddenly I saw the Lamb standing on Mount Zion; and with him were 144,00, all of them having his name and his Father’s name written on their foreheads. And I heard a sound coming out of heaven, like the sound of rushing waters and great rolling thunder; and the sound that I heard was like the music of harpists playing on their harps. Now those whom I saw1 were singing a new song before the throne, and before the four living creatures and the elders; and no one was able to learn the song except the 144,000 who had been purchased from the earth. These are the ones who did not defile themselves2 with women, for they virgins before God. These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever he goes. These were purchased from among men to be first fruits to God and the Lamb. And no lie was found in their mouth; they are without blemish or blame.

An Everlasting Gospel

Then I saw another angel flying high in the sky above,3 having an everlasting gospel to proclaim to those who inhabit the earth, even to every nation, tribe, language, and people; and with a loud voice he was saying, “Fear God and give him glory, for the hour of his judgment has come,” and, “Bow down in worship to him who made the heavens and the earth, the sea and the springs of water.” And another angel, a second, followed after the first, saying, “Babylon the great is fallen, completely fallen, she who gave to all the nations the wine of the lust that drives her immorality.”4

Wrath and Blessing

Then another angel, a third, followed them both, saying in a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, or5 receives the mark on his forehead or his hand, 10 he will also drink the wine of the wrath of God, wrath that is mixed full strength in the cup of his anger; and he will be tormented with fire and burning sulfur before all the holy angels and before the Lamb. 11 And the smoke of their torment will go up forever and ever; day and night they will have no rest, those who worship the beast and his image, or who receive6 the mark of his name.” 12 Here is the patient endurance of the saints, of the people who keep the commandments of God and cling to the faith that Jesus brought.7

13 And I heard a voice coming out of heaven, saying, “Write, ‘Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from this time forth!’”

“Yes,” says the Spirit, “because they die in order to rest from their toil and trouble, for now their works follow after them.”

Coming and Judgment

14 Then I looked, and suddenly I beheld a white cloud, and seated on the cloud One like a son of man, with a golden victor’s wreath upon his head, and a sharp sickle in his hand. 15 And another angel came out of the sanctuary, crying with a loud voice to the One who was seated on the cloud, “Send forth your sickle and reap, for the hour to reap has come, for the harvest of the earth is ripe.” 16 So the One who was seated on the cloud swung his sickle over the earth, and the earth was reaped.

17 Then another angel came out of the sanctuary in heaven, and he too had a sharp sickle. 18 And after that, yet another angel came forth from the altar, the angel who has authority over its8 fire. With a loud voice he called out to the angel who had the sharp sickle, saying, “Send forth your sharp sickle and gather the clusters from the vine of the earth, for her grapes are ripe for harvest.” 19 So the angel thrust his sickle into the earth, and he gathered in the vine of the earth, and threw it into the great wine press of the wrath of God. 20 And the wine press was trodden under foot outside the city; and blood reaching up to the horses’ bridles poured forth out of the winepress to a distance of 1600 stadia.


  1. Lit. they
  2. Or were not defiled
  3. Lit. mid-heaven
  4. Lit. sexual immorality of all kinds
  5. Or and
  6. Lit. or if someone receive
  7. Or and their faith in Jesus; lit. the faith of Jesus
  8. Lit. the


The Song of Moses

15 Then I saw another sign in heaven, great and wondrous: seven angels holding seven final plagues, for in them the wrath of God is brought to completion.

I also saw what looked like a sea of glass mingled with fire; and I saw those who had triumphed over the beast, his image, and the number of his name, standing on the sea of glass and holding harps that came from God.2 And they sang the song of Moses, the bond-servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying,

“Great and wondrous are your works, Lord God, the mighty Ruler over all! Righteous and true are your ways, O King of the nations! Who will not fear, O Lord, and glorify your name, since you alone are holy? For all the nations will come on bended knee3 before you, for your righteous judgments4 have been revealed.”

Now after these things I looked, and the sanctuary of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened; and the seven angels who had the seven plagues came out of the sanctuary, dressed in clean, bright linen, and wearing golden sashes around their chests. Then one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God, the One who lives forever and ever. And the sanctuary was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no one was able to enter the sanctuary until the seven plagues of the seven angels had come to an end.


  1. Or last, final
  2. Lit. harps of God
  3. Or come and worship
  4. Or acts


The Seven Bowls of God’s Wrath

16 Then I heard a loud voice coming from the sanctuary, saying to the seven angels, “Go and pour forth the seven bowls of God’s wrath into the earth.”

So the first angel went out and poured his bowl into the earth; and a foul and painful sore broke out upon the people who bore the mark of the beast, and who worshiped his image.

Then the second angel poured his bowl into the sea, and the sea turned to blood—blood like that of a dead man—and every sea creature with the breath of life died.

4 Then the third angel poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of water; and they too turned into blood. And I heard the angel of the waters saying, “You are righteous—He who is and who was, the Holy One—in judging as you have,1 for they poured out the blood of the saints and the prophets: You have given them blood to drink, just as they deserve.” And I heard the altar reply, saying, “Yes, Lord God, the mighty Ruler over all; Your judgments are righteous and true!”

Then the fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was granted to the sun to scorch men with fire. So men were scorched with intense heat; and they blasphemed the name of God, who had authority over all these plagues; but they would not repent so as to give him glory.

10 Then the fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom was covered with darkness; and men gnawed their tongues because of the pain; 11 and because of their pains and their sores they blasphemed the God of heaven; but still they would not repent of their evil deeds.

12 Then the sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up so as to make way for the kings who will come from the east. 13 And I saw three unclean spirits proceeding out of the mouths of the dragon, the beast, and the false prophet; and the spirits looked like frogs, 14 for they are demonic spirits that perform signs, and they go out to2 the kings of the whole inhabited earth, to gather them together for the battle of the great day of God, the mighty Ruler over all. 15 (“Behold, I am coming like a thief. Blessed is he who stands watch and stays dressed, that he might not walk about naked, with his shame exposed for all to see!”).3 16 So the spirits4 gathered them together to the place that in Hebrew is called Armageddon.5

17 Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl on the air, and a loud voice from the throne came out of the sanctuary, saying, “It is done!” 18 And there were flashes of lightning, rumblings, claps of of thunder, and a great earthquake, an earthquake so immense and powerful that the likes of it had not occurred since the day man appeared upon the earth. 19 Then the great city was split into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. So Babylon the great was remembered before God, that he might give5 to her the cup containing the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. 20 And every island fled away, and not a single mountain was found. 21 And great hailstones, weighing about a talent each, rained down from heaven onto men; and men blasphemed God because of the plague of hail, for the destruction it brought6 was exceedingly great.


  1. Lit. because you judged these things
  2. Or upon
  3. Lit. naked, and they see his shame
  4. Lit. they
  5. Lit. the Mount of Magedon
  6. Lit. God, to give to her
  7. Lit. its plague


The Harlot and the Beast

17 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came up and spoke with me, saying, “Come, I will show you the judgment of the great harlot who is seated on many waters, with whom the kings of the earth engaged in sexual immorality, so that those who live on the earth became drunk with the wine of her fornication.”

So he carried me away in the Spirit1 to a wilderness; and there I saw a woman seated on a scarlet beast, a beast that was filled with blasphemous names, and which had seven heads and ten horns. Now the woman was clothed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold, precious stones, and pearls; and in her hand she held a golden cup filled with abominations and the unclean things of her sexual immorality; and a name was written on her forehead, a mystery: “Babylon the Great, the mother of harlots and of the detestable things of the earth.” And I saw that the woman was drunk with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the witnesses of Jesus.

Now when I saw her, I wondered with a great wonder. So the angel said to me, “Why did you wonder? I will declare to you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast with seven heads and ten horns that carries her. The beast that you saw once was, and now is not, but soon will arise out of the abyss, only to go to destruction. And those who live on the earth—those whose names have not been written in the scroll of life from the foundation of the world—will stand in awe when2 they see the beast that once was, and now is not, but soon will be present. Here is the mind that has wisdom: The seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman is seated. 10 They are also seven kings: five have fallen, one now is, but the other has not yet come; and when he does come, he must remain for a little while. 11 Now the beast that once was but now is not, is himself also an eighth, yet one of the seven; and he will go3 to destruction.

12 “As for the ten horns that you saw, they are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom;4 but they will receive authority to rule as kings for one hour with the beast. 13 These share a single goal, and so give their power and authority to the beast. 14 They will wage war against the Lamb, but the Lamb will conquer them, for he is Lord of lords and King of kings; and those who are with him are the called, the chosen, and the faithful.”

15 Then he said to me, “The waters that you saw—those on which the harlot is seated— are peoples, multitudes, nations, and languages. 16 And the beast and the ten horns that you saw will hate the harlot, desolate her, and strip her bare; and they will devour her flesh and consume her with fire. 17 For God has placed it in their hearts to carry out his plan: One in purpose, they will give their kingdom to the beast until the words of God are all fulfilled.

18 “As for the woman that you saw, she is the great city that holds dominion over all the kings of the earth.”


  1. Or in spirit
  2. Or because
  3. Lit. goes
  4. Or royal power


Babylon Is Fallen

18 After these things I saw another angel, one with great authority, coming down out of heaven; and the earth was illumined with his glory. And with a mighty voice he cried out, saying, “Babylon the great is fallen, completely fallen; she has become a dwelling place for demons, a prison-house for every unclean spirit, every unclean bird, and every unclean and detestable beast.1 For all the nations have drunk2 from the wine of the lust that drives her sexual immorality; and the kings of the earth laid down with her, and the merchants of the earth grew rich through the power of her sensuality.”3

Then I heard another voice from heaven, saying, “Come out of her, my people, lest you partake of her sins and receive of her plagues; for her sins are stacked up to heaven, and God has remembered her iniquities. As she paid out, so you are to pay her back; indeed, pay her back double according to her deeds; in the cup that she mixed, mix twice as much for her. So much as she glorified herself and lived in luxury, that much give her torment and grief; for she says in her heart, ‘I am seated as a queen, and am not a widow: I will never see grief.’ For this reason her plagues will come upon her in a single day: pestilence,4 grief, and famine; and she will be consumed by fire, for the Lord God who judges her is strong. And when the kings of the earth who lived with her in luxury5 and sexual sin gaze upon the smoke of her burning, they will weep and wail over her; 10 standing at a distance for fear of her torment, they will say, ‘Woe, woe to you,6 O Babylon, the great city, the strong city! For in a single hour your sentence of death has come upon you.

11 “And the merchants of the earth will weep and mourn for her, for no longer will anyone purchase their cargoes: 12 cargoes of gold, silver, precious stones, and pearls; of fine linen, and purple, silk, and scarlet fabrics; of all sorts of citron wood, and every kind of vessel made of ivory, costly woods, bronze, iron, and marble; 13 of cinnamon, spice, incense, perfumed ointment,7 and frankincense; of wine, olive oil, fine flour, and wheat; of cattle, sheep, horses, four-wheeled chariots, human bodies,8 and the very lives9 of men. 14 So then, your summer fruit—the craving of your soul—has now departed from you, and all things refined and luxurious have been removed from you, never to be found again!

15 “The merchants who sold these things, and who grew rich because of her, will stand at a distance for fear of her torment. Weeping and mourning, 16 they will say, ‘Woe, woe to us all because of the great city, she who was wrapped in fine linen, purple, and scarlet, and who was adorned with gold, precious stones, and pearls. 17 For in a single hour such great wealth was utterly brought to ruin!’ And all ship’s captains, and all who travel10 from port to port, and all sailors, and as many as earn their living at sea, all stood at a distance; 18 and when they saw the smoke from the fire that burned her, they began to cry out, saying, ‘What city can compare with11 the great city?’ 19 So they threw dust on their heads, and with weeping and mourning they began to cry out, saying, ‘Woe, woe to us all because of the great city, in which all who had ships at sea grew rich because of her great wealth; for in a single hour she was utterly brought to ruin!’ 20 

Rejoice over her, O heaven; and rejoice all you saints, apostles, and prophets; for God has brought against her the judgment that she brought against you.”12

21 Then a strong angel picked up a stone—it looked like a great millstone—and he threw it into the sea, saying, “Thus shall Babylon, the great city, be thrown down with sudden force, never to be found again. 22 And the sound of harpists, musicians, flute-players, and trumpeters will never be heard in you again; no tradesman plying any trade will ever be found in you again; the sound of a mill will never be heard in you again; 23 the light of a lamp will never shine in you again; and the voice of a bridegroom and his bride will never be heard in you again. For your merchants were the great men of the earth, for3 all the nations were deceived by your sorcery; 24 and in her was found the blood of prophets and saints, and the blood of all who were brutally slain upon the earth.”


  1. Many mss every unclean and detestable bird.
  2. Some mss fallen
  3. Or luxury
  4. Or death
  5. Or sensuality
  6. Or to us all because of you
  7. Or myrrh
  8. Or slaves
  9. Or souls
  10. Or navigate
  11. Or who is like
  12. Lit. for God judged your judgment from her
  13. Or and because


A Hallelujah Chorus

19 After these things I heard what sounded like a loud voice, the voice of a great crowd in heaven, saying, “Hallelujah! Salvation, glory, and power belong to our God, for his judgments are righteous and true, for he has judged the great harlot who was corrupting the earth with her harlotry; and he has avenged the blood of his bond-servants that was shed by her hand.

Then for a second time they said, “Hallelujah! The smoke from her burning1 goes up forever and ever.” And the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God—he who is seated2 upon the throne—saying, “Amen! Hallelujah!”

Then came a voice from the throne, saying, “Give praise to our God, all you his bond-servants, even3 you who fear him, both small and great.”

And I heard something like the sound4 of a great crowd, and like the sound of many waters, and like the sound of mighty rolls of thunder, saying, “Hallelujah! For the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigns! Let us rejoice and be glad and give him the glory, for the wedding of the Lamb has come, and his Bride has made herself ready.” (Now it had been granted to the Bride that she should clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean; for the fine linen is the righteous deeds of the saints).

Then the angel said to me, “Write, ‘Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage feast of the Lamb.’” And he said to me, “These are the true words of God.” 10 Then I fell down at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, “See that you don’t do that! I am only a servant together with you and your brothers, with those who hold the testimony of Jesus. Worship God. For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.”

Second Coming and Judgment

11 Then I saw heaven opening up, and suddenly I beheld a white horse; and the One seated upon it was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he was judging and waging war.5 12 Now his eyes were like a flame of fire, and on his head were many diadems. He also had a name written upon him, a name that no one knew but he himself; 13 and he was clothed with a robe that was dipped in blood, and his name was called the Word of God. 14 Now the armies in heaven—clothed in fine linen, white and clean—were following him on white horses. 15 And a sharp sword went forth from his mouth, so that with it he might strike the nations; and he will be to them as a shepherd with a rod of iron; and he will tread6 in the vat that contains the wine of the fierceness of the wrath of God, the mighty Ruler over all. 16 And on his robe and on his thigh his name was written7: “King of kings, and Lord of lords.”

17 Then I saw a single8 angel standing in the sun; and he cried out with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that were flying high in the sky above, “Come, assemble yourselves for the great supper of God, 18 so that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of commanders, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and of those who ride upon them, and the flesh of all people, both slave and free, small and great.”

19 Then I saw the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies gathered together to wage             war against the One who was seated on the horse, and against his army. 20 But the beast was seized, and with him the false prophet who had performed the miraculous signs in his presence, the signs by which he had deceived those who took the mark of the beast and those who had worshiped his image; and the two of them were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur. 21 As for the rest, they were killed with the sword that came forth from the mouth of the One seated on the horse; and all the birds were filled with their flesh.


  1. Lit. Her smoke
  2. Or possibly worshipped the God who is seated
  3. Some mss omit even (and)
  4. Or voice, and so throughout the verse
  5. Lit. judges and goes to war
  6. Lit. treads
  7. Lit. he has a name written
  8. Lit. one


The Binding of Satan

20 Then I saw an angel descending out of heaven, holding a great chain in his hand, along with the key to the abyss. And he seized the dragon—that serpent from old who is the devil and Satan—and bound him (this would last a thousand years), threw him into the abyss, and then shut1 and sealed it over him so could no longer deceive the nations until the thousand years were completed. After these things, he must be released for a little while.

The First Resurrection

Then I saw thrones, and saints2 seated upon them; and authority to judge had been3 given to them. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of the testimony of Jesus and because of the word of God, and the souls of those4 who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received the mark on their forehead or their hand; and they all came to life and reigned with Christ a thousand years. (The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended). This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is he who has a share in the first resurrection; over such as these the second death holds no sway; rather, they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and they shall reign with Christ5 a thousand years.

The Last Battle

Now when the thousand years have come to an end, Satan will be released from his prison. And he will go6 forth in order to deceive the nations that live in the four corners of the earth—Gog and Magog—and to gather them together for the war: their number is like the sand of the sea. And they went up onto the broad plain of the earth, and they surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city; but fire came down from heaven and consumed them. 10 Then the devil who had deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and burning sulfur, where also7 the beast and the false prophet are to go; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

The Judgment

11 Then I saw a great white throne, and also the One who was seated upon it, from whose face the earth and the sky fled for safety, but no place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead, both the great and the small, standing before the throne. Then scrolls were opened; and another scroll was opened, which is the scroll of life. And the dead were judged based on the things written in the scrolls, that is, according to their deeds. 13 So the sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them; and the dead8 were judged, each one according to his9 deeds. 14 Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death: the lake of fire. 15 And if anyone’s name was not found written in the scroll of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.


  1. Or locked
  2. Lit. they
  3. Or was
  4. Lit. and whoever
  5. Lit. him
  6. Or come
  7. Or both
  8. Lit. they
  9. Lit. their


The World to Come

21 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the former heaven and the former earth had passed away; and there was1 no longer any sea. And then I saw the holy city—New Jerusalem—coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice coming from the throne, saying, “Look, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will tabernacle with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself will be with them. He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death and mourning and crying and pain shall be no more, for the former things have passed away.”

Then the One seated upon the throne said, “Look, I am making all things new!” And he said, “Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.” Then he said to me, “All has come to pass!2 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. To the one who is thirsty I will give the gift of drink from3 the fountain of the water of life. The one who conquers will inherit these things, and I will be God to him, and he a son to me. But as for the cowardly, the unbelieving, and the loathsome; as for murderers, fornicators, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars—their portion will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death.”

The City to Come

Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls filled with the seven final plagues came up and spoke with me, saying, “Come, I will show you the Bride, the wife of the Lamb.” 10 So he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and lofty mountain; and he showed me the holy city, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, 11 having the glory of God. Her brilliance was like that of precious gem, like jasper clear as crystal. 12 She also had a great and lofty wall with twelve gates; stationed at the gates were twelve angels; and written on the gates were the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel. 13 Three of the gates were on the east, three on the north, three on the south, and three on the west. 14 Moreover, the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and written on the foundations were the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

15 Now the angel who was speaking with me had a golden measuring reed, so that he could measure the city, her gates, and her wall. 16 And the city was laid out as a square, her length being equal to her width. So he measured the city with the reed: 12,000 stadia, her length, width, and height all being equal. 17 He also measured her wall: 144 cubits by man’s measure, which is also that of an angel. 18 Now the wall was made of jasper, and the city itself of pure gold, pure as glass. 19 The foundations of the city wall were adorned with every kind of precious stone: the first was adorned with jasper; the second with sapphire; the third with chalcedony; the fourth with emerald; 20 the fifth with sardonyx; the sixth with sardius; the seventh with chrysolite; the eighth with beryl; the ninth with topaz; the tenth with chrysoprase; the eleventh with jacinth; and the twelfth with amethyst. 21 The twelve gates to the city were twelve pearls: each one of the gates was made from a single pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, clear as glass.

22 But I saw no sanctuary in her, for the Lord God, the mighty Ruler over all, is her sanctuary, and so too is the Lamb. 23 And the city has no need of the sun or the moon to shine on her, for the glory of God gave her light, and her lamp is now the Lamb. 24 The nations shall walk by her light, and the kings of the earth shall bring their glory into her. 25 During the day, her gates will never be shut (and4 in that place there will be no night); 26 and they shall bring the glory and the honor of the nations into her. 27 Nothing that is unclean will ever enter the city, nor will anyone who practices abomination or lying; they alone shall enter the city whose names5 are written in the Lamb’s scroll of life.


  1. Lit. is
  2. Lit. They have become, happened
  3. Lit. I will give without coast from
  4. Lit. for
  5. Lit. lying, except those whose names


Paradise Regained

22 Then he showed me the river of the water of life—clear and bright as crystal—proceeding from the throne of God and the Lamb, and flowing down the middle of the city’s street.1 On either side of the river stood the tree of life, bearing twelve kinds of fruit,2 each one yielding its fruit month by month; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. No longer will there be any curse; and the throne of God and the Lamb shall be in the city, and his bond-servants shall serve him; and they shall see his face, and his name will be written on their foreheads. Night will be no more; and of the light of a lamp or the light of the sun they shall have no need, for the Lord God himself will give them light; and they shall reign forever and ever.

“Worship God!”

Then the angel said to me, “These words are trustworthy and true;3 and the Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, has sent his angel to show his bond-servants the things that must soon take place.” (“Behold, I am coming swiftly. Blessed is he who keeps the words of the prophecy that is contained in this scroll.”)

I, John, am the one who heard and saw all these things. And when I heard and saw them, I fell to the ground to worship at the feet of the angel who was showing them to me. But he said to me, “See that you don’t do that! I am only a servant together with you, your brothers the prophets, and those who cling to the words contained in this scroll. Worship God!”

The Time is Near

10 Then he said to me, “Do not seal up the words of the prophecy contained in this scroll, for the appointed time is near. 11 He who does wrong, let him go on doing wrong; and he who is vile, let him go on being vile; but he who is righteous, let him keep on practicing righteousness; and he who is holy, let him keep on pursuing holiness.”

12 “Behold, I am coming swiftly, and my wages are with me, to recompense each man according to his work. 13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.4 14 Blessed are those who wash their robes, that they may rightfully eat from the tree of life,5 and enter the city through its gates. 15 Outside are the dogs, the sorcerers, the sexually immoral, the murderers, the idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood. 16 I, Jesus, have sent my angel to testify these things to you all for the sake of churches.6 I am the root and offspring of David, the bright morning star.”

17 Now the Spirit and the Bride say, “Come.” So let the one who hears say, “Come!” And let the one who is thirsty come. Yes, let the one who so desires take the water of life without cost!

Warning, Promise, Plea, and Farewell

18 I myself testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy contained in this scroll: If anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues that are written down in this scroll; 19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the scroll that contains this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and the holy city that are both written about in this scroll.

20 He who testifies to these things says, “Yes, I am coming swiftly!”

Amen! Come, Lord Jesus!

21 The grace of the Lord Jesus be with you all. Amen.


  1. Lit. Lamb, in the midst of its street
  2. Or crops of fruit; lit. twelve fruits
  3. Some interpreters close the quotes here
  4. Some interpreters close the quotes here
  5. Lit. that their authority might be upon the tree of life
  6. Lit. to testify to you (pl.) these things upon the churches